List of gendarmeries

Summary

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A gendarmerie or gendarmery is a military component with jurisdiction in civil law enforcement. The term maréchaussée (or marshalcy) may also be used (e.g., Royal Marechaussee) but is now uncommon.

Although pioneered in France, the concept of a gendarmerie was adopted by several other European nations during the Napoleonic Wars.[1] It remains an integral part of the military establishment in most Francophone states and territories.[1] A somewhat related phenomenon has been the formation of paramilitary units which fall under the authority of civilian police agencies. Since these are not strictly military forces, however, they are not considered gendarmerie.[2]

List of active gendarmeries

Country or territory Image English name Native-language name Notes Refs.
Algeria Logo Gendarmerie nationale algérienne.jpg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale (الدرك الوطني)
Argentina Insignia de la Gendarmería de Argentina.svg Argentine National Gendarmerie Gendarmería Nacional Argentina
Prefectura Arg logo.svg Argentine Naval Prefecture Prefectura Naval Argentina
Armenia Insigne incognitum.svg Police Troops Ոստիկանության զորքեր (Vostikanutyan zorqer)
Symbol of Armenian Border Guard.jpg Armenian Border Guard
Azerbaijan Azerbaycan Daxili Qoşunları simvol.png Internal Troops of Azerbaijan Azərbaycan Respublikası Daxili Qoşunları
Bahrain Insignia of the National Guard of Bahrain.svg National Guard الحرس الوطني
Insigne incognitum.svg Public Security Forces
Bangladesh Insigne incognitum.svg Village Defence Party
Belarus Belarus Internal Troops emblem.png Internal Troops Унутраныя войскі (Unutranyja vojski)
Внутренние войска (Vnutrennie voyska)
Bel gpk.gif State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus
Benin Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(Republika Srpska)
Жандармерија РС амблем.png Gendarmerie of Republika Srpska Жандармерија Републике Српске
Žandarmerija Republike Srpske
Bosnia and Herzegovina has two major entity-level ministries of interior, so only Republika Srpska has gendarmerie type unit formed in September 2019.
Brazil Brasão Nacional PPMMsvg.svg Military Police Polícia Militar Brazilian states have their own gendarmeries and federal government has a National Public Security Force, a department formed with personnel from states' Military Police Forces, Military Firefighters Corps and Civil Police.
Burkina Faso Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Burundi Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Cambodia Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia Emblem.jpg Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia កងរាជអាវុធហត្ថ
Cameroon Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Canada Insigne incognitum.svg Royal Canadian Mounted Police Gendarmerie royale du Canada
Insigne incognitum.svg Canadian Forces Military Police Police militaire des Forces canadiennes Sworn as peace officers who can arrest civilians on military bases.
Central African Republic Insigne incognitum.svg Gendarmerie
Chad Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Chile Roundel of Carabineros de Chile.svg Carabineros of Chile Carabineros de Chile The police of streets, roads and borders.
Escudo Gendarmería de Chile 2019.png Chilean Gendarmerie Gendarmería de Chile The police of prisons and courts of justice. The national prison service of Chile.
China Chinese People's Armed Police Force (CAPF) cap insignia.svg People's Armed Police Zhōngguó Rénmín Wǔzhuāng Jǐngchá Bùduì (中国人民武装警察部队) The PAP perform military-civilian police duties. The PAP is a component of the Paramilitary forces of China.
Colombia Insigne incognitum.svg Corps of Carabiners
Mobile Carabinier Squadrons
Cuerpo de Carabineros
Escuadrones Móviles de Carabineros
Comoros Insigne incognitum.svg Gendarmerie
Republic of the Congo Insigne incognitum.svg Congolese National Gendarmerie [fr]
Djibouti Gendarmerie Nationale Djiboutienne.jpg Djiboutian National Gendarmerie
Egypt Central Security Forces Emblem.svg Central Security Forces A separate force known as the Egyptian Gendarmerie was created in 1882 and continued in existence until the overthrow of the monarchy in 1952. In 2014 it was announced that the Gendarmerie were to be recreated, initially for policing and security duties in certain districts of Cairo.
France Gendarmerie nationale logo.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Emblème de la Gendarmerie Maritime.svg Maritime Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Maritime The maritime coast guard wing of the National Gendarmerie.
Logo de la Garde Nationale Française (2016).svg National Guard Garde nationale
Gabon Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Guinea Insigne incognitum.svg Gendarmerie
Guinea-Bissau Insigne incognitum.svg National Guard Guarda Nacional Created in 2010 through the merger of several former security agencies. Modeled on the Portuguese National Republican Guard and other similar organizations.
India Assam Rifles LOGO.svg Assam Rifles
BSF Insignia.svg Border Security Force
CISF LOGO.svg Central Industrial Security Force
CRPF LOGO.svg Central Reserve Police Force
Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Sashastra Seema Bal.svg Sashastra Seema Bal
SFF badge.jpg Special Frontier Force The Assam Rifles, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, Sashastra Seema Bal and Special Frontier Force are components of the paramilitary forces of India.
The Central Reserve Police Force, including its specialized wing the Rapid Action Force.
Iran NAJA.svg Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iraq Insigne incognitum.svg National Police Not to be confused with civilian Iraqi Police Service, although at present both are highly militarized.
Insigne incognitum.svg Facilities Protection Service
Iraqi Kurdistan Zeravani Zêrevanî (زێرەڤانی) Under the operational control of the Kurdistan Regional Government's Ministry of Interior, but are part of the Peshmerga armed forces of Iraqi Kurdistan.
Israel Emblem of Magav.svg Israel Border Police Mishmar HaGvul (משמר הגבול)
Italy Coat of arms of the Carabinieri.svg Corps of Carabineers Arma dei Carabinier The Carabinieri is a component of the Italian Armed Forces.
CoA Guardia di Finanza.svg Finance Guard/ Customs Guardia di Finanza
Ivory Coast Insigne incognitum.svg Gendarmerie
Jordan Insigne incognitum.svg General Directorate of Gendarmerie General Directorate of Gendarmerie (قوات الدرك الأردني)
Kuwait Kuwaiti National Guard Emblem.svg National Guard الحرس الوطني الكويتي
Lebanon Internal Security Forces Internal Security Forces - ISF (قوى الأمن الداخلي) Nicknamed "El Darak"
Lithuania Insigne-Lithuanie.jpg Public Security Service Viešojo saugumo tarnyba (VST)
Madagascar Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Mali Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Malaysia Crest of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.svg Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Mauritania Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Insigne incognitum.svg National Guard
Mauritius Insigne incognitum.svg Special Mobile Force Armed paramilitary wing of the Mauritius Police Force
Mexico Escudo Guardia Nacional EUM.png National Guard Guardia Nacional The National Guard was created in 2019 by merging the Federal Police (including the National Gendarmerie).
Moldova CoATrupeCarabinieri.png Carabinier Troops Trupele de Carabinieri
Emblem of the Border Police of Moldova.jpg Moldovan Border Police
Monaco Coat of Arms of Carabiniers du prince.svg Prince's Company of Carabiniers Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince The Corps des Sapeurs-Pompiers provide an armed support service.
Mongolia Mongolia police patch 02.tif National Police Agency
Insigne incognitum.svg Internal Troops of Mongolia Dissestablished in 2013, reestablished in 2017[3]
Morocco Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie.png Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Royale (الدرك الملكي)
Forces auxiliaires.jpeg Auxiliary Forces
Netherlands Embleem Koninklijke Marechaussee.svg Royal Marechaussee Koninklijke Marechaussee
Niger Gendarmerie niger insignia.jpg National Gendarmerie
Insigne incognitum.svg National Guard of Niger
Nigeria Insigne incognitum.svg Nigerian Mobile Police Armed paramilitary wing of the Nigerian Police Force
Insigne incognitum.svg Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps
Pakistan Insigne incognitum.svg Balochistan Levies The Balochistan Levies are a paramilitary force in the Pakistani province of Balochistan.
Insigne incognitum.svg Frontier Constabulary The Frontier Constabulary is a component of the paramilitary forces of Pakistan.
Insigne incognitum.svg Frontier Corps The Frontier Corps are a component of the paramilitary forces of Pakistan.
Insigne incognitum.svg Gilgit Baltistan Scouts The Gilgit Baltistan Scouts are a component of the paramilitary forces of Pakistan.
Insigne incognitum.svg Kharan Rifles The Kharan Rifles are a paramilitary unit of the Pakistan federal government.
Insigne incognitum.svg Malakand Levies The Malakand Levies are a paramilitary force in the Pakistani province of Pakhtunkhwa, Malakand Division.
Insigne incognitum.svg National Guard of Pakistan The Pakistan National Guard is a paramilitary reserve unit of the Pakistan Army.
Insigne incognitum.svg Pakistan Rangers The Pakistan Ranges are paramilitary law enforcement organisation. The Pakistan Rangers are a component of the paramilitary forces of Pakistan.
Poland Żandarmeria wojskowa-symbol.svg Military Gendarmerie Żandarmeria Wojskowa
Portugal COA pt garde nationale républicaine.svg National Republican Guard Guarda Nacional Republicana
Romania COA-Jandarmeria Romana.svg Romanian Gendarmerie Jandarmeria Română
Qatar Insigne incognitum.svg Internal Security Force لخويا
Russia Great emblem of Military Police of Russia.svg Military Police Военная полиция
National Guard of Russia.svg Russian National Guard
San Marino Insigne incognitum.svg Corps of Gendarmerie of San Marino Gendarmeria
Senegal Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Serbia Gendarmerie emblem.gif Gendarmery Žandarmerija (Жандармерија)
Spain Emblem of the Spanish Civil Guard.svg Civil Guard Guardia Civil
Switzerland Insigne incognitum.svg Border Guard Corps
Federal Office of Police
Both have civilian status.
(The cantonal police of the French-speaking cantons are called gendarmerie, but do not fit any of the criteria.)
Taiwan Logo of the Republic of China Military Police.svg Military Police 中華民國憲兵 may be mobilized by prosecutors to investigate civilian crimes
Tajikistan Insigne incognitum.svg Internal Troops Қӯшунҳои дохилӣ
Thailand Bpplogo.jpg Border Patrol Police ตำรวจตระเวนชายแดน civilian police status both have paramilitary police and border guard
Togo Insigne incognitum.svg National Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Nationale
Tunisia Écusson garde nationale, Tunisie.svg National Guard Garde Nationale
Turkey Gendarmerie General Command.png Gendarmerie General Command Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı
Turkmenistan Insigne incognitum.svg Internal Troops Türkmenistanyň içeri işler edaralarynyň işgärlerine
Turkmenistan police patch.jpg State Border Service of Turkmenistan
Ukraine Emblem of the National Guard of Ukraine, 2017.svg National Guard Національна гвардія України (Natsionalna hvardiia Ukrainy)
Emblem of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.svg State Border Guard Service of Ukraine
United States Mark of the U.S. Coast Guard.svg United States Coast Guard The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is the maritime security, search and rescue, law enforcement, and military service branch of the United States Armed Forces[4] and one of the country's eight uniformed services. The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission with jurisdiction in both domestic and international waters and a federal regulatory agency mission as part of its duties.
Uzbekistan Insigne incognitum.svg Uzbekistan National Guard Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi Milliy gvardiyasi
Vatican City Insigne incognitum.svg Corps of Gendarmerie of Vatican City Corpo della Gendarmeria dello Stato della Città del Vaticano General responsibility for security and public order which encompasses all regular police duties, including border control, crime prevention and investigation, and enforcement of financial and commercial regulations.
Vanuatu Flag of Vanuatu Mobile Forces.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force
Venezuela National Guard of Venezuela Seal.png Bolivarian National Guard Guardia Nacional Bolivariana Public order roles or reserve light infantry force.
Vietnam Vietnam People's Public Security insignia.jpg Vietnam People's Public Security Công an Nhân dân Việt Nam
Yemen Emblem of the Yemeni Special Security Forces.svg Special Security Forces
Europe Arms of the European Gendarmerie Force.svg European Gendarmerie Force French: Force de gendarmerie européenne
Italian: Forza di Gendarmeria Europea
Portuguese: Força de Gendarmaria Europeia
Spanish: Fuerza de Gendarmería Europea
Formed by seven members of the European Union: France, Italy, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Spain. The European Gendarmerie Force was created as an intervention force at the service of the EU, the NATO, the UN, the OSCE, or other "ad hoc" alliances. It is characterized by its robustness, and quick deployability, and it specializes in the management of crisis areas. Lithuania is currently a Partner Member, and Turkey has Observer status.[5]


