List of commanders of the International Space Station

Summary

This is a chronological list of commanders of the International Space Station. A pre-decided inhabitant of the ISS assumes command upon departure of the previous commander, at the end of an expedition, in a small hand-over ceremony. Their responsibility is defined by the ISS Code of Conduct, which states that the ISS commander has some authority over the operations of the ISS, but should ultimately defer most decisions to the Flight Director.[1]

Responsibilities

  • Conduct operations in or on the ISS as directed by the Flight Director and in accordance with the Flight Rules, plans and procedures
  • Direct the activities of the ISS crewmembers as a single, integrated team to ensure the successful completion of the mission
  • Fully and accurately inform the Flight Director, in a timely manner, of the ISS vehicle configuration, status, commanding, and other operational activities on-board (including off-nominal or emergency situations)
  • Enforce procedures for the physical and information security of operations and utilization data
  • Maintain order
  • Ensure crew safety, health and well-being including crew rescue and return
  • Take all reasonable action necessary for the protection of the ISS elements, equipment, or payloads[1]

List

Completed Expeditions Patch Portrait Commander Assumed command Disavowed command Notes (while in command of the expedition)
Expedition 1 Expedition 1 insignia.svg William Shepherd.jpg United States William M. Shepherd[2] 31 October 2000 [2][3] 19 March 2001 First commander of the ISS and also First American Commander of the ISS
Expedition 2 Expedition 2 insignia.svg Usachev.jpg Russia Yury Usachev [4] 19 March 2001 [4] 18 August 2001[5] First Russian Commander of ISS
Expedition 3 Iss expedition 3 mission patch.svg Frank Culbertson Jr.jpg United States Frank Culbertson[5] 18 August 2001[5] 13 December 2001[6] Only American onboard ISS during September 11 attacks[7]
Expedition 4 Expedition 4 insignia.svg Yuri Onufrienko.jpg Russia Yury Onufrienko[6] 13 December 2001[6] 10 June 2002[8]
Expedition 5 Expedition 5 insignia.svg NASA KorzunGrigorievichValery.jpeg Russia Valery Korzun[8] 10 June 2002[8] 30 November 2002[9]
Expedition 6 Expedition 6 insignia.svg KenBowersox.jpg United States Kenneth Bowersox[9] 30 November 2002[9] 4 May 2003[10]
Expedition 7 Expedition 7 insignia.svg YMalenchenko Expedition7.jpg Russia Yuri Malenchenko[10] 4 May 2003[10] 27 October 2003[11] First person to marry in space[12]
Expedition 8 Expedition 8 insignia.svg Michael Foale - official astronaut portrait.jpg United States United Kingdom Michael Foale[11] 27 October 2003[11] 26 April 2004[13]
Expedition 9 Expedition 9 insignia.svg Padalka.jpg Russia Gennady Padalka[13] 26 April 2004[13] 22 October 2004[14]
Expedition 10 ISS Expedition 10 patch.svg Leroy Chiao Astronaut.jpg United States Leroy Chiao[14] 22 October 2004[14] 24 April 2005[15] First Asian-American as commander of ISS
Expedition 11 Expedition 11 insignia.svg Sergei Krikalev.jpg Russia Sergei K. Krikalev[15] 24 April 2005[15] 10 October 2005[16]
Expedition 12 ISS Expedition 12 patch.svg WilliamSMcArthur-NASA.jpg United States William S. McArthur [16] 10 October 2005[16] 7 April 2006[17]
Expedition 13 ISS Expedition 13 Patch with Reiter.svg Pavel Vinogradov 2013.jpg Russia Pavel Vinogradov[17] 7 April 2006[17] 27 September 2006[18]
Expedition 14 ISS Expedition 14 patch.svg Michael Lopez-Alegria.jpg United States Michael López-Alegría[18] 27 September 2006[18] 17 April 2007[19]
Expedition 15 ISS Expedition 15 patch.svg Fyodor Yurchikhin 2013.jpg Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin[19] 17 April 2007[19] 19 October 2007[20]
Expedition 16 ISS Expedition 16 patch.svg Jsc2009e146742.jpg United States Peggy Whitson[20] 19 October 2007[20] 17 April 2008[21] First female commander of ISS [22]
Expedition 17 ISS Expedition 17 patch.svg Sergey volkov Soyuz TMA-02M.jpg Russia Sergei Volkov[21] 17 April 2008[21] 22 October 2008[23] The youngest person to command the station, at 35
Expedition 18 ISS Expedition 18 patch.svg Edward Michael Fincke.jpg United States Michael Fincke[23] 22 October 2008[23] 2 April 2009[24]
