List of World Heritage Sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Summary

Location of UNESCO World Heritage Sites within Bosnia and Herzegovina (blue dots indicate the Stećci sites).

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Bosnia and Herzegovina inherited the former country of Yugoslavia's accession to the convention on 12 July 1993 as one of the successor states.[2]

As of 2018, there are three sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the list and a further nine on the tentative list (the official list of sites that may be considered for future submission).[2] The first site, the Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar, was inscribed to the list at the 29th UNESCO session in 2005.[3] In 1993, during the Bosnian War, it was destroyed by the Croatian Defence Council in an artillery barrage. It was reconstructed after the conflict and reopened in 2004.[3] In 2007, the Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad was inscribed to the list.[4] This was followed by the inscription of the Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards in 2016. The latter is a transnational site, which is also partly in Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Out of 28 listed Stećci sites, 20 are located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the most prominent one in Radimlja.[5]

World Heritage Sites

UNESCO lists sites under ten criteria; each entry must meet at least one of the criteria. Criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.[6]

  * Transnational site
Site Image Location (municipality) Year listed UNESCO data Description
Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar Stari Most Mostar 2005 946; vi
(cultural)
This site encompasses the Old Bridge and the surrounding area. The Ottoman bridge, which crosses the Neretva river, was commissioned by Suleiman the Magnificent and completed in 1566/67. In 1993, during the Bosnian War, it was deliberately shelled and destroyed by the Croatian Defence Council. After the war, the bridge was rebuilt using traditional construction methods and local materials, and reopened in 2004.[3]
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge Višegrad 2007 1260; ii, iv
(cultural)
The Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge, which crosses the Drina river, was completed in 1577 by the Ottoman court architect Mimar Sinan on the orders of the Grand Vizier Mehmed Paša Sokolović.[4]
Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards* Radimlja necropolis 20 sites 2016 1504; iii, vi
(cultural)
Stećci (sing. stećak) are the monolith medieval tombstones found in modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as parts of Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. They first appeared in the 12th century and reached their peak in the 14th and 15th centuries. There are 20 sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, mostly in the southeastern part of the country. The largest cluster is located in Radimlja, in the Stolac municipality.[5]

Tentative list

In addition to the sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[7] As of 2018, Bosnia and Herzegovina recorded nine sites on its tentative list.[8]

Site Image Location (municipality) Year listed UNESCO criteria Description
Sarajevo – unique symbol of universal multiculture – continual open city (N.I.) Sarajevo Sarajevo 1997 v
(cultural)
Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, has a long and rich history of religious and cultural diversity.[9]
Vjetrenica cave Vjetrenica Ravno 2004 vii, x
(natural)
Vjetrenica (meaning "the wind cave") is the largest cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the warmer parts of the year, cold air blows from its entrance. It is an important biodiversity spot. Fossils of prehistoric carnivores have been found in the cave.[10]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Jajce Jajce Jajce 2006 ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii
(mixed)
The city of Jajce is located at the confluence of the Pliva and Vrbas rivers. It was founded in the Middle Ages and acquired its final form during the Ottoman period.[11]
The historic urban site of Počitelj Počitelj Čapljina 2007 ii, iii, iv, v, vi
(cultural)
The city of Počitelj presents one of the few urban ensembles in Bosnia and Herzegovina preserved in their integrity from the medieval and Ottoman periods.[12]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Blagaj Blagaj Mostar 2007 ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii
(mixed)
The town of Blagaj, situated at the spring of the Buna river, contains several examples of Ottoman architecture, such as the Blagaj Tekke.[13]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Blidinje Blidinjsko jezero Jablanica, Posušje, Tomislavgrad 2007 i, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, viii, ix
(mixed)
The Blidinje Nature Park area is an example of the geological processes that took place during the orogenesis of the Dinarides, as well as an example of the evolutionary development of postglacial flora and fauna. The area features a wide range of endemic plant communities and contains several stećak tombstones.[14]
The natural and architectural ensemble of Stolac Stolac Stolac 2007 ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii
(mixed)
The historic core of Stolac is an example of a complex cultural-historical and natural environmental ensemble. The area contains remains from prehistory, the Illyrian-Roman era, the Middle Ages, and the Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, and Yugoslav periods.[15]
Strict Nature Reserve – Primeval forest "Perućica" Perućica Foča 2017 vii, ix, x
(natural)
The primeval forest of Perućica is an important biodiversity spot, home to brown bear, wolf, and lynx, as well as to several species of birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Its mountain creek forms the 75 m (246 ft) high Skakavac Waterfall.[16]
Jewish Cemetery in Sarajevo Jewish Cemetery in Sarajevo Sarajevo 2018 ii, iii, iv, vi
(cultural)
The burial complex lies on a steep site and covers a total area of 31,160 m2 (335,400 sq ft). There are more than 3,850 tombstones in a total of seven plots, along with four memorials erected to the victims of World War II fascist terror and several cenotaphs. The complex also includes a large Ashkenazi ossuary built in 1962 following the exhumation of the old and the new Ashkenazi graveyards. In 1966, the cemetery was closed for burials. It is believed that the Geniza (a graveyard for worn out books) is located in the southeastern part of the cemetery.[17]
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe (extension) Waterfall on Una river in Martin Brod Šipovo 2019 ix
(natural)
This is an extension to the site, already listed in several European countries, documenting the evolution and spread of European beech. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the nomination includes the Strict Nature Reserve - Primeval forest Janj.[18]
Complex of travertine waterfalls in Martin Brod - Una National Park Waterfall on Una river in Martin Brod Bihać 2019 vii, ix
(natural)
The upper stream of river Una features a series of waterfalls and travertine formations and is an important biodiversity spot.[19]

See also

References

  1. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Bosnia and Herzegovina". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Old Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Stećci Medieval Tombstone Graveyards – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  6. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 12 June 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  7. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – Tentative Lists". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 20 July 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  8. ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – Tentative Lists: Bosnia and Herzegovina". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 16 July 2017. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Sarajevo – unique symbol of universal multiculture – continual open city (N.I.) – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  10. ^ "Vjetrenica cave – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  11. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Jajce – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  12. ^ "The historic urban site of Počitelj – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 17 December 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  13. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Blagaj – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 17 February 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  14. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Blidinje – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  15. ^ "The natural and architectural ensemble of Stolac – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  16. ^ "Strict Nature Reserve – Primeval forest "Perućica" – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  17. ^ "Jewish Cemetery in Sarajevo – UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe - extension (Bosnia and Herzegovina)". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  19. ^ "Complex of travertine waterfalls in Martin Brod - Una National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 7 July 2019.