List of S-phrases

Summary

S-phrases were defined in Annex IV:Safety advice concerning dangerous substances and preparations of the European Union Directive 67/548/EEC - Dangerous Substances Directive. The list was consolidated and republished in Directive 2001/59/EC, where translations into other EU languages may be found. The list was subsequently updated and republished in Directive 2006/102/EC, where translations to additional European languages were added.[1] The entirety of Directive 67/548/EEC, including these S-phrases, were superseded completely on 1 June 2015 by Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 - Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulations.[2]

These safety phrases were used internationally and not just in Europe, and there is an ongoing effort towards complete international harmonization. This harmonization would be carried out by the United Nations's Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, that replaced Directive 67/548/EEC under CLP Regulation. S-Phrases successor in GHS were GHS precautionary statements, which encompasses both s-phrases and R-phrases.[3][2]

Safety phrases edit

Code Phrase
S1 Keep locked up.
S2 Keep out of the reach of children.
S3 Keep in a cool place.
S4 Keep away from living quarters.
S5 Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer).
S6 Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer).
S7 Keep container tightly closed.
S8 Keep container dry.
S9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S10 Keep contents wet. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S11 Avoid contact with air. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S12 Do not keep the container sealed
S13 Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs.
S14 Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
S15 Keep away from heat.
S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
S17 Keep away from combustible material.
S18 Handle and open container with care.
S20 When using do not eat or drink.
S21 When using do not smoke.
S22 Do not breathe dust.
S23 Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer).
S24 Avoid contact with skin.
S25 Avoid contact with eyes.
S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S27 Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S28 After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).
S29 Do not empty into drains.
S30 Never add water to this product.
S33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S34 Avoid strokes and frictions. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S35 This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way.
S36 Wear suitable protective clothing.
S37 Wear suitable gloves.
S38 In case of insufficient ventilation wear suitable respiratory equipment.
S39 Wear eye/face protection.
S40 To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).
S41 In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes.
S42 During fumigation/spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer).
S43 In case of fire use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add - Never use water).
S44 If you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately. (Show the label where possible.) (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).
S46 If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
S47 Keep at temperature not exceeding ... °C (to be specified by the manufacturer).
S48 Keep wet with ... (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer).
S49 Keep only in the original container.
S50 Do not mix with ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).
S51 Use only in well-ventilated areas.
S52 Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas.
S53 Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.
S54 Before draining of to sewage disposal plant ask permission of the competent authority. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S55 Before draining of into sewage system or into waters treat according to state of art. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S56 Dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point.
S57 Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination.
S58 Dispose as hazardous waste. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S59 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling.
S60 This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S62 If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label where possible.
S63 In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest.
S64 If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious).
Combinations of S phrases.
S1/2 Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
S3/7 Keep container tightly closed in a cool place.
S3/7/9 Keep container tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. (No longer used, removed from regulations)
S3/9/14 Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).
S3/9/14/49 Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).
S3/9/49 Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place.
S3/14 Keep in a cool place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer).
S7/8 Keep container tightly closed and dry.
S7/9 Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place.
S7/47 Keep container tightly closed and at temperature not exceeding ... °C (to be specified by the manufacturer).
S20/21 When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S27/28 After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer).
S29/35 Do not empty into drains; dispose of this material and its container in a safe way.
S29/56 Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container at hazardous or special waste collection point.
S36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S36/39 Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection.
S37/39 Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S47/49 Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding ... °C (to be specified by the manufacturer).

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Council of the European Union (20 November 2006). "Council Directive 2006/102/EC of 20 November 2006 adapting Directive 67/548/EEC on the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances". eur-lex.europa.eu. Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved 25 August 2023. Annex IV - Safety advice concerning dangerous substances and preparations
  2. ^ a b Council of the European Union (16 December 2008). "Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006". eur-lex.europa.eu. Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  3. ^ United Nations (2021). "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)" (PDF). unece.org. United Nations. pp. 263–378. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2023. Annex 3 - Codification of Hazard Statements, Codification, and Use of Precautionary Statements, Codification of Hazard Pictograms and Examples of Precautionary Pictograms

External links edit

  • Chemical Risk & Safety Phrases in 23 European Languages
  • ChemBlink.com EC Safety Phrases
  • Directive 2006/102/EC of 20 November 2006, as published in Official Journal of the European Union L 363, 20 December 2006, pp. 241-343.
  • R/S Phrases - European Commission Taxation & Customs Union - (Archived)