List of military aircraft of Japan

Summary

This list of military aircraft of Japan includes project, prototype, pre-production and operational types regardless of era. This includes both domestically developed Japanese designs, licensed variants of foreign designs, and foreign-produced aircraft that served in the military of Japan.

Japanese names are used here, not World War II Allied codenames. The prefix "Ki" in this list is an abbreviation of "Kitai", meaning "airframe", and was used only by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force. "Ki" should be read as one word. For clarification on other designations, particularly those used by the Navy, see Japanese military aircraft designation systems. (Note: " - " indicates information is unknown or not applicable.)

Post-1945

Type Origin Role Adopted Status Total Notes
Aeronca L-16 US utility 1952 retired 1953 20
AgustaWestland MCH-101 Italy/UK multi-role 2007 14 minesweeper/transport, replacing MH-53E
Beech King Air C90 US reconnaissance 1974 retired 2010 1 photo survey
Beech King Air LC-90 US utility 1974 5 liaison
Beechcraft 18 Benibato US trainer 1957 retired 1965 35
Beechcraft TC-90 US multi-engine trainer 1974 34 trainer
Beechcraft LR-2 US utility 1998 6 liaison
Beechcraft Queen AirUmibato US navigation trainer 1963 retired 2000 28 liaison
Beechjet T-400 US crew trainer 1994 13
Bell AH-1S Cobra US attack helicopter 1979 88
Bell H-13/47 US utility 1953 retired 1998 127 helicopter
Bell UH-1B/H Hiyodori US utility 1962 223 helicopter
Boeing AH-64D US attack helicopter 2007 12
Boeing 747-47C US transport 1992 retired 2019 2 VIP transport
Boeing E-767 US AEW 1999 4 in use 4
Boeing KC-767J US transport 2011 4 in use 4 In-flight refueling
Boeing CH-47J/CH-47JA US transport 1988 32 helicopter licence-built by Kawasaki
British Aerospace U–125 UK utility 1992 27 also search & rescue
Cessna U206G Stationair US utility 1977 retired 1997 1
Cessna L-19 Bird Dog Soyokaze US reconnaissance 1954 retired 1994 129 22 built by Fuji
Curtiss C-46 Commando US transport 1954 retired 1978 48
Douglas R4D Dakota Manazuru US transport 1958 retired 1972 4
Eurocopter TH-135 Multinational trainer 2009 15 helicopter
Fuji LM-1 Nikko Japan trainer 1955 retired 1983 134 also liaison, T-34 Mentor development
Fuji LM-2/KM-2/TL-1 Japan trainer 1962 retired 1998 66 also liaison
Fuji T-1 Hatsutaka Japan advanced trainer 1960 retired 2006 64
Fuji T-3 (KM-2B) Japan trainer 1978 retired 2007 50
Fuji T-5 (KM-2D) Japan trainer 1988 36
Fuji T-7 (KM-2F) Japan trainer 2002 49
Fuji TACOM Japan UAV 1995 retired 2011 6
Fuji UH-1J Japan utility 1994 100-(120) helicopter, UH-1H development
Grumman Albatross Harigane US multi-role 1961 retired 1976 6 amphibian, one converted for research as UF-XS
Grumman Goose US utility 1955 retired 1961 4 amphibian
Grumman E-2C US AEW 1983 51
Grumman S2F-1 Aotaka US maritime patrol 1957 retired 1986 60
Grumman TBM-3 Avenger US multi-role 1954 retired 1961 20
Gulfstream U-4 US transport 1997 5
Hughes OH-6 Cayuse US reconnaissance 1969 332 helicopter
Hughes TH-55J US trainer 1971 retired 1995 38 helicopter
Kawasaki C-1 Japan transport 1975 31
Kawasaki C-2 Japan transport 2016 7 replacing C–1 and C–130H
Kawasaki KH-4 Japan utility 1965 19 helicopter, Bell 47G variant.