Ranks

Officers ranks
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Argentine National Gendarmerie
Argentina-Army-OF-9.svg Argentina-Army-OF-8.svg Argentina-Army-OF-7.svg Argentina-Army-OF-5.svg Argentina-Army-OF-4.svg Argentina-Army-OF-3.svg Argentina-Army-OF-2.svg Argentina-Army-OF-1a.svg Argentina-Army-OF-1b.svg Argentina-Army-OF-(D).svg
Director Nacional Subdirector Nacional Comandante General Comandante Mayor Comandante Principal Comandante Segundo Comandante Primer Alférez Alférez Subalferez


Argentine Naval Prefecture
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Prefecto General
(Prefecto Nacional Naval)
Prefecto General
(Subprefecto Nacional Naval)
Prefecto General Prefecto Mayor Prefecto Principal Prefecto Subprefecto Oficial Principal Oficial Auxiliar Oficial Ayudante


Brazil Brazilian Military Police[6]
Comandante Geral PM.png
Chefe do Estado Maior PM - platina.PNG
Barzil-MP-OF-5.svg Barzil-MP-OF-4.svg Barzil-MP-OF-3.svg Barzil-MP-OF-2.svg Barzil-MP-OF-1b.svg Barzil-MP-OF-1a.svg Barzil-MP-OF-(D).svg Aluno-3.jpg Aluno-2.jpg Aluno-1.jpg Aluno CSTAPM Public Domain Free of Copyrights.jpg
Comandante geral Comandante adjunto Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Primeiro tenente Segundo tenente Aspirante a oficial Aluno 3° ano Aluno 2° ano Aluno 1° ano Aluno CSTAPM


Burkina Faso Burkinabè National Gendarmerie
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel major Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant


Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
នាយឧត្តមសេនីយ៍
Néay Ŭtdâmséniy
ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ឯក
Ŭtdâmséniy Êk
ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ទោ
Ŭtdâmséniy Toŭ
ឧត្តមសេនីយ៍ត្រី
Ŭtdâmséniy Trei
វរសេនីយ៍ឯក
Vôrséniy Êk
វរសេនីយ៍ទោ
Vôrséniy Toŭ
វរសេនីយ៍ត្រី
Vôrséniy Trei
អនុសេនីយ៍ឯក
Ânŭséniy Êk
អនុសេនីយ៍ទោ
Ânŭséniy Toŭ
អនុសេនីយ៍ត្រី
Ânŭséniy Trei
នាយចំណង់
Néay Châmnáng
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain 1st Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant Officer cadet


Chadian National Gendarmerie
Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-7.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-6.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-5.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-4.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-3.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-2.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-1B.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OF-1A.png
Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant


Carabineros de Chile
General Director de Carabineros.png General Inspector de Carabineros.png General de Carabineros.png SS.OO.6.CARAB.CORONEL.svg SS.OO.5.CARAB.TENIENTE CORONEL.svg SS.OO.4.CARAB.MAYOR.svg SS.OO.3.CARAB.CAPITÁN.svg SS.OO.2.CARAB.TENIENTE.svg SS.OO.1.CARAB.SUBTENIENTE.svg
General Director General Inspector General Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Subteniente Aspirante a oficial


Chilean Gendarmerie
Pala Director Nacional Uniformado 2019.png Pala Subdirector Operativo2.png Presilla Coronel de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Tte Coronel de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Mayor de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Capitán de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Teniente 1° de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Teniente 2° de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Subteniente de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla de Aspirante a Oficial de Gendarmería de Chile.png
Director nacional Subdirector operativo Coronel Teniente coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente 1° Teniente 2° Subteniente Aspirante a oficial


