List of Romanian military equipment of World War II

Summary

This is a list of World War II military equipment originating in Romania.

Combat vehicles

Aircraft

SET 7K
IAR 80 formation
IAR 37

All of the aircraft listed below were completed before the end of World War II. Prototypes are omitted from the list. Unless specified otherwise, all aircraft machine guns have the caliber of 7.92 mm. All of the data is sourced from:[1]

JRS-79B
Model Type Number Armament
SET 7K Training, communication, observation 20 2 x Lewis guns (twin mount)
SET 7KB Reconnaissance and observation 20 2 x Lewis guns (twin mount)
1 x Vickers machine gun
6 x 12 kg bombs
SET 7KD Communication 20 1 x Lewis gun
IAR 37 Light bomber 50 4 x Browning machine guns
12 x 50 kg bombs
IAR 38 Reconnaissance and artillery spotting 75 3 x Browning machine guns
24 x 12 kg bombs
IAR 39 Reconnaissance and light bomber 255 3 x Browning machine guns
24 x 12 kg bombs
IAR 80 Fighter 49 4 x FN Browning machine guns
IAR 80A Fighter 91 6 x FN Browning machine guns
IAR 80B Fighter 50 2 x 13.2 mm FN Browning heavy machine guns
4 x FN Browning machine guns
IAR 80C Fighter 50 2 x 20 mm Ikaria autocannons
4 x FN Browning machine guns
IAR 81 Fighter and dive bomber 50 6 x FN Browning machine guns (4 for 10 of them)
2 x 13.2 mm FN Browning heavy machine gun (10 of them)
1 x 225 bomb
2 x 50 kg bombs
IAR 81A Fighter and dive bomber 10 2 x 13.2 mm FN Browning heavy machine guns
4 x FN Browning machine guns
1 x 225 kg bomb
2 x 50 kg bombs
IAR 81C Fighter 148 2 x 20 mm MG 151 autocannons
2 x FN Browning machine guns
Werfer-Granate 21 (1)
JRS-79B Bomber 36 5 x machine guns
1,575 kg of bombs
JRS-79B1 Bomber 31 1 x 20 mm Ikaria autocannon
7 x machine guns
1,400 kg of bombs

Armored fighting vehicles

Mareșal tank destroyer
TACAM R-2
Romanian-built Malaxa UE carrier at the National Military Museum in Bucharest

All of the data is sourced from:[2]

Model Type Number Armament
TACAM T-60 Tank destroyer 34 1 x 76.2 mm M-1936 F-22
1 x 7.92 mm ZB-53 machine gun
1 x submachine gun
TACAM R-2 Tank destroyer 21 1 x 76.2 mm M-1936 F-22 (1)
1 x 76.2 mm ZIS-3 (20)
1 x 7.92 mm ZB-53 machine gun
Malaxa Armored artillery tractor 126 None
R-35/45 Tank destroyer 30 1 x 45 mm 20K mod. 1932–34 tank gun
Mareșal Tank destroyer 6 1 x 122 mm M1910/30 howitzer (4)
1 x 75 mm DT-UDR (2)
1 x 7.92 mm ZB-53 machine gun

Warships

The launching of Marsuinul

Data for the monitors sourced from:[3] and for the rest of the warships from:[4]

Class Type Ships Armament (artillery, torpedoes, mines)
Ion C. Brătianu Monitor Ion C. Brătianu
Alexandru Lahovari
Lascăr Catargiu
Mihail Kogălniceanu
3 x 120 mm naval guns
1 x 76 mm AA gun
2 x 47 mm light naval guns
Amiral Murgescu Minelayer and escort Amiral Murgescu 2 x 105 mm naval/AA guns
2 x 37 mm AA guns
4 x 20 mm AA guns
135 x mines
Marsuinul Submarine Marsuinul 1 x 105 mm deck gun
1 x 37 mm AA gun
6 x 533 mm torpedo tubes
Rechinul Submarine Rechinul 1 x 20 mm AA
4 x 533 mm torpedo tubes
40 x mines

Weapons

Orița M1941

Other

Bungescu fire director
  • Bungescu AA fire director[5]
  • Costinescu 6.6 kg 75 mm armor-piercing shell[7]
  • T-1 tractor – 5 prototypes[5]

Table of orders and deliveries for the land forces

75 mm Reșița Model 1943

Data from:[8]

Model Type Numbers ordered Numbers produced Percentage produced
from the order
Orița M1941 Submachine gun 45,000 6,000 (Oct. 1943) 13.3%
75 mm Reșița Model 1943 Field/anti-tank gun 1,100 375 (Dec. 1944) 34%
Malaxa Armored artillery tractor 300 126 42%
TACAM T-60 Tank destroyer 34 34 100%
TACAM R-2 Tank destroyer 40 21 52.5%
R-35/45 Tank destroyer 30 30 100%
Mareșal Tank destroyer 1,000 6 0.6%
T-1 tractor Artillery tractor 1,000 5 0.5%

See also

References

  1. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, pp. 239–272
  2. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, pp. 220–235 and 33
  3. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906–1921, page 422
  4. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946, pages 359, 361, and 362
  5. ^ a b c d Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, p. 149
  6. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, pp. 149 and 235–237
  7. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, p. 235
  8. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, pp. 33, 149, 221–227, and 235–237