Kawasaki-Vertol KV-107II Japan transport 1966 retired 2009 120 helicopter
Kawasaki KAL-2 Japan liaison 1954 retired 1964 2 prototypes
Kawasaki OH-1 Ninja Japan reconnaissance 2000 31 helicopter (Kongata Kansoko)
Kawasaki P-1 Japan maritime patrol 2013 in use
Kawasaki P-2J Owashi Japan maritime patrol 1966 retired 1998 82 P2V Neptune development
Kawasaki P2V-7 VSA Japan research 1977 retired 1982 1 Variable Stability Aircraft research
Kawasaki T-4 Japan trainer 1988 208
Learjet U-36A US trainer 1985 6 combat support Learjet 35A
Lockheed C-130H US transport 1983 16
Lockheed F-104J Eiko US fighter 1966 retired 1986 210 imports/kits/licence production
Lockheed F-104DJ Eiko US trainer 1966 retired 1986 20 Lockheed kits
Lockheed P2V-7 Owashi US maritime patrol 1959 retired 1981 64
Lockheed P-3C US maritime patrol 1981 110
Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon US maritime patrol 1955 retired 1960 17
Lockheed T-33 Wakataka US trainer 1954 retired 2000 287
MBB/Kawasaki BK 117 Japan utility 1985 2 helicopter, flight test assistance
McDonnell Douglas F-4EJ US fighter 1971 retired 1995 140 138 built by Mitsubishi, updated to Kai in 1995
McDonnell Douglas RF-4E US reconnaissance 1974 10
Mitsubishi X-2 Shinshin Japan research 2016 1 stealth technology testbed
Mitsubishi F-4EJ Kai Japan fighter 1989 retired 2020 96 Js updated to Kai in 1995
Mitsubishi RF-4EJ US/Japan reconnaissance 1990 retired 2020 14 replaced lost RF-4Es
Mitsubishi F-1 Japan fighter 1977 retired 2006 77
Mitsubishi F-2 Japan fighter 2000 98 F-16 development, replacing F-1
Mitsubishi F-15J Japan fighter 1981 223 12 built by MDD, the rest by Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi F-15DJ Japan trainer 1981 48
Mitsubishi MU-2/LR-1 Japan utility 1967 retired 2008 53 also SAR and photo-reconnaissance
Mitsubishi RP-1 Japan research 1994 1 helicopter
Mitsubishi SH-60J Japan ASW 1991 70 helicopter
Mitsubishi SH-60K Japan ASW 2005 (50) helicopter, replacing SH-60J
Mitsubishi T-2/T-2A Japan advanced trainer 1975 retired 2006 96
Mitsubishi T-2 CCV Japan research 1984 retired 1998 1 Control Configured Vehicle
NAMC YS-11 Japan transport 1965 23
North American F-86D Gekko US fighter 1958 retired 1968 122 imported
North American F-86F Kyokko US fighter 1955 retired 1982 435 imports/kits/licence production
North American RF-86F US reconnaissance 1961 retired 1979 18
North American T-6/SNJ Texan Matsukaze US trainer 1954 retired 1970 232
North American T-28B Trojan US trainer 1956 retired 1963 1
Piper L-21B/PA-18 Super Cub US reconnaissance 1953 retired 1965 62
SAAB X1G Sweden utility 1957 retired 1987 1 STOL research, flight test assistance
ShinMaywa PS-1 Japan maritime patrol 1971 retired 1989 21 flying boat
ShinMaywa UF-XS Japan research 1963 retired 1967 1
ShinMaywa US-1/US-1A Japan SAR 1975 19 flying boat
ShinMaywa US-2 Japan SAR 2007 in use 3-(14) flying boat
Sikorsky S-55 US utility 1953 retired 1976 65 helicopter
Sikorsky S-61 Chidori US multi-role 1963 retired 2008 185 ASW, utility and SAR helicopter
Sikorsky S-62J Raicho US SAR 1963 retired 1988 19 helicopter
Sikorsky MH-53E US minesweeper 1989 11 helicopter
Sikorsky UH-60J/JA US multi-role 1990 47 helicopter
Stinson L-5 Sentinel US reconnaissance 1953 retired 1958 35
Vertol H-21 Houo US multi-role 1959 retired 1971 12 helicopter

Pre-1945

Type Total Date Service Class Role Notes
Aichi B7A Ryusei 114 1942 Navy single-engine carrier torpedo bomber
Aichi D1A 590 1934 Navy biplane carrier dive bomber
