List of Soviet Union military equipment of World War II

Summary

The following is a list of Soviet military equipment of World War II which includes firearms, artillery, vehicles, aircraft and warships. World War II was the deadliest war in history which started in 1939 and ended in 1945. Following political instability built-up in Europe from 1930, Nazi Germany, which aimed to dominate Europe, attacked Poland on 1 September 1939 marking the official start of World War II. The USSR (Soviet Union) used Poland as a buffer from Germany from 17 September 1939, when the Polish state and its government actually ceased to exist. Germany with its allies attacked the USSR on 22 June 1941, and the country lost 26.6 million people during four years of the Great Patriotic war. The war in Europe ended on 7 May 1945 with the capitulation of Germany to the allied (including Soviet) forces. About 80-90% of losses during the entire war the German armed forces suffered on the Soviet (Eastern) front, whose contribution to the victory was decisive. By the end of the war, the Soviet Union produced 30.3 million rifles; 1,476 million machine guns; 516,648 artillery guns; 347,900 mortars; 119,769 tanks and self-propelled guns; 265,600 army trucks; 213,742 military aircraft; 2 cruisers; 25 destroyers; 52 submarines.[1]

KnivesEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
NR-40 Knife   Soviet Union
 
Soviet combat knife that was produced after the Winter War in 1940.
AVS-36 Bayonet/Knife   Soviet Union
 
Soviet bayonet knife issued with the AVS-36 automatic rifle. The fact that the AVS-36 was used in very limited numbers; most without the bayonet; made it very rare.

Small armsEdit

Revolvers and pistolsEdit

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Nagant M1895 Revolver 7.62×38mmR   Russian Empire   7-round cylinder.
Tokarev TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Soviet Union   8-round magazine. Widely used by officers, did not fully replace the Nagant M1895.
Mauser C96 Semi-automatic pistol 7.63×25mm Mauser   German Empire   10-round internal magazine. Small amount captured from German forces.

Rifles, sniper rifles and battle riflesEdit

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Mosin–Nagant M1891/30 Bolt-action rifle / Sniper rifle (with 3.5× PU scope attached) 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   5-round internal magazine. Most widely used bolt-action rifle by the Red Army.
Mosin–Nagant M1938 Carbine Bolt-action rifle 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   5-round internal magazine.
Mosin–Nagant M1944 Carbine Bolt-action rifle 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union 5-round internal magazine.
Tokarev SVT-38 Semi-automatic rifle 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   10-round magazine.
Tokarev SVT-40 Semi-automatic rifle / Sniper rifle (with 3.5× PU scope attached) 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   10-round magazine. Most widely used semi-automatic rifle by the Red Army.
Federov Avtomat Battle rifle 6.5×50mmSR Arisaka   Russian Empire   25-round magazine. Deployed during the Winter War from stockpiles due to a shortage of submachine guns.[2]
Simonov AVS-36 Battle rifle 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   15-round magazine. Produced from 1934–1940, it was mostly withdrawn in 1941 due to issues. Used primarily during the Winter War.
Tokarev AVT-40 Battle rifle 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   10-round magazine. Modified SVT-40 with a different firing selector. Produced from May 1942 until halted in the summer of 1943 due to mostly uncontrollable automatic fire and breakage.

Submachine gunsEdit

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
PPD-34 Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Soviet Union   25-round magazine. Based and adapted from the Suomi KP/-31, was not produced in larger quantities until 1937–1939.
PPD-34/38 / PPD-40 Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Soviet Union   71-round magazine.
PPSh-41 Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Soviet Union   35, 71-round magazine. Most widely used Soviet submachine gun.
PPS-42 / PPS-43 Submachine gun 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Soviet Union   35-round magazine.
Thompson M1928A1 Submachine gun .45 ACP   United States   20, 30, 50-round magazine. 137,790 supplied by the United States during the Lend-Lease program.
M50 Reising Submachine gun .45 ACP   United States   12, 30-round magazine. Supplied by the United States during the Lend-Lease program.

