List of covered bridges

Summary

There are about 1600 covered bridges in the world currently.[1] This is intended to be a list of all current covered bridges (but is currently incomplete in that respect) plus former notable covered bridges.

Asia

  • China: covered bridges are called lángqiáo (廊桥), or "wind and rain bridges" in Guizhou, traditionally built by the Dong. There are also covered bridges in Fujian.[2] Taishun County, in southern Zhejiang province near the border of Fujian, has more than 900 covered bridges, many of them hundreds of years old, as well as a covered bridge museum.[3][4] There are also a number in nearby Qingyuan County, as well as in Shouning County, in northern Fujian province. The Xijin Bridge in Zhejiang is one of the largest.

Europe

North America

In Canada and the U.S., numerous timber covered bridges were built in the late 1700s to the late 1800s, reminiscent of earlier designs in Germany and Switzerland.[6][7]

Canada

The 1,282-foot (391 m) Hartland Bridge in New Brunswick is the longest covered bridge in the world. In 1900 Quebec, New Brunswick, and Ontario had an estimated 1000, 400, and five covered bridges respectively. In the 1990s there were 98 in Quebec,[8] 62 in New Brunswick,[9] and one in Ontario, the West Montrose Covered Bridge.[10] Between 1969 and 2015, the number of surviving covered bridges in Canada dropped from about 400 to under 200.[11]

United States

At least two covered bridges make the claim of being the first built in the United States. Town records for Swanzey, New Hampshire, indicate their Carleton Bridge was built in 1789, but this remains unverified.[12] Philadelphia, however, claims a bridge built in the early 1800s on 30th Street and over the Schuylkill River was the first, noting that investors wanted it covered to extend its life.[13] Beginning around 1820, new designs were developed, such as the Burr, Lattice, and Brown trusses.

According to Covered Bridges Today by Brenda Krekler, as many as 12,000 covered bridges once existed in the United States; that number dropped to under 1,500 by the 1950s.[14] The National Society for the Preservation of Covered Bridges was formed in 1950.[14]

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) encourages the preservation of covered bridges with its Covered Bridge Manual.[15] By 2018, less than one thousand still survived in the US.[16]

Today, covered bridges exist in many states:

The oldest extant covered railroad bridge in the United States is located in Hopkinton, New Hampshire.

Other covered bridges

Pont de Rohan in Landerneau, France

The term covered bridge is also use to describe any bridge-like structure that is covered. For example:

References

  1. ^ "World Guide to Covered Bridges". WoodCenter.org. Iowa State University Institute for Transportation. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Fujian Bridges!". Amoymagic.mts.cn. 17 January 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  3. ^ "Museum of Ancient Bridges, Taishun County". China.org.cn. 27 June 2002. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Langqiao.net" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 8 August 2007.
  5. ^ "Swiss Timber Bridges".
  6. ^ "Historic Wooden Bridges/"Covered Bridges"". HSNB.DE. 11 July 2011. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Visit America's Most Idyllic Covered Bridges". Architectural Digest. December 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Ponts couverts". Transports Quebec. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  9. ^ "New Brunswick Covered Bridges". Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  10. ^ "West Montrose Covered Bridge". Region of Waterloo. Archived from the original on 19 January 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  11. ^ "Throwback Thursday: Covered bridges; Today, fewer than 200 covered bridges survive in Canada". Canadian Geographic. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  12. ^ Marshall, Richard G. (1994). "Carleton Bridge". New Hampshire Covered Bridges: A Link With Our Past. Concord: New Hampshire Department of Transportation. OCLC 31182444.
  13. ^ Kopas, Virginia (30 March 2012). "Pennsylvania is among the tops in the number of covered bridges". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  14. ^ a b Evans, Benjamin D.; Evans, June R. (2004). New England's Covered Bridges: A Complete Guide. University Press of New England. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-58465-320-2.
  15. ^ "Covered Bridge Manual". U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  16. ^ "Guidelines to Restoring Structural Integrity of Covered Bridges" (PDF). US Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  17. ^ Hoover, Mildred Brooke; Rensch, Hero Eugene; Rensch, Ethel Grace; Abeloe, William N. (2002). Kyle, Douglas E. (ed.). Historic Spots in California (5th ed.). Stanford University Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9.
  18. ^ "Knights Ferry SHP: California's Longest Covered Bridge". Pashnit.com. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  19. ^ Henderson, Lyndee Jobe (2010). Off the Beaten Path: Illinois, A Guide to Unique Places (10th ed.). Morris. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-7627-5025-2.
  20. ^ Vlach, John M. (1980). "Joseph J. Daniels and Joseph A. Britton: Parke County's Covered Bridge Builders". In Dégh, Linda (ed.). Indiana Folklore: A Reader. Indiana University Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-253-10986-6.
  21. ^ Dregni, Eric (2006). Midwest Marvels: Roadside Attractions Across Iowa, Minnesota, the Dakota, and Wisconsin. University of Minnesota Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-8166-4290-8.
  22. ^ "12 Historic Covered Bridges in Kentucky". Only in Your State. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Maryland's Six Existing Covered Bridges". Maryland Covered Bridges. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
  24. ^ "Covered Bridge". Zumbrota Covered Bridge. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  25. ^ a b Starbuck, David R. (2006). The Archaeology of New Hampshire: Exploring 10,000 Years in the Granite State. University Press of New Hampshire. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-58465-562-6.
  26. ^ Belman, Felice; Pride, Mike, eds. (2001). The New Hampshire Century: Concord Monitor Profiles of One Hundred People Who Shaped It. University Press of New England. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-58465-087-4.
  27. ^ a b Richman, Steven M. (2005). The Bridges of New Jersey: Portraits of Garden State Crossings. Rutgers University Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-8135-3510-4.
  28. ^ Hairr, John (2007). North Carolina Rivers: Facts, Legends, and Lore. History Press. pp. 119–20. ISBN 978-1-59629-258-1.
  29. ^ a b Moore, Elma Lee (2010). Ohio's Covered Bridges. Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7385-8430-0.
  30. ^ "Swamp Meadow Covered Bridge". VisitRhodeIsland.com. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  31. ^ "Campbell's Covered Bridge – Gowensville, South Carolina". SCIWAY. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  32. ^ "Covered Bridges in Tennessee". Tennessee Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  33. ^ Allen, Richard Sanders (1983). Covered Bridges of the Northeast (2nd ed.). Stephen Greene Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8289-0439-1.
  34. ^ Barna, Ed (1996). Covered Bridges of Vermont. Countryman Press. ISBN 978-0-88150-373-9.
  35. ^ "Washington Covered Bridge Map". www.coveredbridgemap.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  36. ^ McKee, Brian J. (1997). Historic American Covered Bridges. ASCE Press. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-7844-0189-7.
  37. ^ Gierach, Ryan (2003). Cedarburg: A History Set in Stone. Acadia Publishing. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-7385-2431-3.
  38. ^ "Smith Rapids Covered Bridge". TravelWisconsin.com. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  39. ^ "Springwater Volunteer Covered Bridge". Bridgehunter.com. James Baughn. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  40. ^ Chrimes, Mike (1991). Civil Engineering, 1839–1889. London: Alan Sutton. p. 47. ISBN 1-84015-008-4.
  41. ^ Gesell, Laurence E (1992). The Administration of Public Airports. Chandler, AZ: Coast Aire. pp. 114–115. ISBN 0-9606874-7-5.