Aichi D3A 1,486 1938 Navy monoplane carrier dive bomber
Aichi E3A 12 1930 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Aichi E11A 17 1937 Navy flying boat night reconnaissance
Aichi E12A 2 1938 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Aichi E13A 1,418 1940 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Aichi E16A Zuiun 256 1942 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Aichi H9A 31 1940 Navy flying boat flying boat trainer
Aichi Type 15-Ko Mi-go 4+ 1925 Navy floatplane reconnaissance
Aichi M6A Seiran 28 1943 Navy floatplane submarine attack bomber
Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan 2 1945 Navy landplane bomber trainer
Aichi Navy Type 2 2 1928 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Aichi S1A 2 n/a Navy twin-engine night fighter prototypes destroyed unflown
Army model 2 ground-taxiing trainer 97+ 1919 Army monoplane primary trainer converted Nieuport 81
Army Type Mo-4 84 1915 Army biplane trainer
Army Type Mo-5 11 1919 Army biplane trainer 1st Japanese purpose-built trainer
Avro 504K/L/S 310 1921 Navy biplane trainer
Bréguet 19 3+ 1925 Navy sesquiplane reconnaissance
Canadian Car & Foundry AXG1 1 1938 Navy biplane fighter
Curtiss-Wright LXC1 1-3 1936 Navy amphibian transport
Dewoitine D.510J 2 1935 Navy monoplane fighter
Douglas DC-2 2 1936 Army twin-engine transport 1 built by Nakajima
Douglas HXD 1 1936 Navy flying boat transport
Fairchild LXF1 1 1936 Navy flying boat transport
Army Type Mo 30 1913 Army biplane reconnaissance
Army Type Mo-4 84 1915 Army biplane reconnaissance
Army Type Mo-6 134 1917 Army biplane reconnaissance
Felixstowe F.5 60 ca. 1921 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance
Fiat I-Type (BR.20) 85 1938 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Gasuden KR-2 1+ 1934 Navy biplane transport DH Fox Moth development[1]
Gloster Sparrowhawk 90 1931 Navy biplane fighter
Hansa-Brandenburg W.33 310 1922 Navy floatplane maritime reconnaissance
Heinkel HD 23/Aichi Type H 4 1926 Navy biplane carrier fighter
Heinkel A7He1 12 1938 Navy monoplane fighter
Hiro G2H 8 1933 Navy twin-engine attack bomber
Hiro H1H 65 1925 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance
Hiro H2H 17 1932 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance
Hiro H3H 1 1931 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance
Hiro H4H 47 1933 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance
Kayaba Ka-1/Ka-2 Ka-Go 98 1941 Army autogyro maritime reconnaissance also used for liaison
Kawanishi E7K 533 1933 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Kawanishi E10K 1 1934 Navy flying boat transport
Kawanishi E11K 2 1937 Navy flying boat transport
Kawanishi E13K 2 1938 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Kawanishi E15K Shiun 15 1941 Navy floatplane high speed reconnaissance
Kawanishi H6K 217 1936 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance also built as transport
Kawanishi H8K 131 1941 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance also built as transport
Kawanishi K6K 3 1938 Navy biplane seaplane trainer
Kawanishi K8K 15 1938 Navy biplane seaplane trainer
Kawanishi K-11 2 1927 Navy biplane carrier fighter
Kawanishi N1K1 Kyofu 97 1942 Navy floatplane fighter
Kawanishi N1K1-J/N1K2-J Shiden 1,006 1943 Navy landplane interceptor N1K landplane derivative
Kawasaki Army Otsu 1 600+ 1919 Army biplane reconnaissance Salmson 2 A.2
