List of military operations

Summary

This is a list of missions, operations, and projects. Missions in support of other missions are not listed independently.

World War IEdit

See also List of military engagements of World War I

World War IIEdit

See List of World War II military operations

Cold War EraEdit

AsiaEdit

EuropeEdit

  • Berlin Airlift of 1948:
    • Vittles  — US part of the Berlin Airlift
    • Planefare  — British part of the Berlin Airlift.
  • Gladio (?) — Stockpiles of weapons in Italy, Switzerland, Austria and other countries for resistance to Soviet occupiers.
  • Gold (1954)    — covert American tunnel under the Berlin Wall
  • Neptune (1964)   — Soviet-led counterintelligence operation.
  • Reforger   — Annual American exercise to "return forces to Germany".
  • Retail (1946)   — British clearance of naval mines laid in Albanian waters.
  • Silver (1949)   — covert British communications tap in Austria
  • Danube (1968)   — Warsaw Pact invasion to halt Czechoslovakia's "Prague Spring" reforms
  • Banner (1969–2007)   Deployment of British troops to Northern Ireland to prevent sectarian killings and support the police during the 1969–1997 armed campaign of the Provisional IRA. Operation Banner resulted in over 700 British Armed Forces deaths and 303 police deaths at the hands of native Irish Republicans. 307 people were killed by the British troops, about 51% of whom were civilians and 42% of whom were members of republican paramilitaries.

South AmericaEdit

  • Brother Sam (1964)   — A US government contingency plan to support the military coup that overthrew the Brazilian constitutional president João Goulart, if the coup had faced armed resistance
  • The track down operation (1967)     — that captured and executed Che Guevara
  • Condor (1970s) —               — A campaign run by then South American Military Dictatorships' intelligence services with United States' support, which goal was extrajudicial and secretly, find, capture and eliminate political dissidents who, had succeeded to escape political repression in their homelands but could be found in any of these other countries.

Central America and the CaribbeanEdit

Southern AfricaEdit

  • Hurricane (1972–1980)  /  — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against ZIPRA and ZANU guerillas in Mashonaland.
  • Overload (1974)   — Rhodesian security forces operation to establish protected villages.
  • Savannah (1975–76)   — South African intervention in Angola in support of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA).
  • Carlota (1977)   — Cuban Deployment to counter South African attacks to Angola.
  • Dingo (1977)   — Rhodesian attack on camps in Mozambique.
  • Tangent (1977–1980)  /  — Operations by Rhodesian security forces against insurgents in Matabeleland.
  • Favour (1978–1980)  /  — Training of former insurgents to serve as security force auxiliaries in Zimbabwe-Rhodesia.
  • Reindeer (1978)   — South African airborne attack on South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) base at Cassinga, Angola.
  • Rekstok (1979)   — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Saffraan (1979)   — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Zambia.
  • Klipklop (1980)   — South African disruption of SWAPO logistics in Angola.
  • Sceptic (1980)   — South African attack on SWAPO bases in Angola.
  • Protea (1981)   — South African attack on SWAPO bases near Ongiva and Xangongo, Angola.
  • Carnation (1981)   — South African skirmishes with SWAPO forces along the Angolan border.
  • Meebos (1982)   — South African destruction of SWAPO's "East Front" HQ at Mupa, Angola.
  • Askari (1983)   — South African attack on SWAPO and People's Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola (FAPLA) forces in Angola.
  • Phoenix (1983)   — South African response to mass SWAPO infiltration of South-West Africa
  • Alpha Centauri (1986)   — South African operation in support of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in Angola.
  • Moduler (1987)   — South African operation to reverse the FAPLA advance on Mavinga and Jamba.
  • Hooper (1988)   — South African operation followup to Modular in pursuit of retreating FAPLA forces.
  • Packer (1988)   — South African operation to push FAPLA and Cuban forces north of the Cuito river following Hooper.

ChadEdit

  • Bison (1969-1972)   — French intervention to counter FROLINAT insurgency.
  • Tacaud (1978-1980)   — Operation to avoid FROLINAT rebels taking Chad's capital.
  • Manta (1983-1984)   — Intervention in the Chadian-Libyan conflict.
  • Épervier (1986-2014)   — French military presence in Chad originally designed to counter Libyan expansion in Northern Chad, then continued to support Chad during the Sudanese backed Chadian Civil War and later focused on counterterrorism against jihadi threats in the Sahel region.

Congo/ZaireEdit

Central African RepublicEdit

Falklands War (1982)Edit

OtherEdit

Indochina WarEdit

  • Adolphe (1953)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Atlante (1954)     — French operation to pacify the local populace between Da Nang and Nha Trang and re-establish the sovereignty of the Bảo Đại government.
  • Bretagne (1952-1953)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Brochet (1953)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Camargue (1953)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Castor (1953)     — French airborne operation to establish a fortified airhead in Điện Biên Province.
  • Ceinture (1947)   — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Condor (1954)   — French relief attempt of Dien Bien Phu.
  • Hirondelle (1953)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Léa (1947)     — French airborne attempt to capture the leaders of the Viet Minh.
  • Lorraine (1952)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Masterdom (1945-1946)     — French and British Armies operation against Viet Minh in Indochina after the Liberation from Japan.
  • Mouette (1953)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Papillon (1947)     — French operation against Viet Minh in Indochina.
  • Pollux (1953)     — French evacuation of troops stationed in Lai Châu Province.
  • Vulture (1954)     — Aborted American air support of French troops against the Viet Minh around Dien Bien Phu.