People's Armed Police
General Lieutenant General Major General Colonel Commandant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
上将
Shàngjiàng
中将
Zhōngjiàng
少将
Shàojiàng
大校
Dàxiào
上校
Shàngxiào
中校
Zhōngxiào
少校
Shàoxiào
上尉
Shàngwèi
中尉
Zhōngwèi
少尉
Shàowèi
学员
Xuéyuán


Congolese Gendarmerie[7]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant


France French Gendarmerie
France (Gendarmerie) OF-9.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-8.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-7.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-6.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-5.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-4.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-3.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-2.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-1b.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-1a.svg France (Gendarmerie) OF-D.svg France (Gendarmerie) Student Officer.svg
Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Chef d'Escadron Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier


Assam Rifles[8][9]
Assam Rifles OF-8.svg Assam Rifles OF-7.svg Assam Rifles OF-6.svg Assam Rifles OF-5.svg Assam Rifles OF-4.svg Assam Rifles OF-3.svg Assam Rifles OF-2.svg Assam Rifles OF-1b.svg
Lieutenant general
लेफ्टिनेंट - जनरल
Major general
मेजर - जनरल
Brigadier
ब्रिगेडियर
Colonel
कर्नल
Lieutenant colonel
लेफ्टिनेंट - कर्नल
Major
मेजर
Captain
कप्तान
Lieutenant
लेफ्टिनेंट


Border Security Force
CAPF Director-General.png CAPF Director-General.png CAPF Director-General.png
Director-General
-
Special Director-General
-
Additional Director-General
-
CAPF Inspector-General.png CAPF Deputy Inspector-General.png SSP State Police.png SP State Police.png Assistant Superintendent of Police.png Deupty Superintendent of Police.png CAPF Assistant Commandant - Officer Trainee.png
Inspector General
-
Deputy Inspector-General
-
Commandant
-
Second-In-Command
-
Deputy Commandant
-
Assistant Commandant
-
Assistant Commandant/Officer Trainee
-


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Central Reserve Police Force
CAPF Director-General.png CAPF Director-General.png CAPF Director-General.png
Director-General
-
Special Director-General
-
Additional Director-General
-
CAPF Inspector-General.png CAPF Deputy Inspector-General.png SSP State Police.png SP State Police.png Assistant Superintendent of Police.png Deupty Superintendent of Police.png CAPF Assistant Commandant - Officer Trainee.png
Inspector General
-
Deputy Inspector-General
-
Commandant
-
Second-In-Command
-
Deputy Commandant
-
Assistant Commandant
-
Assistant Commandant/Officer Trainee
-


Iranian Law Enforcement Force
General of the Army Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Third Lieutenant 04.IRIP-4thY-SO.svg 03.IRIP-3rdY-SO.svg 02.IRIP-2ndY-SO.svg 01.IRIP-1stY-SO.svg
General
ارتشبد
Lieutenant general
سپهبد
Major general
سرلشگر
Brigadier general
سرتیپ
Second brigadier general
سرتیپ دوم
Colonel
سرهنگ
Lieutenant colonel
سرهنگ دوم
Major
سرگرد
Captain
سروان
First lieutenant
ستوان یکم
Second lieutenant
ستوان دوم
Third lieutenant
ستوان سوم
Amin Police Academy
officer cadet
دانشجوی دانشگاه انتظامی امین


Israel Border Police
Magav-Israel (17).png Magav-Israel (16).png Magav-Israel (15).png Magav-Israel (14).png Magav-Israel (13).png Magav-Israel (12).png Magav-Israel (11).png Magav-Israel (10).png Cadet MAGAV.png
ניצב
Nitzav
תת ניצב
Tat nitzav
ניצב משנה
Nitzav mishneh
סגן ניצב
Sgan nitzav
רב פקד
Rav pakad
פקד
Pakad
מפקח
Mefake'ah
מפקח משנה
Mefake'ah mishneh
צוער


Italian Carabinieri[10]
Carabinieri-OF-9a.svg Carabinieri-OF-9b.svg Carabinieri-OF-8.svg Carabinieri-OF-7.svg Carabinieri-OF-6.svg Carabinieri-OF-5.svg Carabinieri-OF-4.svg Carabinieri-OF-3.svg Rank insignia of primo capitano of the Arma dei Carabinieri.svg Carabinieri-OF-2.svg Carabinieri-OF-1a.svg Carabinieri-OF-1b.svg Rank insignia of allievo ufficiale of the Italian Army.svg
Comandante generale dell'arma dei carabinieri Vicecomandante generale dell'arma dei carabinieri Generale di corpo d'armata Generale di divisione Generale di brigata Colonnello Tenente colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Allievo ufficiale


Italian Guardia di Finanza
Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata con incarichi speciali of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata comandante in seconda of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of generale di corpo d'armata of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of generale di divisione of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of generale di brigata of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of colonnello of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of tenente colonnello of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of maggiore of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of primo capitano of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of capitano of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of tenente of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of sottotenente of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of allievo ufficiale of the Italian Army.svg
Generale di Corpo d'Armata Commandante generale della Guardia di Finanza Generale di Corpo d'Armata Commandante in seconda della Guardia di Finanza Generale di Corpo d'Armata Generale di Divisione Generale di Brigata Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Allievo Ufficiale


Mauritius Police Force
Blank.svg Mauritius Police Deputy Commissioner.svg Mauritius Police Assistant Commissioner.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg CInsp.svg Insp.svg Mauritius Police Cadet Officer.svg
Commissioner Deputy Commissioner Assistant Commissioner Superintendent Assistant Superintendent Deputy Assistant Superintendent Chief Inspector Inspector Cadet Officer


Mexico Mexican National Guard
Rango Comisario General GN.png Rango Comisario Jefe GN.png Rango Comisario GN.png Rango Inspector General GN.png Rango Inspector Jefe GN.png Rango Inspector GN.png Rango Primer Subinspector GN.png Rango Segundo Subinspector GN.png Rango Oficial GN.png Rango Suboficial GN.png
Commissioner general
Comisario General
Chief commissioner
Comisario Jefe
Commissioner
Comisario
Inspector general
Inspector General
Chief inspector
Inspector Jefe
Inspector
Inspector
Subinspector 1st class
Subinspector Primero
Subinspector 2nd class
Subinspector Segundo
Officer
Oficial
Subofficer
Suboficial


Army of Monaco
Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Monaco-army-OF-(D).svg
Colonel Lieutenant colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous lieutenant Assistant


Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie
Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-8.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-7.svg Morocco-Royal Guard-OF-6.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-5b.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-5a.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-4.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-3.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-2.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-1b.svg Morocco-Gendarmerie-OF-1a.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Major Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Eleve Officier


Royal Marechaussee[11]
Nl-marechausee-luitenant generaal.svg Nl-marechausee-generaal majoor.svg Nl-marechausee-brigade generaal.svg Nl-marechaussee-kolonel.svg Nl-marechaussee-luitenant kolonel.svg Nl-marechaussee-majoor.svg Nl-marechaussee-kapitein.svg Nl-marechaussee-eerste luitenant.svg Nl-marechaussee-tweede luitenant.svg Netherlands-Marechaussee-OF-D.svg
Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigade-generaal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein Eerste-luitenant Tweede-luitenant Kornet


National Gendarmerie of Niger[12]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant colonel Commandant Captaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant


Pakistan
Frontier Constabulary

OF-8 PakistanArmy.svg OF-6 Pakistan Army.svg OF-4 Pakistan Army.svg OF-1(B) Pakistan Army.svg
Commandant
کمانڈنٹ
Deputy commandant
ڈپٹی کمانڈنٹ۔
District officer
ضلعی افسر۔
Assistant district officer
اسسٹنٹ ڈسٹرکٹ آفیسر۔


Pakistan Rangers
OF-7 Pakistan Army.svg OF-4 Pakistan Army.svg OF-3 Pakistan Army.svg OF-2 Pakistan Army.svg OF-1(B) Pakistan Army.svg OF-1(A) Pakistan Army.svg
Director general
ڈائریکٹر جنرل
Senior superintendent
of the Rangers
سینئر سپرنٹنڈنٹ۔
Superintendent
of the Rangers
سپرنٹنڈنٹ
Deputy superintendent
of the Rangers
ڈپٹی سپرنٹنڈنٹ۔
Inspector
انسپکٹر
Direct Entry Sub inspector
ڈائریکٹ انٹری سب انسپکٹر۔


