List of apple cultivars

Summary

1909 illustrations by Alois Lunzer depicting apple cultivars Golden Sweet, Talmon Sweet, Bailey Sweet and Sweet Bough

Over 7,500 cultivars of the culinary or eating apple (Malus pumila) are known.[1] Some are extremely important economically as commercial products, though the vast majority are not suitable for mass production. In the following list, use for "eating" means that the fruit is consumed raw, rather than cooked. Cultivars used primarily for making cider are indicated. Those varieties marked agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]

This list does not include the species and varieties of apples collectively known as crab apples, which are grown primarily for ornamental purposes, though they may be used to make jelly or compote. These are described under Malus.

Table of apples

Abbreviations: H height in mm, W Width in mm, We weight in grams. FCC = First Class Certificate. RHS = Royal Horticultural Society. AM = Award of Merit. BB = Biennial bearing, AC = Apple Canker, AS = Apple Scab, P = Parentage, PM = Powdery Mildew, s = Susceptible r = Resistant


Common name Image Origin First developed Comment Use
Abram[3][4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001182.jpg US <1850 A small apple with red flush. Flesh white, tender, subacid. Use December - March. Eating
Acheson[5] Alberta, Canada Introduced 1941 Fruit large, greenish yellow. P Delicious x unknown. Use August - September Eating
Acklam Russet[6] Yorkshire, England 1768 A small russet apple. An excellent dessert apple of first rate quality, ripe in November, keep till March Eating
Adams Pearmain[7][3] Malus Adams Parmäne 4593.jpg Norfolk or Herefordshire, England 1826 A dessert apple. First introduced under the name "Norfolk Pippin". W 64, H 63. Flesh yellow, crisp, firm, juicy, subacid, aromatic, very good. Eating
Adina (syn. Frankad, Satark)[8] Queensland, Australia A large red apple. Flesh firm, juicy, sweet, very good. Tree vigorous. Eating
Admiral Admiral apple.jpg Czech Republic 2012 New very popular variety. Flesh firm, crisp, juicy with very good taste. Robust, healthy, scab resistant variety with excellent keeping qualities and taste. Eating
Advance[7] Cross section of Advance (M146), National Fruit Collection (acc. 1962-020).jpg Bedford, England 1908 Early dessert apple. Medium size. Yellow with brown-red flush. Award of Merit from RHS in 1932. Pick mid August. Use August - September. Eating
Adzamovka[9] Croatia A yellow conical apple with red stripes. W 60-70, H 50-60. We 110-150. Flesh juicy, subacid. Use November. Eating, Cider
Ahrina[10] Ahrina jm55205.jpg Germany 1993 A large roundish apple. Flesh juicy, subacid. Pick late September. Use November - February. Eating
Aia Ilu Estonia 1946 Apple is large in size, weighing 250–300 g. It is yellow, juicy, and bittersweet with a weak aroma. Eating
Airlie Red Flesh (Newell-Kimzey red flesh, Aerlie's Red Flesh) Oregon, US c. 1961 A large, conic apple. Light yellow-green skin strewn with white dots, occasionally with a faint reddish orange blush. Light pink to deep red flesh is crisp, sweet and mildly tart. Eating
Akane Akane-Pomme-20141026.jpg Japan 1970 Jonathan × Worcester Pearmain. Tangy taste. Eating
Åkerö[11][12] Åkerö.jpg Sweden 1759? Apple is egg-shaped, medium to large in size, sweet and aromatic. H 68, W 68. Stalk 20–25 mm. Best in November, keeps well till February. Grown mostly in Sweden and Estonia. Eating
Alamanka[9] Macedonia A green apple (round to conical) with red stripes. We 100. Flesh juicy, subacid with poor aroma. Pick October. Use November. Eating
Alantapfel(syn. Princesse Noble)[11] Alantapfel.jpg Germany <1750 An oblong apple. W 56-63, H 59-73. Stalk 13-16mm. Flesh sugary, aromatic. Pick October. Use December - March. Eating
Alaska[5] California, US Introduced 1944 Flesh white. Tree heavy producer. Eating
Albrechtapfel(syn. Prinz Albrecht von Preussen)[10][13] Malus Prinz Albrecht von Preußen 4237.jpg Germany 1865 P Alexander x unknown. W 60 - 85, H 55-63, We 80-200. Stalk 10 - 30 mm. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking
Aldenham Purple[14] Malus Aldenham Purple in Wirty.JPG Hertfordshire, England 1925 A red apple. W 63, H 48. Stalk 15–25 mm. Pick September. Use September - October. Eating, Cooking
Alderman[7] Scotland <1923 A golden yellow apple. W 90, H 71. Stalk short to medium. Flesh firm, crisp, juicy, acid. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Baking
Alexander(syn. Kaiser Alexander, Emperor Alexander, Grand Alexander, Aport)[11][15] Alexander (apple).jpg Russia <1800 A very large apple. W 95, H 75. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh very soft. Pick early October. Pick mid September. Use November - December. Eating
Alfriston[7] Pomological Watercolor POM00000954.jpg Sussex, England late 1700s Raised at Uckfield Sussex by Mr Shepherd. A large acid green apple. Award of Merit from RHS in 1920. W 83, H 76. Pick early October. Use November - April. Cooking
Alice[12] Alice (apple).jpg Sweden 1964 Medium size. Yellow with red stripes. Flesh juicy, aromatic. P Ingrid Marie x Gyllenkroks Astrakan. Pick September. Use September - Oct. Eating
Alkmene[13] agm[16] Malus - Alkmene.JPG Germany 1930 P: Cox's Orange Pippin × Doktor Oldenburg. W 58, H 58, We 120. Stalk 9 - 20 mm. Pick September. Use September - November. Eating
Allen´s Everlasting[7] ? <1864 Late-keeping desert apple. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1899. Pick mid October. Use February - April. Eating
Allington Pippin[7][11][15] Malus domestica Allington Pippin 03.JPG Lincolnshire, United Kingdom 1880s A versatile English dessert apple raised by horticulturalist Thomas Laxton some time before 1884. Exhibited as Brown's South Lincoln Beauty, the name was changed to Allington Pippin by Bunyard Nursery in 1896. A cross of Cox's Orange Pippin and King of the Pippins. A small apple, aromatic, with a pineapple-like flavour, keeps its shape when cooked. H 61-68 W 68-70. Stalk 15 mm. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1894. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking, Dessert
All Summer[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000957.jpg Pa. US <1850 Flesh white, tender, very good. Tree slow growth, annual bearer, productive. Stalk slender. Use July - August. Eating
Almeda[5] Tennesse, US Introduced 1939 Fruit large, green. Flesh subacid. Ripens July 25 - August 5. Cooking
Altländer Pfannkuchenapfel[13] Malus - Altländer Pfannkuchenapfel.JPG Germany 1840 W 67, H 51, We 115. Stalk 10 -20 mm. Pick October. Use March - May. Cooking, Eating
Alvanija(syn. Elvanija, Ilvanija)[9] Croatia A green oblong apple with red flush. W 60-75, H 65-80, We 110-140. Flesh firm, juicy. Use October. Eating, Cooking, Cider
Ambrosia Malus 'Ambrosia'.jpg British Columbia, Canada 1980s Medium to large in size, mostly red coloration with yellow patches. Has cream-coloured flesh with a sweet, crisp, aromatic flavour and low acidity. Ambrosia trees are hardy and no major disadvantages have yet been identified. Eating
American Beauty[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001347.jpg Massachusetts, US <1855 Tree vigorous, productive, annual bearer. Stalk short. Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy, subacid, aromativ, very good. Use December - April. Eating
American Golden Pippin(syn. Golden Pippin, Ribbed Pippin, Golding, New York Greening, Newtown Greening, Golden Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001777.jpg US <1850 Yellow with russet. Flesh yellowish, juicy, aromatic, subacid, very good. W 79. H 65. Stalk 16 mm. Tree does not bear young. Use November - February. Eating
American Golden Russet(syn. Golden Russet, Sheep Nose, Bullock´s Pippin, Little Pearmain.[6][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001879.jpg US late 1700s Yellow with brown overcolour and grey russet. W 64-74. H 58-72. Stalk 13-23 mm. Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy sugary, lightly aromatic, best. Use October - January. Eating
American Melon see Melon American
American Summer Pearmain see Summer Pearmain American
Anabela[8] Brazil Introduced 1995 P Gala x Anna. A yellow apple with (30-40%) red flush. Flesh juicy, sweet, very good. Tree vigorous. Eating
Ananas Reinette[13][11][18] Malus-Ananasrenette.jpg Netherlands <1800 A small yellow apple with pineapple flavor. W 48-65mm, H 52-65mm. We 115. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. Picking October. Use December - February. Eating
Anisovka(syn. Anis koritschnevoje, Anis polosatyiy)[19] Russia <1850 Medium size, round, greenish yellow with red stripes. Pick September. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating
Anna[8] Anna Apple.jpg Israel Introduced 1963 Colour is yellow with a red blush. P Red Hadassiya x Golden Delicious. This variety does not grow well in the cold and prefers heat and humidity. Tree annually productive. Eating
Annie Elizabeth[7][15] Leicester, England 1800s Large yellow apple, FCC from RHS in 1868. W 79-87, H 63-65. Stalk 9-18 mm. Pick late September - early October. Use November - April. Cooking, Eating
Annurca Annurca apple.JPG Campania, Italy 1876 (documented) Very old apple; possibly one of the oldest of all. Believed to be much older than first mention in Pasquale's Manuale di Arboricultura, 1876. May be related to apples found in frescoes found in Herculaneum or Pompeii if not the same one.[20] Eating
Antonovka[11] Antonovka.jpg Kursk, Russia 17th century A very old Russian variety, often planted at dachas. Apples are large, yellow-green and bracingly tart to eat out of hand, but superb for cooking, as they keep their shape. Stalk 10 mm. Extremely tolerant of cold weather, and because it produces a single, deep taproot (unusual among apple trees), Antonovka is propagated for use as a rootstock. Antonovka rootstock provides a cold-hardy (to −45 °C), well-anchored, vigorous, standard-sized tree. Cooking, Cider
Apfel aus Grignon[21] Apfel aus Grignon jm55128.jpg ? <1800 A yellow apple with red flush and russet. W 82 H 66. Stalk 30 mm. Use December - March. Eating, Cooking
Api[6] France 1628 Very tiny apple. Would fit in the palm of the hand of an adult. Eating
Api Noir[6] France late 1700s A desert apple, inferior to the Api. Eating
Apollo[13] Germany 1976 Cox's Orange Pippin × Geheimrat Dr. Oldenburg. W 69, H 59, We 140. Stalk 13 mm. Pick September. Use September - October. Eating
Arapka(syn. Bugarka)[9] Montenegro A red oblong conical apple. W 61, H 66. We 118. Flesh soft, juicy, sweet, subacid, with a pronounced flavour. Use October - May. Cooking
Ard Cairn Russet[7] Cork, Ireland c. 1890 Medium sized long-keeping dessert apple. Award of Merit from RHS in 1910. Pick late September - early October. Use October - January. Eating
Ariane Pomme Ariane.jpg Angers, France 2002 Scab resistant. Developed at the National Institute of Agricultural Research in France. Eating
Arkansas Black Arkansas Black apples.jpg Arkansas, US c. 1870 Hard and crunchy; stores well. Very deep red, appearing black from a distance. Eating
Aroma[12] Aroma äpple 2015.jpg Sweden 1947, Introduced 1973. A yellow apple with red flush. W 63, H 58. P Ingrid Marie x Filippa. Use November - December. Eating
Aromatic Russet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000898.jpg England <1870 Flesh greenish white, firm, subacid, aromatic. Use November - February. Eating
Arreskov[11] Denmark <1860 A yellow apple with a pleasant aroma reminding of gravenstein. W 77-85mm, H 66-75mm. Stalk 8-15mm. Eating
Arthur Turner agm[22][15] England <1912 W 80, H 48-76. Stalk 10-16 mm. Large golden cooker: prone to mildew but scab resistant. Award of Merit from RHS in 1912. Pick late September. Use September - November. Cooking
Arthur W. Barnes[7] Chester, England 1902 P Gascoyne´s Scarlet x Cox Orange. A yellow apple with red flush. W 82, H 70. Stalk medium. Flesh white, juicy, acid. Pick late September. Use November - March. Cooking
Ashmead's Kernel agm[23]<[15] Ashmead's Kernel.JPG England c. 1700 Small, very sweet and very tart. W 54-64, H 54-57. Stalk 7-12 mm. Pick early-mid October. Use December - February. Eating
Ashmore[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000899.jpg US <1840 W 85, H 66. Stalk 11 mm. Flesh yellowish-white, crisp, juicy, subacid, very good. Use September - October. Cooking, Eating
Atlas[12] Ottawa, Canada 1924 A truncate conical yellow apple with red stripes. W 67, H 67. Pick September. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking
Auksis Lithuania 1951 McIntosh x Gravenstein Eating
Auralia see Tumanga
Aurora Golden Gala Aurora apples 3.jpg British Columbia, Canada 2003 Dessert apple; medium size, sweet, juicy, crisp, firm, very long storage life. Eating
Austin Sweet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000905.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1875 Flesh white, juicy, sweet, very good.Stalk short. Use September - December. Eating
Autumn Glory[24] Autumn glory apple cultivar.jpg Washington, US 2011 The Autumn Glory variety is a hybrid of the Fuji (apple) and the Golden Delicious apple, featuring a red over golden background. Very sweet, firm flesh with a subtle "cinnamon" flavor. Produced only by Domex Superfresh Growers in Washington's Yakima Valley. Eating
Automn Pearmain[18][15] England 1588 Green with russet and red overcolour. H 60-68, W 67-72. Stalk 12 - 17 mm. Flesh cream coloured, nutty and aromatic. Pick late September. Use September - November. Eating
Avajlilja[9] Turkey A green apple with red flush. Tolerant to common apple diseases and pests. Flesh sweet sour taste, weak aroma.
Babovača[9] Montenegro A green apple with red flush. W 96, H 79, We 250. Stalk very short. Flesh soft, sweet and sour. Use October - April.
Bailey(syn. Bailey Sweet).[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001069.jpg Wyoming County, New York, US c. 1840 Red apple with considerable white flecks. Has some russeting. W 86, H 74. Stalk 21 mm. Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, very sweet, very good. Use October. Eating, Cooking
Baker´s Delicious[7] Wales <1932 A yellow apple with orange-red flush. W 63, H 58. Stalk short. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, aromatic. Pick late August - early September. Use August - September. Eating
Baldwin(syn. Woodpecker, Pecker, Butters[6][3] Baldwin(apple).jpg Massachusetts, US c. 1740 Flesh yellowish white, crisp, sweet to subacid flavor, very good. W 81, H 68. Stalk 22 mm. Very old variety for North America. Makes much juice. Use November - March. Cooking, Eating
Ballyfatten Ballyfatten on tree, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1949-222).jpg County Tyrone, Ireland c. 1740 A large, round apple with firm, dry, sweet, slightly tart white flesh. Excellent keeper. Scab and canker resistant. Cooking, Eating
Baltimore(syn. Baltimore Pippin)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001311.jpg US <1860 W 78, H 62. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh whitish, juicy, subacid. Use December - April. Eating
Banks[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001192.jpg Nova Scotia 1880 A red sport from Gravenstein Eating, Cooking, Pie
Barcelona Pearmain[6][25] England <1837 One of the best dessert apples. The tree is a free grower, but does not attain the largest size. Eating, Cooking
Bardsey Island Apple Bardsey Island Image.jpg Bardsey Island, Wales 1998 A medium-sized eating apple with a unique lemon aroma. Sweet and juicy. Skin color red over gold. Very disease resistant. Single tree discovered on Bardsey island in 1998, age of original tree unknown. May have monastic origins. Eating
Barnack Beauty[7][15] Barnack, Northamptonshire, England c.1840 Medium sized apple. Yellow, 25-75% flushed with orange red. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1909. W 67, H 58. Stalk 20-25 mm. Flesh juicy, hard. Pick late September. Use December - March. Eating
Barnack Orange[7] England 1904 P Barnack Beauty x Cox Orange. W 76, H 67. Stalk short. Flesh white, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Pick late September. Use November - February. Eating
Baronesa[8] Brazil Introduced 1997 P Princesa x Fuji. We 130. Flesh sweet, crisp. Tree vigorous. Eating
Batul(syn. Batulenka, Batulka)[9] Romania or Hungary A green apple with red flush. Russet in stalk cavity. W 50, H 50, We 80. Flesh acidic with poor aroma. Eating
Baumanns Reinette[13][26] Baumanns renett H Sjöberg.jpg Belgium c. 1810 Medium size. Skin brilliant crimson. W 66, H 52. We 110. Stalk 10 - 15 mm. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1878. Pick late September. Use December - March. Cooking, Eating
Baxter´s Pearmain[6] Norfolk, England 1821 A large dual purpose apple. The tree is hardy, vigorous, a most abundant bearer. Pick late September - early October. Use November–March. Cooking, Eating
Beacon Pomological Watercolor POM00001463.jpg Minnesota, US 1936 Lively, juicy flavor; good for baking. Does not keep very well. Cooking, Eating
Beauty of Bath[15] Beauty of Bath Apples.jpg England 1864 W 63, H 51. Stalk 9 - 12 mm. Deep red flush and streaks of red with a little russet. Early maturing but short season. Formerly grown commercially in England for local markets. Good flavor in its home climate if it is eaten soon after picking. Poor flavour if distributed long distances and stored for weeks, so now rare. Pick early August. Use early August. Eating
Beauty of Bedford[27] Bedfordshire, England 1913 H 64, W 64. P Lady Sudely x Beauty of Bath. Greenish yellow with orange flush. Pick mtd. September. Use September - October. Eating
Beauty of Hants[7] Southampton, England c1850 A yellow apple with orange-red flush. . W 80, H 70. Stalk variable. Flesh soft, juicy. Pick late September. Use November - February. Eating
Beauty of Kent[7] England 1820 Old culinary apple, very irregular, ribbed. W 90, H 83. Pick late September. Use December–March. Cooking
Beauty of Wiltshire(syn. Weisse Wachs Reinette)[21] Malus Beauty-of-Wiltshire.jpg ? <1800 Yellow with red flush. W 65, H 56. Stalk 9 mm. Flesh juicy, very acidic. Use October - November. Cooking, Eating
Bedfordshire Foundling[6] Bedfordshire, England c.1800 An excellent culinary apple. Pick late September. Use December - March. Cooking
Bedrika(syn.Prisatka)[9] Serbia ? A green conical apple with red flush. W 77, H 65. We 184. Flesh white, sweet, with pleasant aroma. Eating
Beefsteak[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001470.jpg US <1870 Stalk medium. Flesh white, tender, crisp, juicy, subacid. Very good. Use October - November. Eating
Beeley Pippin[7] Derbyshire, England c1880 A yellow apple flushed(25-50%) with red. W 73, H 62. Stalk short. Flesh yellow, juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick late August. Use September - October. Eating
Belle de Boskoop agm[28][11][13][15] Malus-Boskoop organic.jpg Boskoop, Netherlands 1856 W 73-82, H 67, We 205. Stalk 10-25 mm. Pick early October. Use January - April. Cooking (applesauce)
Belle de Buits[21] Buits, La Vienne, France <1860 A yellow apple with red flush. W 68-74, H 49-54. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, aromatic, sweet. Use January - April. Cooking, Eating
Belle de Pontoise[15] France 1869 Large flat-round apple. Greenish-yellow, 25-75% flushed with red. Biennial. W 86, H 64. Stalk 15-20 mm. Pick mid October. Use November - March. Cooking.
Belmont[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001473.jpg Pa. US <1870 W 82, H 67. Stalk short to medium. Flesh yellowish, crisp, tender, juicy, aromatic. Very good. Tree vigorous, healthy, very productive. Use November - February. Eating
Ben Davis Pomological Watercolor POM00000155.jpg Southeastern US c. 1800 Noted for keeping well prior to refrigerated storage, but flavour has been compared with cork. Eating
Bennet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001538.jpg Herefordshire, England <1870 A cider apple. Cider
Benoni[29] Pomological Watercolor POM00001542.jpg Massachusetts, US <1832 A small orange-yellow apple with red overcolour. Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid. BB. Pick late August. Use August - September. Eating
Ben´s Red[7] Cornvall, England c.1830 Medium to large apple. Slightly ribbed. Skin flushed and striped dark red. Award of Merit from RHS in 1899. Pick early September. Use September. Eating
Bentley Sweet[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001592.jpg Virginia, US <1850 Flesh sweet. Tree vigorous,productive, an early bearer. Use April - September. Eating
Berner Rosen[11] Malus-Berner-Rosenapfel.jpg Switzerland 1860 A red apple. H 57-62, W 62-66. We 110. Stalk 20 mm. Pick October. Use December - February. Eating
Bess Pool[15] Nottinghamshire, England 1824 Round-conical apple. Flesh: Firm but tender, rather dry. Trees are shy bearers at first. W 67, H 58. Stalk 10-15 mm. Pick early October. Use November - February. Eating
Bethlemite[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001606.jpg US <1860 W 78, H 58. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use December - March. Eating
Beverly Hills[5][8] California, US 1939, Introduced 1945.[30] P Melba x Early McIntosh. Slightly tart flavor. Flesh white. Likes warm weather. MacIntosh style summer apple that is self fertile and well adapted to low chill conditions.[30] Eating
Birgit Bonnier[31] Birgit Bonnier äpplen i korg.jpeg Sweden 1992 A cross between Cortland (apple) and Lord Lambourne.
Bismarck[11] Bismarckapfel (Panorama).jpg Victoria, Australia 1870 Large fruit with a yellow-green with red overcolour, sharp in flavor, acidic and not a common apple. Width 65-85mm, height 60-72mm. Cooking
Black Annette[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001618.jpg US <1820 Flesh white, tender, good. Use November - December. Eating
Black Apple[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001616.jpg US <1820 Flesh white, good. Use November - February. Eating
Black Gilliflower[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001381.jpg US <1800 W 68, H 74. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh white, dry, subacid, good. Tree very productive. Use November - March Eating
Blackjon[5] Washington, US Introduced 1931 Mutation of Jonathan Eating
Blackmack[5] British Columbia, Canada Introduced 1930 Mutation of Red McIntosh. Eating
Black Oxford[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001388.jpg Maine, US <1870 Flesh white, dry, subacid, good. Tree a great bearer. Use March - May. Eating
Black Sweet(syn. Moore´s Sweeting)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002594.jpg US <1820 W 82, H 67. Stalk 10 mm. Flesh yellow, dry, very sweet. Quality inferior. Use December - March. Baking, Cider
Bledsoe[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001629.jpg Kentucky, US <1855 A large apple. Stalk short. Flesh crisp, juicy, subacid, good. Use September - April. Eating
Blenheim Orange (syn. Emilia in Ecuador and Pennsylvania in Colombia)agm[32][13] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 036.jpg England c. 1740 Has greenish-yellow to orange skin streaked with red. W 75, H 60, We 165. Stalk 10-20 mm. Distinctive nutty flavor excellent for cooking. The vigorous tree is slow to come into crop but then produces heavily. Cooking, Eating
Bloody Ploughman Cross section of Bloody Ploughman, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1962-042).jpg Carse of Gowrie, Scotland c. 1800 A medium-sized, very dark red, heavily ribbed apple. Crisp, mildly sweet white flesh, sometimes pink-streaked. It is reputed to have got its name from a ploughman who was caught stealing apples near Megginch Castle and was shot by the gamekeeper. His wife got the bag of apples and threw them on the compost heap where a seedling then grew and - voila - Bloody Ploughman. Eating
Blue Pearmain[7][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001653.jpg US c1800 A yellow apple with dark red stripes. H 63, W 70. Steam short and stout. Flesh aromatic, spicy, subacid, very good. Pick October. Use November - December. Cooking, Cider, Eating
Bodil Neergaard[33] Cross section of Bodil Neergaard, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1927-004).jpg Denmark 1855 A green oblong conical apple. W 56-61, H 70-75. Stalk 10 mm. Pick October. Use January- March. Eating
Böhmer(syn. Edel-Böhmer)[21] Pom.Mon.Hefte 1857 Boehmer.jpg Tyrol <1857 Green with red flush. W 75, H 55. Stalk 13mm. Use December - March. Eating
Böhmischer Rosenapfel[21] Böhmischer Rosenapfel.jpg Bohemia, Germany <1800 A large apple. W 81, H 56. Stalk 12 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet. Use August - September. Eating,Cooking
Bohnapfel[13] Bohnapfel (apple) jm26577.jpg Germany <1800 W 55, H 55, We 100. Stalk 10 - 20 mm.Pick October. Use March-May. Cooking, Cider
Boiken[13][11] Boikovo (2).jpg Germany 1828 Culinary apple. Picking October. Use: February–May. H 56, W 68, We 125. Stalk 17-23 mm. Cooking, Drying.
Bonum(syn. Magnum Bonum)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001606.jpg US 1828 W 77, H 57. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh juicy, mild subacid. Use November - December. Eating
Bottle Greening[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001423.jpg Green Mountains, US <1850 Produces large fruit. Has thick skin. Flesh white, subacid. Use January - February. Eating, Cider
Bough see Sweet Bough
Bountiful[15] Kent, England W 76, H 57. Stalk 20 mm. A yellow apple flushed (0-25%) with red. Flesh, fairly juicy, fairly tender. Pick late September. Use September - January. Cooking, Eating
Braeburn Braeburn2008.jpg New Zealand 1952 Chance seedling. The fruit is widely sold commercially in the United Kingdom. Eating
Bramley (Bramley's Seedling) agm[34] 004bramley.jpg Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom 1809 The fruit is the most widely sold cooker in the United Kingdom. Triploid. W 83, H 70. Stalk 10-20mm. Large sized fruits with waxy skin, green with a red flush. A favorite ingredient in many traditional British puddings.[35] Cooking
Brasil(syn. Bruckner, Bruckner do Brasil)[8] Brazil 1940s Fruit large, resembles Delicious. Tree vigorous. Eating
Bravo de Esmolfe Esmolfe, Penacova, Portugal 18th century A small, juicy and sweet apple, considered one of the best Portuguese apples Eating
Breakey[5] Manitoba, Canada Introduced 1935 Fruit medium size, red and scarlet. Flesh white, melting, juicy, spicy. Use September - November. Cooking, Eating
Breda Reinette(syn. Reinette von Breda, Reinette de Breda)[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 093.jpg Netherlands <1850 W 65, H 56. Stalk 7 mm. Flesh yellowish, juicy, aromatic. Use December - March. Cooking, Eating
Breedon Pippin England 1801 Sweet flavor. Originally raised by a parson in Berkshire. Rare. Eating
Breuhahn[13] Malus Breuhahn 4604.jpg Germany 1895 Introduced 1934 W 63, H 53, We 93. Stalk 17 - 25 mm. Pick September - October. Use October - April. Cooking, Eating
Briar Sweet see Pound Sweet
Brina Italy 1998 Resistant to scab. Spreading habit with intermediate vigor; full flowering season is medium-late, production is heavy, fruit is medium or medium-large, with smooth skin; white lenticels, no russet, excellent taste characteristics. Ripens first week of October (Trentino). Eating
Broad Eyed Pippin[7] England <1700 A yellow apple with some light brown flush. W 93, H 70. Stalk short. Flesh white, acid. Pick late September. Use November - January. Cooking, Cider.
Brownlee's Russet[7][15] Hempstead, England c1848 Green with red flush, covered with russet. W 70-74, H 58-61. Stalk 8-12mm. Flesh greenish white, juicy, acid, nutty flavour. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Buckingham(Syn. Kentucky Queen, Lexington Queen)[36][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001720.jpg US <1817 W 87-93, H 67-78. Stalk 11-21 mm. Flesh coarse, juicy, subacid. Use November - February. Eating
Buff[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001658.jpg US <1830 Very large. Stalk 19 mm. Flesh, white, tender. Use November - March. Eating
Bullock[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001661.jpg New Jersey, US <1805 W 59, H 55. Stalk 23 mm. Flesh firm, crisp, tender, juicy, aromatic, subacid, very good to best. Tree not large. Use October - January. Eating
Bushey Grove[7] Hertfordshire, England 1897 A greenish-yellow apple with red flush(25-75%). P Queen x Bismark. AM from RHS in 1922. W 78, H 66. Stalk short. Flesh white, juicy, acid. Pick late August. Use October - December. Cooking, Pie
Byfleet Seedling[7] Surrey, England 1915 Large cooking apple W 96, H 76 mm. Cooking
Cabashea[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001398.jpg New York, US <1851 A large oblate apple. Use September - October. Cooking
Čačanska pozna[37] Serbia Introduced 1971 P Starking x Jonathan. W 79, H 66. We 200. Stalk medium. Diploid. Pick late September - early October.
Čadel[38] Serbia Introduced 1984 P Golden Delicious x Jonathan. W 78-82. H 78-82. We 250-275. Stalk 45 mm. Flesh firm, crisp, juicy, acid. Pick late September - Early October.
Cal-King[5] California US 1942 P unknown.
Calville Blanc d'hiver[7] Malus-Weißer-Winterkalvill.jpg France 1598 Noted for unusual looks (somewhat lumpy on the side) but excellent reward when tried. Noted for having unusually high vitamin C content. Apple of choice for tarte tatin in France. W 75, H 65. Stalk variable. Flesh white, juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick third week of October. Use November - March. Cooking, Eating
Calville Rouge D`Automne[6] Malus - Roter Herbstkalvill.JPG France 1670 A culinary apple of inferior quality in England. Cooking, Eating
Calville Rouge D`Ete[6] France <1800 A culinary apple of second-rate quality. Cooking, Eating