Kawasaki Army Type 88 1,117 1927 Army biplane reconnaissance
Kawasaki Army Type 92 385 1929 Army biplane fighter
Kawasaki Ki-3 243 1933 Army biplane light bomber
Kawasaki Ki-5 4 1934 Army monoplane fighter
Kawasaki Ki-10 588 1935 Army biplane fighter
Kawasaki Ki-28 2 1936 Army monoplane fighter
Kawasaki Ki-32 854 1937 Army monoplane light bomber
Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu 1,701 1939 Army twin-engine fighter
Kawasaki Ki-48 1,677 1939 Army twin-engine light bomber
Kawasaki Ki-56 121 1940 Army twin-engine transport Lockheed 14
Kawasaki Ki-60 3 1940 Army monoplane fighter inline engine
Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien 3,078 1941 Army monoplane fighter inline engine
Kawasaki Ki-64 1 1943 Army tandem-engine fighter
Kawasaki Ki-66 6 1942 Army twin-engine dive bomber
Kawasaki Ki-78 Kensan III 1 1942 Army single engine monoplane High speed research
Kawasaki Ki-88 0 n/a Army mid-engine fighter cancelled
Kawasaki Ki-91 0 1945 Army four-engine heavy bomber prototype destroyed in raid
Kawasaki Ki-96 3 1943 Army twin-engine fighter
Kawasaki Ki-100 121 1945 Army monoplane fighter Ki-61 with radial engine
Kawasaki Ki-102 238 1944 Army twin-engine heavy fighter heavy/night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-108 4 1944 Army twin-engine high-altitude fighter Ki-102 derivative
Kawasaki Ki-119 0 n/a Army single-engine bomber prototype not completed
Kokusai Ki-59 59 1939 Army twin-engine transport
Kokusai Ki-76 1+ 1941 Army single-engine command liaison
Kokusai Ki-86 1,037 1944 Army biplane primary trainer licence-built Bücker Bü 131
Kokusai Ki-105 Ohtori 9 1945 Army twin-engine transport powered Ku-7
Kokusai Ku-7 Manazuru 2 1945 Army glider transport
Kokusai Ku-8 700 ca. 1941 Army glider transport unpowered Ki-59
Koshiki-2 Experimental Fighter 2 1922 Army biplane fighter first Japanese-designed fighter
Kyushu J7W Shinden 1 1945 Navy canard interceptor
Kyushu K9W1 Momiji 339 1942 Navy biplane primary trainer licence-built Bücker Bü 131
Kyushu K10W1 176 1943 Navy monoplane intermediate trainer
Kyushu K11W Shiragiku 798 1942 Navy monoplane operations trainer
Kyushu Q1W Tokai 153 1943 Navy twin-engine maritime reconnaissance
Mansyu Ki-79 1,329 1936 Army monoplane advanced trainer based on Ki-27
Mansyu Ki-98 0 n/a Army pusher light bomber prototype destroyed to avoid capture
Mitsubishi 1MF 138 1921 Navy biplane carrier fighter
Mitsubishi 1MT 20 1922 Navy triplane carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi 2MR8 Type 92 130 1932 Army parasol monoplane reconnaissance
Mitsubishi A5M 1,094 1935 Navy monoplane carrier fighter
Mitsubishi A6M Reisen 10,939 1939 Navy monoplane carrier fighter 517 built as trainers
Mitsubishi A7M Reppu 8 1944 Navy monoplane carrier fighter
Mitsubishi B1M 443 1923 Navy biplane carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B2M 206 1932 Navy biplane carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B5M 270 1936 Navy monoplane attack bomber
Mitsubishi C1M 159 1932 Navy biplane shipboard reconnaissance
Mitsubishi F1M 1,118 1936 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Mitsubishi G3M/L3Y 1,048 1934 Navy twin-engine attack bomber transport variant built as L3Y
Mitsubishi G4M 2,435 1939 Navy twin-engine attack bomber
Mitsubishi G6M 30 1940 Navy twin-engine attack bomber some built as transports
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden 621 1942 Navy monoplane interceptor
Mitsubishi J8M Shusui 5 1945 Navy rocket interceptor