Expedition 19 ISS Expedition 19 Patch.svg Padalka.jpg Russia Gennady Padalka[24] 2 April 2009[24] 9 October 2009[25] Second time as commander
Expedition 20 ISS Expedition 20 Patch.svg
Expedition 21 ISS Expedition 21 Patch.svg Frank De Winne 2009.jpg Belgium Frank De Winne[25] 9 October 2009[25] 1 December 2009[26] First Belgian national as commander
Expedition 22 ISS Expedition 22 Patch.svg Jeffrey N. Williams 2009.jpg United States Jeffrey N. Williams[26] 1 December 2009[26] 17 March 2010[27]
Expedition 23 ISS Expedition 23 Patch.svg Oleg Kotov.jpg Russia Oleg Kotov[27] 17 March 2010[27] 2 June 2010
Expedition 24 ISS Expedition 24 Patch.svg Alexander Skvortsov cropped.jpg Russia Aleksandr Skvortsov 2 June 2010 22 September 2010[28]
Expedition 25 ISS Expedition 25 Patch.png Wheelock Douglas.jpg United States Douglas H. Wheelock[28] 22 September 2010[28] 24 November 2010[29]
Expedition 26 ISS Expedition 26 Patch.png Scott J. Kelly.jpg United States Scott J. Kelly[29] 24 November 2010[29] 13 March 2011[30]
Expedition 27 ISS Expedition 27 Patch.png Dmitri Kondratyev 2010.jpg Russia Dmitri Kondratyev[30] 13 March 2011[30] 22 May 2011[31]
Expedition 28 ISS Expedition 28 Patch.png Andrei Borisenko 2011.jpg Russia Andrei Borisenko[31] 22 May 2011[31] 14 September 2011[32]
Expedition 29 ISS Expedition 29 Patch.png Fossum 0.jpg United States Mike Fossum[32] 14 September 2011[32] 20 November 2011[33]
Expedition 30 ISS Expedition 30 Patch.png Daniel Burbank.jpg United States Dan Burbank[33] 20 November 2011[33] 25 April 2012[34]
Expedition 31 ISS Expedition 31 Patch.png 'A Beautiful Planet' World Premiere (NHQ201604160010).jpg Russia Oleg Kononenko[34] 25 April 2012[34] 1 July 2012
Expedition 32 ISS Expedition 32 Patch.svg Padalka.jpg Russia Gennady Padalka 1 July 2012 15 September 2012[35] Third time as commander
Expedition 33 ISS Expedition 33 Patch.svg Sunita Williams in 2018.jpg United States Sunita Williams[35] 15 September 2012[35] 17 November 2012[36]
Expedition 34 ISS Expedition 34 Patch.svg Kevin A. Ford.jpg United States Kevin A. Ford[36] 17 November 2012[36] 13 March 2013[37]
Expedition 35 ISS Expedition 35 Patch.svg Chris Hadfield 2011.jpg Canada Chris Hadfield[37] 13 March 2013[37] 13 May 2013[38] First Canadian national as commander [37]
Expedition 36 ISS Expedition 36 Patch.png Pavel Vinogradov 2013.jpg Russia Pavel Vinogradov[38] 13 May 2013[38] 9 September 2013[39] Second time as commander
Expedition 37 ISS Expedition 37 Patch.png Fyodor Yurchikhin 2013.jpg Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin[39] 9 September 2013[39] 10 November 2013 Second time as commander
Expedition 38 ISS Expedition 38 Patch.svg Oleg Kotov.jpg Russia Oleg Kotov 10 November 2013 9 March 2014[40] Second time as commander
Expedition 39 ISS Expedition 39 Patch.svg Koichi wakata.jpg Japan Koichi Wakata[40] 9 March 2014[40] 12 May 2014[41] First ISS commander of Japanese nationality[40]
Expedition 40 ISS Expedition 40 Patch.png Steven swanson v2.jpg United States Steven R. Swanson[41] 12 May 2014[41] 9 September 2014[42]
Expedition 41 ISS Expedition 41 Patch.svg Maxim Suraev.jpg Russia Maksim Surayev[42] 9 September 2014[42] 10 November 2014[43]
Expedition 42 ISS Expedition 42 Patch.svg Barry Wilmore.jpg United States Barry E. Wilmore[43] 10 November 2014[43] 10 March 2015[44]
Expedition 43 ISS Expedition 43 Patch.svg Terry Virts - official portrait EMU.jpg United States Terry W. Virts, Jr.[44] 10 March 2015[44] 10 June 2015[45]
Expedition 44 ISS Expedition 44 Patch.svg Padalka.jpg Russia Gennady Padalka[45] 10 June 2015[45] 5 September 2015[46] Fourth time as commander;
Set the current record for most time spent in space (878 days)
Expedition 45 ISS Expedition 45 Patch.png Scott J. Kelly.jpg United States Scott Kelly[46] 5 September 2015[46] 29 February 2016[47] Second time as commander
Expedition 46 ISS Expedition 46 Patch.svg Continued his second command in this Expedition too.
Expedition 47 ISS Expedition 47 Patch.svg TimotyKorpav2.jpg United States Timothy L. Kopra[47] 29 February 2016[47] 17 June 2016[48]
Expedition 48 ISS Expedition 48 Patch.png Jeffrey N. Williams 2009.jpg United States Jeffrey Williams[48] 17 June 2016[48] 5 September 2016[49] Second time as commander