Calville Rouge D`Hiver[6][7] Roter Winterkalvill jm55083.jpg France <1800 A culinary apple of second-rate quality. W 75, H 76. Stalk long. Flesh white, soft, juicy, sweet. Pick early October. Use December - March. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Calville Saint Sauveur[21] Cross section of Calville de Saint-Sauveur, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1947-309).jpg France 1839 Yellow with red flush. W 74, H 64-71. Stalk 18mm. Pick October. Use December - February. Eating
Cambusnethan Pippin[7] Stirlingshire, Scotland c1750 A yellow apple with red flush(50-75%). W 70, H 52. Stalk medium. Flesh white, sweet, aromatic. Pick late September. Use October- December. Eating, Cooking
Cameo Cameo apple.jpg Washington State, US 1980s Existence owed to freak accidental crossing of two most popular apples in world: Red and Golden Delicious. Retains prongs on bottom of latter parent but has flavor more resembling Golden. Eating
Campanino Cross section of Campanino, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1958-140).jpg Modena, Italy before 1751
(documented)
Fruits have firm, crisp flesh with a rather acid flavor Cooking
Campfield(syn. Newark Sweeting)[3][17][39] New Jersey, US <1817 A cider apple. Biennial. Use November - July. Cider
Cannon Pearmain[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001570.jpg North Carolina ?, US <1851 A medium size, yellow apple with red flush. Flesh yellow, subacid, very good. Use December - March. Eating
Capital[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001573.jpg Indiana, US <1850 W 65, H 57. Stalk 11 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid. Use December - January. Eating
Caraway Russet see Fenouillet Gris
Carícia[8] Brazil Introduced 1995 P Prima x Anna. Flesh subacid, good. Tree vigorous. Eating
Carlisle Codlin[7] England <1830 Yellow apple with no overcolour. H 58, W 65. Flesh juicy, subacid. Pick September. Use Oct. - November. Cooking
Carlough[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001577.jpg New York, US <1899 Flesh whitish, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use November - April. Eating
Carlton[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00001579.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1923 P Montgomery x Red Astrachan. Ripens 1 month later than Red Astrachan. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Tree vigorous, annual bearer.
Carola(syn. Kalco)[13] Apfelsorte Carola (Panorama).jpg Germany 1962 W 74-85, H 60, We 135-220. Stalk 5 - 20 mm. Pick September. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating
Carolina Red June[29][17][3][4][syn. Red June, Georgia June] Tennessee, US c. 1810 Very popular Civil-War-era Southern apple. Flesh juicy, brisk, subacid. Does beautifully in humid weather. Good choice for backyard gardener in subtropical climate, though hardy as far north as zone 5. Pick late July - early August. Use August - October. Cooking, Eating
Carpentin Reinette(syn. Carpentin)[21] Malus Carpentin 4504.jpg France or Germany <1800 Gelb with red stripes. W 59, H 44. Stalk 15 mm. Use December - March. Cooking.
Carroll 1947 Ripens early. Eating
Carswell´s Orange[7] Surrey, England 1938 A yellow apple with red flush(25-75%). P Cox Orange x unknown. W 67, H 63. Stalk medium. Flesh white, juicy, aromatic. Pick mid September. Use September - November. Eating
Carter's Blue Pomological Watercolor POM00001585.jpg Alabama, US 1840s Medium to large, roundish oblate; skin green or greenish yellow washed with dull red with darker red broken tripes, covered with a heavy bluish bloom. Crisp, juicy, sugary, aromatic, mild subacid. Foliage also has a blue hue. Ripens September and keeps until November. Once widely grown in the American South, then thought extinct. Reintroduced to America in 1994 after being discovered at the National Fruit Trust in Kent, England, where it had been added in 1947 from a collection in Rhone, France, after it had been acquired around 1860 from the Fruitland Nursery in Augusta, Georgia.[40] Eating, Cooking
Carver(sy. White Carver)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001586.jpg Pa. US <1875 Stalk short. Flesh yellow, juicy, tender, vinous, subacid. Tree productive. Use August. Eating
Catline(syn. Gregson Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001738.jpg Maryland, US <1875 Below medium size. Flesh tender, juicy, sweet. Tree slow growth. Use October - December. Eating
Catshead[7] Cross section of Catshead, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1927-027).jpg England <1700 Sharp flavor. Lumpy shape and electric green coloring. H 86, W 86. Known to have been a variety planted in early Virginia by settlers as well as native England. Extremely rare in native United Kingdom; occasionally still found growing in southern United States. Cooking
Cauley[5] Mississippi, US Introduced 1942 P unknown. A large apple. Flesh yellow, crisp, juicy. Tree yields heavily. Cooking, Jelly
Celestia[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001749.jpg Ohio, US <1850 W 83, H 75. Stalk 21 mm. Flesh subacid, sprightly, spicy, aromatic. Use September Cooking, Eating
Cellini[11][14][12] Pomological Watercolor POM00001751.jpg England <1843 W 70-86, H 56-74. Stalk 10 - 20 mm. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking.
Champagnerrenette see Reinette de Champagne
Champion, (syn. Shampion, Sampion) Sampion cultivar.jpg Czechoslovakia c. 1960 A cross between Golden Delicious and a Cox Orange Pippin. Attractive color. This tree bears attractive fruit, extra-large sized, deep red, juicy, and crisp. Keeps fresh for a long time. Starts bearing at a young age. Harvest time is October. Eating, Juice
Charlamowsky see Duchess of Oldenburg
Charles Eyre[7] Berkshire, England Introduced 1911 A greenish-yellow apple. W 102, H 90. Stalk short. Flesh white, soft, dry, acid. Pick mid September. Use September - November. Cooking, Pie
Charles Ross agm[41][15] Berkshire, England 1890s Has been an AGM winner. Orange to red. W 80, H 70. Stalk 10 mm. Best cooked early in season. Good flavor, and sweet when eaten later in season. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Multi-purpose
Chaxhill Red[42] Gloucestershire, England >1873 A roundish oblate red apple. H 52, W 63. Stalk short and stout. Eating, Cider
Cheddar Cross[7] England Raised 1916, Introduced 1949. Green Apple with red flush. H 50, W 60. Flesh yellow ,juicy, sharp. Eating
Cheese[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001757.jpg Pa. US <1870 Flesh white, tender, subacid. Good. Tree vigorous, bears annually. Use November - February. Eating
Cheeseborough[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001762.jpg US <1840 One of the largest and one of the poorest of the russet apples. Flesh dry, subacid, sweet. Use November - December. Cooking
Chelmsford Wonder[7] The gardener's assistant; a practical and scientific exposition of the art of gardening in all its branches (1910) (14598039478).jpg Essex, England c. 1870 A large long keeping yellow-skinned apple with diffuse orange pink flush. [1]. H 61, W 75. Pick October. Use November - February. Still grown in Essex orchards including Lathcoats Farm Shop. Cooking
Chenango[3] [syn. Chenango Strawberry] Pomological Watercolor POM00001483.jpg N.Y. US <1850 W 72, H 72. Stalk 14 mm. Use September - October. Eating
Chester(syn. Chester Redstreak)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001687.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1850 Medium size. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use November - December. Eating
Chestnut[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1946 P Malinda x unknown. Flesh nutlike flavor. Tree vigorous, productive.
Chiver's Delight[15] Histon, Cambridgeshire, England 1920s Medium to large oblate apple. Red flush over greenish yellow skin. Crisp, juicy, sweet white flesh. Flavor can be variable but at its best is very well balanced. Grown by Chivers (now a brand of Premier Foods) for apple sauce. Multi-purpose
Chorister Boy[7] Wiltshire, England <1890 A yellow apple with red flush. W 66, H 60. Stalk medium. Flesh white, juivy, subacid. Pick late September. Use November - December. Eating
Christmas Pearmain[7] England 1893 A yellow apple with red flush(50-75%). W 63, H 67. Stalk short. Flesh yellow, crisp, subacid, aromatic. Pick early October. Use November - January. Eating
Clarke(sy. Clarke Beauty)[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001703.jpg New York, US <1900 Flesh tender, juicy, subacid. Use October - January. Eating
Claygate Pearmain [7][15] Claygate Pearmain.jpg Surrey, England 1821 Suitable for northerly, cold, wet climates: rich, nutty flavor. FCC from RHS in 1921.
W 67-70, H 59-67. Stalk 10-18 mm.  Pick early October. Use December - February. 
Eating
Clayton[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001711.jpg Indiana, US <1850 W 84, H 70. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh yellow, subacid. Use November - March. Cooking
Cleopatra see Ortley
Clivia[13] Clivia.jpg East Germany 1964 Geheimrat Dr. Oldenburg × Cox's Orange Pippin. W 64-80, H 56, We 100-183. Stalk 15 - 30 mm. Use December - April. Eating
Close[12] Virginia, US Selected 1928, Introduced 1938 A greenish - yellow apple with red stripes. H 72, W 75. Pick August. Use August. Eating
Cludius Herbstapfel[43] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 015.jpg Germany <1860 A green apple. W 80, H 64. Flesh juicy, subacid. Pick September. Use September. Eating
Cockle Pippin[7] Surrey, England c1800 A greenish yellow apple. W 62, H 59. Stalk medium. Flesh, firm, white, dry, sweet. Pick early October. Use December - March. Eating
Coffelt[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001648.jpg US ? Flesh whitish, firm, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use January - May. Eating
Cogswell(syn. Cogswell Pearmain)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001777.jpg Ct. US c1755 W 84, H 63. Stalk 16 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use December - March. Eating
Collins[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001787.jpg Arkansas <1895 W 78, H 59. Stalk 19 mm. Flesh white, crisp, firm, subacid, fair to good. Tree vigorous. Use January - June. Eating
Colton[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001796.jpg Mass. US c1840 A yellow apple. Flesh juicy, mild subacid. Use August. Eating
Colvert[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001297.jpg US <1850 A large apple. Flesh white, juicy, subacid. Use October - November. Eating
Conard[5] Missouri, US Introduced 1935 P Ben Davis x Jonathan. Ripens 1 week after Jonathan. Tree vigourous, resistant to disease. Eating
Cook´s Favorite[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001675.jpg US <1850 Flesh yellow, subacid. Stalk long. Use September. Cooking
Cooper[4][3][17] Connecticut, US <1796 W 86, H 65. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, vinous, sweet. Good. Use October - December. Eating
Cooper Early White[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000206.jpg Illinois ? US <1870 Flesh white, crisp. Use September - October. Eating
Cooper Market[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001676.jpg New Jersey ? US <18o4 Flesh white, tender, subacid. Good. Use December - May. Eating
Cornell Fancy[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001303.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1870 Stalk medium. Flesh white, tender, crisp, juicy, subacid. Very good. Tree vigorous. Eating
Cornish Aromatic[7][15] Cornwall, England very old Large yellow. High-quality dessert apple. W 64-77, H 58-69. Stalk 18-21 mm. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Cornish Gilliflower[7][15] Cornish gillyflower.jpg Cornwall, England 1813 Discovered as accidental seedling. Shy bearer. W68-70, H 68-70. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh yellow, sweet. Pick mid October. Use November - March. Eating
Coronation[7] Sussex, England 1902 A yellow apple with red flush(50-75%). W 81, H 63. Stalk long. AM from RHS in 1902. Flesh white, soft, dry, sweet. Pick mid September. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating
Cortland[12] Cortland apples.jpg Geneva, New York, US 1899. Introduced 1915. Pale crisp flesh. W 73, H 57. Classic red coloration, nice crunch. P Ben Davis x McIntosh. Tree early and annual bearer, very hardy. Ripens in October in state of origin. Eating
Cosmic Crisp Cosmic Crisp.jpg Washington, United States 1997 Became available commercially in 2019. A combination of Enterprise and Honeycrisp apples. Eating
Cottenham Seedling[7] Cambridgeshire, England <1923 P Dumelow x unknown. W 80, H 67. Stalk short to medium. Flesh white, firm, juicy, acid. Pick late September. Use November - March. Cooking
Coulon Reinette see Reinette Coulon
Court Pendu Plat[15] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 018.jpg France 1613 Extremely old variety, may date from as early as Roman times. W 61, H 45. Stalk 10 mm. Popular during the Victorian era. Yellow to light green, flushed with red.Pick mid October. Use December - April. Eating
Cowan´s Seedling[42] England ? A small apple, yellow with red flush. Stalk very short. Flesh juicy, sweet, pleasant flavour. Use October. Eating
Cowarne Quoining[42] Herefordshire, England 1826 H 65, W 65. Stalk short and slender. Flesh juicy, sweet and of good flavour. Use January - March Eating
Cox's Orange Pippin[15][13] Cox orange renette2.JPG England 1829 One of the most celebrated apples in the United Kingdom, valued for its aromatic "orange" color and flavor. W 60, H 48, We 85-100. Stalk 10 mm. The fruit is widely sold commercially. Mainly grown in United Kingdom, Belgium and the Netherlands but also grown for export in New Zealand. Use October - February. Eating
Cox Pomona[7] Cox's Pomona.jpg Buckinghamshire, England c. 1825 A large five crowned apple. Raised by Richard Cox. Parentage Alexander x unknown. Mainly grown in Denmark and Sweden. Eating, Cooking
Cranberry Pippin[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001460.jpg New York, US <1840 Large yellow apple with red flush. Flesh white, juicy, subacid. Use November - February. Cooking
Crawford(syn. Crawford Keeper)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001859.jpg US <1850 Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, subacid. Use February - April. Eating
Crawley Beauty[15] England or France <1870 A pale green cooking apple. W 58, H 45. Stalk 15-20 mm. At maturity yellow with orange-red flush. Award of Merit from Royal Horticultural Society in 1912. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Cooking
Creek[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001860.jpg Pa. US <1870 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Very good. Tree vigorous. Use December- March. Eating
Cripps Pink ('Pink Lady') Pink lady and cross section.jpg Australia 1970s Crisp, very sweet and slightly tart. Light red, pink and light yellow-green striped skin. Cooking, Eating
Crispin Mutsu apple.jpg Japan 1930 See Mutsu Eating
Crimson Delight Crimson Delight Apple.png Washington, United States Crimson Delight is a multi-purpose apple intended for snacking, baking and fresh recipes. The fruit size is medium to large with a firm texture and is crisp and juicy. Eating, Baking etc.
Crimson Gold Crimson gold apples (23388670556).jpg California 1944 A golf ball sized applecrab hybrid developed by Albert Etter who named it Little Rosybloom for its cute size and attractive ruby red flush. He died before completing the patent papers. Fruit was later rediscovered and renamed. Very crispy and keeps texture in baking. Eating, Baking etc.
Crimson Queening[7] England <1831 A grennins yellow apple flushed (50-75%) crimson. W 73, H 73. Stalk variable. Flesh greenish white, soft, sweet, juicy, subacid. Pick early September. Use September - October. Cooking
Crispin see Mutsu
Criterion New York 1898 One of parents believed to be Ben Davis, but very tart unlike parent. Dark red skin underlain with stripes. Cooking, Eating
Croncels[13] Malus-Croncels.jpg France 1869 Round oblong. Pale milky yellow with occasional slight flush. Flesh pale yellow, tender, very juicy. Use September, October. W 80, H 67, We 195. Eating
Cullasaga[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001884.jpg North Carolina, US <1858 Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, sweet flavor. Use January - April. Eating
Curl Tail[7] England <1872 A yellow apple. W 70, H 62. Stalk short. Flesh white, soft, dry, subacid. Pick mid September. Use October- December. Cooking
Dakota Beauty[5] South Dakota, US Introduced 1944
Daniel[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001495.jpg Indiana, US <1850 A delightful dessert apple. Flesh subacid, aromatic. Use September Eating
Danziger Kantapfel[11] Malus Danziger Kantapfel 4567.jpg Germany <1760 A yellow apple with red overcolour. W 63, H 58 Pick October. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating
D'Arcy Spice agm[44][15] Tolleshunt D'Arcy, Essex, England 1785 A medium-sized apple with yellow-green skin, a red blush where exposed to the sun and covered with an spotty ochre russet. White flesh is aromatic, firm and crisp with noticeable hints of anise and clove. W 67, H 58-61. Stalk 12 mm. Pick late October. Use December - April. Eating
Davey[5] Massachusetts, US Introduced 1950 P McIntosh x unknown. Tree bears earlier and more regularly than Baldwin, resistant to scab. Eating
Dean´s Codlin[21] Deans Küchenapfel Deans Coulin.jpg England ? <1844 A large apple W 91, H 74. Stalk 15 mm. Use December - March. Cooking
Delawine[5] Ohio, US Introduced 1948 P Delicious x Stayman Winesap. Flesh juicy and flavor of Stayman Winesap. Tree strong grower.
Delblush Malus 'Delblush'.jpg France 1979 Tentation delblush
, Golden Delicious × Grifer
Eating
Delcon[5] Missouri, US Introduced 1948. P Conrad x Deliciious. Tree dwarf tendency, heavy producer. Eating
Delcorf[45] Delcor Apfelsorte.JPG France 1960 Delbarestivale delcorf,
Golden Delicious × Stark Jonagrimes
Eating
Delfloga France 2008 Delbardivine delfloga,
Royal Gala Tenroy × Florina, scab resistant
Eating
Delflopion Delbard, France Sampion × Florina, scab resistant Eating
Delicious[7] Pomological Watercolor POM00002161.jpg Iowa, US c1880 W 69, H 68. Stalk medium. Flesh white, juicy, sweet, atromatic. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Delrouval Malus Cybele.jpg France 1995 Cybèle delrouval,
Delcorf × Akane
Eating
Deltana France 2010 Delbard Celeste deltana,
(Golden Delicious × Grive Rouge) × Florina, scab resistant
Eating
Democrat[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002392.jpg US <1869 A yellow apple striped and splashed with red. W 77, H 70. Stalk 24 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid. Very Good. Use December - March. Eating
Detroit Red(syn. Detroit)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002982.jpg US ? <1820 Flesh, white, crisp, juicy, subacid. Good. Use October - February. Eating
Deutsher Goldpepping(syn. Pomme d`Or d`Allemange[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 022.jpg Germany <1833 A yellow apple. W 59, H 47. Stalk 14 mm. Use January - April. Eating, Cooking
Devonshire Quarreden[7][15] England, France? 1685 (documented) Possible French parentage or ancestry. Crimson red peel. Juicy. W 51-64, H 38-48. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh greenish-white, crisp, juicy, sweet. Pick late August. Use late August - early September. Eating
Dewdney´s Seedling[7] Lincolnshire, England c1850 Large, irregular, late cooking apple. Flesh juicy, acid. W95, H80. Stalk very short. Pick late August. Use October - January. Cooking
Discovery agm[46][15] Early Discovery apples from Chegworth Valley.jpg Essex, England 1949 P Worcester × Beauty of Bath. W 66, H 48. Stalk 10 mm. Sharp, sweet flavour. Fruits are sold commercially in the United Kingdom. Pick mid August. Use mid August - mid September. Eating
Doctor[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001806.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1817 Flesh tender, juicy, aromatic, subacid. Good. Use October - January. Eating
Domine(syn. Hogan, Wells, Cheat)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002017.jpg US <1831 W 74, H 56. Stalk 29 mm. Flesh exceedingly tender and juicy. Use December - April. Eating
Domnesc(syn. Pomme de Moldavie, Herrenapfel)[9] Cross section of Domnesc, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1958-103).jpg Moldova <1800 W 100, H 70-80, We 170-210. Flesh, juicy, sweet sour. Pick September. Use October - January. Eating
Dorsett Golden[8] Starr 080302-3166 Malus sp..jpg Bahamas 1964 Grown from chance seedling of Golden Delicious. Yellow with (10-40%) red flush. Flesh sweet, subacid, good. Tree vigorous. One of the most southerly apples grown in North America. Eating
Double Red Baldwin[5] New Hampshire Discovered 1924. Introduced 1927. Mutation of Baldwin. Darker red than Baldwin Eating
Double Red Delicious see Starking.
Double Red Duchess see Red Duchess.
Double Red McIntosh see McIntosh Rogers.
Double Red Rome Beauty[5] Washington, US Discovered 1925, Introduced 1927 Mutation of Rome Beauty. Eating
Double Red Wealthy[5] New York, US Discovered 1933, Introduced 1940 Dark red mutation of Wealthy. Eating
Double Red Willow Twig[5] Illinois, US Discovered 1927, Introduced 1929. Dark red mutation of Willow Twig Eating
Dougherty/Red Dougherty Cross section of Red Dougherty, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1952-221).jpg Australia, New Zealand 1930 Red Dougherty is a recent mutation discovered in New Zealand from the old Australian Dougherty. Eating
Downton Pippin[6] Herefordshire, England 1806 A dessert apple of first-rate quality. Use November to January. H 44 W 54. Parentage: Orange Pippin x Golden Pippin. Eating
Drakenstein[8] South Africa Introduced 1981 Round, bright red. P (Wemmershoek x Granny Smith) x Richared Delicious. Tree vigorous. Eating
Duchess of Oldenburg(syn. Charlamowsky, Borowinka)[7][11] Page 4 apple - Duchess of Oldenburg, Yellow Transparent, Wealthy.tiff Russia 18th century Has red stripes with splashes of green. Excellent resistance to freezing temperatures. Stalk 20 mm. W 71-76, H 58-68. Cooking, Eating
Duchess´s Favourite[15] Surrey, England c1800 A yellow apple with red flush. W 58, H 61. Stalk 12 mm. Flesh white, acid. Pick late August. Use August - September. Eating
Dudley Winter Castle Hill, Maine, US 19th century A medium-sized oblate apple with greenish-yellow skin covered with red stripes over a solid red blush. Flesh is firm but tender, juicy, aromatic and quite tart, becoming milder as it ages. Good for fresh eating and cooking; rated by many as one of the best for apple pies and sauces. Tree is a natural semi-dwarf, very hardy and bears heavily annually. Cooking, Eating
Duke of Devonshire[7][15] Lancashire, England Raised 1835. Introduced 1875 Dessert apple, resistant to scab and canker. W 61-69, H 54-56. Stalk 5 mm. Pick early October. Use January - March. Eating
Dülmener[13] Malus-Dülmener-Herbstrosenapfel.jpg Germany 1870 W 83, H 68, We 195. Stalk 10-16 mm. Pick September. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating
Dummellor's Seedling agm[47] also known as Dumelow's Seedling[48][15] Wellington Äpple.jpg Shackerstone, Leicestershire, England <1800 Roundish-oblate apple with pale greenish-yellow skin strewn with large russet dots, occasionally covered with a delicate pinkish-orange blush. W 77, H 61. Stalk 11-14 mm. Flesh yellow-tinted white flesh, aromatic, firm, crisp, tart, and very juicy. One of the most widely grown culinary apples of Victorian England, esteemed for its fine flavour and good keeping qualities. Pick mid October. Use November - March. Cooking
Dungay[42] England <1884 An excellent cooking apple. W 76 H 63. Stalk 25 mm. Use October - December. Cooking
Dunning[5] Geneva, New York, US Raised 1923. Introduced 1938 P Early McIntosh x Cox Orange. Flesh sweet. Pick early August. Eating
Dutch Codlin(syn. Chalmers Large, Glory of the West)[42] Netherlands ? 1783 One of the best kitchen apples. Greenish yellow with red flush. Stalk 25 mm and thick. Eye small and closed. Flesh white and sub -acid. Use August to September. Cooking
Dutch Mignonne[49] Holland <1771 Medium size round. Flesh, cream, crisp, juicy. Stem long. Use November - February Eating Cooking.
Dymock Red[42] Gloucestershire, England ? A roundish or oblate red apple. H 41, W 54. Stalk very short. Pick late September. Eating, Cider
Egle Lithuania Eating
Eady´s Magnum[7] England c1908 W 91, H 73. Stalk short. Flesh white, juicy, acid. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Cooking
Early Chandler[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000204.jpg US <1875 Stalk short. Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, subacid. Too acid for eating. Use August. Cooking.
Early Harvest(syn. July Pippin, Yellow Harvest, Tart Bough)[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001848.jpg US <1806 W 58-85, H 39-70. Stalk 17-20 mm. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Pick and Use July. Eating
Early Joe[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001505.jpg New York US <1843 W 61, H 46. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh whitish, tender, juicy, vinous flavor. Tree is a slow grower. Use mid August - mid September. Eating
Early Julien[6] Scotland <1800 An excellent culinary apple. The tree is not a large grower. H 48, W 60. Cooking
Early McIntosh[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00001509.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1923 P Yellow Transparent x McIntosh. Flavor excellent. Pick early August. Eating
Early Nonpareil[42] Norfolk, England c1780 W 57, H 45. Flesh crisp, aromatic, subacid. Eating
Early Pennock(syn. Shaker Yellow, Homony)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001815.jpg US <1800 W 79, H 70,. Stalk 12 mm. Flesh yellow, avid. Quality poor. Use July - August. Cooking
Early Ripe[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002107.jpg Pennsylvania ? US <1867 Stalk long. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Good. Tree productive. Eating
Early Strawberry[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002112.jpg New York US <1838 W 58-63, H 49-52, Stalk 25-33 mm. Flesh white, tender, subacid, aromatic, very good. Use July - September. Eating
Early Victoria[7] Essex, England 1899 (introduced) Possibly from Lord Grosvenor × Keswick Cod. Also called Emmeth Early. Ripens in late July. Pale yellow fruit. Eating
Easter Orange[26] England <1897 Round conical, deep golden yellow with flush and stripes of dark brown red. Flesh firm, yellow, of good flavour. AGM from RHS in 1897. H 63, W 66. Eating
Ecklinville[7] Ecklinville, Ireland c. 1820 Large, round, greenish-yellow. H 63, W 78. An excellent early cooker. Pick September. Use September - October. Cooking
Edelborsdorfer[43] Malus Edelborsdorfer 4495.jpg Germany <1600 A green apple with red flush and russet. W 70, H 63. Pick October. Use December-March. Eating, Cooking
Edelrother[21] Pom.Mon.Hefte 1856 Edelrother.jpg <1856 Yellow with red flush. W 65, H 61. Stalk 16 mm. Use November - January. Eating
Edward VII agm[50][15] London MMB »0M5 King Edward Memorial Park.jpg Worcestershire, England 1908 (introduced) A large oblate-round apple with yellow-green skin and pinkish-brown blush. W 83, H 70. Stalk 6 mm. Suitable for more northerly, cold, wet climates. White flesh is sharp and pleasant. Extraordinary keeper; apple ripens in autumn and will keep until Easter. P Possibly Blenheim Orange × Golden Noble. Pick mid October. Use December - April. Cooking
Edwards[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002121.jpg N.C. US <1870 A greenish yellow apple, lightly striped with red. Flesh juicy, firm. One of the best keepers. Eating
Egremont Russet agm[51][15] Egremont Russet Apple.jpg Sussex, England 1872 W 64 - 67, H 48-57. Stalk 6-10 mm. Brown russeting, nutty flavor. Excellent keeper. Resistant to scab, very prone to bitter pit. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating
Ein Shemer[8] Israel 1963 P Zabidani × Golden Delicious. This variety ripens in June. Tastes tart, does not do well in cold weather. (Not the same as Anna (apple)) Eating
Elektra[13] Elektra jm55159.jpg Germany W 68, H 58, We 95-100. Stalk 5 - 15 mm. Pick October. Use November - February. Cooking, Eating
Ellison's Orange agm[52][15] Ellison's Orange.jpg Lincolnshire, England 1911 W 67, H 57. Stalk 15 - 35 mm. Cox's Orange Pippin × Cellini. Rich aniseed flavor. Pick mid September. Use September - October. Eating
Elstar agm[53] Malus-Elstar.jpg Netherlands 1950s Golden Delicious × Ingrid Marie. Medium-sized, mostly red with yellow showing. Often used in desserts due to its intense honey flavor. Cooking, Eating
Emneth Early agm[54][15] Cambridgeshire, England <1899 W 64, H 61. Stalk 23 mm. Suitable for northerly, cold, wet climates. A biennial crop that needs thinning. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1899. Good disease resistance. Pick Late July to early August. Use July - August. Cooking
Empire[55] New York Empire Apples.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1966 P McIntosh x unknown. Lovely white subacid flesh. Tangy taste. Ruby red color. Eating
Empire Red[5] British Columbia, Canada Introduced 1942 A red apple. P unknown. Cooking, Eating
Empress[8] Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1988 A dark red apple, fair. P Jonamac x Vista Bella. (Eating) Cooking
Encore[7][15] Berkshire, England 1906 Large cooking apple. W 83-96, H 73-90. Stalk 10-15 mm. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1908. Pick mid October. Use December to April. Cooking