Machine gunsEdit

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DP-28 Light machine gun 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   47-round magazine. Most widely used light machine gun by the Red Army.
DS-39 Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   250-round belt.
SG-43 Gorunov Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR   Soviet Union   200, 250-round belt.
PM M1910 Heavy machine gun 7.62×54mmR   Russian Empire   250-round belt.
DShK 1938 Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm   Soviet Union   50-round belt.
RPD Light Machine Gun 7.62x39mm   Soviet Union   100-round belt. Never saw combat in WW2, deployed in insignificant numbers in 1945 for trials, but never frontline service.
Bren Gun Light Machine Gun 303 British   United Kingdom   30-round detachable box magazine. 2487 supplied by the British Empire during the Lend-Lease program, many mounted on Universal Carriers.

Explosives, hand-held anti-tank and incendiary weaponsEdit

Grenades and grenade launchersEdit

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
Model 1914 grenade Fragmentation grenade 45mm   Russian Empire
 
Limited usage during World War II.
F1 grenade Fragmentation grenade 55mm   Soviet Union   Widely produced grenade. Nicknamed the "limonka" (lemon).
RG-41 Fragmentation grenade 55mm   Soviet Union
 
5 meter kill radius.
RG-42 Fragmentation grenade 54mm   Soviet Union
 
Produced in 1942 to replace the complex RGD-33. Soviet partisans made copies of it when they were located behind enemy lines.
RGD-33 grenade Fragmentation grenade 45mm, 54mm (with fragmentation sleeve)   Soviet Union
 
10–15 meter kill radius.
RPG-40 / RPG-41 Anti-tank grenade 20 cm   Soviet Union
 
Effective against tanks up to 20mm of armour.
RPG-43 Anti-tank grenade 95mm   Soviet Union
 
Improved version of the RPG-40. Effective against tanks up to 75mm of armour.
RPG-6 Anti-tank grenade 103mm   Soviet Union Improved version of the RPG-43. Effective against tanks up to 100mm of armour.
Dyakonov grenade launcher Grenade launcher 40.5mm   Soviet Union
 
Grenade launcher attachment for Mosin-Nagant rifle. There were four other versions of the grenade besides the main high explosive one.

MinesEdit

Name Type Detonation Origin Photo Notes
TM-35 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure   Soviet Union   2.8 kg of TNT.
TM-41 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure   Soviet Union   3.9 kg of Amatol or TNT, short cylinder with the entire top surface being used as a pressure plate.
TM-44 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure   Soviet Union   5.4 kg of Amatol, broadly similar to the earlier, smaller, TM-41 mine.
TMD-40 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure   Soviet Union 3.6 kg of Amatol.
TMD-44 / TMD-B mines Anti-tank mine Pressure   Soviet Union   9–9.7 kg of Amatol.

Recoilless riflesEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Photo Notes
76 K/DRP Recoilless rifle 76mm   Soviet Union   Used during the Winter War. It was designed by L.V. Kurchevsky in 1930 and entered service in 1932. It was able to be mounted on GAZ-A trucks, becoming SU-4 self-propelled guns.[3]

Infantry anti-tank rifles and rocket launchersEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Photo Notes
PTRD-41 Anti-tank rifle 14.5×114mm   Soviet Union   Single-shot reloadable rifle.
PTRS-41 Anti-tank rifle 14.5×114mm   Soviet Union   5-round internal magazine.
M1 Bazooka Recoilless anti-tank rocket launcher 60 mm   United States   Single-shot reloadable launcher. 8,500 supplied by the United States during the Lend-Lease program.
PIAT Anti-tank projectile launcher 83mm   United Kingdom   Single-shot reloadable launcher. 1,000 supplied by the British Empire during the Lend-Lease program.
Panzerschreck Anti-tank rocket launcher 88mm   Nazi Germany   Single-shot reloadable launcher. Captured from German forces.
Panzerfaust Anti-tank recoilless gun 149mm   Nazi Germany   Single-shot disposable launcher. Some were captured in 1944, while many were captured in 1945 from retreating German soldiers and Volkssturm.

