Territorial governors in the 15th centuryTerritorial governors in the 17th centuryColonial and territorial governors by year

This is a list of territorial governors in the 16th century (1501–1600) AD, such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.

A dependent territory is normally a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.[1] The administrators of uninhabited territories are excluded.


Kingdom of England
English overseas possessions

British Isles

North America


Ancien Régime of France
French colonial empire

North America


Kingdom of Portugal
Portuguese colonial empire


  • Captaincy-general of Moçambique


South America


Habsburg Spain
Spanish colonial empire



North America

  • Azcapotzalco part of the Triple Alliance of the Aztec Empire (1428-1521)
    1. Don Carlos Oquiztzin, Tlatoani (English: "Ruler" or "King") (1499-1520?)[10]
  • Cuauhnahuac dependency of Aztec Empire (1403=1520)[11]
    • Tehuehuetzin, Tlatoani (ruler or governor) (before 1491-1504)
    • Itzohuatzin (or Yoatzin), Tlatoani (?-1520)[12]
  • Ecatepec [13]
    • Part of the Triple Alliance of the Aztec Empire (1428-1521)
  1. Chimalpilli II, 4th Tlatoani (1498-1520)
    • Dependency of New Spain (1521-1547)
  1. Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin, 5th Tlatoani (1520–1539)
  2. Don Diego Quauhpotonqui, 6th Tlatoani (1539-1547)

Tenochtitlan (dependency of New Spain)

  1. Juan Velázquez Tlacotzin, 13th Tlatoani (1525-1526)[14]
  2. Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuh, 14th Tlatoani (1525–1530)[15]
  3. Pablo Xochiquentzin, Cuauhtlatoani (Eagle Captain) (1536)[16]
  4. Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin, 15th Tlatoani of Mexico-Tenochtitlan and 1st governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan (1539–1541)[citation needed]
  5. Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin, 16th Tlatoani of Mexico-Tenochtitlan and 2nd governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan (1541-1554)[17][18]
  6. Esteban de Guzmán, judge of San Juan Tenochtitlan (1554-1557)
  7. Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin, 17th Tlatoani of Mexico-Tenochtitlan and 3rd governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan (1557-1562)[18]
  8. Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin, 18th Tlatoani of Mexico-Tenochtitlan and 4th governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan (1563–1565)[18]

South America


  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514
  2. ^ a b c d e Berry, William. The History of the Island of Guernsey. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815. p. 214.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Le Roy, Pierre. Note book of Pierre Le Roy. Guille Alles Library 1893.
  4. ^ The Chronological Historian
  5. ^ Creighton, Mandell (1891). "Howard, Thomas II (1473–1554)" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 64–67.
  6. ^ Wagner, John, Historical Dictionary of the Elizabethan World, Oryx, 1999, p. 252
  7. ^ Wagner, John, Historical Dictionary of the Elizabethan World, Oryx, 1999, p. 278
  8. ^ Morris, Richard Brandon (ed.) (1970 rev.) Encyclopedia of American History Harper and Row, New York, ISBN 0-06-016481-6 p. 59;
  9. ^ Harrisse, Henry (1872) Notes pour servir à l'histoire, à la bibliographie et àla cartographie de la Nouvelle-France et des pays adjacents, 1545-1700. Tross, Paris, p. 14;
  10. ^ "AZCAPOTZALCO (Altepetl)". Iinet.net.au. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Cuauhnahuac (Tlahuica / Aztecs) (Mesoamerica)". The History Files. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  12. ^ Toledano Vergara, Ma. Cristina (1999). Acapantzingo, Tierra Florida de Historia y Tradiciones [Acapantzingo, Flowered land of history and Traditions] (in Spanish). Cuernavaca: Instituto de Cultura de Morelos. p. 28.
  13. ^ "ECATEPEC (Altepetl)". Iinet.net.au. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Juan Velázquez, 12th Aztec Emperor". Geni.com. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuh Índice Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuh". Unionpedia.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  16. ^ Castañeda de la Paz, Maria. "Tenochtitlan y el gobierno de los cuauhtlatoque" [Tenochtitlan and the government of the Cuahtlatoque]. Arqueologia Mexicana (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  17. ^ Castañeda de la Paz, Maria (2013). "La probanza de don Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin" [The poverty of Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin]. Revistas UNAM (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  18. ^ a b c "Reconstruyen la continuidad de la nobleza mexica en la Colonia" [Reconstructing the Mexica Nobilty in the Colony]. INAH.gob.mx (in Spanish). 15 July 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2019.

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