Engelsberger[56] Malus Engelsberger 4491.jpg Germany 1854 A German cider apple. Sugar-acid ratio 10:1. Juice yield 70-75%. Pick late September - Early October. cider
English Russet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002130.jpg ? <1870 W 69, H 62. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh yellowish-white, crisp, subacid. Good. Use January - May. Eating
Enterprise < Illinois, US 1993 Classic North American red apple. Stores well up to six months. Makes very good candy apple. Eating
Envy Envy Apple.jpg New Zealand 2009 Sweet and crispy, takes 4–8 hours after cutting to start browning. Royal Gala × Braeburn. Eating
Epicure[7] Bedford, England 1909 Yellowish apple with reddish blush. Good clean taste. Award of Merit from RHS in 1931. W 63, H 54. Stalk long. Needs thinning for size. Prone to bitter pit, canker. Pick mid August. Use August - September. Eating
Erickson[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1923 A large green apple.
Erwin Baur[13] Malus Erwin Baur 4563.jpg Germany 1955 W 68-80, H 57, We 105-212. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. Pick October. Use December - March. Cooking, Eating
Esopus Spitzenburg[3][17] Esopus-spitzenburg.jpg Esopus, New York, US c. 1750 Grown by Thomas Jefferson at Monticello. Named for creek near which first seedling found. Heirloom variety still available at farmstands in Northeast and portions of Virginia. Difficult to grow for inexperienced planters. W 73-77, H 68-76. Stalk 19-24 mm. Use December - February. Cooking, Eating
Etter´s Gold[5] California US Introduced 1944 Golden yellow. P unknown. Flesh crisp. Pick October.
Eva[8] Brazil A yellow apple red striped(70%). P Gala x Anna. Flesh sweet, subacid, good. Tree very productive. Eating
Evening Party[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001968.jpg US <1860 W 68, H 52. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh juicy, vinous, aromatic. Use December - January. Eating
EverCrisp Indiana, US 2008 Described as Fuji x Honeycrisp Eating
Ewalt[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001970.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1850 A large apple, yellow with red flush. W 75, H 63. Flesh acid, aromatic. Use February - April. Eating
Exeter Cross[7] England 1924 P Worcester Pearmain x Beauty of Bath. W 59, H 47. Stalk variable. Flesh crisp, juicy, sweet. Pick early August. Use August. Eating
Exquisite (Laxton Exquisite)[7] Bedford, England 1902 Award of Merit from RHS in 1926. W 70, H 67. Stalk short to medium. Flesh sweet, aromatic. P Cox Orange x Cellini. Pick late August. Use September - October. Eating
Fagerö[43][12] Fagerö.jpg Sweden <1860 W 75-80, H 68. A red mutant of Grågylling. Use October - December. Eating
Fallawater(syn. Tulpehocken)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001993.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1842 W 88, H 70. Stalk 8 mm. Flesh greenish white, crisp, juicy, mild subacid, good. Use November - December. Eating
Fall Harvey[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001979.jpg US <1838 Flesh whitish, crisp, juicy, subacid, high flavor. Use October - December. Eating
Fall Jenneting(syn. Fall Jeneting)[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001980.jpg Connecticut, US <1827 Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid. Tree strong grower. Use September - December. Cooking
Fall Pippin[29][4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001984.jpg US <1806 Large yellow, roundish to roundish oblate. W 99, H 86. Stalk 22 mm. Flesh whitish, very juicy, somewhat aromatic. Pick September, use September - December. AS s. Eating, Cooking
Fall Swaar(sy. Autumn Swaar)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001987.jpg US <1800 W 70, H 58. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, mild subacid. Use September. Cooking, Eating
Fall Wine(syn. Ohio Wine, Musk Spice, Sweet Wine)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001988.jpg US <1800 W 75, H 56. Stalk 23 mm. Flesh yellowish, juicy, aromatic, mild, subacid, sweet. Use September - November. Eating
Falstaff[57] Kent, England 1966 A good pollinator. Dessert
Fameuse[7][4][3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002206.jpg Canada <1730 Small apple, very sweet, flavour similar to McIntosh. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, perfumed. W 60-72, H 53-56. Stalk 11-17 mm. Pick late September. Use October - November. Eating
Family[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002288.jpg Georgia, US <1860 W 78, H 58. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh White, juicy, mild, pleasant, subacid. Use August - September. Eating
Fanny[29] The apples of New York (1905) (19559280379).jpg US <1869 A bright red fruit of good dessert quality. W 63, H 50. Roundish slightly oblate. Flesh juicy, subacid. Use September - October. Eating
Faurot[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002292.jpg Missouri, US Introduced 1935 P Ben Davis x Jonathan. Tree disease resistant.
Fearns Pippin[6] London, England <1780 An excellent apple for eating and cooking. The tree is very hardy and a great bearer. W 64, H 53. Stalk medium. Picking late September - early October. In use from November to February. Cooking, Eating
Federal Pearmain(syn. Staaten Parmäne)[42] England <1831 W 70, H 57. Yellow red streaked. Flesh vinous. Eating
Fenouillet Gris[6] France 1608 A dessert apple of great excellence. H 50 W 64. Short stalk. Picking time October. Use November - February. Eating
Fink(syn. Fink´s Seedling)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002297.jpg Ohio, US <1847 A small apple. Flesh whitish, juicy, subacid good to very good. Good keeping qualities (one year). Eating
Flamenco Cross section of Obelisk, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1999-027).jpg United Kingdom 1950–1999 A columnar ornamental tree with delicious fruit Eating
Fiesta agm[58][15] Fiesta Apfelsorte.JPG Kent, England 1972 Sometimes called Red Pippin. Claims both UK and US heritage: P Cox's Orange x Idared. W 58, H 51. Stalk 22 - 30 mm. Has flavour similar to the former but storage, colouring, and cold tolerance of the latter. Can be susceptible to scab and canker.Pick mid September. Use October - January. Eating
Filippa[12] Filippa.jpg Denmark 1893 A yellow apple with some red overcolour. W 63, H 58. Pick September. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating
Fillbasket[6] England <1875 Name of two different apple cultivars. One from Lancashire and the other from Kent. Cooking
Fireside[5] Minnesota, United States Introduced 1943 Very fragrant. Yellow with red striping. Sweet apple, very popular in upper Midwest. Use November - April. Eating
Flake´s Fall[3] Pa., US <1869 Yellow with red flush. W 95, H 73. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use October - November. Eating
Flame 1.[55] Essex, England 1925 W 67, H 56. Yellow, striped scarlet. Flesh, sweet, aromatic, subacid. Eating
Flame 2.[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1943 Crab apple. P unknown. Ornamental
Flandrischer Rambour[21] Flandrischer Rambur jm55168.jpg ? <1800 A yellow apple with red flush. W 93, H 67. Stalk 13 mm. Use November - January. ?
Flickäpple[12] Sweden <1850 A large cooking apple. Yellow with red stripes. H 55, W 80. Cooking
Florina Malus Florina 4485.jpg Angers, France (Querina), scab resistant Eating
Flower of Kent[6] Kent or Lincolnshire England <1629 A first-rate kitchen apple from October to January.W 89, H 70. Flesh crisp, subacid. This is the variety that inspired Sir Isaac Newton to consider gravity. Cooking
Flushing Spitzenberg[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002315.jpg US <1822 Flesh white, yellow, juicy, crisp, mild, sweet, good. Use November - February. Eating
Folwell[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1922 A large apple. P Malinda x unknown.
Foote(syn. Foote´s Nonpareil)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002318.jpg Mass. US <1875 Flesh firm, juicy, aromatic, subacid, very good. Trre vigorous, annual bearer. Use November. Eating
Forge[7] Sussex, England <1851 A yellow apple with red Flush. W 60, H 54. Stalk short. Flersh white, crisp, juicy, aromatic. Pick late September. Use October - November. Eating
Fortune agm[59] (Laxton's Fortune)[15] England 1904 Cox's Orange Pippin × Wealthy. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1948. W 68, H 60. Stalk 25 mm. Prone to canker, good resistance to scab. Tendency to be biennial. Pick early September. Use September - October. Eating
Foundling(syn. Shirley, Groton)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002155.jpg Mass. US <1820 A medium to large apple. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic, very good. Use September. Eating
Fourth of July(syn. Sibirian August, August Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002608.jpg Germany <1875 Flesh white, juicy, subacid, good. Stalk short. Tree a strong grower. Cooking, Eating
Fox Kernel(syn. Sack)[42] Herefordshire, England ? Yellow with red stripes. H 70, W 70. Cider
Foxley[42] England c1800 Very small. Stalk 25 mm. Raised by Thomas Andrew Knight. Cider
Foxwhelp[42] Herefordshire, England <1650 Striped red and yellow. Flesh yellow with a rough acid flavour. W 63, H 63. Stalk 19 mm. Cider
Fraas Sommer-Calvill[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 053.jpg Germany c1850 W 74, H 68. Stalk 15 mm. Use September - October. Eating
Franklin[5] Ohio, US Introduced 1937 P McIntosh x Delicious. Eating
Fred Hough[8] Brazil Introduced 1994 Small to medium, red striped. Very low acid content. P NJ 76 x Coop 14. Eating
Freedom[56] US 1983
French Pippin[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001903.jpg ? <1850 Flesh yellowish, tender, subacid, good. Tree vigorous. Use October - January. Eating
Freyberg[7] New Zeeland 1934 P Golden Delicius x Cox Orange. W 65, H 56. Stalk long. Flesh white, juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick early October. Use October - December. Eating
Freiherr von Trauttenberg[21] Freiherr von Trautenberg jm55172.jpg Germany <1850 W 69-71, H 65-76. Stalk 10 mm. Use November - February. Cooking, Eating
Frieherr von Berlepsch[13] Malus-Roter-Berlepsch.jpg Germany 1880 54x63mm. One of the best eating apples. High in Vitamin C. Picking September. Use October–December. Eating
Frogmore Profilic[7] Windsor, England c1865 A yellow apple with red flush. W 70, H 60. Stalk long. Flesh white, soft, juicy, acid. Pick late August. Use September - November. Cooking
Frostproof[5] Virginia, US Discovered 1930. Introduced 1947. P unknown. Quality fair. Tree blooms 30 days later than most apples usually do. Eating
Frösåker[11] Frösåkersäpple.jpg Sweden <1900 A yellow apple. W 58-63. H 45-50. Stalk 12mm. Pick October. Use November - January. Eating
Fuji[60][8] Rosaceae Malus pumila Malus pumila Var domestica Apples Fuji.jpg Aomori, Japan 1930s, Introduced 1962 P Red Delicious × Ralls Genet. Dark red, conic apple. Sweet, crisp, dense flesh is very mildly flavoured. Keeps very well. One of the most widely grown apple varieties in the world. Eating
Fuji Frey[8] Brazil Introduced 1995 Bud mutation of Fuji. Eating
Fyan[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00001908.jpg Missouri, US Introduced 1935 P Ben Davis x Jonathan. Ripens 2 weeks after Jonathan. Tree very vigorous, regular bearer, resistant to disease. Eating
Gala, Royal Gala[7][15] Malus-Gala.jpg New Zealand 1970s A small to medium-sized conic apple. W 61, H 58. Stalk 25 mm. Thin, tannic skin is yellow-green with a red blush overlaid with reddish-orange streaks. Flesh is yellowish-white, crisp and grainy with a mild flavour. Cross of three of the world's best known apples: Kidd's Orange Red (a cross of Red Delicious and Cox's Orange Pippin) × Golden Delicious. One of the most widely available commercial fruit. Pick early October. Use October - January. Eating
Galbraith Baldwin[5] Massachusetts, US Introduced 1948 Mutation of Baldwin. Highly colored. Eating
Galícia[8] Brazil 1987 P Gala x Anna. Flesh crisp, juicy. Tree very productive. Eating
Galloway[7] Galloway Pippin on tree, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1947-298).jpg Scotland <1871 Large eating and cooking apple. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1871. W 90, H 71. Stalk short. Pick late September. Use November–February. Eating, Cooking
Ganges[42] England ? A green kitchen apple. Use October - February. Cooking
Garden Royal[3] Houghton Agr 209.10 - Brookshaw, Pomona Britannica, apples.jpg Sudbury, Massachusetts, US <1847 A medium-sized roundish-oblate, sometimes slightly conical apple. W 70, H 57. Stalk 22 mm. Greenish-yellow skin is striped and splashed with bright red, dull or grayish toward the stem; dots few, light and gray; cavity deep, basin shallow, slightly uneven. Flesh yellow, very tender, juicy, rich, mildly subacid and aromatic. Poor keeper. Upright habit, productive bearer, some biennial tendency. Use late August - September. Eating
Garden Sweet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002168.jpg New England, US <1875 Stalk short and small. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, juicy, sweet. Tree hardy and productive. Use September - October Cooking
Garretson´s Early(syn. Somerset Harvest)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002171.jpg New Jersey, US <1840 Medium size. Stalk short. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use July - August Cooking, Eating
Gascoyne's Scarlet[7][13][15] Malus Gascoynes Scharlachroter 4554.jpg Kent, England 1871 Large red fruit. W 77, H 63, We 145. Stalk 15 - 25 mm. FCC from RHS in 1887. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking
Geheimrat Dr. Oldenburg[56] Geheimrat Oldenburg.jpg Germany 1897 Created at the Höheren Lehranstalt für Obstbau of Geisenheim in the Rheingau; Minister von Hammerstein × Baumanns Renette. Eating
Gehrers Rambour[56] Gehrers Rambur jm55187.jpg Germany 1885 A german cider apple. Sugar-acid-ratio 8:1. Juice yield 75-80%. Pick late October. cider
Gelber Richard[11] Gul Richard H Sjöberg.jpg Germany <1830 A yellow apple. W 66, H 66. Stalk 10 mm. Pick October. Use November - March. Eating
Georg Carpenter[7] Surrey, England 1902 P Blenheim Orange x King of the Pippins. W 74, H 66. Stalk long. Flkesh white, juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Eating
George Cave[7][15] Essex, England 1923 Pale green-yellow fruit with red flush. Early harvest. W 57, H 51. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. Pick August. Use August. Eating
George Neal[61][15] Kent, England 1904 Pale green to yellow colour, will keep nicely until late autumn. Award of Merit from RHS in 1923. W 82, H 63. Stalk 10 - 20 mm. Good regular crops. Pick late August - early September. Use August - September. Cooking
Gestreifter Herbst-Calvill[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 054.jpg <1670 Gelb with red flush. W 67, H 69,. Stalk 12 mm. Use November - January Cooking, Eating
Gestreifter Winter-Calvill[62] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 055.jpg Germany <1840 Yellow with red stripes. W 70, H 60. Pick October. Use November - February. Eating, Cooking
Gilpin(syn. Carthouse, Little Red Romanite.[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003266.jpg Virginia, US <1850 W 80, H 70. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh greenish-yellow, sweet, juicy. Pick October. Use December - May. Cider, Eating
Gipsy King[42] England <1872 A handsome dessert apple. W 64, H 45. Stalk 12 mm. Use October - December. Eating
Gladstone[15] England 1780, Introduced 1868 W 63, H 54. Stalk 9-16 mm. A red apple. Pick late July - early August. Use July - August. Eating
Glanz Reinette[21] Glansrenett.jpg Germany ? <1850 A green apple with red stripes. W 58, H 50-53. Stalk 14 mm. Pick October. Eating
Glockenapfel[56] Malus Glockenapfel 4455.jpg Switzerland 17th century A medium-sized green-yellow elongate bell-shaped apple, sometimes takes on a reddish blush. Tart and juicy, stores well, taste improves with age. Excellent culinary variety; renowned for its use in Strudel. Cooking, Eating
Gloria Mundi(syn. Baltimore 2.)[6] Pomological Watercolor POM00002472.jpg US <1804 An excellent green culinary apple. W 89, H 76. Stalk short. Pick mid October. Use October - December. Cooking
Glorie van Holland[26] Netherlands c1890 Flesh slightly acidic, slightly sweet. Eating
Glory of the Westsyn. Englischer Prahlrambour)[6] England <1800 A culinary apple of first quality. W 82, H 72. Pick October. Use October - December). Cooking
Gloster (aka Gloster 69)[7] Malus Gloster 4558.jpg Germany 1969 Conical shape. Somewhat tart, ruby red color like parent Red Delicious. Good choice for backyard gardening. W 70, H 67. Stalk long. Pick late October. Use November -March. Eating
Ginger Gold Malus Ginger-Gold.jpg Virginia, US 1960s Tangy flavour, crunchy texture, pale green-yellow colour. Noted for being an extremely early bearer (Europe by September 1, California late July, Eastern US in August). Cooking, Eating
Godfrey[5] Manitoba, Canada Introduced 1931 P Patten Greening x unknown. A dark red apple. Flesh white, crisp, sweet. Tree vigorous. Use October - February.
Gogar Pippin(syn. Stone Pippin)[6] Scotland <1850 A dessert apple of second rate quality. Use January - March. Eating
Golden Ball[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000183.jpg Conn. US <1880 A large apple. Flesh crisp, tender, subacid. Use December - March. Eating
Golden Delicious[63][13] Golden delicious apple.jpg Clay County, West Virginia, US 1914 One of the most popular varieties in the world. Due to its regular size, even colour and storage qualities the fruit is widely sold commercially. Uniform light green-yellow coloration, very sweet. A good pollinator. W 63-72, H 58-62, We 145. Stalk 20 - 30 mm. Pick October. Use October - May. Eating, Cooking
Golden Harvey(syn. Brandy Apple)[6] England <1850 A yellow apple with russet H 52, W 49. One of the richest and most excellent dessert apples, it is also one of the best for cider. Use December - May. Eating, Cider
Golden Knob[6] England <1850 A good late keeping dessert apple. H 35, W 42. Use December - March. The tree is a strong grower. Eating
Golden Monday[6] England <1850 A kitchen apple. Flesh sugary, briskly flavoured. Use October - December. Cooking
Golden Noble agm[64][13][15] Malus Gelber Edelapfel 4464.jpg England 1820 Tree is short and stocky. Produces mint green fruit with blush of pink. W 60-90 , H 50-80, We 150-250. Stalk 5-15mm. Good disease resistance. Pick early October. Use October - January. Eating
Golden Nonpareil[6] England <1850 A first rate dessert apple. Flesh juicy, sugary with a rich flavour. Use December - February. Eating
Golden Orange Italy 1979
released 1996
PRI 1956-6 × Ed Gould Golden. Resistant to scab. Moderate vigour, spreading habit and medium-late blooming season; fruit is moderately large (207 g) and symmetric, skin is smooth, no russeting. Ripens some days after Golden Delicious; fruit is very attractive; large, good storage ability. Eating
Golden Reinette see Orleans Reinette
Golden Russet Golden russet apple.jpg New York 1845 (documented) A medium-sized heavily russeted light green apple, occasionally with a reddish blush. Crisp, fine-grained flesh is rich, sugary and very sweet. Excellent dessert apple, keeps very well. Makes extraordinary cider, known as the "Champagne of cider apples." Cider, Eating
Golden Spire Lancashire, England 1850 An old Northern English variety. Unusually tall and oblong with a tart flavour. Cider, Eating
Golden Supreme Idaho, US 1960 Eating
Golden Sweet[29][4][3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002082.jpg Conneticut, US <1832 W 76-79, H 59-63. Stalk 23-30 mm. A yellow apple very good in flavor and quality. BB. Use August - September. Eating
Goldrush[65] Goldrush (Apfel) jm94416.jpg Indiana, US 1980 The fruit has a complex spicy flavor with high acidity and sweetness. Acidity moderates in cold storage, with exceptional quality after 2 to 3 months. Eating
Goldspur Jabuka goldspur.jpg US 1960 A sport of 'Golden Delicious'. Eating
Goosebery Pippin(Ronalds´)[6] Cheshire, England <1875 A very excellent dessert apple; ripe in November. Small fruit, small tree. Eating
Gordon Whittier, California, United States 1977 A low chill hour cultivar developed by Robert B. Gordon in Whittier, CA from unknown parentage. Blooms over long period in Southern CA - from April to Early June. Bears mature fruit from August to October. Fruit is green with red striped overcolor. Ripe at approximately 50% red coverage. Fruit is dual purpose, for eating and baking with sweet-tart flavor. Eating & Cooking
Gradirose Languedoc-Roussillon, France 2004 Created by Pépinières Grard. Early dessert apple with pink blush. Ripens in September and stores well. Very productive. Eating
Gragg (aka Red Gragg or Winter Queen) North Carolina, US 1860 Originated on the farm of James Gragg in Caldwell County, NC about 1860. Valued by North Carolina growers for its fine cooking qualities, crispness and long storage ability. The conical shaped fruit is red in colour with moderately conspicuous dots. Ripens in October and is a great keeper. Cooking, Eating
Grågylling[11][12] Grågylling.jpg Europe <1800 W 64-68, H 54-60. Stalk 12 - 20 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, fair to good. Pick early October. Use November - January. Eating, Cooking
Granges Pearmain[26] Middlesex, England <1829 Rather large, round, a little flattened. Colour yellow with dull red flush and broken stripes. Flesh pale yellow, very crisp and juicy and excellent flavour. Use December–May. Cooking, Eating
Granny Smith[60] Granny smith and cross section.jpg Australia 1868 This is the apple once used to represent Apple Records. W 64, H 61. Stalk 17-25 mm. A favourite variety, widely sold in the UK. Also noted as common pie apple. Lime green colouring. Extremely tart.Pick mid October. Use January - April. Cooking, Eating
Graue Herbst Reinette[21] Malus-Graue-Herbstrenette.jpg <1800 W 84-95, H 64-72. Stalk 14 mm. Use November - December. Cooking, Eating
Graue Portugiesische Reinette[21] Portugal <1798 W 65 - 69, H 46-50. Stalk 14 mm. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating
Grauer Kurzstiel[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 066.jpg France <1794 W 69, H 52. Stalk 8 mm. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating
Gravenstein[15][13][17] Gravensteiner.poupou.JPG Gråsten, Jutland, Denmark <1800 An early yellow-green apple, often with red stripes. W 73-90, H 61-70. We 130. Stalk 10 - 25 mm. Crisp, sweet, tart flavour. Exceptional cooking apple, especially for applesauce and pies. Poor keeper; becomes soft quickly. German immigrants introduced this variety to California's San Joaquin Valley in the mid-19th century. Has many sports. Pick late August. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating, Pie
Green Cheese[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002057.jpg North Carolina or Georgia, US 18th century A very old southern apple thought to have originated in North Carolina or Georgia but its true origin is uncertain. The fruit is oblate to oblique in shape. W 76, H 55. The skin is deep green in colour, turning pale yellow when fully ripe. The yellowish flesh is sweet, crisp, tender and juicy. Eating
Greendale[5] Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1938 P McIntosh x Lodi. A green apple. Eating, Cooking
Green Newtown see Newtown Pippin
Green Seek No Further[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001255.jpg L.I. US <1855 Flesh white, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, very good. Stalk short. Tree slow in growth. Use October - January. Eating
Greensleeves agm[66][15] Greensleeves on tree, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1980-077).jpg Kent, England 1966 Golden Delicious × James Grieve; good garden apple, with a pleasant but unexceptional flavour. W 64-67, H 57-60. Stalk 20-22 mm. Likely named for famous Renaissance era song. Can be susceptible to scab. Pick late September. Use September - November. Eating
Greenup´s Pippin (syn. Yorkshire Beauty, Greenup´s Apfel)[21][6] Wordsworth House 2015 63.jpg Yorkshire, England <1800 A first rate early culinary apple. Flesh tender, juicy, and with an agreeable acidity. W 60-77, H 46-74. . Use October - December. Eating, Cooking
Grenadier agm[67][15] Apple 'Grenadier' - Cooking Apple (9655591940).jpg England 1862 (documented) Possibly one of the strangest of all British apples: it is ribbed and lumpy with a tough coat, looking as though it has taken a beating. W 83, H 63. Stalk 10-12 mm. Grenadier cooks down to cream-coloured puree with a superb apple flavour. Makes an excellent apple jam. Poor keeper. Reliably heavy annual bearer. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1883. Good disease resistance. Pick mid August. Use August - October. Cooking
Grimes Golden(syn. Grimes Golden Pippin)[7][36] Grimes Golden crop from brown brothers catalog.jpg Brooke County, West Virginia, US 1804 A medium-sized roundish to slightly oblong apple. W 74, H 63. Stalk 23 mm. Greenish-yellow skin, ripening to a clear yellow, stem cavity sometimes russeted, covered with yellow or russet dots. The yellowish-white flesh is crisp and tender, with a rich, spicy, sugary-sweet flavour. A good all-purpose dessert and cooking apple, Grimes also makes a strong single-variety cider. Excellent keeper. Grimes Golden is the parent of the ubiquitous Golden Delicious. Relatively rare among apples, Grimes Golden is self-fertile. Original tree discovered near a known orchard of John Chapman (Johnny Appleseed). Use December - March. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Grosh[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002243.jpg Pa. US <1855 Flesh white, loose, soft, juicy, acid, good. Tree an annual bearer. Use September. Cooking
Grove[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002245.jpg Missouri, US Introduced 1935 P Ingram x Delicious. Tree blooms late, resistant to scab.
Guelph[7] Guelph on tree, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1946-022).jpg Berkshire, England <1912 Medium to large sized apple for use in October to December. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1913. Eating
Gunilla Bohuslän[43] Gunilla2008.jpg Sweden <1900 W 98, H 98. Stalk 21 mm. Use October - March. Eating, Cooking
Hagloe[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002258.jpg New Jersey, US <1817 Stalk short. Tree healthy, vigorous, productive. Flesh whitish, juicy, acid. Use August. Cooking
Halberstädter Jungfernapfel[21] Halberstädter Jungfernapfel jm55250.jpg Germany <1885 W 80, H 74-80. Stalk 12 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet, very good. Cooking
Hambledon Deux Ans[7][15] Hampshire, England c1750 A yellow apple with red flush. W 78, H 64-67. Stalk 10-15 mm. Flesh white-yellow, dry, sweet, subacid, aromatic. Prone to bitter pit. Pick late September. Use November - April. Eating
Hammerstein(syn. Minister von Hammerstein)[13] Malus Minister von Hammerstein 4418.jpg Germany 1895 W 60 - 85, H 50 - 65, We 100-180. Stalk 15 - 25 mm. Pick October. Use January - April. Cooking, Eating
Hampus[43][12][11] Hampus.jpg Holland or Sweden <1820 W 66-70, H 47-50 . Stalk 19- 26 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet. Pick late August - early September. Eating
Hanaskogsäpple[12] Hanaskogsäpple.jpg Sweden 1873 A yellow apple. W 61, H 54. Pick September. Use September. Eating
Haralson[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002262.jpg Minnesota, US Introduced 1923 P Malinda x unknown. Red colour and large, moderately conspicuous dots. Crisp and juicy with a tart flavour. Excellent choice for pies. Cooking, Eating
Harberts Renette(syn. Harbert)[11][13] Malus Harberts Renette 4442.jpg Germany <1820 Yellow with red flush. W 87, H 78. Stalk 15–20 mm. Pick October. Use December - January. Eating, Cooking
Harrison (syn.Harrison Cider)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002268.jpg New Jersey, US 1770 Yellow skin, sometimes red-blush, black spots, small size, sweet, rich and dry. Cider
Harvey[15][7] England 1629 A green apple. W 76-93, H 68-81. Stalk 12 - 18 mm. Flesh white-yellow, dry, sweet. Pick mid September. Use September - January. Cooking
Hatsuaki[8] Japan Introduced 1976 P Jonathan x Golden Delicious. Flesh juicy, sweet, good. Eating
Hauxapfel[56] Haux Apfel jm55252.jpg Germany 1925 A German cider apple. Sugar-acid-ratio 9:1. Pick late October. Cider
Havelgold[68] Germany P: Undine x Auralia. Flesh sharp and aromatic. Pick October. Use December - February. Cooking
Hawaii   1945 (introduced) Noted for pineapple-like taste. Eating
Hawley[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002284.jpg N.Y. US <1855 Flesh whitish, tender, juicy, subacid, very good. Tree vigorous, bears annually. Pick September. Use September. Eating
Hawthornden[12] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 052.jpg Scotland c1780 W 73, H 52. Stalk 20–25 mm. Use October–November. Cooking
Helios[13] Cross section of Helios, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1994-041).jpg Germany W 65, H 60, We 115. Stalk 20 - 30 mm. Pick August. Use August. Cooking, Eating
Herefordshire Beefing[7] Herefordshire, England <1800 A yellow apple with red flush. W 76, H 63. Stalk short. Flesh greenish white, subacid. Pick early October. Use November - January.
Herefordshire Pearmain (syn. Royal Pearmain, Old Pearmain)[4][6][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000354.jpg England ? <1800 W 75, H 61. Stalk 11 mm. Flesh vinous, crisp, juicy spicy, aromatic, subacid, very good. Use December - February. Eating, Cooking
Herefordshire Russet