Flamethrowers and anti-tank incendiariesEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
FOG-2 Flamethrower   Soviet Union From 1941, around 15,000 were produced and used during World War 2.
ROKS-2 / ROKS-3 Flamethrower   Soviet Union   Produced from 1935–1945. Used also during the Soviet-Finnish War (1941–1944).
Molotov cocktail Improvised incendiary bottle   Spain
 
Improvised incendiary bottles that were thrown at armoured vehicles. Invented by the Spanish Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. First widely used by Finnish troops against the Soviets during the Winter War.
Ampulomyot Incendiary anti-tank ampulla-thrower   Soviet Union   125mm incendiary spherical glass projectile. Use of it was limited in 1941, and became obsolete by 1942.
Zuckermann's bottle-thrower Incendiary anti-tank bottle launcher   Soviet Union Attachment for Mosin-Nagant rifles. Special bottles with incendiary mixtures were used. The bottles were produced in 1942, but became obsolete once Red Army troops were equipped with more anti-tank guns and rifles.

ArtilleryEdit

Light and heavy infantry mortarsEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
RM-38 50mm Infantry mortar   Soviet Union
 
Light infantry mortar.
82-BM-37 82mm Infantry mortar   Soviet Union
 
Light infantry mortar.
M1938 mortar 120mm Heavy mortar   Soviet Union
 
Heavy infantry mortar.
107mm M1938 mortar 107mm Infantry mortar   Soviet Union
 
It was a lighter version of the M1938 mortar made for Soviet mountain troops.

Rocket launchersEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
BM-13 "Katyusha" 132mm Multiple rocket launcher   Soviet Union   Most widely used multiple rocket launcher by the Red Army. It became known as "Stalin's organ" by German soldiers.
BM-8 82mm Multiple rocket launcher   Soviet Union
 
Smaller rocket launchers that were mounted on T-40 and T-60 light tanks.
BM-31 "Andryusha" 300mm Multiple rocket launcher   Soviet Union   Heavy rocket launcher with 12 rocket tubes which used the chassis of a ZIS-12 and the American Lend-Lease Studebaker US6 U3 truck.

Vehicular gunsEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
45mm 20-K tank gun 45mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   Many tanks and other armoured vehicles later used it as their main armament.
57mm ZiS-4 tank gun 57mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The main armament of the T-34-57, saw very limited usage in combat.
76.2 mm L-10 tank gun 76mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The main armament of the T-28 tank.
L-11 76.2 mm tank gun 76mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The main armament of the T-34 Model 1940 tank.
F-32 tank gun 76mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The main armament of the KV-1 Model 1940 tank.
F-34 tank gun 76mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The main armament of T-34-76 and KV-1 tanks.
D-10 tank gun 100mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The main armament of the SU-100 tank destroyer.

Field artilleryEdit

Name Type Origin Production Photo Notes
76-mm regimental gun model 1927 Regimental gun   Soviet Union Dec. 1928 – Dec. 1943: about 18,116[4]   The 76-mm regimental guns model 1927 together with the Soviet infantry passed the Battle of Lake Khasan and the Battles of Khalkhin Gol, the Winter War and the Great Patriotic War. During offensives, such regimental guns, which were respected by soldiers, had to follow by their crews directly in infantry combat formations in order to quickly suppress the enemy firepower, interfering with the advance of troops. Until 1941, the guns were produced at Kirov Plant in Leningrad, and in 1942–1943 - at Plant No. 172 in Perm.
76 mm regimental gun M1943 76mm Infantry support gun   Soviet Union  
76 mm mountain gun M1909 76mm Mountain gun   France   It became obsolete after it was replaced with several other mountain guns.
76 mm mountain gun M1938 76mm Mountain gun   Soviet Union  
76 mm divisional gun M1902/30 76mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
76 mm divisional gun M1936 (F-22) 76mm Field gun   Soviet Union   Used during the Winter War.
76 mm divisional gun M1939 (USV) 76mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
76 mm divisional gun M1942 (ZiS-3) 76mm Field gun   Soviet Union   Field gun first deployed in 1941, very well-liked by Soviet and German soldiers because of its reliability, durability, and accuracy/
100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3) 100mm Field gun / Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union  
107 mm divisional gun M1940 (M-60) 107mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
107 mm gun M1910/30 107mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
122 mm gun M1931 (A-19) 122mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
122 mm gun M1931/37 (A-19) 122mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
122 mm howitzer M1909/37 122mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
122 mm howitzer M1910/30 122mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
122 mm howitzer M1938 (M-30) 122mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
152 mm gun M1910/34 152mm Field gun   Soviet Union  
152 mm gun M1935 (Br-2) 152mm Heavy gun   Soviet Union   It was used by the Red Army in the Battle of Kursk and Battle of the Seelow Heights.
152 mm howitzer M1909/30 152mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union   Most numerously used 152mm howitzer by the Red Army.
152 mm howitzer M1910/37 152mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
152 mm howitzer M1938 (M-10) 152mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
152 mm howitzer M1943 (D-1) 152mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
152 mm howitzer-gun M1937 (ML-20) 152mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  