Expedition 49 ISS Expedition 49 Patch.png Anatoli Ivanishin 2011.jpg Russia Anatoli Ivanishin[49] 5 September 2016[49] 28 October 2016[50]
Expedition 50 ISS Expedition 50 Patch.png Shanekimbroughv2.jpg United States Robert S. Kimbrough[50] 28 October 2016[50] 9 April 2017[51]
Expedition 51 ISS Expedition 51 Patch.svg Jsc2009e146742.jpg United States Peggy A. Whitson [51] 9 April 2017[51] 1 June 2017 Second time as commander
Expedition 52 ISS Expedition 52 Patch.svg Fyodor Yurchikhin 2013.jpg Russia Fyodor Yurchikhin[52] 1 June 2017 [52] 1 September 2017[53] Third time as commander
Expedition 53 ISS Expedition 53 Patch.png Randolph J. Bresnik.jpg United States Randolph J. Bresnik[53] 1 September 2017[53] 13 December 2017[54]
Expedition 54 ISS Expedition 54 Patch.svg Aleksandr Misurkin in 2017.jpg Russia Alexander Misurkin[54] 13 December 2017[54] 26 February 2018[55]
Expedition 55 ISS Expedition 55 Patch.svg Expedition 53 Qualification Exams (NHQ201708300012).jpg Russia Anton Shkaplerov[55] 26 February 2018[55] 1 June 2018[56]
Expedition 56 ISS Expedition 56 Patch.svg Andrewfeustelv2.jpg United States Andrew Feustel[56] 1 June 2018[56] 4 October 2018[57]
Expedition 57 ISS Expedition 57 Patch.svg Alexander Gerst, official portrait in 2017.jpg Germany Alexander Gerst[57] 4 October 2018[57] 18 December 2018[58] First German national and second youngest person to command the station, at 42
Expedition 58 ISS Expedition 58 Patch.svg 'A Beautiful Planet' World Premiere (NHQ201604160010).jpg Russia Oleg Kononenko[58] 18 December 2018[58] 24 June 2019[59] Second time as commander
Expedition 59 ISS Expedition 59 Patch.svg Continued his second command in this Expedition too.
Expedition 60 ISS Expedition 60 Patch.svg Aleksey Ovchinin.jpg Russia Aleksey Ovchinin[59] 24 June 2019[59] 2 October 2019[60]
Expedition 61 ISS Expedition 61 Patch.svg Luca Parmitano EMU.jpg Italy Luca Parmitano[60] 2 October 2019 [60] 6 February 2020[61] First Italian national as commander
Expedition 62 ISS Expedition 62 Patch.png Oleg Skripochka.jpg Russia Oleg Skripochka[61] 6 February 2020[61] 15 April 2020[62]
Expedition 63 ISS Expedition 63 Patch.png Chris Cassidy - Official NASA Astronaut Portrait in EMU.jpg United States Chris Cassidy[62] 15 April 2020[62] 21 October 2020
Expedition 64 ISS Expedition 64 Patch.png Sergey Ryzhikov at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City.jpg Russia Sergey Ryzhikov[63][64][65] 21 October 2020 15 April 2021
Expedition 65 ISS Expedition 65 Patch.png Shannon Walker official portrait 2020 (cropped).jpg United States Shannon Walker 15 April 2021 27 April 2021 Shortest term as commander, at 11 days
Akihiko Hoshide 2012.jpg Japan Akihiko Hoshide[66] 27 April 2021 4 October 2021 Second ISS commander of Japanese nationality.
Thomas Pesquet, official portrait in EMU (2020).jpg France Thomas Pesquet[67] 4 October 2021 8 November 2021 Current ISS commander. First French national as commander.
Expedition 66 ISS Expedition 66 Patch.png Continued his first ISS command in this Expedition too.
Future Expeditions Patch Portrait Commander Assumed command Disavowed command Notes
Expedition 66 ISS Expedition 66 Patch.png Expedition 53 Qualification Exams (NHQ201708300012).jpg Russia Anton Shkaplerov[68] 8 November 2021 28 March 2022 Second time as commander

Statistics

A Russian national has commanded the station 29 times. A US national has commanded the station 28 times.[Note 1] A Japanese national has commanded the station 2 times. [Note 2] Belgian, British,[Note 1] Canadian, German, Italian and French nationals have commanded the station once each.

Gennady Padalka has commanded the station on 4 separate occasions, more than any other inhabitant.

Fyodor Yurchikhin has commanded the station thrice. Scott Kelly, Oleg Kononenko, Oleg Kotov, Pavel Vinogradov, Peggy Whitson and Jeffrey Williams have commanded the station twice each.

See also

References

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    Основной: Сергей Рыжиков, Сергей Кудь-Сверчков.
    Дублирующий: Олег Новицкий, Пётр Дубров.
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Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Including dual-national Michael Foale
  2. ^ Including current commander