Cross section of Herefordshire Russet, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1994-017).jpg

Kent, England 2002 Cox's Orange Pippin x Idared. Rich, aromatic flavour. Pick early October, stores until January. Crops well. Eating.
Herma[13] Cross section of Herma, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1977-093).jpg Germany W 84, H 71, We 250. Stalk 20 - 25 mm. Pick October, Use December - March. Cooking, Eating
Herrings Pippin[26][15] Lincolnshire, England 1908 Large round conical, rather ribbed, greenish yellow with red flush and stripes. Flesh pale yellow with spicy aromatic flavour. H 68-76, W 83. Stalk 5 - 10 mm. Pick early September Use September - November. Eating, Cooking.
Herrnhut(syn. Schöner von Herrnhut)[10][13] Apfelgalerie Schöner-von-Herrnhut.jpg Saxonia Germany 1880 A greenish yellow apple with red flush. W 64, H 58, We 95. Stalk 15 - 25 mm. Pick September. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating
Herzogin Olga[21] Herzogin Olga jm55251.jpg Germany <1860 W 72-80, H 61-65. Stalk 27 mm. Pick late August. Use September. Cooking (Eating)
Heusgen´s Golden Reinette(syn. Peter Heusgen´s Gold-Reinette)[7] Germany 1877 A yellow apple with red flush. W 70, H 60. Stalk medium. Flesh yellow, crisp, subacid. Pick Early October. Use December - March. Eating, Cooking
Heyer 12[5] Saskatchewan, Canada Introduced c1940 A greenish yellow apple. Very cold-tolerant. Flesh juicy, acid. Use mid August - October. Eating
Hiester(syn. Heaster, Heister)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000371.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1875 Flesh white, crisp, juicy, subacid, good. Tree vigorous, productive. Use November - March. Eating
Higby Sweet(syn. Lady Blush)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000542.jpg US <1875 W74, H 62. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh white, tender, juicy, sweet, very good to best. Tree early and good bearer. Use November - January. Eating
Hightop Sweet[69][70] Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA >1640 Frog green-yellow skin with an occasional pink blush. Ribbed. May have some tiny white spots on the skin. Eating, cooking
High View Pippin Surrey, England 1911 Small to medium sized apple for use November to March. Award of Merit from RHS in 1928. Eating
Himmelstalund[12] Himmelstalund Apple.jpg Sweden <1870 W 75, H 58. Flesh juicy, aromatic. Use October - November. Eating
Histon Favourite[7] Cambridgeshire, England <1883 W 77, H 68. Stalk variable. Flesh soft, juicy, sweet. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking
Hoary Morning[7] Somerset ? England <1819 Yellow with red stripes. Flesh, white, dry. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Holiday[71] Ohio, US Introduced 1964 P Macoun x Jonathan. Pick October 10 (in Ohio). Eating, Cooking, Baking
Hog Island Sweet[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000379.jpg N.Y. US <1857 Flesh yellow, juicy, crisp, tender, aromatic, very sweet, good to very good. Stalk short. Use September - October. Eating
Holland Pippin(syn. Summer Pippin, Pie Apple)[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000382.jpg Ontario, Canada ? <1820 W 77, H 58. Stalk 17 mm. Seeds sometimes imperfect. Flavor not agreeable for eating. One of the very best kitchen apples. Use October - December. Cooking, Pie
Holstein[15] Malus-Holsteiner-Cox.jpg Germany 1918 An apple with a Cox-like flavour. W 67-73, H 67. Stalk 9-15 mm. Flesh crisp, juicy. Pick late September. Use November - January. Eating
Honeycrisp Honeycrisp-Apple.jpg Minnesota, US 1960 Has excellent eating and keeping qualities. Mottled red and yellow colour. Very crisp white flesh is slightly tart with a strong honey-like sweetness. Quality varies from apple to apple. Developed by the University of Minnesota and best suited to cool climates. P Haralson x Keepsake. Eating
Honeygold Cross section of Honeygold (MM106), National Fruit Collection (acc. 1976-002).jpg Minnesota, US 1969 Sweet tasting fruit. Tree has very showy, light pink blossoms in spring. Eating
Hoover(syn. Wattaugah)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000232.jpg South Carolina, US <1850 W 79 H 63. Stalk 29 mm. Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy, subacid. Use November- February. Eating
Horace[5] Ontario, Canada selected 1912 P Langford Beauty x unknown. A medium size highly colored, striped apple. Most nearly resembles Fameuse. Use September - November.
Hormead Pearmain[26] Hertfordshire, England <1826 Medium conical, greenish yellow with ligt brown flush. Flesh crisp, very juicy and pleasant. H 64, W 73. Use December - May. Cooking
Horse(syn. Haas, Yellow Hoss)[3][4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002460.jpg North Carolina, US <1850 W 81-83, H 71-72. Stalk 21-22 mm. Flesh yellow, tender, pleasant, subacid. Use last of July and first of August. Cooking, Drying
Houblon[7] Berkshire England <1901 P Peasgood Nonsuch x Cox Orange. W 71, H 60. Stalk long. Raised by Charles Ross. Award of Merit from RHS in 1901. Pick late September. Use October - January. Eating
Howgate Wonder agm[72][15] Isle of Wight, England 1960 Makes a lot of juice. W 86, H 72. Flesh creamy-white, firm. Pick early October. Use October to March. Cooking
Hubbard´s Pearmain[6] Norfolk, England <1800 One of the richest flavoured dessert apples. Use: November to April. H 57, W 62. Eating
Hubbardston Nonsuch(syn. John May, Hubbardston, Old Town Pippin)[36][4][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000400.jpg Mass. US <1860 W 78-86, H 70-77. Stalk 17-28 mm. Flesh yellow juicy. Use October - January. Eating
Humboldt[5] California, US Introduced 1944 P Transcedent x unknown.
Hunt´s Duke of Gloucester[6] Gloucestershire, England c1820 A desert apple of first rate quality, in use from December to February Eating
Idagold[5] Idaho, US Introduced 1944 P Esopus Spitzenburg x Wagener. Eating
Idajon[5] Idaho, US Introduced 1949 P Wagener x Jonathan. Ripens 10 days before Jonathan. Eating
Idared agm[73][13][15] Malus-Idared.jpg Moscow, Idaho, US Selected 1935, Introduced 1942 A medium-sized deep red apple. Crisp white flesh is tart and juicy, and can be somewhat bland if eaten out of hand, however, Idared is an exceptional cooking apple. Flesh keeps is shape, and the flavour becomes much stronger with cooking. An excellent keeping apple, Idared remains hardy and durable in proper storage for as long as 8 months. Idared is a cross between Jonathan and Wagener developed at the University of Idaho.W 65-90, H 50-75, We 150-180. Stalk 18-30mm. Prone to canker, scab, very prone to mildew. Pick end of October. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating
Imperatriz[8] Brazil Introduced 1997 P Gala x Mollie´s Delicious. Flesh sweet, subacid. Eating
Improved Blaxtayman 201.[5] Washington, US Introduced 1944 Mutation of Stayman Winesap
Ingol[56] Malus-Ingol.jpg Germany 1954 A red apple. We 184. Pick late September. Use October - January. Eating
Ingrid Marie[13][12] Ingrid Marie (apple).jpg Denmark 1910 A medium size (90-180 gram) red apple. W 75, H 55. We 90-180. Stalk 12 - 25 mm. P Cox Orange x Cox Pomona. Picking September. Use November–February. The most popular eating apple in Sweden. Eating
Irish Peach[11][15] Kilkenny, Ireland 19th century Excellent for baking. Early harvest. H 48-55, W 61-65. Stalk 15 mm. More difficult to find within land of origin due to primary use for export to UK. Hardy, tastes very good straight off tree. Pick late August. Use August - September. Cooking, Eating
Jakob Fischer[56] Germany 1903 A yellow apple with red flush. Pick September. Use September - October. Eating
Jakob Lebel(syn. Jacques Lebel)[13][11] Malus-Jakob-Lebel.jpg Amiens, France 1825 A very large apple W 82 - 94, H 63 - 73. We 185. Stalk 10 - 25 mm. Pick September - October. Use October - December. Cooking
James Grieve agm[74][11][13][15] James Grieve jm55270.jpg Edinburgh, Scotland 1893 Good taste, but poor keeper (bruises easily). H 60-65, W 70-80. We 140. Stalk 15-33 mm. AM from RHS in 1897. FCC from RHS in 1906. Prone to scab, canker, resistant to mildew. Pick early September. Use September - October. Cooking, Eating
Jaspi[19] Finland Introduced 1980 A red apple. P Lobo x Huvitus. Flesh sweet, subacid, aromatic, good. Pick September. Use September - October. Eating
Jazz (Scifresh) Jazz apples.jpg New Zealand 2007 (launched) Bright red round apple with subtle yellow under-striping. Tart to sweet, dense and very crunchy with effervescent texture. From sweet Royal Gala × firm, tart Braeburn. Widely sold commercially in the UK. Eating
Jefferies[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000425.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1849 W 73, H 53. Stalk medium to long. Flesh Yellow, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use August - October. Eating
Jersey Sweet[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002543.jpg US <1820 W 90, H 67. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, aromatic, very sweet. Use August - October. Baking
John Standish[7][15] Berkshire, England Raised 1873, Introduced 1921. Yellow-white flat-round apple, 50-75% flushed.W 63, H 54-57. Stalk 15-23 mm. AM from RHS in 1922. Pick mid October. Use December - February. Eating
Jonagold agm[75][13][8] Malus-Jonagold.jpg Geneva, New York, US 1968 P Golden Delicious x Jonathan. Popular in Europe and land of origin. W 60-90, H 60-85. We 150 - 200. Stalk 15 - 35 mm. Several highly coloured strains are available. Widely sold commercially in the United Kingdom. Pick October. Use October - March. Eating, Cooking
Jonamac[8] Geneva, New York, US 1972 P McIntosh x Jonathan. Eating
Jonared[5] Washington, US Discovered 1930. Introduced 1934 Mutation of Jonathan.
Jonathan[15][11] Malus-Jonathan.jpg New York 1820s Tart taste. Mostly red apple with patches of lime green. W 67, H 58-61. We 95 -110. Stalk 8 - 18 mm. Does well in cooler areas; some frost resistance. Pick early October. Use November - April. Cooking (Pie), Eating
Jonagrimes[5] Indiana, US Introduced 1920´s. P unknown. A yellow apple streaked with red. Ripens two weeks ahead of Jonathan. Eating, Cooking
Jonwin[5] California, US Introduced 1944 P Jonathan x Baldwin. Ripens same as Jonathan.
Joybells[7] Surrey, England 1914 Pale yellow, 25-75% flushed red. Flesh crisp, juicy and sweet, with pleasant flavour. AGM from RHS in 1922. H 63, W 77. Stalk variable. Pick late September. Use October - March. Eating
Julita Gylling[14] Julita Gylling Äpple.jpg Sweden ? Yellow with red flush. W 69, H 61. Stalk 10 - 30 mm. Pick September. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating
B.C. Canada Introduced 1939 P McIntosh x Grimes Golden. Flesh cream-colored, firm, crisp, juicy.Matures 3 weeks later than McIntosh. Use until February.
Junaluska North Carolina, US c. 1815 Once thought to be extinct but rediscovered in 2001 in rural North Carolina. Native American origin. Named for Cherokee chief Junaluska, leader in Battle of Horseshoe Bend, believed to have planted original tree. Extremely russeted and ugly apple but very hardy tree with superior taste to commercial varieties. Cooking, Cider, Eating
Junami Junami.jpg Switzerland c. 2010 A cross between Idared and Maigold with Elstar. Beautifully round, fresh and fruity taste with a crunchy bite. Cooking, Eating
June Wealthy[5] Ohio, US Introduced 1947 P Wealthy x unknown. A dark red apple. Ripens with Yellow Transparent.
Juno[13] Germany W 79, H 62, We 190. Stalk 15 - 22 mm. Flesh, juicy, aromatic, subacid. Pick October. Use January - May. Eating, Cooking, Juice
Junost[19] Russia 1938 A yellow apple. P Gulkanel x Transparante Blanche. Flesh juicy, sweet, good. Pick September. Eating, Cooking
Jupiter agm[76] Malus-Jupiter.jpg North Carolina, US c. 1815[citation needed] A large, round, slightly conic apple. W 64, H 58. Light yellow-green skin with a red-orange blush and stripes. Strong apple flavour is well-balanced between sweet and sharp. Cross of Cox's Orange Pippin and Starking Delicious (a sport of Red Delicious), apple retains Cox's flavour, but tree is easier to grow. Eating
Kaiser Wilhelm[13] Malus Kaiser Wilhelm 4409.jpg Germany 1864 A large apple(170 gram), Harberts Reinette x unknown. Use November–March. Eating, Cooking
Kalmar Glasäpple[11] Kalmar glasäpple.jpg Sweden 18th century[77] The body is light yellow, and the taste is a mix of acidity and sweetness. H 65, W 78. Stalk 8 - 15mm. Harvesting may begin in early October and it is typically fully ripe in early December. Cooking, Eating
Kanzi (Nicoter) Kanzi.png Belgium 1991 Gala × Braeburn. Crunchy, juicy, sweet, slightly tangier than Gala. Eating
Kardinal Bea[56] Malus Kardinal Bea 4405.jpg Germany 1930 A German cider apple. Sugar-acid-ratio 15:1. Pick October. Use October - February. Cider
Karmijn de Sonnaville Malus - Karmijn de Sonnaville.JPG Wageningen, Netherlands 1949 Yellow ground colour when ripe, with red flush, and russet depending on the season. Large apple, though shape can be irregular. Cooking (Apple Juice), Eating
Katy (apple)(syn. Katja)[15] Katja (apple).jpg Sweden 1947 Early eating apple with red skin and pale cream flesh. W 66, H 60. Stalk 21 mm. Well suited to Northern European climate. Pick early September. Use September - early October. Eating
Kavlås[12][11] Kavlås.jpg Sweden <1820 W 80-87, H 70-79. Stalk 20- 30 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid, good. Pick early October. Use October - December. Eating
Kendall[5] Geneva, New York Introduced 1932 Large, dark red. P McIntosh x Zusoff Eating
Kent see Malling Kent
Kentucky Long Stem[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002033.jpg Kentucky, US <1850 Flesh greenish white, sweet, subacid. Use December - March. Eating
Kerry Pippin[7] County Antrim, Ireland c. 1805 Pale to golden yellow flesh. Delightful spicy taste. Well suited to Ireland's moist, cool climate. W 54, H 54. Stalk short - medium. Pick late August. Use August - September. Eating
Keswick Codlin[15] England Introduced 1790 A yellow apple. W 74, H 67. Stalk 9 mm. Flesh yellowish white, soft, acid. Pick late August. Use September - October. Cooking
Kidd's Orange Red agm[78] New Zealand 1924 Cox's Orange Pippin × Delicious. Yellow skin with orange red flush. W 67, H 64. Chewy rather than crunchy. Eating
Kim[12] Kim Apple.jpg Sweden 1955 Yellow apple with red overcolour. W 71, H 66. P Cortland x Ingrid Marie. Pick October. Use December - March. Eating, Cooking
King Georg V[7] Isle of Wight, England 1898 P Cox Orange x unknown. W 69, H 60. Stalk variable. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, subacid with pineapple flavour. Pick mid October. Use November - March. Eating
King of the Pippins(syn.Reine des Reinettes or Golden Winter Pearmain)agm[79][13] Cross section of King of the Pippins, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1972-030).jpg France <1800 Suitable for more northerly (southerly in the Southern Hemisphere) areas with higher rainfall. W 67, H 57-6, We 110. Stalk 10 - 20 mm. Pick September - October. Use October - February. Eating, cooking
King of Tomkins County(syn. King Apple, Toms Red, Tommy Red)[3][4] 008king.jpg N.J. US W 74-87, H 60-70. Stalk 19-22 mm. Flesh juicy, tender, vinous, aromatic. Triploid. Use December - March. Eating
King Russet agm[80] United Kingdom Russetted form of 'King of the Pippins' Eating
King´s Acre Pippin[7][15] England 1897 P Sturmer Pippin x Ribston. W 73 - 82, H 67-72. AM from RHS in 1897. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh white, juicy, aromatic. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Kingston Black agm[81] Kingston-Black.jpg Small yellow fruits, heavily flushed with deep red. Does not bear or store well. Fruits November Cider
Klockhammarsäpple[12] Sweden <1860 A small yellow apple with red stripes. H 54, W 62. Eating, Cooking
Knobby Russet (syn. Knobbed Russet; Old Maid´s ;Winter Apple)[6] Knobby Russet (5207258663).jpg Sussex, England 1819 Green and yellow, with rough and black russet. Unusually irregular, warty and knobbly surface. In use from December to March. Cider, Eating
Konfetnoje(syn. Konfetnaja)[19] Russia ? A yellow apple with some red stripes. P Papirova x Korobovka. Flesh pear like aroma. Pick mid - late August. Eating
Konsta[19] Finland Introduced 1997 A red apple. P Lobo x Antonovka. Flesh white, subacid, aromatic. Pick mid October. Eating, Cooking
Koritschnevoje Ananásnoje[19] Russia <1840 Medium size round, green with yellow stripes. Pick September, Use September. Cooking, Eating
Koru Nelson, South Island, New Zealand 1998 Red and yellow, with yellow spots. Usually regular, with smooth surface. This is a "found" cross between Fuji and Braeburn, from a garden where some rotten Fuji apples had been thrown. Said to have balanced tartness & sweetness, said to have flavors of orange, vanilla, honey, & spice (whatever "spice" means). Cider, Cooking Eating
Kosztela Poland 16th century Eating
Lacker[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002451.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1800 Flesh white, juicy, siubavid, aromatic. Use January - March Eating
Lady Alice Lady Alice apple from supermarket in Seattle.jpg Washington, US 1979 Medium-sized, roundish oblate with thin yellow-green skin with an orange blush and bright red stripes. Crisp yellowish-white flesh is sweet with hints of honey and almond. Don Emmons purchased a neglected orchard of Red Delicious near Gleed, Washington, in 1978. While cultivating between trees, a disc from the plow hit the base of a tree. The injury caused a new shoot to grow from the rootstock (likely a seedling grown from a pip). The shoot was allowed to grow and bear fruit which Mr. Emmons named for his mother, Alice.[82]
Lady Henniker[15] England 1840-1850 Large, oblong, ribbed. Flesh: Sweet and spicy, firm, rather cooarse textured. H 70, W 73. Eating, Cooking
Lady´s Sweet(syn. Pommeroy, Roa Yon)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000549.jpg US <1860 Yellowish-green with red flush. W 80, H 70. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh juicy with a delicious perfumed flavor. Use December - May. Eating
Lady Sudely[7][15] Pomological Watercolor POM00000545.jpg Sussex, England 1849 A golden yellow apple with 50-100% red flush. W 67-74, H 57-67. Stalk 5-10mm. Flesh: Creamy white, juicy and subacid. Pick mid August. Use August - September Eating
Lakeland[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1950 A red apple. P Malinda x Unknown. Eating
Lancaster Greening(syn. Lancaster Pippin)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000230.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1870 A green apple with russet. Flesh yellow, juicy, pleasant, subacid. Use December - May. Eating
Landsberger Reinette[6][13] Landsberger Reinette.jpg Gorzow Wielkopolski, Poland 1840 An excellent apple for eating or cooking. Use from October to December. W 87, H 78, We 130. Cooking, Eating
Lane's Prince Albert[7][11][13]agm[83][15] Lane's Prince Albert.jpg England 1841 Green with orange blush. Makes a good apple crumble for Christmas: peak ripening happens in winter. W 65-85, H 60-70, We 115-200. Stalk 10-20mm. Resistant to scab, very prone to mildew, prone to canker. P Russet Nonpareil x Dumelow´s Seedling. Pick early October. Use December - March. Cooking
Langeland[11] Denmark <1800 H 80, W 64. Prone to canker. Eating
Langley Pippin[26] Buckinghamshire, England Medium , tall, conical, brightly striped red. Flesh soft and well flavoured. Use August. Eating
Lansingburgh.[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002514.jpg Ohio ? US <1810 Flesh firm, subacid. Use November - May. Cooking, Eating
Large Bough see see Sweet Bough
Late Strawberry(syn. Autumn Strawberry)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002605.jpg Aurora, N.Y. US <1848 Whitish with red flush. W 79, H 63. Stalk 24 mm. Flesh juicy, vinous, subacid. Use October - December. Eating
Lawver[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002524.jpg Kansas ? US <1850 W 61, H 46. Stalk 15 mm. Biennial. Flesh white, firm, crisp, aromatic, subacid. Stalk medium. Use January - May. Eating
Laxton´s Advance see Advance
Laxton´s Early Crimson[26][15] Bedfordshire, England Raised 1908. Introduced 1931. H 51-63, W 51-67. Stalk 17 - 21 mm. A green apple flushed with brownish purple. Flesh very sweet, little acidity. P Worcester Pearmain x Gladstone [es]. Pick Early August. Use August. Eating
Laxton's Epicure agm[84][15] Bedfordshire, United Kingdom 1909 Aromatic sweet fruit, tendency to biennial habit, bruises easily. H 49-54, W 58-63. Stalk 30-35 mm. Yellow flesh with streaks of red and orange. Pick late August. Use August - September. Eating
Laxton´s Exquisite see Exquisite
Laxton´s Favourite[26] Bedfordshire, England Raised 1925, Introduced 1951. Sweet crisp, juicy flesh.A yellow apple totally flushed and steaked with orange red. Pick late August. Use September - October. Eating
Laxton's Fortune see 'Fortune'
Laxton´s Herald[27] Bedfordshire, England 1906 Yellow skinned flushed almost completely with red stripes. Pick late August. Use September. Eating
Laxton´s Imperial[85] England 1926 Yellow with red flush. P Cox Orange x Allington. Eating
Laxton´s Leader[85] Bedfordshire, England 1905 A small apple. H 46, W 57. P Gladstone x Worcester Pearmain. Pick August. Use August. Eating
Laxton´s Pearmain[85] Bedfordshire, England 1897 Cellini x Cox Orange Pippin. H 54, W 67.Raised by Laxton brothers. Eating
Laxton´s Peerless[27] Bedfordshire, England 1900 A large yellow skinned apple with scattered russet. H 72, W 86. Flesh crisp, acid. Pick mid. September. Use September - November. Eating
Laxton´s Pioneer[27] Bedfordshire, England 1934 Large yellow apple almost completely covered with ared flush and stripes. H 67, W 82. Pick late September. Use October - November. Eating
Laxton´s Royalty[86] Bedfordshire, England Raised 1908, Introduced 1932. Yellow with red flush. H 50, W 63. Cox like aroma. Flesh sweet and juicy. P Cox Orange x Court Pendu Plat. Eating
Laxton's Superb[13] Cross section of a Red Laxton's Superb apple. Bedfordshire, England 1897 P: Cellini × Cox's Orange Pippin. Classic old Victorian, British apple. Green with dull red flush. Firm texture, but not very good juice producer. Prone to scab. Biennial. W 65, H 55, We 105. Stalk 10 - 30 mm. Pick October. Use October - March. Eating
Laxton´s Triumph[85] Bedfordshire, England Raised 1902. Introduced 1930. Yellow with red flush. H 48, W 60. P King of the Pippins x Cox Orange. Flesh aromatic, sharp. Pick October. Use November - January. Eating
Laxton´s Victory[27] Bedfordshire, England 1926 A yellow apple with brown flush. H 56, W 64. Flesh sweet and aromatic. Pick early September. Use September - October. Eating
Lemon Pippin[6] England or France <1744 A medium sized apple. Flesh: firm, crisp, and briskly flavoured. A small tree. Cooking, Eating
Lewis Incomparable[7] England <1800 Greenish yellow with(25-75%) orange-red flush. W 80, H 73. Stalk short. Flesh greenish-white, dry, subacid. Pick early October. Use December - February. Cooking, Eating, Pie
Liberty Яблоня сорта Либерти.jpg New York 1978 Very disease-resistant. Very similar appearance to McIntosh, relatively short storage life in air. Eating
Limbertwig[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001949.jpg US <1800 W 78, H 65. Stalk 8 mm. Flesh subacid, rich, aromatic. Use March - April. Cooking, Eating.
Limelight Kent, England 2000 Greensleeves type; abundant cropping and a compact tree. A pale green apple with a smooth finish and occasional pink blush. Crisp flesh and disease resistant tree. Eating
Linsenhofener Renette[56] Germany A green apple with red flush. Flesh juicy, subacid. Pick October. Use November - January. Cooking
Liveland Raspberry apple Pomological Watercolor POM00002745.jpg Livland Governorate before 1870
(documented)
Eating
Lobo[12] Lobo.2008-12-17.jpg Ottawa, Canada 1897.Selected 1906. Introduced 1930 A McIntosh-style apple. P McIntosh x unknown. Yellow with red overclour. W 73, H 67. Pick October. Use October - March. Eating
Loddington[7] Kent, England c1820 FCC from RHS in 1877. W 89, H 79. Stalk short. Flesh, soft, juicy, subacid. Pick late September. Use October - December. Cooking
Lodgemore Nonpareil (syn. Clissold´s Seedling)[6] Gloucestershire, England 1808 This is a dessert apple of great excellence, in Use from February to May. Eating
Lodi[7] Pomological Watercolor POM00002720.jpg Ohio, US 1911 Itroduced 1924 Fruit pale yellow flushed with deeper yellow. P Montgomery x Yellow Transparent. H 70, W 70. Resistant to scab. Tangy taste. Use July -August. Eating
London Pippin[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 023.jpg England 1580 Yellow with red flush. W 74, H 53-55. Stalk 15mm. Pick October. Use January - March. Cooking, Eating, Cider
London Sweet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002726.jpg Dayton, Ohio, US <1860 A yellow apple. Stalk short. Flesh whitish, juicy, tender, sweet, aromatic, good to very good. Tree vigorous, productive. Use November - February. Eating
Longfield, [17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002729.jpg Russia <1870 W 83, H 75. Stalk 22 mm. Flesh, greenish, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic, good to very good.

Use September - October.

