List of chief ministers from the Bharatiya Janata Party

Summary

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the two major parties in the political system of the Republic of India, the other being the Indian National Congress (INC).[1][2] As of 2015, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament.[3] Established in 1980, the BJP's platform is generally considered as the right-wing of the political spectrum.[4] As of 15 May 2022, 49 BJP leaders have held the position of a chief minister, out of which twelve are incumbent.

  States and union territories with a chief minister from the BJP
  States and union territories which had a chief minister from the BJP
  States and union territories which have never had a chief minister from the BJP
  Centrally administered union territories

A chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-eight states and three union territories (UTs) (Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry). According to the Constitution of India, at the state-level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. The chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years, with the confidence of the assembly's confidence. There are no limits to the number of terms the chief minister can serve.[5]

Of the 49 BJP chief ministers, twelve are incumbent — Pema Khandu in Arunachal Pradesh, Himanta Biswa Sarma in Assam, Pramod Sawant in Goa, Bhupendrabhai Patel in Gujarat, Manohar Lal Khattar in Haryana, Jai Ram Thakur in Himachal Pradesh, Basavaraj Bommai in Karnataka, Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Madhya Pradesh, N. Biren Singh in Manipur, Manik Saha in Tripura, Pushkar Singh Dhami in Uttarakhand, and Yogi Adityanath in Uttar Pradesh. Four of the BJP chief ministers have been women — Sushma Swaraj in Delhi, Uma Bharti in Madhya Pradesh, Anandiben Patel in Gujarat and Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan. Shivraj Singh Chauhan, who is chief minister of Madhya Pradesh for more than 15 years has been the longest-serving chief minister from the BJP. Devendra Fadnavis's second tenure as the chief minister of Maharashtra lasted for only three days, which is the least tenure among chief ministers from BJP; however, taking the total of all the tenures into consideration, Sushma Swaraj served as a chief minister of Delhi for the shortest period of 52 days. Bhairon Singh Shekhawat of Rajasthan was the first chief minister from the BJP; however some BJP leaders had already been elected before as the chief minister while being a member of the Janata Party (JP), an amalgam of political parties which included BJP's predecessor Bharatiya Jana Sangh.[6] There have been seven chief ministers in Uttarakhand from the BJP, six chief ministers in Gujarat, four chief ministers in Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh each, and three in Delhi, Goa, Himachal Pradesh and Jharkhand each.

Arunachal PradeshEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Gegong Apang[α] 31 August 2003 29 August 2004 364 days 6th
  Pema Khandu*[β] 31 December 2016 28 May 2019 5 years, 141 days 9th
29 May 2019 Incumbent 10th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

AssamEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Sarbananda Sonowal 24 May 2016 9 May 2021 4 years, 350 days 14th
  Himanta Biswa Sarma* 10 May 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 11 days 15th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

ChhattisgarhEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Raman Singh 7 December 2003 11 December 2008 15 years, 9 days 2nd
12 December 2008 11 December 2013 3rd
12 December 2013 16 December 2018 4th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

DelhiEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Madan Lal Khurana 2 December 1993 26 February 1996 2 years, 86 days 1st
  Sahib Singh Verma 26 February 1996 12 October 1998 2 years, 228 days
  Sushma Swaraj 12 October 1998 3 December 1998 52 days
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

GoaEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Manohar Parrikar 24 October 2000 2 June 2002 4 years, 101 days 8th
3 June 2002 2 February 2005 9th
9 March 2012 8 November 2014 2 years, 244 days 11th
14 March 2017 17 March 2019 2 years, 3 days 12th
  Laxmikant Parsekar 8 November 2014 13 March 2017 2 years, 125 days 11th
  Pramod Sawant* 19 March 2019 27 March 2022 3 years, 8 days 12th
28 March 2022 Incumbent 54 days 13th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

GujaratEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Keshubhai Patel 14 March 1995 21 October 1995 221 days 9th
4 March 1998 6 October 2001 3 years, 216 days 10th
  Suresh Mehta 21 October 1995 19 September 1996 334 days 9th
  Narendra Modi 7 October 2001 21 December 2002 12 years, 227 days 10th
22 December 2002 22 December 2007 11th
23 December 2007 25 December 2012 12th
26 December 2012 22 May 2014 13th
  Anandiben Patel 22 May 2014 6 August 2016 2 years, 76 days
  Vijay Rupani 7 August 2016 25 December 2017 5 years, 37 days
26 December 2017 13 September 2021 14th
  Bhupendrabhai Patel 13 September 2021 Incumbent 250 days
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

HaryanaEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Manohar Lal Khattar* 26 October 2014 26 October 2019 7 years, 207 days 13th
27 October 2019 Incumbent 14th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

Himachal PradeshEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Shanta Kumar[γ] 5 March 1990 15 December 1992 2 years, 285 days 7th
  Prem Kumar Dhumal 24 March 1998 5 March 2003 4 years, 346 days 9th
30 December 2007 25 December 2012 4 years, 361 days 11th
  Jai Ram Thakur* 27 December 2017 Incumbent 4 years, 145 days 13th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

JharkhandEdit

Portrait Name Term in office
Babulal Marandi 15 November 2000 18 March 2003 2 years, 123 days 1st
  Arjun Munda 18 March 2003 2 March 2005 1 year, 349 days
12 March 2005 19 September 2006 1 year, 191 days 2nd
11 September 2010 18 January 2013 2 years, 129 days 3rd
  Raghubar Das 28 December 2014 29 December 2019 5 years, 1 day 4th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

KarnatakaEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  B. S. Yediyurappa 12 November 2007 19 November 2007 5 years, 81 days 12th
30 May 2008 4 August 2011 13th
17 May 2018 23 May 2018 15th
26 July 2019 28 July 2021
  D. V. Sadananda Gowda 5 August 2011 12 July 2012 342 days 13th
  Jagadish Shettar 12 July 2012 13 May 2013 305 days
  Basavaraj Bommai* 28 July 2021 Incumbent 297 days 15th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

Madhya PradeshEdit

[δ]

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Sunder Lal Patwa[ε] 5 March 1990 15 December 1992 2 years, 285 days 9th
  Uma Bharti 8 December 2003 22 August 2004 258 days 12th
  Babulal Gaur 23 August 2004 28 November 2005 1 year, 97 days
  Shivraj Singh Chouhan 29 November 2005 11 December 2008 13 years, 17 days
12 December 2008 13 December 2013 13th
14 December 2013 16 December 2018 14th
23 March 2020 Incumbent 2 years, 59 days 15th


Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

MaharashtraEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Devendra Fadnavis 31 October 2014 08 November 2019 5 years, 11 days 13th
23 November 2019 26 November 2019 14th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

ManipurEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  N. Biren Singh* 15 March 2017 Incumbent 5 years, 67 days 12th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

RajasthanEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Bhairon Singh Shekhawat[ζ] 4 March 1990 15 December 1992 2 years, 286 days 9th
4 December 1993 29 November 1998 4 years, 360 days 10th
  Vasundhara Raje 8 December 2003 11 December 2008 10 years, 6 days 12th
13 December 2013 16 December 2018 14th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

TripuraEdit

The Left Front government was defeated after 25 years of office out in 2018 election, with the Bharatiya Janata Party winning majority of seats and Biplab Kumar Deb becoming the first Chief Minister of Tripura from the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Biplab Kumar Deb 9 March 2018 14 May 2022 4 years, 66 days 12th
Manik Saha* 15 May 2022 Incumbent 6 days 12th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

Uttar PradeshEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Kalyan Singh 24 June 1991 6 December 1992 3 years, 217 days 11th
21 September 1997 12 November 1999 13th
  Ram Prakash Gupta 12 November 1999 28 October 2000 351 days
  Rajnath Singh 28 October 2000 7 March 2002 1 year, 130 days
  Yogi Adityanath* 19 March 2017 24 March 2022 5 years, 63 days 17th
25 March 2022 Incumbent 18th
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

UttarakhandEdit

Portrait Name Term in office Assembly
  Nityanand Swami 9 November 2000 29 October 2001 354 days 1st
  Bhagat Singh Koshyari 30 October 2001 1 March 2002 122 days
  B. C. Khanduri 7 March 2007 26 June 2009 2 years, 295 days 3rd
11 September 2011 13 March 2012
  Ramesh Pokhriyal 27 June 2009 10 September 2011 2 years, 75 days
  Trivendra Singh Rawat 18 March 2017 10 March 2021 3 years, 357 days 5th
  Tirath Singh Rawat 10 March 2021 4 July 2021 116 days
Pushkar Singh Dhami* 4 July 2021 Incumbent 321 days
Key
  • *  – Incumbent Chief Minister

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Apang was a member of the INC while becoming the chief minister for the first time.[7] However, he left the INC and formed the Arunachal Congress in 1996,[8] and remained the chief minister until 1999.[7] He was reelected as the chief minister in August 2003,[7] and his party merged with the BJP in the same month.[9] However, he again joined the INC in August 2004,[8] and remained seated on the post of chief minister until 2007.[7] He once again joined the BJP in February 2014,[10] but left it in January 2019 and joined the Janata Dal (Secular) in February 2019.[11]
  2. ^ Khandu became the chief minister in July 2016 while being a member of the INC.[12] He joined the People's Party of Arunachal in September 2016,[12] and later defected to the BJP in December 2016.[13]
  3. ^ Shanta Kumar became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.[7]
  4. ^ Kailash Chandra Joshi is a BJP leader who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1977 as a member of JP.[7] Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha, who became Madhya Pradesh chief minister in 1978 as a JP member, was also a BJP leader.[7]
  5. ^ Patwa became the chief minister for the first time (January 1980 – February 1980) while being a member of the JP.[7]
  6. ^ Shekhawat became the chief minister for the first time (1977–1980) while being a member of the JP.

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
Specific
  1. ^ Edward A. Gargan (29 November 1993). "India's Two Major Political Parties Stumble in Regional Elections". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 November 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  2. ^ "In Numbers: The Rise of BJP and decline of Congress". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017.
  3. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  4. ^ Sagarika Dutt (12 November 2006). India in a Globalised World. Manchester University Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781847792143. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2013. BJP is a right wing party and gives priority to the unity of the country.
  5. ^ Durga Das Basu (1960). Introduction to the Constitution of India (20th ed.). LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. pp. 241, 245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
  6. ^ "Janata Party merged with the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP)". jagranjosh.com. 12 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "States of India since 1947". worldstatesmen.org. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Apang back in Cong fold". The Economic Times. 29 August 2004. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  9. ^ "BJP bags its first NE state". The Economic Times. 31 August 2003. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Congress stalwart Gegong Apang joins BJP". The Times of India. 20 February 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Arunachal veteran Gegong Apang joins Devegowda's JD(S)". Business Standard. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  12. ^ a b "BJP joins Pema Khandu's government in Arunachal Pradesh". Rediff.com. 14 October 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  13. ^ "BJP forms government in Arunachal Pradesh with 33 PPA MLAs joining it". The Economic Times. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.

External linksEdit

  • Official website of the BJP
  •   Media related to chief ministers from the BJP at Wikimedia Commons