Fortress and siege gunsEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
152 mm gun M1910/30 152mm Field howitzer   Soviet Union  
203 mm howitzer M1931 (B-4) 203mm Heavy howitzer   Soviet Union   It was used by the Red Army in the Battle of Berlin.
210 mm gun M1939 (Br-17) 210mm Heavy howitzer   Soviet Union  
280 mm mortar M1939 (Br-5) 280mm Heavy mortar   Soviet Union  
305 mm howitzer M1939 (Br-18) 305mm Superheavy siege howitzer   Soviet Union  

Anti-tank gunsEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
37 mm anti-tank gun M1930 (1-K) 37mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   The gun was closely related to the German PaK 35/36.
45 mm anti-tank gun M1932 (19-K) 45mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union  
45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K) 45mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union  
45 mm anti-tank gun M1942 (M-42) 45mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union  
57 mm anti-tank gun M1943 (ZiS-2) 57mm Anti-tank gun   Soviet Union  
100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3) 100mm Anti-tank gun / Field gun   Soviet Union  

Ground-based anti-aircraft weaponsEdit

Light anti-aircraft gunsEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Photo Notes
DShK 1938 Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm   Soviet Union 50-round belt.
25 mm automatic air defense gun M1940 (72-K) Air-defence gun 25x218mmSR   Soviet Union  
37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K) Air-defence gun 37×250mmR   Soviet Union   200-rounds.
45 mm anti-aircraft gun (21-K) Semi-automatic air-defence gun 45×386mmSR   Soviet Union   It was used by the Soviet Navy for most of their ships from 1934 as its primary light anti-aircraft gun until replaced by the fully automatic 37 mm 70-K gun from 1942 to 1943.
37 mm 70-K gun Automatic air-defence gun 37×250mmR   Soviet Union   Naval version of 37mm M1939 (61-K).

Heavy anti-aircraft gunsEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Photo Notes
76 mm air defense gun M1938 Semi-automatic air-defence gun 76.2×558mmR   Soviet Union  
85 mm air defense gun M1939 (52-K) Semi-automatic air-defence gun 85×558mmR   Soviet Union   It was successfully used against level bombers and medium/high altitude targets.

Armored fighting vehiclesEdit

TankettesEdit

Name Type Origin Quantity Photo Notes
T-27 Tankette   Soviet Union 2,157 (1941)   The main armament was the 7.62mm DT light machine gun. Some were captured by Romanian forces.