Eating
Long Island Russet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002732.jpg Long Island, US <1820 Flesh yellowish, dry, sweet. Use October - February Cider
Longstart[42] England 1851 A very excellent culinary apple. H 44, W 51. Stalk 25 mm. Use October - December. Cooking
Lord Burghley[6][49][15] England Raised 1834, Introduced 1865 Small yellow with brown crimson flush, flesh soft, highly aromatic. W 57-67, H 44-61. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. An excellent winter dessert apple. Tree small. Pick mid October. Use Jan-April. Eating
Lord Derby[7][15] Cheshire, England 1862 Yellowish green apple. W 83, H 70. Stalk 5 - 6 mm. Strong ribbing. Acid flavour, likes cooler weather. Pick late September. Use November - December. Subjet to brown rot. Cooking
Lord Grosvenor[26][7][15] England 1872 Large conical, pale creamy yellow, cooks to a white froth. Enormous cropper, must be thinned. H 64-82, W 74-88. Stalk 25-28 mm. Pick mid August. Use August - September. Cooking
Lord Hindlip[7][15] Worcestershire, England <1896 Late, high-quality dessert apple for use in December to March. W 64-73, H 73-77. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1898. Pick early-mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Lord Lambourne agm[87][15] Lord lambourne apple.jpg England 1907 James Grieve apple × Worcester Pearmain. Round shape. Orange flush with hint of russet. W 64, H 51. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. Strong acid flavour. Good for domestic cultivation. Award of Merit from RHS in 1923. Pick late September. Use September - November. Eating
Lord Raglan[42] England ? An excellent cooking apple. Yellow with red flush. Use March - April. Cooking.
Lord Suffield[7][21] Middleton, England c.1836 A very large cooking apple for use in August–September. W 76-83, H 75. Stalk short - medium. Green apple, no flush. This variety is often subject to canker and rotting on the tree. Pick mid August. Use Aug. - Sep. Cooking
Loudon Pippin[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002740.jpg Va. US <1870 A large oblate apple., yellow with red flush. Stalk short. Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy, subacid, good to very good.. Use December - February. Eating
Lowell[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002744.jpg US <1848 W 83, H 75. Stalk 22 mm.Flesh greenish-yellow, juicy, subacid, aromatic, good to very good. Use August - September. Eating, Cooking, Drying
Lucombe´s Seedling[42] Exeter, England 1831 A culinary apple of first rate quality. H 69, W 88. Stalk short and thick. Flesh white, juicy, pleasantly flovoured. Use October - January. Cooking
Luiken[56] Malus-Luikenapfel.jpg Germany or France <1900 A yellow apple with red flush. Pick September. Use September - November Cooking
Luisenapfel(syn. Prinzessin Luise)[13] Canada 1860 W 70, H 66, We 110-200. Stalk 15 - 22 mm. Pick October. Use October - January. Cooking, Eating
Lundbytorp[33] Denmark c1900 A green apple with red overcolour. H 68, W 74. Eating
Lunow[13] Germany 1920 Green apple with red flush. H 58, W 70, We 115. Picking October. Use January - April. Biennal Cooking
Luxemburger Reinette(syn. Reinette des Vergers)[21] Malus Luxemburger Renette 4393.jpg ? <1850 A green apple with red flush. W 71 H 55. Stalk 12 mm. Use February - July. Eating, Cooking
Maayan[8] Israel Introduced 1967 P (Calville St. Sauver x Damascus) x Delicious. Flesh juicy, sweet, acid. Eating
Mabbott´s Pearmain[42] Maidstone, England 1883 Yellow with red flush. H 56, W 56. Stalk very slender. Flesh juicy, sweet , highly flavoured. Use October - December. Eating
Maclean´s Favourite[42] Colchester, England 1820 A very excellent dessert apple. H 49, W 62. Pick early October. Use October - January.
Macoun[13] Pomological Watercolor POM00001826.jpg Geneva, New York 1909/1923 Cold-tolerant. Crunchy. P McIntosh x Jersey Black. Does very well in salads. W 71, H61, We 100-160. Stalk 10-15mm Eating
Madresfield Court[7] England <1915 AM from RHS in 1915. Tree is a shy cropper. W 80, H 81. Stalk medium. Flesh greenish-white, juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating
Maglemer[11] Maglemer (apple).jpg Lolland, Denmark <1800 Yellow with red stripes. W 62, H 58. Pick late September. Use November - January. Eating
Magog[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000234.jpg Vermont US <1876 W 80, H 75. Stalk 19 mm. Flesh firm, juicy, aromatic, subacid, good. Use October - January. Eating
Maiden's Blush[29][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000239.jpg Burlington, New Jersey, US <1817 W 86, H 69. Stalk 19 mm. A thin-skinned, flattened apple. Pale yellow-green skin has a telltale crimson blush on the side that faced the sun. White flesh is crisp with a sharp flavour that mellows with storage. Heavy annual bearer. Good cooker. Excellent variety for drying because the flesh remains white and bright.Use September - November. Cooking, (Eating)
Maidstone Favourite[26] Kent, England <1913 Flat, even, most delightfully striped with carmine. Flesh crisp, sweet and aromatic. H 48, W 54. AGM from RHS in 1913. Eating
Maikki[19] Finland Introduced 1980 A red apple. P Melba x Huvitus. Flesh white, sweet, subacid, aromatic. Pick late august. Eating
Make[19] Finland Introduced 1980 A yellow apple with red flush. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid. P Atlas x Gul Höstkalville. Pick mid September. Eating
Malinda Pomological Watercolor POM00000244.jpg Vermont, US 1860 Small, conical with sheep's nose; deep, rich yellow with red spots possible. Dry, dense, substantive flesh; mild, pear-like flavour. Tree good in climates with heavy snowfall. Cooking, Eating
Malling Kent[15] Kent, England Raised 1949, Introduced 1974 Parentage Cox´s Orange x Jonathan. Size H 58-67, W 64-67. Good keeping properties. Eating
Malmbergs Gylling[12] Malmbergs gylling.jpg Sweden <1900 W 75, H 58. Stalk short to medium. Flesh juicy, subacid, fair to good. Pick September. Use October - November. Cooking
Mangum[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001526.jpg Southern US <1850 Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, subacid. Use October - November. Eating
Manitoba[5] Manitoba, Canada Introduced 1931 A yellow apple. P Duchess of Oldenburg x unknown. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, sicy flavor, subacid. Use November - February. Eating
Manitoba Spy[5] Manitoba, Canada Introduced 1931 Large red. P Patten Greening x unknown. Use November - February Cooking
Manks Codlin[11] Malus domestica Manks Codlin Locatie De Kruidhof.JPG Isle of Man 1815 (First fruited) Pale yellow medium-sized fruit with occasional flush of red. H 50, W 55. Stalk 15 mm. Hardy. Heavy producing. Use November - December. Cooking
Mann[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000250.jpg New York, US <1872 W 84, H 65. Stalk 19 mm. Biennial. Flesh yellowish, juicy, crisp, subacid, fair to good. Use December - April. Eating
Mannington´s Pearmain[49] Sussex, England 1770 Flesh yellow soft juicy. Old dessert apple, of no great merit. W 67-69 H 58-66. Stem long. Pick early October. Use November - March. Eating, Cooking
Mantet[12] Mantet Apple.jpg Manitoba, Canada Selected 1928. Introduced 1929 Yellow apple with orange overcolour. P Tetofsky x unknown. H 75, W 75. Pick August. Use August. Does not do well in warm climates. Eating
Margaret Pratt[5] Ontario, Canada Introduced 1938 Resembles Red Astrakan. P unknown. Cooking
Margil[15] Pomological Watercolor POM00000475.jpg London ? 1750s Highly flavoured apple held in very high esteem by connoisseurs. H 51-60 W 54-66. Stalk 13 - 18 mm. Slightly conical in shape, dull green skin with an orange-red blush, some russeting. The yellow flesh is firm, crisp, sugary, and as pomologist Robert Hogg said, "with a powerful and delicious aromatic flavour." The very small tree is weak and slender and bears light crops. Because it flowers early, it is susceptible to frost damage. Pick October. It keeps well. Introduced to Brompton Park Nursery from Versailles by Henry Wise in the early 18th century. Pick early October. Use October - January. Eating
Martin 1.(syn. McLellan)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000443.jpg Conn. US <1870 Yellow with red flush. W 73, H 56. Stalk 16 mm. Bienniel. Flesh, white, juicy, vinous, sweet, very good. Use December - March. Eating
Martin 2.[5] Louisiana Introduced 1943 Yellow with red flush. P unknown Eating
Mattamusket[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002787.jpg North Carolina US <1870 Flesh whitish yellow, crisp, subacid, good. Tree vigorous, productive. Use December - March. Eating
Mauss Reinette(syn. Love Beauty, Reinette de Multhaupt, Svanetorpsäpple)[11] Svanetorpsäpple H Sjöberg.jpg Germany <1874 A yellow apple with red flush. W 62, H 52. Flesh juicy, subacid. Pick October. Use November - December. Eating
May Queen[26] Queen (apple).jpg Worcester, England 1800s Large, oblate, often russetted yellow apple with bright red blush and stripes. Crisp, greenish-yellow flesh, rich, nutty flavour. Similar texture to Ribston Pippin, and in a good year, its equal in flavour. In bad years it can be rather dry and harsh. Excellent keeper. Heavy annual bearer. AGM from RHS in 1892 H 51, W 62. Use January - May. Eating
McAfee(syn. McAfee Nonsuch, McAfee Red)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002827.jpg Kentucky, US <1870 Once thought to be gone forever, rediscovered in 2018 in Idaho.[88] Flesh whitish, crisp, subacid, good to very good. Stalk short. Tree very prolific and will produce huge crops of apples when mature. Use December - March. Eating
McIntosh[60] Apples on tree 2011 G1 cropped.jpg Ontario, Canada 1811 A popular, cold-tolerant eating apple in North America. Cooking (applesauce), Eating, Pies
Mc Intosh Rogers(syn. Red McIntosh)[56][15] New York, US 1930. Introduced 1932 A red mutant of McIntosh. W 70, H 67. Stalk 10 - 20 mm. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating.
McLellan see Martin 1.
Mc Mahon[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002862.jpg Wis. US c1860 W 94, H 76,. Stalk 29 mm. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, fair to good. Use October - January. Eating
Mecklemburger Königsapfel(syn. Roter Brasil)[11] Pom.Mon.Hefte 1867 Meklenburger Königsapfel.jpg Germany 1773 W 65 H 60. Pick October. Use December - March Cooking, Eating
Medina[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002867.jpg Geneva, New York Introduced 1922 P Deacon Jones x Delicious. Eating
Mela Carlo(syn. Mela Carla, Male Carle)[6] Italy <1817 A dessert apple of the most exquisite flavour. H 68, W 68. Flesh is as melting as that of the Doyenné pear. Pick October. Use December - March. Eating
Melba[12] Pomological Watercolor POM00002873.jpg Ottawa, Canada Raised 1898, Introduced 1909 Green apple with red overcolour. W 73, H 61. Eating
Melon American[6][17] Melon (apple).jpg Connecticut 1800 A first rate dessert apple. W 68-86, H 61-70. Stalk 18-39 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet and vinous. Use December. Eating
Melon German(syn. Melonenapfel, Flaschapfel, Nonnetitte, Prinzenapfel, Pomme de Prince)[11] Melonäpple H Sjöberg.jpg Germany <1788 An oblong apple. Flesh subacid with a pleasant aroma. W 69, H 79. Stalk 12–25 mm. Pick October. Use December - March. Eating
Melrose 1. (syn. White Melrose)[6] Scotland <1800 H 76, W 82. Flesh marrow like, with a sweet and sub-acid flavour. Use October - January. Eating, Cooking
Melrose 2.[5][8] Melrose-Apfel.jpg Ohio, US Selected 1937. Introduced 1944 P Jonathan x Delicious. Flavour improves in storage. Coarse flesh. Biennial. Pick October. Use December - April. Eating
Mere de Menage (syn. Bellefleur de France)[11][15] Husmoder.jpg France or Ukraine <1800 Large flat-round apple. H 67, W 77-86. Stalk: Very stout(4-5mm) and short(10-15mm). Cooking
Merton Beauty[15] England 1932, Introduced 1962 W 56-63, H 45-51. Stalk 20-27 mm. P Ellisons Orange x Cox Orange. A greenish-yellow apple flushed with red. Pick early September. Use September - October. Eating
Merton Charm[7][15] Surrey, England Released 1962 H 47-51, W 57. Stalk 10 - 15 mm. P McIntosh x Cox Orange. AM from RHS in 1960. Pick September. Semi-weeping habit, heavy crops of small fruit unless thinned. Pick mid September. Use September - October. Eating
Merton Delight[89] England Introduced 1953 P Cox Orange x Golden Russet. Flesh, tender, crisp sweet to subacid. Eating
Merton Joy[89] England 1946 W 63, H 51. P (Cox Orange x Sturmer Pippin) x Cox Orange. Flesh soft, sweet, aromatic. Eating
Merton Knave[15][89] England 1948 Greenish yellow with red flush. P Laxton´s Early Crimson x Epicure. W 55 - 70, H 48-62. Stalk 12 - 30 mm. Flesh faily juicy with strong aroma. Pick mid September. Use September. Eating
Merton Pippin[89] England Introduced 1948 A large apple. P Cox Orange x Sturmer Pippin. Flesh subacid. Eating
Merton Profilic[89] England 1914 W 61, H 50. Flesh sweet, subacid. P Northern Greening x Cox Orange. Eating
Merton Russet[89] England 1921 W 57, H 54. P Sturmer Pippin x Cox Orange. Flesh sweet, subacid. Eating
Merton Worcester[15] England 1956 W 58, H 55. Stalk 12 - 20 mm. P Cox's Orange Pippin × Worcester Pearmain. AM from RHS in 1950. Developed at John Innes Institute. Pick early September. Use September - October. Eating
Metzger[5] Seattle, Washington Selected 1938. Introduced 1948 P Delicious x Unknown. Pick early August. Eating
Mexico[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002451.jpg Connecticut, US <1850 Round medium size apple. Crimson red. Stalk long to medium. Flesh white, juicy, subacid. Use August - September. Eating
Michaelmas Red[7] England 1929 W 64, H 56. P McIntosh x Worcester Pearmain. Flesh soft, juicy, sweet, vinous. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Eating
Michal[8] Israel Introduced 1967 P (Calville St. Sauveur x Damascus) x Delicious. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid. Tree productive. Eating
Milam[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00001964.jpg US <1820 W 69, H 62. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh white, tender, crisp, juicy, subacid or sweet. Use December - January. Eating
Miller's Seedling[7][15] Berkshire, England 1848 Sweet apple. H 44-54, W 60-63. Stalk 18-26 mm. Flesh white, juicy, sweet. AM from RHS in 1906. Pick mid August. Use August - September. Tree prefers chalky soils. Eating
Millicent Barnes[7] Millicent Barnes jm55043.jpg Chester, England 1903 A yellow apple flushed with red. W 69, H 63. Flesh lacks flavour. Pick mid September. Use October - December.
Milton[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002634.jpg Geneva, New York Introduced 1923 P Yellow Transparent x McIntosh. Eating
Milwaukee[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002639.jpg Wis. US <1899 W 80, H 65. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh whitish, firm, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, fair to good. Use October - January. Cooking
Minister[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002643.jpg New England, US <1850 Tree healthy, vigorous, early bearer. Flesh, yellowish, juicy, acid. Use September - October. Cooking
Mio[12] Mio.jpg Sweden 1932 Yellow with red flush. W 62, H 53. P Worcester pearmain x Oranie. Pick September. Use September - October. Eating
Miss Phillimore[85] England Introduced 1900 P Gladstone x Lord Burghley. AM from RHS in 1899. Use October. Eating
Mollie's Delicious[8] New Jersey, US 1966 Conical shape, pinkish red colour. P (Golden Delicious x Edgewood) x (Gravenstein x Close). Flesh crisp, sweet, good. Lasts long in refrigeration. Good aftertaste. Eating
Monarch[15] Essex, England Raised 1888, Introduced 1918 Large round-conical apple. Flesh: Coarse-textured, juicy, tender sharp. Biennial tendency. H 58-70, W 73-80. Pick mid September. Use November - January. Cooking
Monmouth[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002411.jpg N.J. US <1848 W 78-85, H 65-68. Stalk 13-19 mm. Biennial. Flesh yellowish, firm, grisp, tender, juicy, aromatic, good to very good. Use December - March. Eating
Monroe[5] Geneva New York Introduced 1949 A red apple. P Jonathan x Rome Beauty. Eating
Moore Extra[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000347.jpg Ohio, US <1870 Flesh yellow, juicy, tender, subacid, very good. Stalk short. Tree vigorous, not an early bearer. Use December - March. Eating.
Moore´s Sweeting see Black Sweet
Morden 347[5] Manitoba, Canada Introduced 1941 P Martha x Dolgo. Flesh orange-yellow, firm, crisp, juicy. Tree hardy, vigorous. Pick late August. Eating, Cooking
Morden 352[5] Manitoba Canada Introduced 1945 P Dolgo x Haralson. Flesh white, firm, crisp, juicy, sweet, subacid. Tree very hardy. Pick late September. Eating, Cooking
Mother (American Mother) agm[90][15][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002700.jpg Massachusetts, US 1840 Medium-sized yellow apple with crimson stripes and darker red blush.H 60-80, W 64-77. Stalk 13 - 23 mm. White flesh is rich, sweet and juicy. The fruit has a balsamic aroma with a suggestion of vanilla. Cropping can be a bit irregular, if not completely biennial. A late flowering variety that avoids frost. Some resistance to scab. . Pick late September. Use October - November. Eating
Munson(syn. Meachem Sweet, Rag Apple)[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002930.jpg Massachusetts ? US <1849 W 68, H 55. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy, sweet, good to very good. Use late September - December. Eating
Munson Sweet(syn. Orange Sweet, Ray Apple, Meachem Sweet)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002759.jpg New England, US <1850 W 74, H 59. Stalk 18 mm. Tree vigorous, productive, a regular bearer. Flesh juicy, very sweet. Use September - February. Baking
Murray[56] Canada 1980
Muscadet de Dieppe Normandy, France c. 1750 Commonly used in making Calvados brandy. Yellowish green apple with red striping or reddish pink blush. Too tart to eat. Cider
Musch[56] Belgium 1872 Pick September. Use November - December. Eating
Muster[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002763.jpg Indianapolis, US <1850 Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use November - January. Cooking, Eating
Mutsu[15] Mutsu apple.jpg Aomori Prefecture, Japan 1930 Known as "Crispin" in the United Kingdom. W 73-77, H 70-73. Stalk 22-30 mm. P Golden Delicious × Indo. Pick mid October. Use December - February. Eating
My Jewel Watsonville, California c. 1940[91] Originated as a chance seedling, a cross between Winter Banana and Golden Delicious.[92] Yellow colour. October harvest. Still used in cider blends by Martinelli's)[93] Eating, Cooking, Cider
Nanny[6] Surrey, England 1842 A dessert apple of excellent quality. H 69, W 76. Pick September. Use October. Eating
Nathusius Taubenapfel[21] Nathusius taubenapfel do s0-1-.jpg Germany 1824 A conical apple. W 67, H 62. Stalk 11 mm. Use December - April Eating
Nelson Codlin[6] England <1850 Large yellow. A first rate culinary apple. Use September - January. Cooking
Newell-Kimzey (Airlie Red Flesh) Airlie, Oregon 1961 A medium to medium -large, conic apple. Light yellow-green skin with white dots, occasionally with red-orange blush on one side.Light pink to deep red flesh is crisp, sweet and moderately tart. Eating, pies
Newfane[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002783.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1927 P Deacon Jones x Delicious. Flesh, tender, juicy. Ripens with Delicious. Eating
Newton Wonder[7][15] Pomological Watercolor POM00000558.jpg Derbyshire, England <1887 A yellow apple flushed with red. FCC from RHS in 1887. W 89-92, H 70-73. Stalk 10-15 mm. Medium round and even, beautifully striped and flushed. Very good cooker. Cooks to juicy, brisk, well-flavoured purée, but with less acidity than Bramley. Prolific bearer, can be harvested in winter. Pick mid October. Use November - March. Cooking.
Newtown Delicious[5] Washington, US Introduced c1937 P Yellow Newtown x Delicious. Tree vigorous, heavy bearer. Cooking (Eating)
Newtown Pippin (Albemarle Pippin)[7] Pomological Watercolor POM00000791.jpg Queens County, New York 1759 Best known colonial apple in North America. Known favourite of Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. Medium to large, often irregularly shaped apple. Greenish-yellow, dotted, often russeted. H 65, W 78. Stalk short. Tough skin, flesh cream to greenish-white, very quickly browning. Texture is crisp, moderately fine-grained subacid to tart, sprightly. Biennial habit, slow to come into bearing. Good keeper, improves with storage. Prized for its clear juice in cider making. Two sports, Green Newtown Pippin and Yellow Newtown Pippin, differ only in skin colour. Pick late October. Use November - March. Cooking, Eating, Cider
Newtown Spitzenburgh[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000551.jpg Newtown, Long Island, US 1817 W77, H 59. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, vinous, subacid. Use October - February. Eating
Nickajack(syn. Caroline, Berry, Aberdeen, Trenham, Alleghany, Chaltram Pippin)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000562.jpg North Carolina, United States c. 1810 Native American origin, believed to be originally grown by Cherokee along banks of Nickajack Creek. Only grown in Appalachians, favourite of later settlers for desserts. Rusty red colour with sweet, crisp taste. W 84, H 67. Stalk 12 mm. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating
Nonpareil[7][15] France 1500s A yellowish green apple. W 58-65, H 48-52. Stalk 18-28 mm. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Nordhausen(syn. Schöner von Nordhausen)[13] Malus Schöner aus Nordhausen 4191.jpg Germany 1892 W 69, H 57, We 130. Stalk 6 - 13 mm. Pick October. Use January - April. Cooking
Norfolk Beauty[15] England 1901 Pale cream in colour when cooked. W 80-87, H 67-71. Stalk 8 - 10 mm. FCC from RHS in 1902. Pick early September. Use October - December. Cooking
Norfolk Beefing(syn. Catshead Beaufin, Taliesin)[6] England <1850 H 63 W 78. Stalk short. Flesh with a brisk and pleasant flavour. Pick October. Use January - June. Baking
Norfolk Royal[15] England 1908 A truncate conical apple. Flesh crisp, juicy and well-flavoured. H 67, W 70. Stalk 8 - 15 mm. Pick late September. Use September - February. Eating
Norman´s Pippin[26] Belgium <1900 Conical grey green with russet, flesh mellow, of fine flavour. AGM from RHS in 1900. H 51, W 63. Use Jan. - March. Eating
Northern Greening[26] Yorkshire, England 1826 Medium, oval, conical, pea green to pale yellow, with red stripes and faint brown flush. Flesh tender, greenish, acid. Growth vigorous. Pick mid October. Use December - April. Cooking
Northern Spy[7] 012nrthnspy.jpg New York c. 1800 Tart, firm, stores very well. Noted for being excellent choice for making American-style apple pie. H 72, W 82.Sometimes used as a rootstock. Pick mid October. Use November - March. Cider, Cooking, Eating
North Western Greening[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000315.jpg Wisconsin, US <1872 W 86, H 79. Stalk 15mm. Biennial. Flesh yellowish, juicy, subacid, fair to good. Use January - April. Cooking (Eating)
Nova Easygro Canada 1975
Nu-Jon[5] Washington, US Introduced 1949 P unknown. A large red striped apple.
Nutmeg Pippin[7] England, UK 1920 A conical apple W 54, H 50. Flesh juicy, nutty flavour. Pick late September. Use December - March. Eating
Nyack[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000323.jpg New York, US <1850 Flesh white, juicy, acid, rich. Use December. Eating
Oakland[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000325.jpg Michigan, US <1883 W 72, H 58. Stalk 22 mm. Biennial. Flesh white, tender, juicy, sweet, crisp, good. Use November - February. Eating
Oberdieck´s Taubenapfel[21] Pom.Mon.Hefte 1860 Oberdiecks Taubenapfel.jpg Germany <1860 A conical apple. W 57, H 60. Stalk 12 mm. Use December -February. Eating
Ogden[5] Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1928 P Zusoff x McIntosh. Flesh white, aromatic, sweet. Baking
Ohio Nonpareil[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000360.jpg Ohio, US <1853 W 95, H 73. Stalk 10 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid. Tree vigorous, healthy. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating, Drying
Ohio Pippin[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000361.jpg Ohio, US <1867 W 99, H 74. Stalk 13 mm. Tree healthy, vigorous. Flesh Yellowish, tender, juicy, acid to subacid. Use December - January. Cooking
Oldenburg[56] Geheimrat Dr. Oldenburg jm55179.jpg Germany 1897 A yellow - green apple with red flush. Pick September. Use October - December. Eating
Oliver[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000449.jpg Arkansas <1873 W 69, H 57. Stalk 10 mm. Flesh whitish, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, swee, good to very good.

Use December - March.