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Żandarmeria wojskowa
Army-POL-OF-06.svg Army-POL-OF-05.svg Army-POL-OF-04.svg Army-POL-OF-03.svg Army-POL-OF-02.svg Army-POL-OF-01a.svg Army-POL-OF-01b.svg Various
Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik Podchorąży
National Republican Guard[13]
Portugal NRG OF8b.svg Portugal NRG OF8a.svg Portugal NRG OF7.svg Portugal NRG OF-5.svg Portugal NRG OF-4.svg Portugal NRG OF-3.svg Portugal NRG OF-2.svg Portugal NRG OF-1b.svg Portugal NRG OF-1a.svg Portugal NRG OF-D.svg
Tenente-general
Comandante-general
Tenente-general Major-general Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante


Romania Jandarmeria Română
RO-Gendarmerie-OF9.png RO-Gendarmerie-OF8.png RO-Gendarmerie-OF7.png RO-Gendarmerie-OF6.png Romania-Gendarmerie-OF-5.svg Romania-Gendarmerie-OF-4.svg Romania-Gendarmerie-OF-3.svg Romania-Gendarmerie-OF-2.svg Romania-Gendarmerie-OF-1b.svg Romania-Gendarmerie-OF-1a.svg
Mareșal General General-locotenent General-maior General de brigadă Colonel Locotenent-colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent


Corps of Gendarmerie of San Marino
GeneraleBrigata.svg Colonnello.svg Tenente colonnello.svg Maggiore.svg Capitano.svg Tenente.svg Sottotenente.svg
Generale Brigata Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Capitano Tenente Sottotenente


Senegalese Gendarmerie
Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-8.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-7.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-6.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-5.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-4.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-3.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-2.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-1b.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OF-1a.svg
Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant


Spain Spanish Civil Guard
Guardia Civil Teniente general.gif Guardia Civil General división.gif Guardia Civil General brigada.gif Guardia Civil Coronel.gif Guardia Civil Teniente coronel.gif Guardia Civil Comandante.gif Guardia Civil capitan.gif Guardia Civil Teniente.gif Guardia Civil Alferez.gif Guardia Civil Alferez.gif 21cie.png 20cie.png 20ci.png
Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez Caballero Alférez Cadete Alférez Alumno 3º Alférez Alumno 2º Alférez Alumno 1º


Turkish Gendarmerie
Orgeneral (Jandarma-TR).svg Korgeneral (Jandarma-TR).svg Tümgeneral (Jandarma-TR).svg Tuğgeneral (Jandarma-TR).svg Albay (Jandarma-TR).svg Yarbay (Jandarma-TR).svg Binbaşı (Jandarma-TR).svg Yüzbaşı (Jandarma-TR).svg Üsteğmen (Jandarma-TR).svg Teğmen (Jandarma-TR).svg Asteğmen (Jandarma-TR).svg Various
[a]
Orgeneral Korgeneral Tümgeneral Tuğgeneral Albay Yarbay Binbaşı Yüzbaşı Üsteğmen Teğmen Asteğmen Harbiyeli


Republic of China Military Police
Taiwan-MP-OF-8.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-7.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-5.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-4.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-3.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-2.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-1c.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-1b.svg Taiwan-MP-OF-1a.svg
中將
Tiong-chiòng
少將
Siáu-chiòng
上校
Siōng-hāu
中校
Tiong-hāu
少校
Siáu-hāu
上尉
Siōng-ùi
中尉
Tiong-ùi
少尉
Siáu-ùi

Ùi
軍校生
Jūnxiào shēng


 United States Coast Guard[14]
USCG O-10 insignia.svg US CG O9 insignia.svg US CG O8 insignia.svg US CG O7 insignia.svg US CG O6 insignia.svg US CG O5 insignia.svg USCG O-4 insignia.svg USCG O-3 insignia.svg USCG O-2 insignia.svg USCG O-1 insignia.svg Various
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Rear admiral
(lower half)
Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Lieutenant
(junior grade)
Ensign Cadet / officer candidate


Vanuatu Mobile Forces
Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-7.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-6.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-5.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-4.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-3.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-2.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-1b.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-1a.svg
Major general
Bigfala Jenerol
Brigadier Colonel
Kolonel
Lieutenant colonel
Lietnen Kolonel
Major
Bigfala
Captain
Kapten
First lieutenant
Fas Lietnen
Second lieutenant
Seken Lietnen
Officer cadet


Gendarmerie of Vatican City
COM.GendarmeriaVaticana.png GDIV.GendarmeriaVaticana.png GBGT.GendarmeriaVaticana.png COL.GendarmeriaPontificia.png TCOL.GendarmeriaPontificia.png MAG.GendarmeriaPontificia.png CAP.GendarmeriaPontificia.png
Ispettore generale Dirigente generale Dirigente superiore Primo dirigente Dirigente Commissario Vice commissario


Vietnam People's
Public Security

Cấp hiệu Đại tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thượng tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thiếu tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Đại tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thượng tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thiếu tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Đại úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thượng úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thiếu úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Học viên Đại học, Cao đẳng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Học viên Trung cấp, Sơ cấp Công an.png
Đại tướng Thượng tướng Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Đại học Học viên Trung cấp


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Enlisted ranks
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Argentine National Gendarmerie
Ejercito Argentino - Suboficial Mayor.svg Ejercito Argentino - Suboficial Principal.svg Ejercito Argentino - Sargento Ayudante.svg Ejercito Argentino - Sargento Primero.svg Ejercito Argentino - Sargento.svg Ejercito Argentino - Cabo Primero.svg Ejercito Argentino - Cabo.svg No insignia
Suboficial Mayor Suboficial Principal Sargento Ayudante Sargento Primero Sargento Cabo Primero Cabo Gendarme


Argentine Naval Prefecture
Blank.svg Blank.svg Argentina Naval Prefecture OR-7.svg Argentina Naval Prefecture OR-6.svg Argentina Naval Prefecture OR-5.svg Argentina Naval Prefecture OR-4.svg Argentina Naval Prefecture OR-3.svg Argentina Naval Prefecture OR-1.svg
Ayudante mayor Ayudante principal Ayudante de primero Ayudante de segundo Ayudante de tercera Cabo primero Cabo segundo Marinero


Brazil Brazilian Military Police[6]
Insignia PM O8.PNG G05-PM Primeiro Sargento.svg G04-PM Segundo Sargento.svg G03-PM Terceiro Sargento.svg Aluno-sargento-pm.jpg G02-PM Cabo.svg G01-PM Soldado.svg G00-PM Soldado segunda classe.svg
Subtenente Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Terceiro-sargento Aluno sargento Cabo Soldado primeira classe Soldado segunda classe


Burkina Faso Burkinabè National Gendarmerie
Burkinabe Gendarmerie OR-9b.svg Burkinabe Gendarmerie OR-9a.svg Burkinabe Gendarmerie OR-8.svg Burkinabe Gendarmerie OR-6b.svg Burkinabe Gendarmerie OR-6a.svg Burkinabe Gendarmerie OR-1.svg
Adjudant-major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Maréchal des Logis-Chef Maréchal des Logis Gendarme


Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
ព្រឹន្ទបាលឯក ព្រឹន្ទបាលទោ ពលបាលឯក ពលបាលទោ ពលបាលត្រី នាយឯក នាយទោ ពលឯក ពលទោ
Warrant Officer Command Sergeant Major Master Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Gendarm 1st Class Gendarm


Chadian National Gendarmerie
Chad-Gendarmerie-OR-7.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OR-6.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OR-5.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OR-3.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OR-2.png Chad-Gendarmerie-OR-1.png
Sergent-major Sergent-chef Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private (rank)