TanksEdit

Name Type Origin Production Photo Notes
T-18 (MS-1) Light tank   Soviet Union   Based on the French Renault FT tank.
T-26 Light tank   Soviet Union   Interwar period light tank that became the most numerous tank during the German invasion.
T-37A Amphibious light tank   Soviet Union  
T-38 Amphibious light tank   Soviet Union  
T-40 Amphibious scout tank   Soviet Union  
T-30 Light tank   Soviet Union  
T-50 Light infantry tank   Soviet Union  
T-60 Light scout tank   Soviet Union   Replacement of the obsolete T-38 and T-30 tanks.
T-70 Light tank   Soviet Union  
BT-2 Light cavalry tank   Soviet Union
BT-5 Light cavalry tank   Soviet Union  
BT-7 Light cavalry tank   Soviet Union  
T-24 Medium tank   Soviet Union  
T-28 Medium tank   Soviet Union  
T-34-76 Medium tank   Soviet Union   One of the most widely used tanks in the Red Army. 35,120 were produced.
T-34-85 Medium tank   Soviet Union Jan. 1944 – Dec. 1946: 25,914 (also under license - 2,736 in Czechoslovakia in 1951 – 1956 & 1,380 in Poland in 1952 – 1956)[5]   A development of a deep modernization of the T-34 medium tank (especially its armament) began in summer 1943. To combat new German Tiger I and Panther tanks, a powerful 85-mm ZIS-S-53 tank gun was mounted within a new larger turret for T-34. T-34-85 medium tanks were produced at Plants No. 112 (in Gorky), No. 183 (in Nizhny Tagil) and No. 174 (in Omsk).
T-44 Medium tank   Soviet Union  
T-35 Heavy tank   Soviet Union   During the war, they were slow and proved to be mechanically unreliable. 61 were produced.
SMK Heavy tank prototype   Soviet Union   Only one was produced, it was used during the Winter War. It was replaced by the KV tank series.
T-100 Heavy tank prototype   Soviet Union   Two were produced. There were unsuccessful trial uses of it during the Winter War. It was replaced by the KV tank series.
KV-1 Heavy tank   Soviet Union   Known for its strong armour, it became known as the "Russischer Koloss" – "Russian Colossus" by the German Army.
KV-2 Heavy tank / Assault gun   Soviet Union   The main armament was the 152mm howitzer. Due to its combat ineffectiveness, only 334 were produced .
KV-85 Heavy tank   Soviet Union   It became the basis for the IS Series tanks.
IS-1 Heavy tank   Soviet Union   The IS series was a successor to the KV tank series. IS-1 was a prototype version, which had 130 produced.
IS-2 Heavy tank   Soviet Union   3,854 IS-2s were produced.
IS-3 Heavy tank   Soviet Union   2,311 IS-3s were produced.

Self-propelled gunsEdit

Name Type Origin Production Photo Notes
ZiS-30 Light self-propelled gun   Soviet Union A self-propelled gun based on Komsomolets tractor fitted with 57 mm ZiS-2 Anti-tank gun. Only 100 were built.
SU-5-1 / SU-5-2 / SU-5-3 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   A self-propelled gun that was on the T-26 light tank chassis. SU-5-1 was armed with the 76.2mm divisional gun mod. 1902/30. SU-5-2 was armed with the 122mm howitzer mod. 1910/30.
SU-5-3 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   It was on the T-26 chassis. Equipped with the 152mm mortar M1931.
SU-14 Self-propelled gun prototype   Soviet Union   One was built as a prototype. The main armament was the 152 mm gun (U-30 or BR-2).
SU-100Y Self-propelled gun prototype   Soviet Union   One prototype was made, based on the SU-100 tank and was used during the Winter War. The main armament was the 130mm Naval Gun B-13.
SU-26 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   Equipped with a 76 mm regimental gun M1927.
SU-76 / SU-76M Light self-propelled gun   Soviet Union Dec. 1942 – Oct. 1945: 14,292 (560 SU-76 & 13,732 SU-76M)[6]   SU-76M was the 2nd most produced Soviet AFV of World War II, after the T-34 medium tank. Developed under the leadership of chief designer S.A. Ginzburg (1900–1943). This infantry support SPG was based on a lengthened T-70 light tank chassis and armed with ZIS-3 76-mm divisional field gun.
SU-85 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   A modification of SU-122 self-propelled gun based on T-34's chassis, equipped with 85 mm D-5S cannon.
SU-100 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   A modification of SU-85M that replaced it's 85mm gun with 100 mm D-10S.
SU-122 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   A self-propelled gun version based on T-34's chassis, equipped with 122 mm M-30S Howitzer.
SU-152 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   Self-propelled gun based on KV-1S's chassis, equipped with 152 mm ML-20S howitzer.
ISU-122 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   A rearmed ISU-152 with 122 mm A-19S for ISU-122 and D-25S for ISU-122S.
ISU-152 Self-propelled gun   Soviet Union   Same role and armament as SU-152 but with IS-1's chassis

Wheeled anti-tank self-propelled gunsEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
SU-4 Wheeled self-propelled anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   On the chassis of an extended GAZ-A. It was equipped with a 76 K/DRP recoilless gun.
SU-12 Wheeled self-propelled anti-tank gun   Soviet Union   On the chassis of a GAZ-AAA. It was equipped with a 76 mm regimental gun M1927.