Eating
Ontario[13][7][56] Ontario jm55055.jpg New York, US 1874 A large apple W 75 H 58. We 191. greenish-yellow with purple flush. Wagener x Northern Spy. High in Vitamin C. Pick mid October. Use November - April. Eating
Opal
Opal-CTH.JPG
Czech Republic 1999 Firm, fine to medium grained, medium juicy, full flavoured, sweet, mild-subacid. Golden Delicious × Topaz.[94] Eating
Opalescent[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000610.jpg Ohio, US <1899 W 98, H 92. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, aromatic, good to very good. Use November - February. Eating
Orin Cross section of Orin, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1981-117).jpg Fukushima, Japan 1952 Sweet and distinctive fragrance. Notes of pineapple. Medium hardness. Golden Delicious × Indo. Eating
Oriole[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1949 P unknown. Flesh tender, juicy, aromatic, subacid. Cooking, Eating
Orleans[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00000431.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1924 P Deacon Jones x Delicious.
Orleans Reinette(syn. Golden Reinette)[15] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 040.jpg Orleans, France <1776 Medium flat, rich red and golden russet. Triploid. Reliable bearer. W 62, H 58. Stalk 6–20 mm. Extraordinary complex flavour, similar to Blenheim Orange, but not related. Pick mid October. Use Dec. - Feb. Eating
Ortley(syn. White Bellflower, Cleopatra)[4][7] Pomological Watercolor POM00000638.jpg New Jersey, US <1850 A large yellow apple with red flush. W 71, H 70. Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy, acid to subacid. Tree vigorous, very productive. Pick late October. Use November - January. Cooking, Eating
Osceola[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000645.jpg Indiana, US <1850 W 84, H 72. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh, yellow, juicy, subacid. Use January - March. Eating
Oskaloosa(syn. Jack, Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000647.jpg Iowa, US <1850 Flesh juicy, subacid. Tree moderate grower, early but not an abundant bearer. Use November.
Owen Thomas[27][15] Bedfordshire, England 1897 Introduced 1920 H 51, W 57-63. Stalk 7 - 15 mm. Green wit orange flush. P Cox Orange x Gladstone. Pick mid August. Use late August - early September. Eating
Ozark Gold Missouri, US 1970 Light green with pink blush. Has taste with notes of honey. Eating
Pacific Rose PacificRoseApples.jpg New Zealand 1995 Extremely crisp, sweet apple. Also grows well in California. Eating
Pam's Delight Bedfordshire, England 1958 A medium-sized apple with a red blush. Flesh is crisp, juicy and sweet-tasting.[95] Eating
Park(syn. Park Spice, Park Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002353.jpg N.Y. US <1870 Flesh yellowish, firm, juicy, subacid, aromatic, very good. Stalk short. Tree very productive. Use December - March. Eating
Parry White[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002949.jpg Pennsylvania ? US <1872 W 71, H 62. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use late August - October. Eating
Patten[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002953.jpg Wis. US <1869 W 85, H 70. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use October - January. Cooking
Patricia[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00002932.jpg Ontario, Canada Selected 1920 P McIntosh x unknown. Tree heavy bearer. Eating
Paula Red Paula red.jpg Kent County, Michigan, US 1960s Firm white flesh; McIntosh mutation. Eating
Pawpaw(syn. Western Baldwin, Rubicon, Ball Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002896.jpg Michigan, US <1875 Flesh yellowish, juicy, firm, brisk, subacid, very good. Stalk medium. Tree hardy, a regular bearer. Use December - June. Eating
Payette[5] Idaho Selected 1936. Introduced 1944. A red apple. P Ben Davis x Wagener. Eating
Peacemaker[26] Berkshire, England <1913 Round and smooth, with crimson flush and stripings. Resembles Charles Ross in general charasteristics. AGM from RHS in 1913. H 57, W 69. Eating
Peach-Pound Sweet[3] N.Y. US <1875 W 72, H 54. Stalk 16 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet. Very good. Use September - November. Eating
Pearl[7] Essex, England 1983 Yellow apple flushed with red on 50%. W 68, H 64. Pick late September - early October. Use October - November. Eating
Pease(syn. Walter Pease, Pease Walter)[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002907.jpg Conn. US <1895 W 88, H 67. Stalk 11 mm. Flesh whitish, crisp, tender, juicy, aromatic, subacid, good to very good. Pick late September - early August. Use October - January. Eating
Peasgood's Nonsuch agm[96][15] Malus Goldrenette von Peasgood 4233.jpg England 1858 W 83 - 92, H 70-76. Stalk 8 mm. A very large yellowish-green apple, deepening to orange-yellow, flushed and striped red with some russet patches. Flesh is sweet and juicy. Good eating and superb for cooking. Large, hardy and heavy cropping tree. Apples can weigh up to half a kilogram, and are famously large enough to make a pie from a single apple. Pick mid September. Use September - December. Cooking, Eating
Peck´s Pleasant(syn. Waltz Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002914.jpg Connecticut ? US Yellow with red flush. W 85, H 68. Stalk 9 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, highly aromatic. Very good. Use November - March. Eating
Pederstrup[11] Denmark <1850 A medium size cooking apple. Stalk 10 mm. H 60 W 72. Cooking
Pekka[19] Finland Introduced 1999 A dark red apple. Flesh subacid, sweet. P Lobo x Huvitus. Pick mid September. Use September - October. Eating
Pennock(syn. Romanie, Big Romanie, Pennock´s Red Winter)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002923.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1840 Stalk short. Flesh yellow, subacid. Quality poor. Tree vigorous, very productive. Use December. Cooking
Perry Russet[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000662.jpg US <1850 W 86, H 64. Stalk 18 mm. Flesh yellow, acid. Use December - January. Cooking, Eating
Petteri[19] Finland Introduced 2003 A dark red appel. P Lobo x Huvitus. Flesh subacid, aromatic. Pick late August. Eating
Pfirsichroter Sommerapfel[21] Malus - Pfirsichroter Sommerapfel.JPG France <1830 Yellow with red flush. W 62, H 50. Stalk 15-20mm. Pick August. Use August. Eating
Pickard´s Reserve[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000696.jpg Indiana, US <1850 W 82, H 65. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh whitish-yellow, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Use December - January. Cooking, Eating
Pilot[13] ApfelPilot.jpg Germany Developed 1962, introduced 1988 A conical apple, yellow with red flush. H 55-65, W 65-70, We 120. Pick October. Use February - July. Eating
Pine Golden Pippin[7] UK 1861 A golden yellow apple with russet. W 69, H 63. Pick early October. Use November - February. Eating
Pink Pearl[5] Pink Pearl (5207256521).jpg California, US Introduced 1944 Noted for having bright pink flesh. P Surprise x unknown. Sweet. Possibly has crab apple in its ancestry. Makes cider have a reddish tint if pressed. Pick September. Eating
Pinova[13] Pinova.jpg East Germany 1965, introduced 1986 Bred in Germany over an 18-year period. Marketed as "Piñata" in the United States. Fragrant smell, thin skin and balanced sweet and tart flavour profile. From Clivia × Golden Delicious. H 50-60, W 60-65, We 125. Pick October. Use December - May. Cooking, Eating
Pirja[19] Finland Introduced 1980 A red apple. P Huvitus x Melba. Flesh subacid. Pick early august. Eating
Piros[10] Piros.jpg Germany 1985 A green apple with red flush. P Helios x Apollo. Pick early August. Use August. Eating
Pitmaston Pineapple[7] Pitmaston Pineapple tree, Hanbury Hall - geograph.org.uk - 984429.jpg Moseley, Worcester, England 1785 Pitmaston Pineapple is a dessert apple known since 1785. Small oblong apples with a yellow-green russeted skin. W 53, H 49.Tender flesh is an intense nutty, honeyed flavour with, as the name suggests, tropical undertones and some balancing acidity. Trees are biennial but produce heavy crops in the 'on' year. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Eating
Pixie agm[97][15] England 1947 Resistant to scab and mildew. W 64, H 51. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh intensely aromatic, Cox-like flavour, but sharper. FCC from RHS in 1972. Pick early-mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Pomme Grise[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000676.jpg ? <1850 W 61-63, H 45-48. Stalk 12-14 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, aromatic, subacid, delicious. Use January - March Eating
Ponyik alma(syn. Poinikapfel)[98] Hungary <1872 A green yellow apple with brown overcolour. H 57, W 76. Pick October. Eating
Potts Seedling[7] Cheshire, England c1849 A yellow apple. W 81, H 67. Stalk variable. Flesh greenish white, soft, acid. Pick early September. Use September - October. Cooking, Juice
Poorhouse[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000672.jpg Kentucky, US <1880 Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid. Very good. Use December. Eating
Porter's[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000703.jpg Massachusetts, US <1850 W 72, H 72. Stalk 23 mm. Smallish, squat, deep golden yellow colour with red blush and firm, white, fine-grained aromatic sweet flesh. Tree vigorous, healthy, productive. Use August - October. Eating, Cooking or Cider.
Pott's Seedling[7] England 1849 Pale green to yellow colour and white flesh. W 81, H 67. Pick September. Use September - October. Cooking
Pound Sweet(syn. Briar Sweet) Pomological Watercolor POM00001440.jpg Manchester, Connecticut, US 1834 Amber coloration. Used mostly for making apple butter. Russets. Does well in moderate cold. Suitable to areas with snowy winters. Cooking
Priestly[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002989.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1870 Flesh white, juicu, aromatic. Tree vigorous, productive. Use December - March. Eating
Prima Malus-Prima.jpg United States 1958 Resistant to scab and most diseases Eating
Primate(syn. Scott, Powers, July Apple)[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00002992.jpg US <1830 W 72-94, H 62-76. Stalk 16-25 mm Tree hardy, very productive. Flesh white, tender, subacid, very good or best. Pick late August. Use September - October. Eating
Primicia[8] Brazil 1982 P D1R101T117 x D1R103T245. Flesh juicy, subacid, fair. Eating
Princesa[8] Brazil Introduced 1988 P NJ 56 x Anna. Flesh sweet, subacid. Eating
Pristine Malus 'Pristine' 3.jpg Indiana, United States 1994 Resistant to most diseases Eating
Primula[56] Poland
Pryor Red[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003007.jpg US <1850 W 80, H 62. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, subacid. Use January - March. Eating
Pumpkin Sweet[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003072.jpg Conn. US <1834 A very large sweet apple. W 77, H 71. Stalk 17 mm. Biennial. Flesh white, very sweet, peculiar flavor. Use September - October. Baking, (Cooking)
Queen[7][15] Queen (apple).jpg Essex, England Raised 1858 Introduced 1880 Large cooking apple for use in September - December. FCC from RHS in 1880. H 57-64, W 78-89. Stalk 18 mm. Pick late August. Use September - December. Cooking
Quince(syn. Cole´s Quince)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003080.jpg US <1850 A medium size ribbed apple. Flesh yellowish-white, juicy, aromatic, subacid. Use November - January. Cooking
Quinte[12] Canada 1964 A red oblong apple. W 68, H 65. P Crimson Beauty x Red Melba. Pick August. Eating
Quittenförmiger Gulderling[21] Malus-Quittenförmiger-Gulderling.jpg Germany <1830 W 62-78, H 56-80. Stalk 6 mm. Use November - February. Cooking
Råby Rubin[43] Råby rubin.jpg Sweden c1960 A small greenish-yellow apple with red flush. Flesh juicy, subacid, aromatic, good. Pick October. Use October - December. Eating
Ragan(syn. Ragan´s Red)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002996.jpg Ind. US <1870 A green apple striped with red. Flesh yellowish-white, pleasant, juicy, spicy, subacid. Tree hardy, vigorous. Use October - November. Eating
Rainha[8] Brazil 1975 P Golden Delicious x Valinhense. Flesh sweet, subacid. Eating
Rajka Malus Rajka Apple.JPG Czechoslovakia Scab-resistant cross of Rezista × Rome Eating
Rambo(syn. Romanite of New Yersey, Bread and Cheese)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002881.jpg US <1850 W 78, H 60. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh greenish-white, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic, vinous. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating
Rambour de Flandre see Flandrischer Rambour
Rambour d'Hiver(syn. Rambour Rouge, Rambour Doux)[99] Rambour d'hiver.jpg France 1628 A green apple with red stripes. H 55-85, W 75-105 We 280. Stalk 16–19 mm. Eating, Cooking
Rambour Franc(syn. Lothringer Rambour, Müschens Rosenapfel)[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 098.jpg France 1665 Yellow green with red flush. W 87-112, H 60 -86. Stalk 11mm. Pick September. Use October - November. Eating, Cooking
Rambour Papeleu[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 080.jpg Crimera, Ukraine 1850 Green with red flush H 67, W 77. Pick October, Use October - December Eating, Cooking
Ramsdell[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002888.jpg Connecticut, US <1850 W 90, H 89. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, very sweet. Use September - December. Baking
Reanda[10] Germany 1993 A red apple resistant to scab and fire-blight. Pick September. Use October–January. Eating, Cooking
Red and Green Sweet[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003065.jpg US <1817 Stalk short to medium. Flesh white, tender, juicy, sweet. Use August - September Eating
Red Astrachan[6] Red astrachan.jpg Russia or Sweden c. 1800 Extremely resistant to frost. H 76, W 82. The tree does not attain a large size. Pick and use in August. Cooking
Red Canada(syn. Poland, Richfield Nonsuch)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002979.jpg US <1820 W 74, H 61. Stalk 17 mm. Flesh white, tender, crisp. Very good. Use January - May. Eating
Red Delicious[60][15] Red delicious apples.jpg Iowa, US c. 1870 Unmistakable for its acutely conic shape, dark red colour and telltale bumps on bottom. W70, H 70. Stalk 19-22 mm. Flavour is sweet and mild. Extremely poor choice for cooking or cider; tastes terrible in pies. Original seedling known as "Hawkeye." Rights bought by Stark Brothers in 1893. First marketed as "Delicious" or "Stark's Delicious," name changed to "Red Delicious" in 1914 when Stark bought the rights to Mullin's Yellow Seedling, changing that apple's name to "Yellow Delicious". Red Delicious has many sports and ranks as the world's most prolific apple. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Eating
Red Duchess[5] New York, US 1914. Introduced 1937 A red mutant of Duchess.
Red Falstaff agm[100] Falstaff sport with red/orange flush to the skin, late, prolific Eating
Redgold[5] Washington Selected 1936, Introduced 1946 P Golden Delicious x Richared Delicious. Eating
Red Graham[5] Michigan Introduced 1936 Mutation of Northern Spy. Cooking
Red Gravenstein[101] Pomological Watercolor POM00003061.jpg Washington, US c1908 A red sport of Gravenstein Eating, Cooking, Pie
Red June(syn. Carolina Red June)[17]<ref[3][4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003006.jpg North Carolina, US <1848 Flesh white, juicy, subacid. W 55-65, H 57-67. Stalk 13 - 20 mm. Use August - October. Eating
Red Prince Red Prince Aepfel.jpg Weert, Netherlands 1994 Medium-sized, conic, uniform deep red skin. White flesh is crisp, sweet and juicy, with hints of cherry and almond. Excellent keeper. Chance seedling (a natural cross of Jonathan and Golden Delicious) discovered in 1994. Marketed throughout Europe, in 2001, Global Fruit in Ontario became exclusive growers of the variety in North America.[102] Eating, Cooking
Red Russet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000712.jpg N.H. US <1875 Stalk short. Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, subacid. Very good. Use January - April. Eating
Red Sauce[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00000714.jpg Geneva, New York, US 1917 Introduced 1926 P Deacon Jones x Wealthy. Flesh subacid. Use October. Cooking
Red Spy[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00000718.jpg New York, US Introduced 1923 Mutation of Northern Spy. Cooking
Red Stripe[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00000724.jpg Indiana ?, US <1850 Stalk short. Flesh whitish, tender, acid, juicy. Use July - August. Cooking, Eating
Red Winesap[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00000758.jpg Washington, US Introduced 1930 P unknown.
Reglindis[10] Malus Reglindis 4301.jpg Germany 1990 Yellow with red flush. Sugar 10.6% Acid 0.83% Juice yield 80%. Pick September. Use October–November. Cooking. Juice
Reinette Coulon[103] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 031.jpg Belgium 1856 W 80-90, H 65-75. Pick late October. Use December - March. Cooking
Reinette de Breda see Breda Reinette
Reinette de Bretange[21] Pomological Watercolor POM00000485.jpg France <1850 W 73, H 55. Stalk 8 mm. Flesh sweet, crisp. Use November - February. Eating, Cooking, Cider
Reinette de Champagne[10][21] Malus Champagnerrenette 4574.jpg France 1770 A green apple.W 66-79. H 48-58. Stalk 16 mm. Pick October. Use February - May. Cooking (Eating)
Reinette de Montmorency[21] Pomological Watercolor POM00002984.jpg ? <1800 A gelb apple with red flush. W 70, H 56. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet. Use January - May. Cooking, Eating
Reinnete Diel[6] Belgium <1840 A beautiful dessert apple of first quality. W 50, H 56. Use December - March. The tree is a healthy and vigorous grower. Eating
Reinette Dippedalle[21] Reinette Dippedale, Mons-Boubert, Somme, Fr, expo du 29-10-2017 (70).jpg France <1850 Green with red flush. W 57, H 45. Stalk 10mm. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating.
Reinette du Canada[13] Reinette grise du Canada p1160060.jpg Normandy, France 1771 Despite its name, it is an old French cultivar of domesticated apple. It is a reinette type of golden apple, with much russeting, which keeps shape in cooking. If stored for some time it gets softer and is good to eat. W 90-100, H 70-80, We 170. Eating, Cooking
Reinette Franche[6] Reinette Franche-vt450070.JPG France <1700 A dessert apple of first-rate quality. H 64, W 80. Use November - April. The tree is a free grower, but subjet to canker. Eating
Reinette Grise[6] France <1800 A very fine desser apple. H 63, W 76. Use November - May. The tree is a healthy and vigororus grower, and an excellent bearer. Eating
Reinette Middelburg[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 096.jpg Netherlands <1850 Yellow conical. W 56-65, H 52-62. Stalk 10 mm. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating
Reinette Rouge Etoilée[7] Reinette-étoilée.jpg Belgium or Netherlands 1830 Round red apple.No ribs. H 56, W 62. Stalk short and stout. Flesh, dry subacid. Use October - November. Eating
Reinette Simerenko see Wood´s Greening
Reka[10] Germany 1984, Introduced 1993 A green apple with red flush. Pick September. Use September - October. Eating
Relinda[10] Germany 1993 A scab resistant red apple. P Undine x F3. Picking October. Use December - March. Eating, Cooking
Rescue[5] Saskatchewan, Canada Introduced 1933 P Blushed Calville x unknown. Pick late August. Eating
Retina[10][104] Germany 1991 A red apple. P Apollo x F3. Pick September. Use October. Resistant to scab. Eating, Cooking
Rev. W. Wilks[7][15] Slough, Buckinghamshire, England 1904 P Peasgood's Nonsuch x Ribston Pippin. Pastel green with a light pink flush. Very disease-resistant. W 89, H 76. Stalk 10 - 16 mm. Cooks to a light, pale puree, hardly needing any sugar. AM from RHS in 1904. FCC from RHS in 1910. Nearly resistant to apple scab and apple canker. Pick early September. Use September - November. Cooking
Rewena[10] Malus Rewena 4297.jpg Germany 1991 A green apple with purple overcolour (up to 80%) Resistant to scab, powdery mildew and fire-blight. P BV 67,47 x F3 Pick August. Use September. Eating, Cooking
Rheinischer Krummstiel[21] Malus Rheinischer Krummstiel 4203.jpg Germany <1830 W 62-69, H 67-71. Stalk 7 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet. Use December - April Cooking
Rheinische Schafsnase[21] Malus-Rh.-Schafsnase.jpg Germany <1886 W 84, H 80-83. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet. Use December - February. Cooking
Rhode Island Greening(syn. Burlington Greening, Russine, Bell Dubois, Jersey Greening)[3][17] Rhode Island Greening Apple outside.jpg Newport, Rhode Island, US 1650s Extremely old variety for United States, second only to Roxbury Russet in age. W 81-93, H 65-74. Stalk 16-24 mm. Tartness can make eyes water. Grass-green colour with some possible russeting near stem. Bred to keep over winter; will store well. Occasional reddish pink blush. Excellent choice for pies and strudels when used for baking. Use November -February. Cider, Cooking
Ribston Pippin agm[105][15] Ribston.jpg Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, England 1708 An irregularly-shaped and sometimes lopsided apple, usually round to conical and flattened at the base with distinct ribbing. W 70, H 58. Stalk 10 mm. Skin is yellow with an orange blush and red streaked with russet dots. Yellow flesh is firm, fine-grained, and sweet with a pear-like flavour. The original Ribston Pippin sprouted in 1708 from one of three apple pips sent from Normandy to Sir Henry Goodricke, 4th Baronet of Ribston Hall at Knaresborough. The original tree stood until 1835. It then sent up a new shoot and, on the original roots, lived until 1928. Pick early October. Use Nov. - Jan. Eating
Richard´s Graft(syn. Red Spitzenberg, Strawberry, Derrikinan)[4][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003108.jpg New York, US <1852 W 75, H 59. Stalk 20 mm. Biennial. Flesh yellowish-white, tender, juicy, aromatic, subacid, very good. Tree medium size. Use September - October. Eating
Richared Delicious[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003114.jpg Washington Introduced 1926 Mutation of Delicious Eating
Ridge[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003117.jpg US <1850 A large apple. Flesh yellowish, juicy, crisp, sweet, aromatic. Tree a good grower and bearer. Use March - April. Eating
Ringstad[11] Ringstadsäpple.jpg Sweden c1800 A yellow apple with red overcolour. W 73, H 60. Pick September. Use October - November. Eating
Risäter[11] Risäter.jpg Sweden c1800 A yellow apple. W 68, H 58. Flesh subacid. Pick September. Use October - November. Eating, Cooking, Cider
Rival[26][15] Berkshire, England 1900 Round, flattened and somewhat uneven-shaped apple. A fairly good cropper, keeping well into December. AGM from RHS in 1900. H 58-63, W 73-76. Stalk 10 mm. Pick late September - early October. Use October - December. Eating, Cooking
Rock Pippin(syn. Ridge Pippin, Lemon)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003131.jpg US <1850 W 75, H 75. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh yellow, dry, acid. Use December - March. Cooking
Rolfe[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003132.jpg Maine, US <1857 Stalk short to medium. Flesh whitish, tender, juicy, sweet. Use August - September. Eating
Roman Stem[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003136.jpg New-Jersey, US <1800 Flesh juicy, aromatic, subacid, very good. Use October - December. Eating
Rome Beauty Rome Apples, Newark Delaware Farmer's Market.jpg Rome, Ohio, United States 1848 Rounded, deep red, and very glossy. H 70, W 82. Crisp, juicy white flesh is mild as a dessert apple, but develops an extraordinary depth and richness when cooked. Good keeper. Cooking
Ronk[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000486.jpg Indiana, US 1860 An apple of the Vandevere type. Use October - January. Eating
Rosemary Russet agm[106][15] United Kingdom 1831 Flat conical, yellow with brick red flush, flesh crisp, yellow. Regular cropper. Flesh, juicy, sweet, sharp, like 'Ashmead's Kernel'. W 64-70, H 55. Stalk 24-28 mm. Pick late September Use November - March. Eating
Rosenhæger Danish[18] Denmark <1795 A green apple with red overcolour. H 48-55, W 53-60. Use October - November. Eating
Rosenhäger Swedish[11] Sweden <1800 A yellow apple with red overcolour. H 50, W 68. Use November - December. Eating
Ross Nonpareil[26] Ireland 1802 Small , round, even, covered russet with dark crimson markings. Flesh soft, rich nonpariel flavour. Use Nov. - Jan. Eating
Roter Ananas[18] Germany 1854 A red conical apple. W 58, H 56. Stalk 20mm. Pick September. Use September–October. Cooking, Eating
Roter Trierer Weinapfel[10] Malus Roter Trierer Weinapfel 4211.jpg Germany <1880 A red apple for juice and cider. Pick October. Use November - March. Juice, Cider
Rother Jungfernapfel[21] Malus Böhmischer Roter Jungfernapfel 4253.jpg Bohemia, Germany <1800 A small apple. W 49, H 46. Stalk 20 mm. Use November - January. Eating, Cooking
Rother Winterhimbeerapfel(syn. Oberländer Winterhimbeerapfel, Zigeunerapfel)[12] Hungary <1850 A red apple. W 66, H 55. Flesh juicy, aromatic. Pick October. Use November - March. Eating
Roundway Magnum Bonum[6] Wiltshire, England 1864 Very large apple. A first-rate culinary or desert apple. Eating, Cooking
Rouville[56] Canada 1983
Roxbury Russet(syn. Boston Russet, Putnam Russet, Warner Russet, Sylvan Russet, Belpre Russet, Marietta Russet, Howe´s Russet)[36][17] Roxbury Russet.jpg Massachusetts, United States c. 1640 First tree a chance seedling grown in Roxbury, Massachusetts, now a neighborhood of Boston. Oldest known variety of apple in America, planted by Pilgrim Fathers as foundation stock for Massachusetts Bay Colony. Knobbly, russetted coat gives green skin a bronze tinge and hides a cream coloured flesh. W 77-89.H 59-76, Stalk 12-26 mm. Excellent keeper; resistant to fireblight. Mild flavour. Multi-purpose apple that is a wonderful choice for pies, eating fresh, or cider. Still available in New England farmer's markets; commercial interest recently renewed in this cultivar because of its past use as a cider apple. Use January - June. Cooking (pies), Eating, Cider.
Royal Gala see Gala
Ros Picant Romania 19th century Characterized by its distinct, faintly spicy flavor. Green and yellow, mostly used for making cider and Pálinka. Cider, cooking, Eating
Royal Jubilee(Graham´s)[107][13][15] Pomological Watercolor POM00000880.jpg Middlesex, England 1888 Large yellow conical cooking apple. W 65 - 90. H 54 - 90, We 130 - 190. Stalk 10 mm. Free from canker. Pick late September. For use in October–December. Cooking
Royal Russet[6] England 1597 A most excellent culinary apple of first rate quality. W 88 H 69. Use November - May. Cooking
Rozela Czech Republic 2008 Flesh is medium firm, juicy with great aromatic flavour and delicate smell. The skin is attractive bright red with prominent lenticels. Annual producer of heavy crops, the resistant equivalent of Idared with outstanding flavour. Eating
Rubens (Civni) Rubens apples on plate.jpg Italy 1985 Sweet and crunchy; Gala × Elstar. Eating
Rubinette(syn. Rafzubin)[10] Malus-Rubinette.jpg Germany 1966, Introduced 1982 A yellow apple with red flush. P Golden Delicious x unknown. Pick September. Use September - December. Eating
Rushock pearmain[6] Wocestershire England 1821 An apple of first-rate qualtity, almost entirely covered with russet. H 57, W 63.Use Christmas - April. Eating
Rutledge[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003297.jpg Texas ? US <1892 Tree vigorous. Flesh tender, juicy, subacid, sweet, fair to good. Use January-May. Eating
Saint Cecila[26] Wales 1900 Even oval, golden yellow with crimson flush and stripes. H 60, W 73. FCC from RHS in 1919. Pick early October. Use December - March. Eating
Saint Clair[5] Illinois, US Introduced 1947 Resembles of Wealthy. Tree strong, productive. Eating
Saint Edmund's Pippin agm[108][15] Suffolk, England 1870s W 63, H 52. Stalk 12 - 22 mm. Unusual in fact that it has scaly russet patches mixed with smooth. Has vanilla/pear taste. Usually a light yellow-green. Pick mid September. Use September - October. Eating
Saint Everard[26] England 1900 Yellow striped with crimson. H 45, W 57. FCC from RHS in 1919. Pick early September. Use September. Eating
Saint Lawrence[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003394.jpg ? <1831 Flesh tender, juicy, subacid. Use September - October. Eating
Saltcote Pippin[26][7] England <1918 Good flavour reminding one of Mother. Award of Merit from RHS in 1928. W 74, H 61. Stalk short or medium. Flesh, juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick early October. Use November - January. Eating
Samo[19] Finland Introduced 1981 A greenish-yellow apple. P Melba x Huvitus. Flesh sweet, subacid. Pick September. Eating
Sanspareil[26] England <1899 Medium to large , even round apple. Yellow red stripes. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1899. Use: February - May. Cooking, Eating
Sandow Sandow Ontario, Canada 1935 Fruity (raspberry,cherry flavours), tart, sweet, recommended for eating, cooking, and cider. Sandow is one of Canada's best kept secret apples. A few orchards exist in New Brunswick, Canada, where the trees can also be purchased. Stores well for four to five months in refrigeration. Eating, Cooking, Cider.
Sandra[19] Finland Introduced 1996 A red Apple. P Lobo x Huvitus. Flesh sweet, subacid. Pick mid September. Eating
Santana[109] Apfel Santana mit Schnittfläche.jpg Wageningen, Netherlands 1978 Scab resistant. Eating.
Särsö (syn. Mignon, Cloetta)[12][43] Särsö.jpg Sweden <1917 W 73, H 60. Stalk 25 mm. Flesh subacid, fair to good. Pick late September, Use October - November. Eating, Cooking, Jam
Saturn Kent, England 1980 Scab resistant. Eating.
Scarlet Cranberry[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003181.jpg Virginia, US <1865 Flesh crisp, juicy, astringent, subacid, fair to good. Eating
Scarlet Nonpareil[6] Surrey, England 1773 A very excellent dessert apple of first-rate quality. Use: January to March. H 52, W 57. Eating
Scarlet Pearmain[6] Middlesex, England c1800 A dessert apple of first rate quality. The tree is a free and vigorous grower. H 54, W 60. Use: October–January. Eating
Scarlet Pippin[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003183.jpg Ontario <1895 Stalk short. Flesh white, juicy, subacid. Use September - October. Eating
Scarlet Staymared[5] Washington, US Introduced 1936 A red apple. Cooking
Scarlet Tiffing[42] England <1875 A valuable and excellent culinary apple. W 76 HH 57. Stalk 12 mm. Use November - December. Cooking
Schoolmaster[42] England <1875 A fine cooking apple. FCC from RHS in 1880. W 76, H 70. Stalk very short. Pick October. Use November - January. Cooking
Scweizer Orange[13] Switzerland Raised 1935, Introduced 1954 A green-yellow apple with red orange flush. W 67, H 50, We 105. Eating, Cooking
Scrumptious agm[110] Kent, England 2003 Sweet and crisp. Self-fertile, mid-season variety that ripens in early September and will store well for about a month. The blossom is frost hardy resulting in heavy crops and the tree can be grown in all areas of the UK. The flesh is crisp and aromatic and the thin skin turns deep red as it develops Eating
Secor[5] Iowa, US Introduced 1922 P Salome x Jonathan. Free from Jonathan spot in storage. Use January - April. Eating
SeeandO Red Rome 262[5] Washington, US Introduced 1943 Mutation of Rome Beauty. Eating
Seneca Favorite[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003399.jpg US <1853 Stalk long to medium. Flesh crisp, tender juicy, subacid, very good. Pick September. Use September - December. Eating, Cooking.
September Beauty[27] Bedfordshire, England 1885 H 57, W 70. FCC from RHS. A yellowish-green apple, striped with orange. Skin slightly russetted. Pick mid September. Use September - November. Eating
Shackleford[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003208.jpg Missouri, US <1883 W 83, H 69. Stalk 16 mm. Flesh firm, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, fair to good. Use November - April. Eating
Sharp[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003216.jpg Illinois, US <1889 Stalk very short. Flesh tender, crisp juicy, sweet, very good. Use October - November. Eating
Sharon[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003214.jpg Iowa, US Introduced 1922 A red striped fruit. P McIntosh x Longfield. Tree vigorous, productive, hardy. Eating
Shinano Sweet Nagano, Japan 1978 mid-season crops. Tsugaru x Fuji Eating
Shiawasse(syn. Shiawasse Beauty)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003315.jpg Mich. US Introduced 1862 W 81, H 54. Stalk 10 mm. Flesh white, subacid, aromatic. Use October - January. Eating
Shockley[3] Shockley apple.jpg Jackson County, Georgia, United States 1852 W 64, H 59. Stalk 22 mm. Yellowish and green skin with reddish stripes. Flesh crisp, juicy, sweet taste with vinous flavour. Use April - May. Eating, preserves
Shoesmith[7] Surrey, England <1930 P Lane´s Prince Albert x Golden Noble. W 93, H 76. Stalk medium to long. Flesh white, soft, juicy, subacid. Pick late September. Use September - December. Cooking
Shotwell Delicious[5] Washington, US 1928 Mutation of Delicious Eating
Siely´s Mignonne[42] England c1800 Yellow covered with russet. H 45, W 45. Stalk 13 mm. Flesh greenish yellow. Juice highly aromatic and of most excellent flavour. Use November - February. Eating, Juice
Signe Tillisch[13] Signe Tillisch.jpg Denmark 1866 W 70-90, H 55-80, We 95-200. Alexander x London Pippin. Eating, Cooking.
Sirius Sirius (apple) jm123575.jpg Czech Republic 2007 Flesh yellow, firm, crisp, fine

