List of Muslim astronauts


This is a list of Muslim astronauts who have traveled to space. In total, 11 Muslims (10 men and 1 woman) have been in space.

Sultan bin Salman Al Saud, the first Arab and Muslim to fly in outer space.
Anousheh Ansari, the first Muslimah in space.

List of Muslim astronauts

Country Name Mission (launch date) Comment
 Saudi Arabia Sultan bin Salman Al Saud[1] STS-51-G (June 17, 1985) First Muslim, first Saudi, first Arab in space
 Syria Muhammed Faris[2] Mir EP-1 (July 22, 1987) First Syrian in space
 Soviet Union (currently  Azerbaijan) Musa Manarov[3] Mir EO-3 (December 21, 1987)
Soyuz TM-11 (December 2, 1990)
First Azerbaijani in space. Total of 541 days in space
 Afghanistan Abdul Ahad Mohmand[2] Mir EP-3 (August 29, 1988) First Afghan in space
 Soviet Union (currently  Kazakhstan) Toktar Aubakirov[2] Soyuz TM-13 (October 2, 1991) First Kazakh in space
 Kazakhstan Talgat Musabayev[2] Soyuz TM-19 (November 4, 1994)
Soyuz TM-27 (August 25, 1998)
Soyuz TM-32 (May 6, 2001)
Second Kazakh in space,Total of 341 days in space
 Russia (born in  Kyrgyzstan) Salizhan Sharipov[2] STS-89 (January 20, 1998)
Expedition 10 (October 14, 2004)
Total of 201 days in space
 United States (born in  Iran) Anousheh Ansari[3] Soyuz TMA-9 (September 18, 2006) First female space tourist; first Muslim woman in space
 Malaysia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor[2] Soyuz TMA-11 (October 10, 2007) First Malaysian Malay in space
 Kazakhstan Aidyn Aimbetov[2] Soyuz TMA-18M (September 2, 2015) Third Kazakh in space
 United Arab Emirates Hazza Almansoori Soyuz MS-15 (September 25, 2019) First Emirati in space

Praying towards Mecca in space

Malaysia's space agency, Angkasa, convened a conference of 150 Islamic scientists and scholars in 2006 to address the question, among others, of how to pray towards Mecca in space. A document was produced in early 2007 called A Guideline of Performing Ibadah (worship) at the International Space Station (ISS) and was approved by Malaysia's National Fatwa Council.[4]

See also


  1. ^ A prince in space Archived May 7, 2012[Date mismatch], at the Wayback Machine at Saudi Aramco World, January/February 1986, p20-29
  2. ^ a b c d e f g El-Maghraby, Tamer (19 March 2007). "Eight Muslims in Space and Counting". Retrieved March 26, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Nine Muslims in space" (PDF). The Brunei Times. July 23, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2011.
  4. ^ Patrick Di Justo, "A Muslim Astronaut’s Dilemma — How to Face Mecca From Space", Wired, September 26, 2007