List of fully civilian crewed suborbital spaceflights

Summary

Following the definition that a civilian is someone who is not part of their country's armed forces,[1] these are suborbital space flights with a fully civilian crew:

List

No. Mission Ship Date Crew[2] Result. Ref.
1 X-15 Flight 77 X-15 17.01.1963 United States Joseph Walker Success [3][4][5]
2 X-15 Flight 90 X-15 #3 19.07.1963 United States Joseph Walker Success [6][5]
3 X-15 Flight 91 X-15 22.08.1963 United States Joseph Walker Success [7][5]
4 X-15 Flight 150 X-15 22.09.1965 United States John B. McKay Success [8][9][5]
5 X-15 Flight 174 X-15 01.11.1966 United States William H. Dana Success [10][11][5]
6 X-15 Flight 197 X-15 21.08.1968 United States William H. Dana Success [12][13][5]
7 SpaceShipOne flight 15P SpaceShipOne 21.06.2004 South Africa Mike Melvill Success [14][5]
8 SpaceShipOne flight 16P SpaceShipOne 29.09.2004 South Africa Mike Melvill Success [15][5]
9 SpaceShipOne flight 17P SpaceShipOne 04.10.2004 United States Brian Binnie Success [16][5]
10 VSS Unity VP-03 VSS Unity 13.12.2018 United States Mark P. Stucky, United States Frederick Sturckow Success [17][5]
11 VSS Unity VF-01 VSS Unity 22.02.2019 Scotland David Mackay, United States Michael Masucci, United States Beth Moses Success [18][5]
12 Virgin Galactic Unity 21 VSS Unity 22.05.2021 United States Frederick Sturckow, Scotland David Mackay Success [5]
13 Virgin Galactic Unity 22 VSS Unity 11.06.2021 Scotland David Mackay, United States Michael Masucci, United States Sirisha Bandla, United Kingdom Colin Bennett, United States Beth Moses, United Kingdom Richard Branson Success [5]
14 Blue Origin NS-16 RSS First Step 20.07.2021 United States Jeff Bezos, United States Mark Bezos, United States Wally Funk, Netherlands Oliver Daemen Success [5]
15 Blue Origin NS-18 RSS First Step 13.10.2021 United States Audrey Powers, Australia Chris Boshuizen, United States Glen de Vries, Canada William Shatner Success [5]
Color:

     Flights with space tourists.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Crew Dragon has flown four more people—all private citizens—into space". 2021-09-15. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
  2. ^ Jonathan McDowell (2021-10-09). "Jonathan's Space Report | Human Spaceflight: Rides". Retrieved 2021-10-09.
  3. ^ "X-15 Flight No. 77". Spacefacts. 2018-04-26. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  4. ^ Evans 2020, p. 20.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Jonathan McDowell. "Suborbital spaceflights". Retrieved 2021-10-09.
  6. ^ "Flight No. 90". Spacefacts. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  7. ^ "Flight No. 91". Spacefacts. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  8. ^ "X-15 Flight No. 150". Spacefacts. 2018-04-26. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  9. ^ Evans 2020, p. 43.
  10. ^ "X-15 Flight No. 174". Spacefacts. 2018-04-26. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  11. ^ Evans 2020, p. 48.
  12. ^ "X-15 Flight No. 197". Spacefacts. 2018-04-26. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
  13. ^ Evans 2020, p. 52.
  14. ^ "Flight No. 60L/15P". Spacefacts. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  15. ^ "Flight No. 65L/16P". Spacefacts. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  16. ^ "Flight No. 66L/17P". Spacefacts. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  17. ^ Grush, Loren (2018-12-13). "Virgin Galactic's spaceplane finally makes it to space for the first time". The Verge.
  18. ^ Tribou, Richard (2019-02-22). "Virgin Galactic sends first test passenger on space flight". Orlando Sentinel.

Bibliography

  • Evans, Michele (2020). The X-15 Rocket Plane (PDF). p. 59. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-08-04.