grained, very juicy, well balanced sugar and acid level, rich flavour

Eating
Sir John Thornycroft[26] United Kingdom <1911 Above medium size, shing yellow with pinkish red flush on sunny side. AGM from RHS in 1911. Use October - March. Eating
Sir William Gibbon´s[42] England <1880 A calville-shaped excellent culinary apple. H 76 W 96. Stalk very short. Use November - January. Cooking
Sitchamton Russet[42] England <1876 A dessert apple of good quality. Skin covered with grey russet. H 51, W 60. Stalk short and stout. Flesh yellowish, juicy, aromatic flavour. Use December - February. Eating
Sköldinge[12] Sköldinge.jpg Sweden c1800 W 65, H 61. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid, good. Pick early October. Use November - January. Eating
Devonshire, England <1880 Yellow streaked with red. H 47, W 62. Stalk very short. Pick mid October. Use October - December. Cider
Slatka šarenika(syn. Šarenika)[9] Montenegro Green with red flush. W 71, H 59. We 149. Stalk medium. Flesh juicy, sweet, aromatic. Pick mid October. Use November - May. Eating, Cooking
Slatka srčika(syn. Srčika)[9] Croatia A yellow apple with red flush. W 65 - 75. H 50-60. We 100-150. Stalk short. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid. Pick mid October. Eating, Cooking, Cider, Drying.
Sleeping Beauty[6] Lincolnshire, England 1851 Medium sized. A most excellent apple for all culinary purposes, and particularly for sauce. Use November - February. Cooking
Slor[8] Israel Introduced 1982 Large conic, dark red stripes. Flesh sweet, subacid. Eating
Small´s Admirable[6] Lincolnshire, England c1850 An excellent kitchen and dessert apple. Use November - December. Cooking, Eating
Smith´s(syn. Smith´s cider)[4][3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003330.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1825 W 70-83, H 60-76. Stalk 10-20 mm. Tree very vigorous. Flesh white, tender, juicy, crisp, subacid, good. Use December - March Cooking, Cider
Smokehouse[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003360.jpg Mill Creek, Pennsylvania, US 1837 W 82, H 64. Stalk 23 mm. Greenish-yellow with flushed red-orange stripes. The yellowish-white flesh is crisp and tender with a spicy-sweet flavour that tastes like cider. Excellent all-purpose apple. Unusual in that it also makes excellent cider. Seedling discovered growing next to the smokehouse on William Gibbons' farm in Mill Creek, PA. Bears fruit from young age. Use September - February. Eating, Cooking, Cider.
Snow apple (Fameuse) Pomological Watercolor POM00002206.jpg Quebec, Canada 17th century Tender, aromatic, distinct flavour. A parent of McIntosh. Cider, cooking, eating
Snövit[12] Snövit.jpg Sweden 1936 Yellow with red flush. W 64, H 56. P Stenbock x Pfirsichroter Sommerapfel. Pick September. Use September. Eating
Södermanlands kalvill[43][111][12] Södermanlands kalvill.jpg Sweden <1850 W 70-100, H 61-86. Stalk 17-18 mm. Flesh juicy, aromatic, good. Use October - December. Eating
Södermanlands äpple[43][111][12] Södermanlands äpple.jpg Sweden <1800 W 65-83, H 65-79. Stalk 19-28 mm. Flesh juicy, subacid, good. Use September - December. Eating
Somerset[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003366.jpg US <1869 Tree is an early bearer. Flesh white, juicy, aromatic, very good. Use September - October. Eating
Sonya New Zealand 2000 Cross between a Red Delicious and Gala. Coppery coloration. Crisp. Eating
Sops-in-Wine(syn. Sops of Wine)[6][4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003367.jpg England <1688 W 71, H 60. Stalk 20 mm. Red flesh, juicy, and pleasantly flavoured. Tree is vigorous, very hardy, an excellent bearer and not subject to canker. Use August - September. Cooking, Cider
Sparreholm[12] Sparreholm.jpg Sweden 1868 W 77 H 77. Stalk 10mm. Pick September. Use September. Eating
Spartan[15] Sparťan.jpg British Columbia, Canada Raised 1926, Introduced 1936 Round-conical, yellow, 75-100% flushed crimson. Strong aroma. Prone to canker. W 64, H 58. Stalk 15-20 mm. Good all-purpose, medium-sized apple. Has a bright red blush and may have background patches of greens and yellows. Popular across border in United States as well. Pick early October. Use November - February. Cooking, Eating, Cider
Splendour/Splendor Cross section of Splendour, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1961-074).jpg New Zealand 1948 Descendant of Red Dougherty x Golden Delicious, ancestor of Pacific Rose and Aurora Golden Gala Eating
Stanard(syn. Stannard)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003155.jpg New York, US <1850 W 88, H 72. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh yellow, tender, acid to subacid. Use November - February. Eating
Stäringe Karin[43] Stäringe Karin.jpg Sweden <1902 W 77, H 67. Stalk 15 mm. A green apple with red flush. Flesh, juicy, subacid, good. Pick late September. Eating
Star of Devon[7] Devon, England 1905 Oblong shaped yellow apple with red stripes. H 48, W 64. Pick early October. Use October - April. Eating
Stark Earliest[5][15] Malus domestica 'Stark's Earliest'. Locatie De Kruidhof 02.JPG Idaho, US 1938. Introduced 1944. W 57-60, H 45-60. Stalk 18 mm. Does nicely in fruit salads. Red striping on light background. Pick early August. Use August - September. Eating
Starkey[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003199.jpg Me. US <1875 Stalk medium. Flesh white, juicy, crisp, subacid, very good. Use October - January. Eating
Starr[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003158.jpg New Jersey, US <1870 Flesh whitish, subacid. Good. Stalk slender. Use July - September. Cooking
Starking[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003204.jpg New Jersey 1921. Introduced 1924 A red mutation of Delicious. Eating
Stayman Mele stayman.jpg US 1866 Dullish red skin often covered with a light russet. H 76, W 78. Tart, wine-like flavour. Stores well. Particularly known for tangy cider. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Staymanred[5] Virginia, US Discovered 1926. Introduced 1929 A red apple. Mutation of Stayman Winesap.
Stenkyrke[12] Stenkyrke.jpg Sweden c1750 A yellow conical apple. W 75, H60. Flesh, juicy, subacid, very good. Use November - January. Eating
Stirling[5] British Columbia, Canada. Introduced 1936 P Yellow Newtown x unknown. Flesh crisp, juicy. Short storage life. Eating
Stirling Castle[6][15] England c.1830 W 67-76, H 57-60. Stalk 18 mm. Medium size, round, flattish, even apple. Green soft flesh. Pick mid September. Use Sept. - December. Cooking
Stoke Edith Pippin[6] Herefordshire, England 1872 An excellent dessert apple. Flesh yellow firm, crisp, brisk and juicy, sweet, and with a perfumed flavour. H 50, W50. Use November - February. Eating
Stolovača[9] Serbia <1900 A green apple. W 65-75, H 45-55. We 155-185. Stalk short. Flesh white, subacid. Pick late September - early October. Eating, Cooking
Streifling Herbst Netherlands or Western Europe Sour sweet. Popular in Eastern Europe Eating, juice, jam, compote, dried
Striped Beefing[6][21] Pom.Mon.Hefte 1865 Gestreifter Beaufin.jpg Norfolk, England 1794 One of the best culinary apples, for baking it is unrivalled. H72, W88. Stalk 10mm. Use November - February. Baking
Strode´s Birmingham(syn. Strode´s)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003437.jpg Pa. US <1875 A small yellow apple. Flesh yellow, juicy, subacid. Use September. Eating
Sturmer Pippin[6][7][15] Pomological Watercolor POM00003442.jpg Sturmer,Haverhill, Suffolk, England <1831 A bright greenish-yellow apple with a reddish-brown blush, often on one face only. W 69, H 62. Stak 12-25 mm. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, subacid, aromatic. One of the best English keeping apples, with proper storage Sturmer Pippin lasts 4 to 5 months. Flavour is sprightly, more sharp than sweet when first picked, but improves dramatically in storage, becoming sweeter and richer, while maintaining its crisp texture. This keeping ability made it ideal for long journeys, as such, it was brought to Australia where it is still widely grown. Parent of Granny Smith. Pick mid October. Use January - April. Eating
Suislepper[11] Estonia <1870 Flesh soft and aromatic. W 70, H 70. Pick September. Use September. Eating
Šumatovka(syn. Popadija)[9] Serbia <1900 A yellow apple with red flush. W 67, H 57. We 117. Stalk 23 mm. Flesh white, firm, crisp, sweet, subacid. Tree extremely vigorous. Pick October. Use November - January. Eating, Cooking
Summer Bellflower[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003447.jpg New York, US <1848 Flesh tender, subacid, good. P Esopus Spitzenburg x unknown. Eating
Summerfree Italy 1998 Resistant to scab. Spreading habit with moderate vigour, fruit is large, average weight of 175 g, skin is smooth, ripens 1–2 days before Gala, good storage ability. Eating
Summer Golden Pippin[6] England <1800 A small apple, ripe in the end of August. Richer flavour than Yellow Ingestrie. H54, W51. The tree is a small grower. It is an early and abundant bearer. Eating
Summer Pearmain American(syn. Early Summer Pearmain)[29][36] Pomological Watercolor POM00003345.jpg US <1817 Greenish yellow with red overcolour. W 75, H 68. Stalk 23 mm. Flesh yellowish, juicy, aromatic, mild, subacid. Use August - September. Eating
Summer Pippin[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003347.jpg US <1800 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. W 78, H 70. Use August - September. Cooking
Summer Pound Royal(syn. Pound Royale, Orange)[112][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003303.jpg US <1800 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. W 85, H 71. Stalk 20mm. Use August - September. Tree is a strong grower. Eating
Summer Queen[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003306.jpg US <1806 W 68, H 60. Stalk 33 mm. Flesh yellow, acid, spicy, aromatic. Use July - August. Cooking
Summerred[12][7] Summerred.jpg British Columbia, Canada 1964 Red apple. W 67 H 67. P(McIntosh x Golden Delicious) x unknown. Flesh white, soft, juicy. Pick early September, Use September - October. Eating
Summer Rose[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00002350.jpg New Jersey <1806 A small apple. One of the best early apples. Flesh white, juicy, subacid. Use June - August. Cooking, Eating
Summer Spitzenburg[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003632.jpg New York, US <1872 Flesh, juicy, aromatic, good to very good. Biennial. Pick August. Use August - September. Eating
Sunset agm[113][15] Sunset apples - geograph.org.uk - 235221.jpg England 1918 Easy to grow. W 61, H 51. Stalk 15 - 22 mm. Has very similar flavour to Cox's Orange Pippin. Won't do well in heat. Pick late September. Use October - December. Eating
Suntan[114][15] Malus-Suntan.jpg Kent, England 1956 Fruits ripen orange-red, flavour is sharp and intense. W 70, H 54. Stalk 15 - 20 mm. Pick mid October. Use November - January. Eating
Superior[5] Michigan, US Introduced 1930 P Duchess x Wealthy. Use - December. Eating
Surprise[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003636.jpg US ? ? A small apple. Flesh stained with red. Use November - January. Eating
Sutton Beauty[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003686.jpg Sutton, Massachusetts c. 1757 Flesh whitish, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid. Use November - February. Eating
Swaar(syn. Hardwick)[3][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003691.jpg New York, US <1800 W 78, H 61. Stalk 19-26 mm. Flesh yellowish, tender, aromatic, spicy, very good to best. Use December - March. Eating
Sweet Bough[29] Pomological Watercolor POM00003696.jpg US <1806 One of the finset summer apples, greenish-yellow. Flesh white, juicy, slightly aromatic. Use August - September. AC s. Eating
Sweet Delicious[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003697.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1922 P Deacon Jones x Delicious. Eating, Baking
Sweet McIntosh[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003648.jpg Geneva, New York, US Introduced 1922 P Lawver x McIntsosh. Eating, Baking
Sweet Pippin[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003791.jpg US <1830 Stalk short. Flesh juicy, sweet. Tree productive. Use November - December Eating
Sweet Pippin syn. of Moore Sweet
Sweet Pippin syn. of Hog Island Sweet
Sweet Romanite[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003794.jpg US <1850 W 74, H 61. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh yellow, juicy, very sweet. Use December - April. Baking, Cider, Eating
Sweet Russet[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003538.jpg US <1850 W 74, H 62. Stalk 11 mm. Flesh yellow, tender, juicy, sweet. Use August. Baking
Sweet Russet syn. of Pumpkin Russet
Sweet Russet syn. of Cheeseboro
Sweet Sixteen Minnesota, US 1973 Large fruit, some russeting near top. Moderately acidic taste. Eating
SweeTango SweeTango packaging close-up.jpg Minnesota, US 2009 Juicy and sweet, and viewed as a successor to the Honeycrisp by many growers. Eating
Switzer[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003536.jpg Russia <1870 Flesh white, juicy, subacid, good. Biennial. Pick August. Use September - October. Cooking, Eating
Syke House Russet Yorkshire, England[6] <1830 One of the most excellent dessert apples. The tree is a free grower and an excellent bearer. Use: October–February Eating
Talman´s Sweet see Tolman Sweet
Talvikaneli see Vinterkanel
Talvikki[19] Finland 2003 A large green apple with red flush. P Lobo x Yläkautto. Pick mid October. Cooking (Eating)
Teser United States 1944 Resistant to scab. Eating
Tart Bough(syn. Sour Bough)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003539.jpg US <1830 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Use August.
Tart Bough syn. of Early Harvest
Tart Bough syn. of Champlain
Telstar[7] New Zeeland 1934 P Golden Delicious x Kidds Orange Red. W 69, H 56. Stalk long. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, sweet. Pick mid October. Use November - December. Eating
Tetofski[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003744.jpg Russia <1831 A small apple. Flesh yellowish-white, juicy, acid. Use June - July Cooking
Tewkesbury(syn. Tewkesbury Winter Blush)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003746.jpg N.J. US <1850 W 60, H 45. Stalk 11 mm. Flesh yellow, subacid. Use January - July. Eating
Thomas Rivers[26] England <1892 Round, conical, pale yellow with slight brownish flush, flesh crisp, yellowish, acid cooks extremely well. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1892. H 64, W64. Cooking
Thompson[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003752.jpg Iowa, US <1892 Flesh white, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, fair to good. Stalk medium. Use October - December. Eating
Thorle Pippin see Whorle Pippin
Tiganka(syn. Tiganka Alaia)[9] Moldova <1900 A red apple. W 73-82. H 70-75. We 80-115. Stalk short. Flesh juicy, subacid. Pick mid September. Use October - November. Cooking (Eating)
Tiganka Grie[9] Moldova <1900 A green apple with red flush. W 70-85, H 70-85, We 85-125. Stalk medium to long. Flesh juicy, subacid. Cooking (Eating)
Tinmoth[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003874.jpg Vermont, US >1857 Flesh tender, juicy, subacid, peculiar flavor, good. Tree very productive. Use October - December. Eating
Titovka(syn. Titus Apple)[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003875.jpg Russia <1870 Flesh white, juicy, subacid, good to very good. Tree vigorous. Use August - September. Cooking
Titus Pippin[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003808.jpg Long Island, US <1870 Flesh whitish yellow, juicy, tender, subacid.Good. Tree productive. Use December - February. Eating
Tobias[19] Finland Introduced 2003 A red conical apple. P Lobo x Huvitus. Pick early October. Cooking, Eating
Tolman Sweet(syn. Talman´s Sweet) Tolman Sweet apple image.png US 1822 Very sweet apple. Once used to make dried fruit for winter. Cider, Cooking
Tom Putt[15] Pomological Watercolor POM00004235.jpg Trent, Dorset, England <1800 Small to medium, flat and irregularly shaped apple. Green, usually covered entirely with a bright red blush. H 55-63, W 65-78. Crisp, sharp flavour. An excellent cooker and ideal single-variety cider apple. Softens during storage. Tree is vigorous and precocious. Scab-resistant. Seedling found by a Rev. Tom Putt of Trent, Somerset, England in the late 1700s. Triploid. Pick early September. Use September - November. Cider, Cooking
Tompkins King (or King) 008king.jpg United States 1804? This apple is gigantic, and of excellent quality both as a dessert fruit and for cooking. The fruit shape is uniform and the skin mostly red with some yellow stripes. The flesh is yellowish and crisp. The fruit does not keep as well as some other apple cultivars. Eating
Topaz ApfelTopaz159.JPG Czechoslovakia 1990 Rubin × Vanda, scab-resistant, sharp flavour. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Tower of Glammis[6][15] Angus, Scotland. <1800 A first rate culinary apple, once very popular in Lanarkshire. Greenish in colour with some russeting near stalk normal.[115] W 73, H 70. Stalk 12 - 15 mm. Pick late October. Use November–February. Cooking.
Townsend[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003563.jpg Pa. US <1785 Stalk long. Flesh white, tender, subacid, good to very good. Tree healthy, vigorous. Good to very good. Pick late August. Eating
Traders Fancy[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003600.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1840 Flesh white, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, good to very good. Tree vigorous. Use January - May. Cooking
Trenton Early[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003605.jpg New Jersey, USA Introduced 1852 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Tree moderately vigorous, quite productive. Use August - September. Cooking, Eating
Trogsta[12][14] Trogsta.jpg Sweden <1900 W 59-71, H 50-59. Stalk 9 mm. Flesh juicy, good. Pick September. Eating
Tropical Beauty[8] South Africa c1930 P unknown. Flesh soft, poor. Eating
Tropic Sweet[8] Florida Introduced 1996 P polycross from Jerseymac x Anna selections. W 70. One of a handful of apple varieties that will grow in Florida; will not do well in cold weather at all. Eating
Trumbull Sweet(syn. Fenton Sweet)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003609.jpg Ohio, US <1850 Flesh white, juicy, sweet. Tree vigorous, productive, early bearer. Use September - October Baking
Tsáriskij schip[19] Estonia <1880 Medium size conical. Yellow with red stripes. Pick September. Use September. Cooking, Eating
Tsugaru Cross section of Tsugaru, National Fruit Collection (acc. 1981-115).jpg Aomori, Japan 1930 Golden Delicious × Jonathan Eating
Tufts[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003611.jpg Wisconsin, US 1855 Flesh crisp, mild subacid, fair to good. Stalk long. Use October - December. Eating
Tumanga (syn. Auralia)[56][13] Auralia DSC00307 (02).jpg Germany 1930 A green apple with red flush. W 66-80, H 52, We 110-195. Pick early October. Use November - February. Eating
Turley[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003712.jpg Indiana, US Introduced 1922. P Winesap x unknown. Tree bears annually, very productive. Cooking
Twenty Ounce[29] Cross section of Twenty Ounce, National Fruit Collection (acc. 2000-095).jpg New York <1844 Huge: apple weighs over one pound, or nearly 500 g. Green overlaid with broad red striping. Stalk short, thick. Flesh whitish, juicy, subacid. Excellent cooker. Nice juice qualities. Use September - October. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Tydeman's Early Worcester[7][15] England Raised 1929 Introduced 1945 Mclntosh × Worcester Pearmain. Crimson over yellow background colour. Flesh white, juicy, sweet with strong aroma. H 54-60, W 60-67. Stalk 17-20 mm. Pick mid August. Use August - September. Eating
Tydeman's Late Orange[7][15] England Raised 1930 Introduced 1949 Good storage qualities, but loses fragrance with age. H 55, W 58. Stalk 15-25 mm. Pick mid October. Use December - April. Sometimes cultivated in California; one of a handful of British apples that will thrive in the state. Eating
Undine[13] Germany 1961 A large apple (180-230 gram). Green with some orange overcolour. Jonathan x unknown. Eating
Utter[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003729.jpg Wisconsin, US 1855 Flesh, crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Tree regular grower, healthy, productive. Use October - December. Eating
Uttwiler Spätlauber Uttwiler Spaetlauber.jpg Switzerland 1750 Eating
Valinhense[8] Brazil P unknown. Very firm tart apple. Cooking
Valmore[5] California, US Introduced 1934 P unknown. Cooking
Vance Delicious[5] Virginia, US Discovered 1930. Introduced 1935. Mutation of Delicious. Eating
Vanderspiegel[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003629.jpg Bennington, Vt. US <1875 Flesh yellow, crisp, juicy, subacid. Tree productive. Use December -February. Eating
Vandervere(syn. Large Vandervere, Vandervere Pippin, Yellow Vandervere)[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003915.jpg US <1806 Flesh yellow, firm, juicy, acid. Tree vigorous, productive, bearing annually. Use December. Cooking
Verorja[9] Albania ? A greenish yellow apple with red stripes. W 50-60, H 50-60. We 100-120. Flesh crisp, juicy, subacid. Pick late July - Early August. Eating
Victory[5] Minnesota, US Introduced 1943 Flesh white, juicy, aromatic. Use October 15 - March 15. Eating
Vidovdanka[9] Serbia <1900 A green apple with red flush covering 85%. W 62, H 62-74. We 130. Flesh juicy, acid. Pick august. Eating
Vinterkanel(syn. Talvikaneli)[19] Finland Introduced 2003 A red apple. P Lobo x Rödkanel. Pick early October. Cooking, Eating
Violette[6] France 1628 A culinary apple of second rate quality. Use: October - March. Cooking
Virginia Greening[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003656.jpg Virginia <1835 W 88. H 65. Flesh white, subacid. Use January - April. Cooking
Vitgylling (syn. Virginskt Rosenäpple)[11][12] Vitgylling.jpg Europe <1800 W 69, H 60. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh sweet, subacid, fair to good. Pick late August. Use early September. Cooking
Von Zuccalmaglios Rennete[13] Malus Zuccalmaglios Renette 4173.jpg Germany 1878 W 65, H 61, We 115. Picking October. Use November - March. Biennial. Eating, Cooking
Vuokko[19] Finland Introduced 1999 A green apple. P Melba x Huvitus. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid. Pick late August - early September. Cooking, Eating
Vusanka[9] Montenegro <1900 A greenish yellow apple with red flush. W 72, H 63. We 132. Stalk medium to long. Flesh juicy, sweet. Pick early October. Use November - April. Eating, Cider
Wadhurst Pippin[6] Sussex, England <1875 A culinary apple of excellent quality, in use from October to February. Cooking
Wagener[7][3][15][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00003958.jpg New York, US 1791 Antique American variety, known since Colonial times. Tree hardy, early bearer, scab-resistant. Green with red flush. Flesh yellowish, tender, subacid and vinous, very good to best. W 70-88. H 51-63, Stalk 13-26 mm. Keeps very well. Very versatile in kitchen; not only does it cook well, but makes a good single-variety cider. Wagener is a parent of Idared, to which it imparts its keeping and cooking qualities. Pick early October. Use November - February. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Wanstall[6] Kent, England <1875 A dessert apple of the first quality, equal in flavour to the Ribston Pippin and will keep till May. Flesh, yellow, firm crisp, juicy, rich, sugary, and highly flavoured. Eating
Warder[5] Ohio, US Introduced 1937 P Rome Beauty x unknown. Pick October 1 in Ohio. Eating
Warner's King[21] agm[116][15] Pomological Watercolor POM00003462.jpg Kent, England c. 1700 Oblong and light green. Very tart. W 90-95, H 62-76. Stalk 15-20 mm. Do not attempt to eat out of hand. Pick late September. Use November - February. Cooking
Washington Strawberry[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003466.jpg N.Y. US <1849 W 88, H 75. Stalk 16 mm. Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, juicy, brisk subacid. Pick mid September. Use September - October. Eating
Washu 1984 Japan c. 1920 Conical with light green skin and dark freckles, with a firm, white, bruise-resistant flesh and a sweet, low-acid flavor with tropical undertones. Eating
Water[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003469.jpg Pa. US <1850 W 70, H 70. Stalk 16 mm. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Use October - November. Eating
Waterman Sweet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003470.jpg US <1875 Yellow with red flush. Flesh yellow, juicy, sweet. Use December - March. Eating
Webster[5] Geneva, New York, US 1921, Introduced 1938 P (Ben Davis x Jonathan) x (Ben Davis x Jonathan). A large red apple. Triploid. Cooking
Wedge[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003673.jpg Minnesota, US 1912, Introduced 1922 P Ben Davis x unknown. A large apple. Use October - November.
Well apple syn. of Domine
Well apple syn. of Titus Pippin
Western Beauty[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003699.jpg US <1850 W 89, H 74. Stalk 20 mm. Flesh light yellow, tender, juicy, vinous, subacid. Tree vigorous, productive, early bearer. Use August - December. Cooking, Eating
Western Giant[5] California, US Introduced 1948 A large Apple P unknown. Ripens before Red Astrachan.
Westfield Seek-No-Further[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00003704.jpg Westfield, Massachusetts, US 18th century A medium-sized conic to truncate-conic apple. W 70, H 58. Stalk 13 mm. Greenish-yellow, dull skin, flushed orange with carmine stripes, russet dots and patches. Shaded fruit are often irregularly russeted all over, with little colour showing. Flesh is light buttery-yellow, firm but tender, and moderately fine-grained. Flavour is nicely balanced, a honey-like sweetness balanced with a lemon-like citric acidity, rich, notes of pear and vanilla. Vigorous grower, some disease resistance. Use December. Eating
Wealthy[7][15] Wealthy (apple).jpg Minnesota, US 1860 Cherry Red × Sops of Wine.

Pretty reddish pink coat. Believed at one time Minnesota was too cold to grow apples until "Wealthy" was cultivated. Now a parent to many apples for resistance to temperatures below freezing. Still available in upper Midwest. W 67-69, H 53-61. Stalk 18 - 22 mm. Pick mid September. Use September - December.