Tracked anti-aircraft gunsEdit

Name Type Calibre Origin Photo Notes
SU-11 Self-propelled air-defence gun 37×250mmR   Soviet Union   It was equipped with the 37mm automatic air defence gun (61-К).
ZSU-37 Self-propelled air-defence gun 37×250mmR   Soviet Union   It was equipped with the 37mm automatic air defence gun (61-К).

Armoured carsEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
BA-27 Armoured car   Soviet Union   First Soviet series-produced armoured car. The main armament was the 37mm Puteaux SA 18. Some were captured during the German invasion of the Soviet Union.
D-8 Armoured car   Soviet Union   The main armament was two 7.62 DT light machine guns. It was used during the Winter War.
FAI Armoured car   Soviet Union   Replacement for the D-8 armoured car. The main armament was the 7.62 DT light machine gun.
BA-I Armoured car   Soviet Union   Its main armament was the 37mm 7K gun. The design of the BA-I started a series of heavy armoured cars of Izhorsky plant. These included: BA-3, BA-6, BA-9, and BA-10.
BA-3 Armoured car   Soviet Union   The main armament was the 45mm gun 20-K.
BA-6 Armoured car   Soviet Union   Very similar to the BA-3. Both were used against the Japanese in the Battle of Khalkhyn Gol, in the Finnish Winter War, and against the Germans in the early stages of the Eastern Front.
BA-10 Armoured car   Soviet Union   The main armament was the 45mm gun 20-K.
BA-11 Armoured car   Soviet Union   The main armament was the 45mm gun 20-K.
BA-20 Armoured car   Soviet Union   Special armoured version of the GAZ-M1 passenger car. The main armament was the 7.62 DT light machine gun.
BA-64 Armoured scout car   Soviet Union   Based and adapted from a captured German Sd.Kfz. 221. The main armament was the 7.62 DT light machine gun.

Half-tracksEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
BA-30 Half-track   Soviet Union   A small number of them were produced. The main armament was the 7.62 DT light machine gun.
M5 Half-track   United States   Received 450 during World War II through Lend-Lease.

Lend-Lease tanks and SPGsEdit

Name Type Origin Delivery Photo Notes
M3A1 (Stuart III) Light tank   United States 1,233   From 1941–1945, 1,676 were supplied by the United States as a part of the Lend-Lease.[7] 443 were lost at sea.
M5 (Stuart VI) Light tank   United States 5   5 were supplied.[7]
M24 Chaffee Light tank   United States 2   2 were supplied in 1944.[7]
M4 Sherman medium tank   United States 4,102   4,102 were suppiled, of these, 2,007 were the original 75 mm main gun model, 2,095 were with 76 mm tank gun.[8]
Valentine tank Infantry tank   United Kingdom 3,462   2,074 supplied by the UK, 1,388 supplied by Canada. 320 were lost at sea by both countries.
T48 Gun Motor Carriage
(SU-57)
Tank destroyer   United States 650   650 were supplied.[7] On the chassis of the M3 Half-track equipped with a 57mm gun M1. It was designated as the SU-57 by the Soviet military.

Motor vehiclesEdit

TrucksEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
GAZ-AA Truck   Soviet Union   Soviet produced vehicle licensed from the Ford AA model of 1930.
GAZ-AAA Truck   Soviet Union  
GAZ-MM Truck   Soviet Union  

Passenger/utility vehiclesEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
GAZ-64 Light utility vehicle   Soviet Union   2,500 were produced during the war. The focus switched to building armoured BA-64s, with the availability of American made Jeeps.
GAZ-67 Light utility vehicle   Soviet Union  
GAZ-M1 Passenger car   Soviet Union  

Lend-Lease vehiclesEdit

Name Type Origin Delivery Photo Notes
Dodge 3/4-ton WC series (Dodge 3/4) Light military utility truck   United States 1942 – 1945: 24,902 (sent to USSR)[9]   Dodge WC series were one of the most popular vehicles during World War II. These U.S. military four-wheel drive vehicles (weapons carriers) were supplied to USSR under a Lend-Lease program mainly in two variants – with or without front winch (WC52 and WC51). With a payload of 750 kg (3/4 t), these 4 х 4 off-road vehicles with two seater open cab, multipurpose bed and canvas cover were intermediate between jeeps and trucks.

MotorcyclesEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
PMZ-A-750 Heavy motorcycle   Soviet Union   The first heavy motorcycle manufactured in the Soviet Union. Used during the Winter War with unsatisfactory results.
TIZ-AM-600 Heavy motorcycle   Soviet Union Used during the Winter War with unsatisfactory results, it was considered an outdated design.
M-72 Heavy motorcycle   Soviet Union   Motorcycle meant to replace the PMZ-A-750 and TIZ-AM-600. In the Eastern Front, motorcycles were produced at both the IMZ and GMZ motorcycle plants. All sidecars for both the M-72 and American Lend-Lease bikes were produced at the GMZ.

Tractors & prime moversEdit

Name Type Origin Photo Notes
S-60 Tractor   Soviet Union   Heavy tractor with a strong engine meant to haul artillery.
S-65 Tractor   Soviet Union   Replacement of the S-60 for towing heavy weapons. Many of these and S-60s were captured by the German Army during their invasion.
T-20 Armoured tractor   Soviet Union   These were most often used to haul artillery, carry troops, and unintentionally as a Tankette/Gun Carrier/APC. It was used during the Winter War and the first half of World War 2. They were often captured by the German Army and fitted with Pak guns.

Engineering and commandEdit

Miscellaneous vehiclesEdit

AircraftEdit

Fighter aircraftEdit

Name Type Origin Production Photo Notes
Yak-9 Fighter   Soviet Union Oct. 1942 – Dec. 1948: 16,769 (14,579 during WWII)[10]   Yak-9 was mass-produced in different variants (front-line fighters mainly, fighter-bomber, high-altitude interceptor etc.) at three Soviet large aircraft plants - in Novosibirsk, Omsk and Moscow. Yak-9 was developed from the earlier Yak-1 and Yak-7 fighters of A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau. Used in all major World War II operations of the Red Army, starting with the Battle of Stalingrad in autumn 1942.

Navy shipsEdit

RadarsEdit

Handheld radar devices used to track down the enemies targets using heat and radiation paired with technology from the recent trade with the United National Militia and the United Galaxies.

Rockets and bombsEdit

Cartridges and shellsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cohen, Eliot A.; Glantz, David M.; House, Jonathan (1995). "When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler". Foreign Affairs. 75 (3): 306. doi:10.2307/20047605. ISSN 0015-7120. JSTOR 20047605.
  2. ^ Monetchikov, Sergei (2005). История русского автомата [The History of Russian Assault Rifle] (in Russian). St. Petersburg: Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signal Corps. pp. 18–19. ISBN 5-98655-006-4.
  3. ^ Sami Korhonen (1 November 2000). "Soviet artillery used the during Winter War". The Battles of the Winter War. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  4. ^ Shirokorad, Alexander (2000). Энциклопедия отечественной артиллерии [Encyclopedia of Russian Artillery] (in Russian). Minsk: Kharvest. p. 1156. ISBN 985-433-703-0.
  5. ^ Baryatinskii, Mikhail (2007). Т-34. Лучший танк Второй мировой. [T-34. The best tank of the Second World War.] (in Russian). Moscow: Eksmo. p. 144. ISBN 5-699-19080-5.
  6. ^ Chubachin, Alexander V. (2009). СУ-76. "Братская могила экипажа" или оружие Победы? [SU-76. "Mass Grave of the Crew" or Weapon of Victory?] (in Russian). Moscow: Yauza. BTV-Kniga. Eksmo. p. 112. ISBN 978-5-699-32965-6.
  7. ^ a b c d "Lend-Lease Armoured Vehicles supplied to the Red Army 1941–1945". WW2 Weapons. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  8. ^ Lend-Lease Shipments: World War II, Section IIIB, Published by Office, Chief of Finance, War Department, 31 December 1946, p. 8.
  9. ^ Kochnev, Evgenii (2010). Военные автомобили Союзников [Military Cars of the Allies] (in Russian). Moscow: Yauza. Eksmo. p. 512. ISBN 978-5-699-41199-3.
  10. ^ Yakubovich, Nikolai (2008). Истребитель Як-9. Заслуженный «фронтовик» [Yak-9 Fighter. An Honored “Veteran”] (in Russian). Moscow: Kollektsia. Yauza. Eksmo. p. 112. ISBN 978-5-699-29168-7.