List of Muslim astronauts


This is a list of Muslim astronauts who have traveled to space. In total, 11 Muslims (10 men and 1 woman) have been in space.

Anousheh Ansari, the first Muslimah in space.

List of Muslim astronauts

Country Name Mission (launch date) Comment
 Saudi Arabia Sultan bin Salman Al Saud[1] STS-51-G (June 17, 1985) First Muslim, first Saudi, first Arab, first member of royalty in space
 Syria Muhammed Faris[2] Mir EP-1 (July 22, 1987) First Syrian in space
 Soviet Union (currently  Azerbaijan) Musa Manarov[3] Mir EO-3 (December 21, 1987)
Soyuz TM-11 (December 2, 1990)
First Azerbaijani in space. Total of 541 days in space
 Afghanistan Abdul Ahad Mohmand[2] Mir EP-3 (August 29, 1988) First Afghan in space
 Soviet Union (currently  Kazakhstan) Toktar Aubakirov[2] Soyuz TM-13 (October 2, 1991) First Kazakh in space
 Russia (born in  Kazakhstan)[4] Talgat Musabayev[2] Soyuz TM-19 (November 4, 1994)
Soyuz TM-27 (August 25, 1998)
Soyuz TM-32 (May 6, 2001)
Second Kazakh in space,Total of 341 days in space
 Russia (born in  Kyrgyzstan) Salizhan Sharipov[2] STS-89 (January 20, 1998)
Expedition 10 (October 14, 2004)
Total of 201 days in space
 United States (born in  Iran) Anousheh Ansari[3] Soyuz TMA-9 (September 18, 2006) First female space tourist; first Muslim woman in space
 Malaysia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor[2] Soyuz TMA-11 (October 10, 2007) First Malaysian Malay in space
 Kazakhstan Aidyn Aimbetov[2] Soyuz TMA-18M (September 2, 2015) Third Kazakh in space
 United Arab Emirates Hazza Almansoori Soyuz MS-15 (September 25, 2019) First Emirati in space

Praying towards Mecca in space

Malaysia's space agency, Angkasa, convened a conference of 150 Islamic scientists and scholars in 2006 to address the question, among others, of how to pray towards Mecca in space. A document was produced in early 2007 called A Guideline of Performing Ibadah (worship) at the International Space Station (ISS) and was approved by Malaysia's National Fatwa Council.[5]

See also


  1. ^ A prince in space Archived May 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine at Saudi Aramco World, January/February 1986, p20-29
  2. ^ a b c d e f g El-Maghraby, Tamer (19 March 2007). "Eight Muslims in Space and Counting". Retrieved March 26, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Nine Muslims in space" (PDF). The Brunei Times. July 23, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2011.
  4. ^ Bukharbayeva, Bagila (20 June 2004). "Kazakhstan Gets a Bigger Say in Space Launch Site". Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  5. ^ Patrick Di Justo, "A Muslim Astronaut’s Dilemma — How to Face Mecca From Space", Wired, September 26, 2007