List of World War I aces credited with 7 victories

Summary

The term ace (now commonly flying ace) was first used by French newspapers during World War I, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as ('the ace'), after he downed five German aircraft. When aircraft began to shoot or force down other aircraft, systems to count "air victories" were subsequently developed. The American qualification of five victories eventually became the standard, even though other air services had previously used differing figures.[1]

Cleancut young male in uniform with pilot's badge and wearing garrison cap
Lanoe Hawker was awarded the first Victoria Cross to a fighter pilot - for shooting down three aircraft in one day. He achieved seven victories before being shot down by Manfred von Richthofen.

While "ace" status was most often won by fighter pilots, bomber and reconnaissance crews, and observers in two-seater aircraft such as the Bristol F.2b ("Bristol Fighter"), also destroyed enemy aircraft. If a two-seater aircraft destroyed an aircraft, both crew members were credited with a victory. Because pilots usually teamed with differing observer/gunners in two-seater aircraft, an observer might be an ace when his pilot was not, and vice versa.[2] The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history.[3]

Loss of records by mischance and the passage of time complicates reconstructing the actual count for given aces. The scores presented in the list cannot be definitive, but are based on itemized lists that are the best available sources of information.[4] Aces are listed after verifying the date and location of combat, and the foe vanquished, for every victory accredited by an aviator's home air service using their own aerial victory standards. Those victories for which the evidence is unavailable or fragmentary have been excluded from the victory count.

Aces

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  This along with the symbolic dagger †, indicates that the pilot was known to be either killed in action, missing in action, died of wounds, or killed in a flying accident during World War I.