Carabineros de Chile
PNI.7.CARAB.BLUSA.SOM.svg PNI.6.CARAB.BLUSA.SOF.svg PNI.5.CARAB.BLUSA.SG1..svg PNI.4.CARAB.BLUSA.SG2..svg PNI.3.CARAB.BLUSA.CBO1.svg PNI.2.CARAB.BLUSA.CBO2.svg PNI.1.CARAB.BLUSON.CARABINERO.svg
Suboficial mayor Suboficial Sargento primero Sargento segundo Cabo primero Cabo segundo Carabinero


Chilean Gendarmerie
Presilla Suboficial Mayor de Gendarmeria.jpg Presilla Suboficial de Gendarmeria.jpg Pentágono Sargento 1° de Gendarmería.jpg Pentágono Sargento 2° de Gendarmería.jpg Pentágono Cabo 1° de Gendarmería.jpg Pentágono Cabo 2° de Gendarmería.jpg Pentágono Cabo de Gendarmería.jpg Pentágono Gendarme 1° de Gendarmería.jpg Pentágono Gendarme 2° de Gendarmería.jpg No insignia
Suboficial mayor Suboficial Sargento primero Sargento segundo Cabo primero Cabo segundo Cabo Gendarme primero Gendarme segundo Gendarme


People's Armed Police
CAPF-0709-1CSGT.png CAPF-0708-2CSGT.png CAPF-0707-3CSGT.png CAPF-0706-4CSGT.png CAPF-0705-SSG.png CAPF-0704-SGT.png CAPF-0703-CPL.png No equivalent CAPF-0702-PFC.png CAPF-0701-PVT.png
Master sergeant class one
一级军士长
yījí jūnshìzhǎng
Master sergeant class two
二级军士长
èrjí jūnshìzhǎng
Master sergeant class three
三级军士长
sānjí jūnshìzhǎng
Master sergeant class four
四级军士长
sìjí jūnshìzhǎng
Sergeant first class
上士
shàngshì
Sergeant
中士
zhōngshì
Corporal
下士
xiàshì
Private first class
上等兵
shàngděngbīng
Private
列兵
lièbīng


Congolese Gendarmerie[7]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg None No insignia
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Maréchal des logis-chef Maréchal des logis Èleve gendarme


France French Gendarmerie
France (Gendarmerie) OR-9b.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-9a.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-8.svg No equivalent France (Gendarmerie) OR-6.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-5c.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-5b.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-5a.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-4.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-3.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-2.svg France (Gendarmerie) OR-1.svg
Major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Maréchal-des-logis-chef Gendarme Gendarme sous contrat Gendarme Adjoint Maréchal-des-logis Gendarme Adjoint Brigadier Chef Gendarme Adjoint Brigadier Gendarme Adjoint première classe Gendarme Adjoint


Assam Rifles
Assam Rifles OR-9.svg Assam Rifles OR-8.svg Assam Rifles OR-7.svg Assam Rifles OR-6.svg Assam Rifles OR-4.svg Assam Rifles OR-3.svg No insignia
Subedar Major Subedar Naib Subedar Havildar Naik Lance Naik Sepoy
सूबेदार मेजर सूबेदार नायब सूबेदार हवलदार नायक लांस नायक सिपाही


Border Security Force
Police Inspector insignia.png Police Sub-Inspector.png Assistant Sub-Inspector.png Police Head Constable.png Senior Police Constable.png No insignia
Inspector Sub inspector Assistant Sub inspector Head Constable Senior Constable Constable
- - - - - -
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Central Reserve Police Force
Police Inspector insignia.png Police Sub-Inspector.png Assistant Sub-Inspector.png Police Head Constable.png Senior Police Constable.png No insignia
Inspector Sub inspector Assistant Sub inspector Head Constable Senior Constable Constable
- - - - - -


Iranian Law Enforcement Force
8-Ostovar 1 - Naja.png 7-Ostovar 2 - Naja.png 6-Grouhban 1 - Naja.png 5-Grouhban 2 - Naja.png 4-Grouhban 3 - Naja.png 3-Sarjukhe - Naja.png 2-sarbaz 1 - Naja.png 1-sarbaz 1 - Naja.png 0-Sarbaz 0 - Naja.png
Command sergeant major
استوار یکم
Sergeant major
استوار دوم
First sergeant
گروهبان یکم
Second sergeant
گروهبان دوم
Third sergeant
گروهبان سوم
Corporal
سرجوخه
Specialist
سرباز یکم
Private first class
سرباز دوم
Private
سرباز
Israel Border Police
Magav-Israel (9).png Magav-Israel (8).png Magav-Israel (7).png Magav-Israel (6).png Magav-Israel (5).png Magav-Israel (4).png Magav-Israel (3).png Magav-Israel (2).png Magav-Israel (1).png
רב נגד
Rav nagad
רב סמל בכיר
Rav samal bakhir
רב סמל מתקדם
Rav samal mitkadem
רב סמל ראשון
Rav samal rishon
רב סמל
Rav samal
סמל ראשון
Samal rishon
סמל שני
Samal sheni
רב שוטר
Rav shoter
שוטר
Shoter


Italian Carabinieri[15][16][17]
Carabinieri-Luogotenente-Carica-Speciale.svg Carabinieri-OW-5.svg Carabinieri-OW-4.svg Carabinieri-OW-3.svg Carabinieri-OW-2.svg Carabinieri-OW-1.svg Carabinieri-OR-9a.svg Carabinieri-OR-9b.svg Carabinieri-OR-8.svg
Carabinieri-OR-7a.svg Carabinieri-OR-7b.svg Carabinieri-OR-6.svg Carabinieri-OR-5.svg Carabinieri-OR-4.svg
Appuntato scelto q.s. Appuntato scelto Appuntato Carabiniere scelto Carabiniere
Primo luogotenente c.s. s.u.p.s Luogotenente s.u.p.s. Primo Maresciallo Maresciallo Capo Maresciallo Ordinario Maresciallo Sergente Maggiore Capo Sergente Maggiore Sergente


Italian Guardia di Finanza
Rank insignia of luogotenente of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of maresciallo aiutante of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of maresciallo capo of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of maresciallo ordinario of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of maresciallo of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of brigadiere capo of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of brigadiere of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of vice brigadiere of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of appuntato scelto of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of appuntato of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of finanziere scelto of the Guardia di Finanza.svg Rank insignia of finanziere of the Guardia di Finanza.svg No equivalent
Luogotenente s.u.p.s. Maresciallo Aiutante s.u.p.s Maresciallo Capo Maresciallo Ordinario Maresciallo Brigadiere Capo Brigadiere Vice Brigadiere Appuntato scelto Appuntato Finanziere scelto Finanziere


Mauritius Police Force
PS Epaulette.svg Mauritius Police Corporal.svg UK police constable epaulette, 2016.svg
Sergeant Corporal Constable


Mexico Mexican National Guard
Rango Agente Mayor GN.png Rango Agente GN.png Rango Subagente GN.png Rango Guardia Nacional GN.png
Senior agent
Agente Mayor
Agent
Agente
Deputy agent
Subagente
National guardsman
Guardia Nacional


Army of Monaco
Monaco-army-OR-9.svg Monaco-army-OR-8.svg Monaco-army-OR-7.svg Monaco-army-OR-6.svg Monaco-army-OR-5.svg Monaco-army-OR-4.svg Blank.svg Monaco-army-OR-1.svg
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Maréchal-des-logis-major Maréchal-des-logis-chef Maréchal-des-logis Brigadier Carabinier de première classe Carabinier de deuxième classe


Royal Moroccan Gendarmerie
Morocco Gendarmerie OR-9.svg Morocco Gendarmerie OR-8.svg Morocco Gendarmerie OR-7.svg Morocco Gendarmerie OR-6.svg Morocco Gendarmerie OR-5.svg
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-major Sergent-chef Sergent


Royal Marechaussee[11]
Nl-marechaussee-adjudant onderofficier.svg
Nl-marechaussee-opperwachtmeester.svg Nl-marechaussee-wachtmeester der 1e klasse.svg Nl-marechaussee-wachtmeester.svg Nl-marechaussee-marechaussee der 1e klasse.svg Nl-marechaussee-marechaussee der 2e klasse.svg Nl-marechaussee-marechaussee der 3e klasse.svg Nl-marechaussee-marechaussee der 4e klasse.svg
Adjudant Opperwachtmeester Wachtmeester der 1e klasse Wachtmeester Marechaussee der 1e klasse Marechaussee der 2e klasse Marechaussee der 3e klasse Marechaussee der 4e klasse