Mitsubishi K3M/Ki-7 625 1930 Navy monoplane crew trainer some built as transports
Mitsubishi 己 1 (Ki 1)/Hanriot HD-14 146+ 1924 Army biplane primary trainer built by Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi Ki-1 219 1933 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-2 187 1933 Army twin-engine light bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M 500 ca. 1936 Army single-engine reconnaissance
Mitsubishi Ki-20 6 1931 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-21 2,064 1936 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-30 686 1937 Army single-engine light bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-46 1,742 1939 Army twin-engine reconnaissance
Mitsubishi Ki-51 1,472 1939 Army single-engine assault bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-57/L4M/MC-20 406 1939 Army/Navy twin-engine transport
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu 606 1942 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-83 4 1944 Army twin-engine escort fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-109 22 1944 Army twin-engine interceptor experimental
Mitsubishi Ki-200 Shusui 5 1945 Army rocket interceptor experimental
Mitsubishi Ko-1 57 1915 Army sesquiplane trainer licence-built Nieuport 81
Nakajima A1N 151 1927 Navy biplane carrier fighter
Nakajima A2N 166 1929 Navy biplane carrier fighter
Nakajima A4N 221 1935 Navy biplane carrier fighter
Nakajima A6M2-N 327 1942 Navy floatplane fighter
Nakajima Army Type 91 450 1927 Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima B5N 1,150 ca. 1937 Navy monoplane carrier torpedo bomber
Nakajima B-6 2+ 1919 Army biplane bomber Breguet 14
Nakajima B6N Tenzan 1,268 1941 Navy single-engine carrier torpedo bomber
Nakajima C3N 2 1936 Navy single-engine shipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima C6N Saiun 463 1943 Navy single-engine shipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E2N 80 1929 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E4N 171 1930 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E8N 753 1934 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima E12N 2 1938 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Nakajima G5N Shinzan 6 1941 Navy four-engine heavy bomber 4 built as transports
Nakajima G8N Renzan 4 1944 Navy four-engine heavy bomber
Nakajima J1N Gekko 429 1941 Navy twin-engine night fighter
Nakajima J5N Tenrai 6 1944 Navy twin-engine interceptor experimental
Nakajima Kikka 2 1945 Navy jet interceptor
Nakajima Ki-4 518 1934 Army biplane direct co-operation
Nakajima Ki-6/C2N unk 1930 Army/Navy single-engine transport/trainer
Nakajima Ki-19 4 1937 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Nakajima Ki-27 3,368 1936 Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima Ki-34/L1N 318 1936 Army/Navy twin-engine transport
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa 5,919 1939 Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki 1,225 1940 Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu 763 1939 Army twin-engine heavy bomber
Nakajima Ki-58 3 1940 Army twin-engine escort fighter Ki-49 variant
Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate 3,514 1943 Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima Ki-87 1 1945 Army monoplane high-altitude fighter
Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi 105 1945 Army single-engine attack bomber Kamikaze