Name Country Air service(s) including post-war Victories
Frank Alberry   Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Charles Allen   United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Fritz Anders   German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Ernest Antcliffe United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Lionel Ashfield United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Alfred Auger   France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Thomas Barkell Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Gerhard Bassenge German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
John Bateman United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
François Battesti France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Alan Duncan Bell-Irving   Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 7[5]
Charles J. Biddle   United States Aéronautique Militaire, United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Thomas Birmingham Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
William Harry Bland United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
André Louis Bosson France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Cecil Brock Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
George Ai Brooke United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Helmut Brünig German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Archibald Buchanan United States Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Stanton Bunting United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
David Luther Burgess Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Lynn Campbell† Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Eugene Camplan France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Leslie Capel United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Reed Chambers United States United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Robert Chandler United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Charles Chapman United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Fernand Henri Chavannes France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
William Chisam United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service 7[5]
Arthur Claydon United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Stanley Cockerell United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
James Connelly United States Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Harvey Weir Cook United States United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Arthur Cyril Cooper United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Arthur Gabbettis Cooper United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Sidney Cowan United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Jesse Creech United States Royal Flying Corps, United States Army Air Service 7[5]
Roland Critchley† United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Edward Crundall United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Alec Cunningham-Reid United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Hermann Dahlmann German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Rowan Daly United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Ernest Davies Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Ernest Davis Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Pierre De Cazenove De Pradines France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Pierre Delage France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Robert Delannoy France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
François Delzenne France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
François de Rochechouart France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Noël de Rochefort France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Jean Derode France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
James Dewhirst United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Helmut Dilthey German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Roy Dodds United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 7[7]
Henry Dolan United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
John Donaldson United States Royal Flying Corps, United States Army Air Service attached to the Royal Air Force 7[5]
Thomas A. Doran United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
René Doumer France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Arthur Draisey United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Herbert Drewitt   New Zealand Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Pierre Ducornet France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Raoul Echard France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Cedric Edwards United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Leopoldo Eleuteri   Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 7[7]
Herbert Ellis United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Conway Farrell Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Julius Fichter† German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
George Buchanan Foster Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Gordon Fox-Rule United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Adrian Franklyn United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Maurice Freehill United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Josef Friedrich   Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 7[7]
Mario Fucini   Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 7[7]
John Gamon United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Hermann Gilly German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Eric Gilroy Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Hans Goerth German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Walter Grant Australia Australian Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
William Edrington Gray United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Wilfred Green United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
John Griffith United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, United States Army Air Force, United States Air Force 7[5]
Gisbert-Wilhelm Groos German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 77[6]
Hermann Habich German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Frank Hale United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Frederick Hall† United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Herbert Hamilton United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Herbert Hartley† United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Otto Hartmann German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Harold Hartney United States Royal Flying Corps, United States Army Air Service 7[5][8]
Ludwig Hautzmayer Austro-Hungarian Empire Luftfahrtruppen 7[7]
Lanoe Hawker United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Ian Henderson United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Georg Ritter von Hengl German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
William Carrall Hilborn Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Charles Hill United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Richard Frank Hill United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
John Hills United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Edward Hoare United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Percy Hobson United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Josef Hohly German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Lansing Holden United States Aéronautique Militaire, United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Jeffrey Batters Home-Hay Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Norman William Hustings United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Kurt Jacob German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Fernand Jacquet   Belgium Aviation Militaire Belge 7[9]
Otto Jäger Austro-Hungarian Empire Luftfahrtruppen 7[7]
Arthur Jarvis Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Louis Jarvis United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Archie Nathaniel Jenks Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Karl Jentsch German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Alan Jerrard United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Martin Johns German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Albert Leslie Jones United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
George Jones Australia Australian Flying Corps, Royal Australian Air Force 7[5]
Hubert Jones United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Harold Joslyn† Canada Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Christian Kairies† German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Edward Patrick Kenney Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Walter Kirk Australia Australian Flying Corps, Royal Australian Air Force 7[7]
Frederick John Knowles United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Emil Koch German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Hans Körner German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Yevgraph Kruten   Russia Imperial Army Air Service 7[7]
Wilhelm Kühne German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Hans Kummetz German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Henri Languedoc France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
DeFreest Larner United States Aéronautique Militaire, United States Army Air Service, New York National Guard, United States Army Air Corps 7[8]
Maurice Le Blanc-Smith United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Marie Lecog De Kerland France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Arthur Lee United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Alfred Alexander Leitch Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 7[5]
Thomas Le Mesurier United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Herman Leptien German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Jean Loste France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Albert Lux German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Hector MacDonald   Union of South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, South African Air Force 7[5]
Peter MacDougall United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Norman MacGregor United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
John MacKereth United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
William MacLanachan United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Malcolm Plaw MacLeod Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 7[5]
Henry Maddocks United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Josef von Maier Austria-Hungarian Empire Luftfahrtruppen 7[7]
Alexandre Marty France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Roy Kirkwood McConnell Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Paul McGinness Australia Australian Flying Corps, Royal Australian Air Force 7[5]
Karl Mendel† German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Xavier Moissinac France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Ernest Stanley Moore United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Ernest Morrow Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
William Nel Union of South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Alfred Niederhoff† German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Charles Odell United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Augustus Orlebar United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Paul von Osterroht German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Hugh Owen United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Robert Owen United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
John Albert Page† Canada Royal Naval Air Service 7[5]
Arthur Palliser† Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
William Patrick United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
William Pearson† United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Pierre Pendaries France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
George Peters Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Paul Petit France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Orazio Pierozzi   Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 7[7]
Richard Plange† German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Frank Potter United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 7[7]
Stuart Harvey Pratt United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[10]
John Carberry Preston United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Stephen Price United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
William Price United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Johann Pütz German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Stanley Puffer Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 7[5]
Josef Raesch German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Lewis Ray Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Cosimo Rennella Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 7[7]
Lancelot Richardson Australia Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Antonio Riva Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 7[7]
James Robb United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Wendel Robertson United States United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Charles Robinson United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Jean C. Romatet France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Leslie Rummell United States United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Howard Saint United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service 7[5]
Paul Santelli France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Douglas Savage United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Victor Sayaret France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Harry Scandrett United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Gustav Schneidewind German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Karl Schoen United States United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Marat Schumm German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Kenneth Gordon Seth-Smith United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Sumner Sewall United States United States Army Air Service 7[8]
Leonard Slatter Union of South Africa Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Emerson Smith Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Frederick Stanton United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Charles Steele United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Charles Owen Stone Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Gilbert Strange† United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Georg Strasser German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Charles Stubbs United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Oliver Sutton United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Arthur Gilbert Vivian Taylor† United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 7[5]
Merrill Samuel Taylor Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 7[5]
James Tennant United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Gabriel Thomas France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
David Tidmarsh United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
William Tinsley United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Alexander Tranter United Kingdom Royal Air Force 7[7]
Karl Treiber German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Norman Trescowthick Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Francis Turner United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Kurt Ungewitter German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Awdry Vaucour United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Marie Vitalis France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Joseph Vuillemin France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
Harold Walkerdine United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7.[5]
Franz Walz German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Eugène Weismann France Aéronautique Militaire 7[8]
James Wellwood Australia Australian Flying Corps 7[5]
Johannes Werner German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 7[6]
Harold Albert White United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Hugh White United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Percy Williams United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]
Percy Wilson United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[5]
Albert Woodbridge United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 7[7]

References

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  1. ^ Maksel, Rebecca (7 April 2008). "What does it take to become an "ace"?". Need to Know. Air & Space Magazine. Retrieved 20 October 2009.[dead link]
  2. ^ Franks, Bailey & Guest 1993, p. 10
  3. ^ Dunnigan 2003, p. 149
  4. ^ Shores, Franks & Guest 1990, p. 7
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc Shores, Franks & Guest 1990
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Franks, Bailey & Guest 1993
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap Franks, Guest & Alegi (1997)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Franks, Bailey, (1992).
  9. ^ Franks, Guest & Alegi 1997, p. 101.
  10. ^ Franks (2005) pp 49-50.




Bibliography

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  • Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell; Alegi, Gregory (1997). Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-56-5.
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