Eating
Weisskante[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 100.jpg Germany <1850 W66, H 66. Stalk 16 mm. Use November - March. Cooking, Eating
Wheeler´s Russet[6][117] England 1717 ? Medium sized fruit, entirely covered with pale yellowish grey russet. A highly flavoured dessert apple of the first quality. Use: November–April. Eating
Whetstone[5] Pomological Watercolor POM00003707.jpg Missouri, US Intoduced 1935 P Conard x Delicious. Quality fair. Tree vigourous.
White Astrachan[11] Vit astrakan.jpg Sweden or Russia <1800 W 71, H 60. Stalk 10-15mm. Eating
White Doctor[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00004121.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1875 A large greenish-yellow apple. Stalk short. Tree vigorous. Flesh white, subacid, good. Use September - October. Cooking
White June see Yellow June
White Pippin(syn. Canada Pippin)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00004125.jpg US or Canada A yellow apple. W 80, H 65. Stalk 12 mm. Flesh white, crisp, juicy, subacid, very good to best. Use January - March. Eating
White Sweet[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001108.jpg New Jersey, US <1875 Tree vigorous. Flesh white, sweet, good. Use Use September - October. Cider, Cooking
White Transparent]][7][13] Papierówka owoce na gałęziach.jpg Latvia 1850 Very pale green skin with an almost white flesh, it is very sharp in taste. Fruit bruises easily and goes soft once harvested. W 55-70, H 55-68, We 85-100. Pick and use July - August. Cooking
White Winter Pearmain[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00004134.jpg US <1830 W 74-79, H 62-73. Stalk 15-20 mm. Tree vigorous. Flesh yellow, crisp, juicy, very good. Use December - March. Eating, Cooking
Whitney Russet[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00004051.jpg US <1850 W 67, H 52. Stalk 14 mm. Flesh grennish-yellow, juicy, subacid, aromatic, spicy. Use December - February. Eating
Whorle Pippin[6] Scotland <1831 Summer dessert apple of first-rate quality. Flesh firm, crisp and very juicy, with a brisk flavour. Picking August. H 51 W65. Eating
Wickham´s Pearmain[6] Hampshire, England <1875 A pearmain-shaped yellow apple with red overcolour on the side next the sun. H 50, W 50. Flesh, greenish yellow, crisp, juicy, and highly flavoured. An excellent dessert apple. Eating
Wickson[5] California, US Introduced 1944 A red oblong apple. P Yellow Newtown x Spitzenberg crab. Flesh juicy. Jam, Jelly, Cider
Wickstrands favorit[12] Wickstrands favorit.jpg Sweden <1900 A green apple. W 65 H 67. Stalk 16 mm. Flesh sweet. Pick October. Use October - December. Eating
Wijcik McIntosh British Columbia, Canada Mid 1960s Mutation of McIntosh apple that first showed columnar ornamental properties Eating, Cooking, Ornamental
Wild Twist[118] Wild Twist apple cultivar.jpg US 2011 Honeycrisp x Cripps Pink. Commercially available in 2020.
William Crump[7][15] Worcestershire, England <1910 High-quality, well-coloured dessert apple. Raised at Rowe´s Nurseries, Worcester, England. First Class Certificate from RHS in 1910. A yellow apple half covered with red flush. W 70-74, H 58-63. Stalk 13 mm. Pick mid October. Use December - February. Eating
Williams Favourite(syn. Williams, Williams Early)[11][17] Pomological Watercolor POM00000518.jpg Massachusetts, US c1750 W 56-69, H 52-69. Stalk 15 mm. Flesh crisp, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Tree moderately vigorous. Pick September. Use September - November. Eating
Williams Pride(syn. Co-op 23)[8] Indiana, US Introduced 1987 Flesh firm, crisp, juicy, subacid. Eating
Willie Sharpe[8] New Zealand early 1900s Light green, round, medium size. Flesh sweet, subacid, good. Eating
Willis Sweet(syn. Pear Lot)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00004203.jpg Long Island, US <1850 W 83, H 73. Stalk 22 mm. Very good. Flesh juicy, sweet. Use August - September. (Eating, Cooking), Baking.
Willow Twig(syn. James River)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00003833.jpg US <1870 Yellow with red flush. W 84, H 73. Stalk 22 mm. Flesh pleasant, subacid. Valuable for late keeping
Wine[4] Pomological Watercolor POM00004220.jpg US <1850 A large apple. Flesh yellow, juicy, acid to subacid. Tree is very large. Use November - December. Cooking, Eating
Winesap Pomological Watercolor POM00004229.jpg United States 1817 Sweet with tangy finish. Reddish blush flecked with some green. Cider, Eating
Winston (Winter King) agm[119][15] Winter king apple.jpg Berkshire, England c. 1935 Cox Orange × Worcester Pearmain. Originally called Winter King because of its extraordinary keeping ability, renamed during World War II for Winston Churchill. W 65, H 60. Stalk 10-18 mm. Pick mid October. Use December - April. Eating
Winter Banana[7][8] Malus Winterbananenapfel 4175.jpg Indiana, US 1876 Large, late dessert apple for use in December to March. Award of Merit from RHS in 1912. A golden yellow apple. 25-75% flushed with pinkish brown. W 78, H 71. Flesh juicy, sweet, subacid. Pick early October. Use December - March. Eating
Winter Harvey[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000798.jpg US <1850 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Tree vigorous. Use January - March Eating
Winter Maiden´s Blush[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001261.jpg Pennsylvania, US <1850 Flesh white, crisp, tender, subacid, very good. Stalk short. Eating
Winter Pearmain[6] England <1600 A narrow conical ribbed apple. W 70-80, H 70-80. Stalk very short. Flesh yellow, firm crisp, juicy and a very pleasant flavour. Use December - April. Eating, Cooking
Winter Pomeroy[42] England ? <1850 W 76, H 64. Stalk long. Flesh, yellow, crisp, sub-acid. Use December - January. Cooking
Winter Prinzenapfel[21] Malus - Winterprinz.JPG Germany <1887 W 69, H 69-72. Stalk 12 mm. Flesh juicy, sweet, good. Use December - March. Eating, Cooking
Winter Quittenapfel[21] Deutsche Pomologie - Aepfel - 081.jpg <1830 W 72, H 58-60. Stalk 11 mm. Use December - April. Cooking (Eating)
Winter Quoining[42] England <1700 W 57, H 64. Flesh greenish yellow, tender, soft, not very juicy, sugary, perfumed. Use November - May. Cooking, Eating
Winthrop Greening(syn. Lincoln Pippin, Hove Apple)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00004257.jpg Winthrop, Me. US <1875 Stalk short. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid. Use September. Eating
Witos[56] Poland
Wolf River[7] Wolf River (5207256275).jpg Wisconsin, US 1881 Apple very large, some growing to size of large grapefruit. Red with yellow blush. Once very popular commercial apple in United States but presently relegated to upper Midwest if grown for profit. Occasionally can be found growing wild in backcountry thickets or abandoned land in Shenandoah Valley. Named for area where found. Feral trees can be brought back with care and pruning. W 80, H 62. Pick mid September. Use October - December. Cooking, Eating
Wood´s Greening(syn. Reinette Simerenko)[99] Ukraine <1895 A golden yellow apple. H 54-65 W 70-78. Pick October. Cooking, Eating
Woolbrook Russet[7] Devon, England 1903 P Bramley x King Acre Pippin. W 84, H 67. Stalk short. Flesh white, juicy, acid. Pick mid October. Use December - March. Cooking
Worcester Pearmain agm[120] Worcester parmän.jpg Worcestershire, England 1873 Conical , entirely covered with scarlet. FCC from RHS in 1875. Crisp and sweet strawberry flavour when ripe. Pick early - mid September. Use September - October. W 64, H 61. Eating
Wright[5] Missouri, US Introduced 1942 P Ben Davis x Jonathan. Fruit large, good flavor. Eating
Wrixparent[5] Delaware, US Introduced 1940 P Transparent x unknown. Ripens early. Eating
Wyken Pippin[7] England or Netherlands Old Flat round, even, greenish yellow, with delicious flavour. W 59, H 50. Pick mid October. Use November - February. Eating
Yakima Newtown[5] Washington, US Introduced 1949 Mutation of Yellow Newtown. Cooking, Cider, Eating
Yates[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000919.jpg Georgia, US <1865 A small apple. Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use March - May. Eating
Yellow Bellflower[13][4] Belle Fleur Jaune.jpg Burlington, New Jersey, US <1800 Yellow H 72-78, W 72-78, We 160. Stalk 18 - 25 mm. A favorite for baked apples. Banana flavour. Flesh tender, juicy, crisp, subacid, very good. Picking October. Use December–February. Cooking, Eating
Yellow Forset[17] Pomological Watercolor POM00001132.jpg La. US <1885 Flesh white, tender, crisp, juicy, aromatic, subacid, good. Use January - June. Eating
Yellow Ingestrie[26] Pomological Watercolor POM00001133.jpg England c1800 Small, even, golden yellow. Flesh firm, very juicy and delicately flavoured. H 59, W 53. Eating
Yellow June(syn. White June)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001135.jpg Southern US <1865 Flesh white, tender, juicy, brisk, subacid, good. Stalk long. Tree vigorous, abundant bearer. Use southern US June, Jyly, northern US August. Eating
Yopp(syn. Yopp´s Favorite)[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00001003.jpg Georgia, US <1857 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Stalk short. Use November. Eating
York[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000923.jpg Massachusetts, US <1865 Flesh whitish, tender, juicy, subacid, good to very good. Stalk short. Use October - November. Cooking
York-A-Red[5] West Virginia, US 1931. Introduced 1937. Mutation of York Imperial. Eating, Cider, Juice
York Imperial[4][3] Pomological Watercolor POM00000925.jpg York, Pennsylvania, US 1820 Flesh yellowish, tender, juicy, subacid, aromatic. Tree healthy, productive. Preserves well, lop-sided shape. Use November - February. Cider, Cooking, Eating
Yorking[5] Pennsylvania, US 1925. Introduced 1932. Mutation of York Imperial Eating, cider, juice
Yorkshire Greening[7] Yorkshire, England <1803 W 92, H 76. Stalk short to medium. Flesh white, firm, dry, acid. Pick early October. Use November - March. Cooking
Zabergäu Renette[7] Zabergäu Renette jm55119.jpg Germany 1875 Large russet apple somewhat like Belle de Boskoop. (128-208 gram). High in sugar 14.8%. Pick early October. Use October - March. Eating
Zestar Apple Jacks Orchard - Zestar Apples (6123001930).jpg Minnesota, US 1999 Red and greenish-yellow, round, sweet and tangy, preserves well Cooking, Eating
Zimska Kolačara[9] Serbia <1900 A greenish yellow apple. W 55-65, H 65-75, We 170-210. Stalk short. Flesh firm, sweet, juicy. Pick late September - early October. Eating, Cooking, Pie
Zoar Greening[3] Pomological Watercolor POM00002341.jpg Ohio, US <1865 Flesh white, tender, juicy, subacid, good. Use November - December. Eating
Ökna Lökäpple[11] Ökna lökäpple.jpg Sweden <1830 Greenish yellow with some red stripes. H 50, W64. Stalk 10 mm. Pick October. Use December - February. Eating
Ökna vita Vintergylling[12] Ökna Vita Vintergylling.jpg Sweden <1900 A small yellow conical apple. H 60, W 60. Use December - April. Cooking, Eating.
Ölands Kungsäpple[31][11] Ölands kungsäpple.jpg Sweden <1850 A small red conical apple for use in November–December. H 56, W 66. Stalk 8 mm. Eating

Cider apples

Cider apples may be far too sour or bitter for fresh eating, but are used for making cider. Some apples (especially older ones from the U.S. and Canada) are used for both cider and eating purposes. shp = sharp, swt = sweet, bswt = bittersweet, bshp = bittersharp.[3][42][121][122][6][123][26][124][27][125][126]

Gravenstein apples, used for cooking, dessert, and cider
Less common apple cultivars (among pear cultivars).
A range of modern apple cultivars
Common name Origin First developed Type Juice titrable acidity % weight/volume Juice specific gravity

grams/liter

Tannin %
Amanda England 2007 bswt 0.22 1054 0.23
Angela England 2007 bsp 0.62 1049 0.19
Antoinette France bswt 0.25 1050 0.27
Arbeya Spain shp 0.57 0.16
Arbeya Montés Spain shp 0.71 0.15
Armagnac France shp 0.81 1065 0.17
Ashton Bitter Somerset, England 1947 bswt
Ashton Brown Jersey Somerset, England 1903 bswt 0.14 1054 0.34
Avrolles France shp 1.20 1055 0.09
Backwell red Somerset England old shp 0.70 1051 0.13
Baldwin Wilmington, Massachusetts, US c. 1740 shp 0.74
Ball´s Bittersweet Herefordshire, England 1927 bswt 0.28 0.28
Bedan France bswt 0.15 1056 0.23
Belle de Boskoop Netherlands 1856 bshp
Belle Fille de la Manche France swt
Betty England 2007 shp 0.90 1050 0.11
Bickington Grey Devonshire shp
Binet Blanc France bswt 0.18 1060 0.25
Binet Rouge France bswt 0.18 1063 0.24
Binet Violet France bswt 0.17 1050 0.26
Bisquet France bswt 0.21 1045 0.21
Bittenfelder Germany 1930s bshp 1.00 1070
Black Dabinett Somerset, England bswt
Blanchet France shp 0.48 1050 0.13
Blanc Sur France shp 0.67 1055 0.12
Blanquina Spain shp 0.63 0.09
Bohnapfel Germany <1800 bshp 0.55 1050
Bran Rose Herefordshire <1880 shp
Breakwell`s Seedling Wales 1890 bshp 0.64 1042 0.23
Broad-Leaved Hereford England bswt
Browns Apple Devon 1920s shp 0.67
Brown Snout Herefordshire, England c. 1850 bswt 0.24 1053 0.24
Brown Thorn (syn. Argile Grise) bswt
Broxwood Foxwhelp England 1920 bshp 1.91 0.22
Bulmer`s Norman France <1890 bswt 0.24 1053 0.27
Burrowhill Early Somerset, England bswt
Buttery d´Or Dorset, England shp
Börtlinger Weinapfel Germany 1827 bshp
Cadbury(syn. Royal Wildling) Somerset, England swt
Calabaza Spain shp 0.77 0.14
Campfield New Jersey, US <1817 bswt ?
Campillo Spain shp 0.52 0.11
Cap of Liberty Somerset, England bshp 0.82 1052 0.21
Captain Broad Cornwall, England bswt
Cartigny France bswt 0.21 1051 0.22
Casado Spain shp 0.98 0.19
Cazo Jaune France bshp 1.31 1054 0.33
Chaperonnais France bswt
Charlepitré France swt
Cherry Norman Herefordshire <1880 bswt
Cherry Pearmain Herefordshire shp
Chevalier Jaune France bswt 0.22 1053 0.38
Chisel Jersey(syn. Bitter Jersey) Somerset, England <1900 bswt 0.22 1059 0.40
C`Huero Briz France bswt 0.21 1056 0.47
Cider Ladies Finger Somerset, England shp 0.59 1052
Cidor France bswt 0.17 1055 0.40
Clara Spain swt 0.21 0.19
Clos Renaux France bswt 0.25 1052 0.22
Clozette Douce France bswt 0.22 1054 0.23
Coat Jersey Somerset, England bswt
Coleman´s Seedling Devonshire shp
Collaos Spain shp 0.62 0.11
Collington Big Bitters bswt 0.21 0.21
Coloradona Spain swt 0.15 0.13
Corset Hill Gloucestershire, England shp
Court Royal(syn. Sweet Blenheim) England swt 0.21 1050 0.11
Crimson King Somerset, England <1900 shp 0.6 1044 0.13
Cristalina Spain shp 0.46 0.066
Cul Plat France bswt
Cummy Norman Radnorshire, Wales <1876 bswt
Dabinett Somerset, England late 19th century bswt 0.18 1057 0.29
Debbie England 2007 shp 0.9 1050 0.08
De La Riega Spain shp 0.58 0.11
Diot Roux France shp 0.98 1052 0.18
Dolores Spain shp 0.54 0.07
Domaines France bswt 0.21 1067
Douce Coetligné France swt 0.19 1051 0.18
Douce Moen France bswt 0.21 1061 0.24
Doux au Gober France swt
Doux Eveque Jaune France swt 0.16 1052
Doux Joseph France bswt 0.21 1058
Doux Lozon France bswt 0.14 1053 0.21
Doux Normandie France swt 0.16 1065 0.14
Doux Veret de Carrouges France swt
Dove Somerset, England <1899 bswt 0.22 1049 0.31
Dufflin Devonshire swt
Dunkerton´s Late Sweet Somerset, England swt
Durón Arroes Spain shp 0.52 0.12
Durón Encarnado Spain shp 0.75 0.10
Durona Tresali Spain shp 0.77 0.14
Dymock Red Gloucestershire, England <1800 bshp
Early Bird bswt 0.21 1052 0.55
Eggleton Styre Herefordshire, England 1847 swt
Ellis Bitter Newton St. Cyres, Devon, England c. 1850 bswt 0.20 1053 0.24
Engelsberger Germany ?
Fair Maid of Taunton(syn. Moonshines) Somerset shp
Filbarrel Somerset, England bswt
Fiona England 2007 shp 0.69 1049 0.15
Four Square England shp
Foxwhelp Gloucestershire, England c. 1600 shp
Frederick Monmoutshire, Wales 1800s shp 1.02 1048 0.09
Fréquin Rouge France bswt 0.24 1065 0.51
Fresnosa Spain shp 0.67 0.11
Fuentes Spain shp 0.75 0.11
Gehrers Rambour Germany 1885 bshp
Gesnot France shp 0.65 1049 0.11
Gilly England 2007 bshp 0.54 1053 0.18
Golden Ball Devonshire shp
Golden Russet US <1850 shp 0.55
Great Britain Devonshire shp
Green Bittersweet Devonshire bswt
Guillevic France shp 0.58 1059 0.135
Hagloe Crab Gloucestershire, England <1880 shp
Hangdown(syn. Pocket Apple) Somerset or Devonshire, England bswt 0.20 1056 0.28
Harrison New Jersey, US 1770 shp 0.60 0.15
Harry Masters Jersey Somerset, England <1900 bswt 0.20 1056 0.32
Hastings England 2007 bswt 0.13 1057 0.29
Hauxapfel Germany 1920 bshp
Helens`s Apple England 2007 bswt 0.10 1050 0.29
Honeystring Somerset swt
Improved Dove England early 1900s bswt
Improved Lambrook Pippin Somerset, England <1960 shp
Improved Redstreak England <1940 bshp
Jane England 2007 bsw 0.19 1052 0.33
Jaune de Vitré France shp 0.88 1060
Jeanne Renard France bswt 0.17 1065
Joanna bswt 0.11 1045 0.22
Judaine France shp 0.67 1053 0.075
Judeline France shp 0.50 1050
Judin France shp 0.66 1060 0.09
Judor France shp 0.67 1052 0.07
Juliana France shp 1.03 1061 0.18
Jurella France shp 0.85 1053 0.06
Kaiser Wilhelm Germany 1864 bshp 0.63 1055
Kardinal Bea Germany ?
Kermerrien France bswt 0.15 1062 0.43
Kingston Black(syn. Black Taunton) Near Taunton, Somerset, England late 19th century bshp 0.58 1061 0.19
Knotted Kernel Somerset, England <1842 bswt 0.24 1059 0.34
Lagar Spain bshp 0.60 0.22
Lambrook Pippin Somerset, England shp 0.58 1054 0.24
Langworthy (syn. Wyatt´s Seedling) England shp
Lavignée (syn. Belle de Douai) bswt 0.21 1049 0.27
Le Bret England ? swt
Limón Montés Spain shp 0.81 0.12
Lin Spain bshp 0.71 0.24
Lizzy England 2007 bswt 0.17 1047 0.20
Locart Vert France shp
Lorna Doone Somerset shp
Loroñe Spain shp 0.61 0.19
Loroñesa Spain shp 0.55 0.16
Maggie England 2007 shp 0.58 1052 0.14
Major England bswt 0.18 1054 0.41
Marialena Spain
Marie Ménard France bswt 0.22 1061 0.48
Mariñana Spain shp 0.60 0.11
Marin Onfroy France bswt 0.17 1059 0.325
Maundy England bswt
Meana Spain shp 0.66 0.19
Médaille D´Or France <1850 bswt 0.27 1059 0.64
Meriennet France bswt
Mettais France bswt 0.17 1063 0.38
Merton Russet Surrey, England 1921 shp 0.82
Michelin France 1872 bswt 0.25 1050 0.23
Miyares Spain shp 0.48 0.15
Montoto Spain shp 0.57 0.155
Morgan Sweet Somerset, England swt 0.22 1049 0.13
Moulin á Vent France bswt 0.26 1061 0.27
Muscadet de Dieppe France bswt 0.21 1055 0.25
Naomi England 2007 swt 0.28 1041 0.17
Nehou France <1920 bswt 0.17 1057 0.60
Neverblight Somerset shp
Newtown Pippin Queens County, New York, US c. 1750
No Prieta Antigua Spain swt 0.10 0.086
Northwood Devon, England c1800 swt 0.27 1049 0.17
Norton Bitter Somerset shp
Obdulina Spain swt 0.37 0.155
Omont France bswt 0.19 1063 0.22
Orange Pippin France or UK <1800
Osier England bswt
Paignton Marigold Devon England <1834 bswt
Panquerina Spain shp 0.55 0.12
Paraguas Spain swt 0.31 0.09
Parda Blanquera Spain shp - bshp 0.71 0.20
Parda Carreño Spain shp 0.57 0.10
Pardona Spain shp 0.93 0.12
Peau de Chien France bswt 0.22 1065 0.30
Pennard Bitter Somerset, England <1900 bswt
Pepa Spain swt 0.21 0.10
Perezosa Spain shp 0.55 0.075
Perico Spain shp 0.59 0.12
Pethyre Monmoutshire, Wales 1920s bswt
Petit Amer France bswt 0.20 1055 0.44
Petit Jaune France shp 0.74 1055 0.12
Pomme de Bouet France shp
Ponsford Devonshire <1880 shp
Porters Perfection Somerset, England <1900 bshp 0.82 1054 0.25
Pound Devonshire swt
Poveshon Essex County, New Jersey, US 18th century
Prieta Spain shp 0.58 0.10
Prince William England 2007 bswt 0.15 1057 0.25
Queue Torte France swt
Rambault France shp 0.64 1061 0.14
Rawlings Devonshire swt
Raxao Spain shp 0.78 0.08
Red Jersey(syn. Loral Drain) Somerset, England 1895 bswt 0.63 1052 0.48
Red Norman Herefordshire <1880 bswt
Redstreak Herefordshire, England c. 1630 shp or bshp
Red Worthy Somerset bswt
Regona Spain shp 1.07 0.145
Reine des Hatives Normandy, France 1872 bswt 0.24 0.27
Reine des Pommes France bswt
Reineta Encarnada Spain shp 0.55 0.11
Rénao France shp
René Martin France shp 0.76 1053 0.14
Repinaldo Gozón Spain swt 0.32 0.08
Repinaldo Hueso Spain shp 0.61 0.13
Rouge Duret France swt 0.17 1049 0.16
Rousse de la Sarthe France swt 0.17 1056 0.16
Roxbury Russet Massachusetts, US c. 1640s shp 0.71-0.80 0.11
Royal Jersey Somerset, England bswt
Royal Somerset(Copas) Somerset shp
Royal Wilding Herefordshire, England bswt 0.23 1053 0.24
Saint Martin France bswt 0.20 1055 0.23
Sebin Blanc France shp 0.54 1051 0.14
Severn Bank England shp
Sherrington Norman bshp 0.27 1051 0.33
Sibirian Bittersweet England c1810
Sibirian Harvey England 1807
Silver Cup Somerset bswt
Slack-ma-Girdle Devon, England 18th century swt 0.27 1052 0.14
Solarina Spain shp 0.55 0.16
Somerset Redstreak Somerset, England <1917 bswt
Spicey Pippin Devonshire shp
Stable Jersey Somerset, England bswt
Stead`s Kernel Herefordshire, England <1875
Stembridge Cluster Somerset, England bshp
Stembridge Jersey Somerset, England c1950 bswt
Stoke Red Rodney Stoke, Somerset, England <1920 bshp 0.64 1052 0.31
Strawberry Norman Herefordshire, England <1900 bswt 0.32 1053 0.36
Styre Forest of Dean, England before 1600
Sugar Loaf Devonshire swt
Sugar Sweet Devonshire swt
Sweet Alford Devon, England swt 0.22 1052 0.15
Sweet Bramley Devonshire swt
Sweet Coopin Devon, England <1800 swt 0.20 1052 0.14
Tale Sweet Devonshire, England swt
Tan Harvey Cornwall, England bswt
Tardive de la Sarthe France bswt 0.20 1059 0.37
Tardive Forestiere France <1900 bswt
Taylor´s Sweet(syn. Taylor´s) Somerset, England <1900 swt-bswt
Teórica Spain shp 0.80 0.08
Tesniére Franc shp 1055 0.16
Tina England 2007 bswt 0.18 1055 0.25
Tom Putt England shp 0.65 1052 0.13
Tremlett's Bitter Exe Valley, England c. 1820 bswt 0.27 1052 0.34
Upright French Dorset, England bswt
Vagon Archer England bswt
Verdialona Spain swt 0.34 0.09
Vicky swt 0.15 1050 0.14
Vilberie France <1900 bswt
Weisser Trier Weinapfel Germany ? <1890 bshp 0.84
Welschisner Germany or Austria ?
Whimple Queen Devonshire swt
Whimple Wonder Devonshire swt
White Close Pippin Somerset or Devonshire, England bswt
White Jersey Somerset, England 1895 bswt 0.29 1051 0.26
White Norman(syn. White Hereford) Herefordshire, England <1900 bswt 0.20 1056 0.32
Winesap US c. 1817 bshp 0.51
Winter Banana Indiana, US 1876 swt 0.41
Winterrambour Germany 1864 bswt 0.36
Woodbine(syn. Rice´s Jersey) Somerset, England swt 0.29 1052 0.15
Woodcock Gloucestershire, England c. 1600
Xuanina Spain shp 0.75 0.10
Yarlington Mill Somerset, England 1898 bswt 0.22 1052 0.32
Yellow Elliot England <1700
Yeovil Sour Yeovil, Somerset, England c. 1824 bshp 0.55 1052 0.15

Rootstock cultivars

Selection of rootstock cultivars can be difficult: vigorous roots tend to give trees that are healthy but grow too tall to be harvested easily without careful pruning, while dwarfing rootstocks result in small trees that are easy to harvest from, but are often shorter-lived and sometimes less healthy. Most modern commercial orchards use one of the "Malling series" (aka 'M' series), introduced or developed by the East Malling Research Station from the early 20th century onward. However, a great deal of work has been done recently introducing new rootstocks in Poland, the U.S. (Geneva), and other nations. The Polish rootstocks are often used where cold hardiness is needed. The Geneva series of rootstocks has been developed to resist important diseases such as fireblight and collar rot, as well as for high fruit productivity.

See also

References

  1. ^ Elzebroek, A.T.G.; Wind, K. (2008). Guide to Cultivated Plants. Wallingford: CAB International. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-84593-356-2.
  2. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 63. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei Downing, Fruits and Fruit-Trees of America, 1885
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck Warder, American Pomology
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  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i Beach, The apples of New York, 1903
  30. ^ a b https://harvestnursery.com/blog/product/beverly-hills-apple/
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  33. ^ a b Matthiesen, Dansk Frugt, 1913
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  37. ^ Nova sorte voćaka stvorene u Čačku
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  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Svensson, Äpplen i Sverige, 2003
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  46. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Discovery'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
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  51. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Egremont Russet'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  52. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Ellison's Orange'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  53. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Elstar'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  54. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Emneth Early'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  55. ^ a b Smith, National Apple register of the U.K., 1971
  56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Obstsorten Atlas, 1996
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  58. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Fiesta'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  59. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Fortune'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  60. ^ a b c d Esther Deutsch (15 November 2017). "The Apple of My I". Ami. No. 342. p. 102.
  61. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'George Neal'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  62. ^ Illustrirtes Handbuch der Obstkunde, 1859
  63. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Golden Delicious'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  64. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Golden Noble'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  65. ^ "'GoldRush' Apple". Retrieved 12 Dec 2017.
  66. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Greensleeves'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  67. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Grenadier'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  68. ^ Erwerbsobstbau, Nr 7, 1997
  69. ^ https://newenglandapples.org/apples/hightop-sweet/
  70. ^ https://chestofbooks.com/gardening-horticulture/American-Horticultural-Manual-Vol2/Description-Of-Apple-Varieties-H-Part-2.html
  71. ^ Fruit varieties journal, 1965
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  73. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Idared'". Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  74. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'James Grieve'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  75. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Jonagold'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  76. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Jupiter'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  77. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Kidd's Orange Red'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  78. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'King of the Pippins'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  79. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'King Russet'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  80. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Kingston Black'". RHS. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  81. ^ Story of Lady Alice Archived 2012-01-16 at the Wayback Machine
  82. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Lane's Prince Albert'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  83. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Laxton's Epicure'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  84. ^ a b c d e Taylor, The Apples of England, 1936
  85. ^ Taylor, The Apples of England, 1947
  86. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Lord Lambourne'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  87. ^ https://apnews.com/article/964513de03ce4399834ca429a7dbfc92
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  90. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2012-12-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  91. ^ "Unknown Apples Worthy of Attention - The Cloudforest Gardener Wiki". www.cloudforest.com. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  92. ^ [Santa Cruz Sentinel, June 27, 2006: "Life changes after encounter with fairy-tale horses"]
  93. ^ Opal
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  96. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Pixie'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
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  98. ^ a b Pomologia Republicii Populare Romine
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  102. ^ Anton Pedersen, Danmarks Frugtsorter, 1950
  103. ^ Erwerbsobstbau, Nr 3, 1979
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  105. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Rosemary Russet'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  106. ^ The Book of Apples, J. Morgan, 1993
  107. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'St Edmund's Pippin'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  108. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Santana'". Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  109. ^ "Malus domestica 'Scrumptious'". RHS. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  110. ^ a b Åhlén, Bland Pomonas skatter, 1900
  111. ^ Downing, Fruit and Fruit-Trees of America
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  113. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Suntan'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  114. ^ http://www.gardenappleid.co.uk/index.php/alphabetic-list-of-apples/23-tower-of-glamis
  115. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Warner's King'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  116. ^ J.G. Dittrich, Systematisches Handbuch der Obstkunde, 1837
  117. ^ Loria, Keith (December 26, 2019). "Hess Bros. launching Wild Twist apples in 2020". The Produce News. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2020.
  118. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Winston'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  119. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Malus domestica 'Worcester Pearmain'". Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  120. ^ Annual report, Long Ashton Research station, 1930-1940
  121. ^ Information from John Worle nursery
  122. ^ Obstsorten-Atlas, 1989
  123. ^ Pommiers á cidre - Variétés de France, J.M. Bore et J. Fleckinger
  124. ^ Journal American Pomological Society, 2003
  125. ^ Mangas, Study of the Phenolic Profile of Cider Apple Cultivars, J. Agric Food Chem.

Khanizadeh, S. and J. Cousineau. 1998. "Our Apples/ Les Pommiers de Chez Nous", A Description of Over 250 Apple Cultivars Grown in Eastern and Central Canada Including 400 Coloured Photographs of the Fruits, Flowers and Leaves. Publisher Shahrokh Khanizadeh, 260 p. Ed: S. Khanizadeh. ISBN 0-660-60543-0.

Further reading

Two of the most comprehensive publications on apple cultivars are: Khanizadeh, S. and J. Cousineau. 1998. "Our Apples/ Les Pommiers de Chez Nous", A Description of Over 250 Apple Cultivars Grown in Eastern and Central Canada Including 400 Coloured Photographs of the Fruits, Flowers and Leaves. Publisher Shahrokh Khanizadeh, 260 p. Ed: S. Khanizadeh. ISBN 0-660-60543-0.

  • The New Book of Apples (ISBN 0-09-188398-9) by Dr Joan Morgan of The National Fruit Collection and Alison Richards.
  • Directory of Apple Cultivars (ISBN 1-874275-40-8) by Martin Crawford of The Agroforestry Research Trust
  • For Cider apples - "Cider Apples, The New Pomona" ISBN 978-0-9568994-2-2 by Liz Copas
  • Apples (ISBN 0-393-03690-1) by Roger Yepsen. Text of apple history and descriptions with full-color watercolor illustrations of 90 apple varieties by Yepsen. W.W. Norton and Company, New York and London.
  • "Old Southern Apples" (ISBN 978-0-939923-37-3) by Creighton Lee Calhoun, Jr.