National Gendarmerie of Niger[12]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Maréchal des logis chef Maréchal des logis Gendarme de 1re classe Gendarme de 2e classe Gendarme de 3e classe Gendarme de 4e classe Gendarme auxiliaire


Pakistan
Frontier Constabulary

Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Inspector
انسپکٹر
Sub inspector
سب انسپکٹر۔
Assistant sub inspector
اسسٹنٹ سب انسپکٹر۔
Head Constable
ہیڈ کانسٹیبل۔
Constable
کانسٹیبل


Pakistan Rangers
10.Pakistan Army-SMCWO.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg 03.Pakistan Army-SGT.svg 02.Pakistan Army-CPL.svg 01.Pakistan Army-PFC.svg No insignia
Senior inspector
سینئر انسپکٹر۔
Inspector
انسپکٹر
Sub inspector
سب انسپکٹر۔
Havildar
حوالدار۔
Naik
نائیک۔
Lance Naik
لانس نائیک۔
Sepoy
سپاہی۔
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Żandarmeria wojskowa
Army-POL-OR-09a.svg Army-POL-OR-09b.svg Army-POL-OR-08.svg Army-POL-OR-07.svg Army-POL-OR-06.svg Army-POL-OR-05.svg Army-POL-OR-04a.svg Army-POL-OR-04b.svg Army-POL-OR-03.svg Army-POL-OR-02.svg Army-POL-OR-01.svg
Starszy chorąży sztabowy Starszy chorąży Chorąży Młodszy chorąży Starszy sierżant Sierżant Plutonowy Starszy kapral Kapral Starszy szeregowy Szeregowy


Portugal National Republican Guard[13]
Portugal NRG OR-9.svg Portugal NRG OR-8.svg Portugal NRG OR-7.svg Portugal NRG OR-6.svg Portugal NRG OR-5b.svg Portugal NRG OR-5a.svg Portugal NRG OR-4b.svg Portugal NRG OR-4a.svg Portugal NRG OR-3b.svg Portugal NRG OR-3a.svg Portugal NRG OR-2b.svg Portugal NRG OR-2a.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Cabo-mor Cabo-chefe Cabo-de-curso Cabo Guarda Principal Guarda


Romania Jandarmeria Română
RO-Gendarmerie-OR9.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR8.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR7.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR6a.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR6b.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR5.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR4.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR3.png RO-Gendarmerie-OR1.png
Plutonier adjutant șef Plutonier adjutant Plutonier-major Plutonier Sergent-major Sergent Caporal Fruntaş Jandarm


Corps of Gendarmerie of San Marino
Maresciallo.svg Brigadiere.svg Vice brigadiere.svg Appuntato.svg Allievo-gendarme.svg
Maresciallo Brigadiere Vice-brigadiere Appuntato Gendarme


Senegalese Gendarmerie
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OR-6.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OR-5.svg Senegal-Gendarmerie-OR-2.svg
Adjutant-major Adjutant-chef Adjutant Maréchal des logis-chef Maréchal des logis Gendarme


Spain Spanish Civil Guard
Guardia Civil Suboficial mayor.gif Guardia Civil Subteniente.gif Guardia Civil Brigada.gif Guardia Civil Sargento 1º.gif Guardia Civil Sargento.gif Guardia Civil Cabo Mayor.gif Guardia Civil Cabo 1º.gif Guardia Civil Cabo.gif Guardia Civil Guardia 1º.gif Guardia Civil guardiacivil.gif
Suboficial mayor Subteniente Brigada Sargento primero Sargento Cabo mayor Cabo primero Cabo Guardia Civil de Primera
(Rank in abeyance)
Guardia Civil


Turkish Gendarmerie[18][19]
Astsubay Kıdemli Başçavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Astsubay Başçavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Astsubay Kıdemli Üstçavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Astsubay Üstçavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Astsubay Kıdemli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Astsubay Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg
Uzman Jandarma VIII Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma VII Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma VI Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma V Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma IV Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma III Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma II Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Jandarma I Kademeli Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg
Uzman Jandarma VIII Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma VII Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma VI Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma V Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma IV Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma III Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma II Kademeli Çavuş Uzman Jandarma I Kademeli Çavuş
Uzman Çavuş (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Çavuş 2 (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Çavuş 3 (Jandarma-TR).svg Uzman Çavuş 4 (Jandarma-TR).svg
Uzman Çavuş IV Uzman Çavuş III Uzman Çavuş II Uzman Çavuş I
Uzman Onbaşı (Jandarma-TR).svg
Astsubay kıdemli başçavuş Astsubay başçavuş Astsubay kıdemli üstçavuş Astsubay üstçavuş Astsubay kıdemli çavuş Astsubay çavuş Uzman onbaşı


Republic of China Military Police
Taiwan-MP-OR-9.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-8.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-7.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-6.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-5.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-4.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-3.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-2.svg Taiwan-MP-OR-1.svg
一等士官長
Yīděng shìguānzhǎng
二等士官長
Èrděng shìguānzhǎng
三等士官長
Sānděng shìguānzhǎng
上士
Shàngshì
中士
Zhōngshì
下士
Xiàshì
上等兵
Shàngděngbīng
一等兵
Yīděngbīng
二等兵
Èrděngbīng


 U.S. Coast Guard
MCPOCG MCPOCG CMC MCPO E-8 E-7 E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-2
Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard Reserve Command master chief petty officer Master chief petty officer Senior chief petty officer Chief petty officer Petty officer first class Petty officer second class Petty officer third class Seaman Seaman apprentice Seaman recruit


Vanuatu Mobile Forces
Vanuatu Mobile Force OR-7.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OR-6.svg
Vanuatu Mobile Force OR-4.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OR-3.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OR-1.svg Vanuatu Police OR-0.svg
Warrant Officer
Class 1
Warrant Officer
Class 2
Staff Sergeant
Staf Sajen
Sergeant
Sajen
Corporal
Kofol
Lance Corporal Constable
Polis
Recruit
Rikrut


Gendarmerie of Vatican City
GEND Gendarmeriava Ispettore.png GEND GendarmeriaPontificia.png SMAG.GendarmeriaPontificia.png BRIG.GendarmeriaPontificia.png CAPOR.GendarmeriaPontificia.png
Ispettore Vice ispettore Brigadiere Vice brigadiere Gendarme


Vietnam People's
Public Security

Cấp hiệu Thượng sĩ Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung sĩ Công an.png Cấp hiệu Hạ sĩ Công an.png Cấp hiệu Chiến sĩ bậc 1 Công an.png Cấp hiệu Chiến sĩ bậc 2 Công an.png
Sergeant major
(Thượng sĩ)
Sergeant
(Trung sĩ)
Corporal
(Hạ sĩ)
Constable 1st class
(Chiến sĩ bậc 1)
Constable 2nd class
(Chiến sĩ bậc 2)
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted

List of former gendarmeries

Country or territory English name Native-language name Formed Disbanded Notes Refs.
 Democratic Republic of Afghanistan Defenders of the Revolution Sarandoy ~1980 ~1988 Formed and employed under the Soviet-backed Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
 Albania International Gendarmerie 1913 1914
Royal Albanian Gendarmerie Xhandarmëria Mbretërore e Shqipëris 1924 ~1939 Formed as a counterweight to the Royal Albanian Army, it employed British advisors on its staff and with the units
Royal Border Guard 1929 1939 The Royal Border Guards were a component of the Royal Albanian Army
 Australia Australian native police
 Austria Imperial and Royal Gendarmerie k.k. Gendarmerie 1849 1918 Gendarmerie of Cisleithanian part of Austria-Hungary
Federal Gendarmerie Bundesgendarmerie 1918 2005 Renamed k.k. Gendarmerie, dissolved under occupation from 1938 to 1945. Merged with other agencies to form new Bundespolizei in 2005
B-Gendarmerie 1949 1955 The precursor of the Austrian Armed Forces
 Azerbaijan Special Purpose Police Unit 1990 1995
 Belgium Belgian Gendarmerie French: Gendarmerie
Dutch: Rijkswacht
1796 2001 Was formed under French rule in what now is Belgian territory, even before the establishment of Belgium itself (1830). Merged with federal and local police to form a new policing system
Garde Civique 1830 1920
 Belarus Byelorussian Auxiliary Police 1941 1944
 Belgian Congo Force Publique 1886 1960
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Gendarmerie Zhandarmeriya The Bulgarian Gendarmerie was disbanded by the country's General Directorate of Police, and its personnel were absorbed into various specialized police units.
 Canada North-West Mounted Police 1873 1920
 Qing dynasty Green Standard Army 1644 1912
 Colombia National Gendarmerie Corps Cuerpo de Gendarmeria Nacional 1906 1909 Created to function decentralized from the National Police command and more militarized regime, managed by the Ministry of War. In 1909 General Jorge Holguín suppressed the National Gendarmerie Corps and gave the provincial governors the authority to organize police services at their own will
 Costa Rica Costa Rican Civil Guard Guardia Civil de Costa Rica 1949 1996
 Cyprus Cyprus Military Police 1880 1935
 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakian Gendarmerie Československé četnictvo 1918 1942 Managed by the Ministry of Interior. In 1942 merged with police and fire brigades. After the liberation in 1945 created a unified police force—the Corps of National Security (SNB)—that amalgamated gendarmerie, police and intelligence.
State Defence Guard 1936 1939
 Cretan State Cretan Gendarmerie Κρητική Χωροφυλακή, Kritiki Chorofylaki 1899 1916
 Denmark Border Gendarmerie Grænsegendarmeriet 1838 1958
The Blue Gendarms De Blå Gendarmer 1885 1897
The Royal Danish West Indies Gendarmerie Corps Det Kongelige Dansk Vestindiske Gendarmerikorps 1907 1917
Netherlands Dutch East Indies Marshal Corps On Foot Korps Marechaussee te voet 1890 1942
 Estonia Estonian Border Guard Eesti Piirivalve 1922 2010
Estonian Auxiliary Police 1941 1944
 Ethiopia Ethiopian Gendarmery Zabagna 1916 1936 Included the Kebur Zabagna Imperial Guard
 Vichy France Moblie Reserve Groups Group Mobile de Réserve 1941 1944
 Gambia Gambia Constabulary 1866 1965
Gambia Regiment 1901 1958
 Georgia Internal Troops of Georgia 1991 2004
 German Empire Field Gendarmerie Feldgendarmerie 1866 1918 Military police units of the army of the German Empire.
 Weimar Republic Security Police Sicherheitspolizei 1919 1935 Paramilitary anti-riot police
 Nazi Germany Field Gendarmerie Feldgendarmerie 1933 1945 Military police units of the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany.
Special Service Sonderdienst 1940 1944 Paramilitary units for the suppression of occupied Poland
Police Regiment Centre 1941 1942
Protection Squad Schutzmannschaft (SchuMa) 1941 1944 Collaborationist auxiliary police of native policemen serving in occupied areas of the Soviet Union and the Baltic states
 East Germany Border Troops Grenztruppen der DDR 1946 1990 Border troops of East Germany
Barracked People's Police Kasernierte Volkspolizei 1948 1956 Paramilitary police, the precursor of the East German Army
People's Police Alert Units Volkspolizei-Bereitschaft (VPB) 1953 1990 Paramilitary units of the Volkspolizei (VoPo)
 Germany Gendarmerie Gendarmerie, Landjägerei (rural ranger), Landpolizei (rural police), Dragoner, Husaren and other denominations 19th century mid-20th century Due to the distinctive autonomy of the German states, every state has his own history of establishing and denomination. In Prussia for example it was called Royal Prussian State Gendarmerie
Federal Border Guard Bundesgrenzschutz 1951 2005 The precursor of the Bundeswehr, renamed in Bundespolizei (Federal Police) in 2005
 Greece Hellenic Gendarmerie Ελληνική Χωροφυλακή, Elliniki Chorofylaki 1833 1984 Merged with the City Police and formed the current Hellenic Police
Roman Legion 1941 1943
Security Battalions 1943 1944
National Guard Defence Battalions 1948 1982
 Haiti Gendarmerie of Haiti 1915 1928
Tonton Macoute 1959 1986
 Honduras Gendarmerie of Honduras Gendarmería de Honduras 1866 1882
 Hungary Hungarian Royal Gendarmerie Magyar Királyi Csendőrség 1881 1945 Until 1918 Gendarmerie of Transleithanian part of Austria-Hungary; disbanded by the Interim National Government after WWII because Hungarian Royal Gendarmerie took part in the Holocaust by gathering the Hungarian Jews and giving them to the Nazi German forces.
Law Enforcement and Public Safety Service Rendészeti Biztonsági Szolgálat 2004 2008 Couple years after the fall of the communist regime, a new gendarmerie-type police force within the frameworks of the Hungarian National Police:, Rendészeti Biztonsági Szolgálat was formed and existed between 2004 and 2008.
 Indonesia Indonesian National Police Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia 1946 2000 For part of its history (1946–2000), it was a service branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces under the Department of Defense and Security. Since 2000 it operates as an independent civilian police under direct command of the President.
 Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Gendarmerie ژاندارمری (Zhāndārmerī) 1979 1990 Persian Central Government Gendarmerie 1911–1921, Amniyeh Kol-e Mamlekati 1921–1943; GENMISH 1943–1957; State Gendarmerie 1957–1979; gendarmerie dissolved in 1990
Qarasuran
Republic of Ireland Ireland Royal Irish Constabulary[20] 1822 1922 Royal added to the name in 1867.[21]
Criminal Investigation Department 1921 1923
 Kingdom of Italy Blackshirts 1923 1943
Guardia alla Frontiera 1934 1954 The Guardia alla Frontiera was part of the Italian Army.
Kingdom of Italy Italian East Africa Italian African Police Polizia dell'Africa Italiana 1936 1941 Operated throughout Italian East Africa
Kingdom of Italy Italian colonies of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, Eritrea and Italian Somaliland Zaptié 1889 1942
 Italian Social Republic National Republican Guard Guardia Nazionale Repubblicana 1943 1945 Formed by the Italian Social Republic
Black Brigades 1944 1945
 Japan Corps of Law Soldiers (lit) Kempeitai, 憲兵隊 1881 1945 Part of the Imperial Japanese Army
Naval Secret Police Tokkeitai, 特警隊 1945 The Imperial Japanese Navy's military police, they were equivalent to the Imperial Japanese Army's Kempeitai. They were also the smallest military police service.
Special Higher Police (特別高等警察, Tokubetsu Kōtō Keisatsu 1911 1945 Often shortened to Tokkō (特高), established specifically to investigate and control political groups and ideologies deemed to be a threat to public order. Its main function was as a civilian counterpart to the military's Kempeitai.
National Police Reserve 1950 1952 National force in Japan until formation of JSDF and NPA
 Kazakhstan Internal Troops of Kazakhstan 1992 2014
 Kingdom of Laos Royal Lao Police 1949 1975
 Latvia Latvian Auxiliary Police 1941 1944
 Lithuania Lithuanian TDA Battalions 1941 1941 Predecessor to the Lithuanian Auxiliary Police
Lithuanian Auxiliary Police Battalions 1941 1944
Lithuanian Security Police 1941 1944
 Luxembourg Grand Ducal Gendarmerie Gendarmerie Grand-Ducale 1733 2000 Dissolved under Nazi occupation from 1940 to 1944. Merged on 1 January 2000 with local Police to form the new Grand Ducal Police
 Mexico Rural Guard Guardia Rural 1861 1914 In modern Mexico, the name is applied to the part-time Rural Defence Corps.
National Gendarmerie Gendarmeria Nacional 1877 1970 It was a body that has militarized police functions whose jurisdiction in large urban areas.
 Portugal Mozambique (Portuguese Province) Republican Guard of Lourenço Marques Guarda Republicana de Lourenço Marques 1913 1924 Replaced both the former military Guarda Cívica (Civic Guard) and the Civil Police of Lourenço Marques.
Police Guard of the Mozambique Company Guarda Policial da Companhia de Moçambique 1914 1925 Military and police force of the territory under administration of the Mozambique Company (Territory of Manica and Sofala). Replaced by the Police Forces of the Mozambique Company (Forças Policiais da Companhia de Moçambique).
 Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Royal Ulster Constabulary 1922 2001
Ulster Special Constabulary 1920 1970
 Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) Northern Rhodesia Police 1889 1964
 Norway Statspolitiet 1941 1945
 Ottoman Empire Ottoman Gendarmerie 1869
 Pakistan Gilgit Scouts 1889 1975
Swat Levies 1895
Federal Security Force 1972 1977
Mehran Force 1942 1995
Palestine (British Mandate) British Gendarmerie 1920 1926 Replaced by the Transjordan Frontier Force on 1 April
 Peru Peruvian Gendarmerie Gendarmería Nacional del Perú 1852 1924 Became the basis of the Civil Guard.
Republican Guard 1991
 Philippines Guardia Civil en las Filipinas 1868 1898