Nakajima Ko-2 40 1914 Army sesquiplane trainer licence-built Nieuport 83
Nakajima Ko-3 102 1917 Army sesquiplane fighter also used as a trainer
Nakajima Ko-4 608 1918 Army biplane fighter
Nakajima LXD-1 1 1939 Navy four-engine transport Douglas DC-4E
Nakajima Type 5 101 1919 Army biplane trainer [2]
Nieuport NG & NM (IV.G & IV.M) 2 1913 Army monoplane reconnaissance
Nihon L7P 1 1942 Navy amphibian transport
Nippi K8Ni1 2 1938 Navy floatplane primary trainer [3]
Rikugun Ki-93 1 1945 Army twin-engine fighter
Seversky A8V 20 1938 Navy monoplane reconnaissance
Nakajima/Showa L2D 487 1939 Navy twin-engine transport
Sopwith 1½ Strutter 1915 Army biplane reconnaissance
Sopwith Pup 50 1919 Navy biplane advanced trainer
SPAD S.XIII Hei 1 100 1919 Army biplane fighter
Tachikawa Ki-9 2,618 1935 Army biplane intermediate trainer
Tachikawa Ki-17 560 1935 Army biplane primary trainer
Tachikawa Ki-36 1,334 1938 Army single-engine direct co-operation
Tachikawa Ki-54 1,368 1940 Army twin engine crew trainer also used as transport
Tachikawa Ki-55 1,389 1939 Army monoplane advanced trainer
Tachikawa Ki-70 3 1943 Army twin-engine reconnaissance
Tachikawa Ki-74 14 1944 Army twin-engine reconnaissance bomber
Tachikawa Ki-77 2 1942 Army twin-engine transport
Tachikawa Ki-94-I 1 1945 Army push-pull high-altitude fighter
Tachikawa Ki-94-II 1 1945 Army single-engine high-altitude fighter
Tachikawa KKY 23 1935 Army biplane ambulance funded by private donations[4]
Tachikawa SS-1 2 1943 Army twin engine monoplane High altitude research
Tokyo Koku Ki-107 29 1944 Army monoplane primary trainer
Watanabe E9W 35 1938 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Watanabe K6W 3 1937 Navy biplane seaplane trainer [5]
Watanabe K8W 3 1938 Navy biplane seaplane trainer
Yokosuka B4Y 205 1935 Navy biplane carrier torpedo bomber
Yokosuka D3Y1-K Myojo 5 1945 Navy monoplane bomber trainer wood D3A
Yokosuka D4Y Suisei 2,038 1940 Navy single-engine carrier dive bomber some built for reconnaissance
Yokosuka E1Y 320 1926 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Yokosuka E5Y 20 1930 Navy floatplane shipboard reconnaissance
Yokosuka E6Y 10 1932 Navy floatplane submarine reconnaissance
Yokosuka E14Y 126 1939 Navy floatplane submarine reconnaissance
Yokosuka H5Y 50 1936 Navy flying boat maritime reconnaissance
Yokosuka I-go Ko-gata 70 1920 Navy biplane primary seaplane trainer [6]
Yokosuka K1Y 104 1925 Navy biplane primary seaplane trainer
Yokosuka K2Y 464 1929 Navy biplane primary trainer
Yokosuka K4Y 211 1930 Navy biplane seaplane trainer
Yokosuka K5Y 5,770 1933 Navy biplane intermediate trainer
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka 850 1944 Navy rocket assault bomber Kamikaze
Yokosuka MXY8 Akigusa 3 1945 Navy glider glider trainer
Yokosuka P1Y Ginga 1,002 1943 Navy twin-engine attack bomber 97 built as night fighters
Yokosuka R2Y Keiun 1 1945 Navy single-engine reconnaissance
Yokosuka Ro-go Ko-gata 218 1918 Navy floatplane reconnaissance

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.88
  2. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.201-202/209
  3. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.240
  4. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.250
  5. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.259-260
  6. ^ Mikesh, 1990, p.269-270

Bibliography

  • Mikesh, Robert C.; Abe, Shorzoe (1990). Japanese Aircraft, 1910–1941. London, UK: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-840-2.