The Guardia Civil en las Filipinas (Spanish) translated to the "Civil Guard in the Philippines" was the branch of the Civil Guard organised under the Spanish colonial government in the Philippines and a component of the Spanish Army.

Philippine Constabulary Hukbóng Pamayapà ng Pilipinas 1901 1991 Absorbed the Integrated National Police on 1 January 1991 to form the present-day Philippine National Police.
 Poland Border Protection Corps 1924 1939
Internal Security Corps 1945 1965
Territorial Defense Forces 1965 2008
ZOMO 1956 1989
 Portugal Fiscal Guard Guarda Fiscal 1885 1993 It was military force controlled by the Portuguese Ministry of Finance, responsible for the tax and customs law enforcement and border surveillance. In 1993, it became part of the National Republican Guard, as the Fiscal Brigade.
Portugal Portuguese India Police and Supervion Corps of India Corpo de Polícia e Fiscalização da Índia 1924 1946 Transformed in the entirely civilian Polícia do Estado da Índia (State of India Police) in 1946.
 Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) British South African Police 1889 1980
 Russia Internal Troops of Russia 1992 2016
Russian Empire Customs Guards 1782 1832 Under the regional authorities or, since 1802, Ministry of Finance
Internal Guards (Russian Empire) [ru] 1811 1864 Part of the Russian Imperial Army. Special Corps of Internal Guards since 1816
Border Guards 1832 1893 Under the Ministry of Finance
Special Corps of Border Guards [ru] 1893 1918 Part of the Russian Imperial Army under the Ministry of Finance in peacetime
Special Corps of Gendarmes Отдельный корпус жандармов 1836 1917 Part of the Russian Imperial Army under the 3rd Section until 1880, under the Police Department of Russia afterwards
United States Occupation Zone of West Germany and Austria United States Constabulary - 1946 1952
 Kingdom of Saxony Feldgendarmerie 1810 1812 Military police units of the army of the kingdom of Saxony.
 Serbia Pećanac Chetniks 1941 1943
Serbian Volunteer Corps 1941 1945
Belgrade Special Police 1941 1945
Serbian State Guard 1942 1945
Special Police Units 1994 2001
 South Africa Natal Border Guard 1878 1879
Cape Mounted Police 1882 1913
South African Republic Police 1886 1902
South African Constabulary 1900 1908
South Africa South West Africa (Namibia) Koevoet 1979 1989 Light infantry, counter-insurgency branch of the South West African Police
 Soviet Union Internal Troops 1919 1991
KGB Security Troops
Soviet Border Troops 1918 1992
 Spain Carabineros 1829 1940
Assault Guard Guardia de Asalto 1932 1939
National Republican Guard Guardia Nacional Republicana 1936 1937
Armed Police Corps 1939 1979
 Syria Syrian Gendarmerie 1921 1958 Formed by the French to combat local insurgencies,[22] and maintained as late as 1958.[23]
 Thailand Royal Siamese Provincial Gendarmerie 1897 1915 Formed in 1897 by Danish mercenaries, integrated with the Royal Thai Police in 1915.[24]
Wild Tiger Corps 1911 1925
 Ukraine Free Cossacks 1917 1918
Ukrainian People's Militia 1941 1941 Predecessor to the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police 1941 1944
Internal Troops of Ukraine 1992 2014
Berkut 1992 2014
United States United States Indian Territory Lighthorse ? The name given by the Five Civilized Tribes of the United States to their mounted police force. The US Army's cavalry performed gendarme duties until the advent of law and order.
  Vatican City Corps of Gendarmerie of Vatican City Corpo della Gendarmeria dello Stato della Città del Vaticano 1816 1974 Formed 1816. Replaced by a civilian Central Security Office, in 1970, which itself became the Corpo di Vigilanza dello Stato della Città del Vaticano in 1991. Was restored as the Gendarmerie in 2002.
 South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam National Police 1962 1975
 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia People's Defence Corps of Yugoslavia 1944 1953

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Student officer insignia designates school grade rather than military seniority.

References

  1. ^ a b Lioe, Kim Eduard (3 December 2010). Armed Forces in Law Enforcement Operations? - The German and European Perspective (1989 ed.). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 52–57. ISBN 978-3-642-15433-1.
  2. ^ Kumar, Kuldeep (14 April 2016). Police and Counterinsurgency: The Untold Story of Tripura's COIN Campaign (2016 ed.). SAGE Publications India. pp. 90–94. ISBN 978-9351507475.
  3. ^ "Internal troops reinstated by Parliament". MONTSAME News Agency. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  4. ^ 14 U.S.C. § 1
  5. ^ Arcudi, Giovanni; Smith, Michael E. (2013). "The European Gendarmerie Force: A solution in search of problems?". European Security. 22: 1–20. doi:10.1080/09662839.2012.747511.
  6. ^ a b "Insígnias". Polícia Militar do Estado de São Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Grades appellations distinctions". defense.gouv.cg (in French). Ministry of National Defense (Republic of the Congo). Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Updates on 6th CPC". Pcdaopune.gov.in. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  10. ^ "Distintivi di grado: Ufficiali." Carabinieri. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  11. ^ a b "De rangonderscheidingstekens van de krijgsmacht" (PDF) (in Dutch). Ministry of Defence (Netherlands). 19 December 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  12. ^ a b Bureau international des droits des enfants (December 2012). "État des Lieux: Formation des forces de défense et de sécurité sur les droit de l'enfant au Niger" (PDF) (in French). p. 34. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Distintivos". gnr.pt (in Portuguese). Republican National Guard. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  14. ^ "U.S. Military Rank Insignia". defense.gov. Department of Defense. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  15. ^ "Distintivi di grado: Marescialli." Carabinieri. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  16. ^ "Distintivi di grado: Brigadiere." Carabinieri. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  17. ^ "Distintivi di grado: Appuntati e Carabinieri." Carabinieri. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  18. ^ "Uzman Jandarma Kanunu" (PDF) (in Turkish). mevzuat.gov.tr. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  19. ^ "Uzman Erbaş Kanunu" (PDF) (in Turkish). mevzuat.gov.tr. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  20. ^ Emsley, Clive (1999), Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe, Oxford University Press, pp. 246–247, 267, ISBN 978-0-19-820798-6, Henry Goulburn...drafted a bill for a centralized, permanent armed constabulary linked to salaried police magistrates ... Even Grant condemned what he considered as an attempt 'to place the whole of Ireland under an armed police, to subject it to a species of gendarmerie'.
  21. ^ Replaced by the Royal Ulster Constabulary and the Garda Síochána on the partition of Ireland in 1922
  22. ^ Deep, Daniel (2012). Occupying Syria Under the French Mandate: Insurgency, Space and State Formation. Cambridge University Press. p. 204. ISBN 978-1-107-00006-3.
  23. ^ Podeh, Elie (1999), The Decline of Arab Unity: The Rise And Fall of the United Arab Republic, Sussex Academic Press, p. 54, ISBN 1-84519-146-3
  24. ^ Phraya Vasuthep: The Good Danish Soldier of Fortune