Korean WarEdit

Vietnam WarEdit

Post–Cold WarEdit

AsiaEdit

Sri Lankan Civil WarEdit

RwandaEdit

  • Clean Corridor (1994)   — Escort of Tutsi military forces to Kigali by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR).
  • Green Beam (1990)   — Belgian military evacuation of civilians in Rwanda.
  • Ippocampo (1994)   — Italian codename for evacuation of Italian civilians from Rwanda.
  • Noroît (1990)   — French codename for evacuation of civilians from Kigali at the start of the Rwandan Civil War.
  • Silver Back (1994)   — Belgian military evacuation of civilians and withdrawal of Belgian armed forces in Rwanda.
  • Tamar (1994)     — Australian contribution to peacekeeping in Rwanda.
  • Turquoise (1994)   — French led intervention in Rwanda to protect displaced persons.

Congo/ZaireEdit

Horn of AfricaEdit

  • Addition (2000)     — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
  • Atalanta (2008–present)   — EU military presence off the coast of Somalia to act against piracy.
  • Deliverance (1993)     — Canadian mission to Somalia.
  • Eastern Exit (1991)   — US evacuation of its embassy in Somalia.
  • Espresso (2002)     — South African contribution to the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
  • Operation Gothic Serpent (1993)   — United States special operation with the primary mission of capturing faction leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid in Somalia.
  • Iskoutir (1992-1999)   — French Army intervention for enforcement of ceasefire during and after the Djiboutian Civil War.
  • Restore Hope (1992)     — American name for UNITAF, humanitarian intervention in Somalia.
    • Oryx (1992-1993)   — French Army contribution to Operation Restore Hope.
  • Solace (1992)     — Australian deployment in Somalia.

Mano River RegionEdit

Central AfricaEdit

LibyaEdit

SudanEdit

  • Azure (2005)     — Australian name for UN peace keeping mission in Sudan (UNMIS). [1]
  • Cordite (2004)   — South African observer mission to the African Union mission in Darfur.
  • Nilo (2005)     — Italian name for UN peace keeping mission in Sudan (UNMIS).

Western SaharaEdit

ZimbabweEdit

  • Liberation (2002)   — Seizure of Asian-owned assets in Zimbabwe.
  • Murambatsvina (2005)   — Zimbabwe government's attack on residential district loyal to opposition groups.

Other AfricaEdit

  • Albatros (1993–94)     — Italian contribution to UN peace keeping mission in Mozambique (UNOMOZ).
  • Azalée (1995)   — French reaction to the mercenary led coup in Comoros.
  • Boleas (1998)     — South African and Botswanan military intervention in Lesotho.
  • Corymbe (1990–present)   — French Navy prepositioning off Gulf of Guinea acting against piracy and serving as backup for a potential evacuation of EU citizens from Western Africa in case of conflict.
  • Tanker Two (2002)  South African Navy mission to shadow Greenpeace's MV Esperanza and prevent interception of the Pacific Teal, a plutonium transport.

East TimorEdit

Croatian War of Independence 1991-1995Edit

  • Operation Otkos 10 (end Oct-Nov 1991)   — Croatian actions against Serbian forces on area from Mount Bilogora to Mount Papuk (on west of Slavonia).
  • Operation Orkan 91 (1991)   — Follow-up Croatian offensive after Otkos 10.
  • Harmony (1992)   — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), which was created in February 1992 to ensure the protection and demilitarization of three UN Protected Areas in Croatia.
  • Operation Tigar (July 1992)   — Croatian military actions in occupied Dubrovnik hinterland, held by Serbian and Montenegrin regulars.
  • Medački džep (September 1993)   — Croatian offensive against Serbian forces with aim of relieving the city of Gospić from Serb shelling attacks.
  • Bljesak ("Flash") (March 1995)   — Croatian offensive against Serbian forces, with aim of liberating occupied western Slavonia.
  • Oluja ("Storm") (August 1995)   — Croatian major offensive against most areas under control of Serbian forces.

War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995Edit

  • Maritime Monitor (July 1992 - November 1992)   — in support of UN resolutions 713 and 757, operation which subsequently became:
  • Maritime Guard (November 1992 - June 1993)   — in support of UN Resolution 787.
  • Sharp Guard (June 1993 - October 1996)     — Co-ordinated WEU and NATO evolution of Operation Maritime Guard in continuing support of UN Resolution 787.
  • Sky Monitor (October 1992 - April 1993)   — Monitoring by NAEW of unauthorized flights in the airspace of Bosnia-Herzegovina during the Bosnian War.
  • Deny Flight (April 1993 - December 1995)   — NATO operation preventing the violation of the Bosnia-Herzegovina airspace, declared No-Fly Zone.
  • Balbuzard (January 1993 - December 1995)   — French military action aiming to liberate hostages in Sarajevo and ensure the safety of already deployed French elements of UNPROFOR in case of a potential evacuation.
  • Neretva '93 (1993)   — Offensive of Bosnian Muslim forces against Bosnian Croats in northern and eastern Herzegovina.
  • Bøllebank ("Hooligan-bashing" in Danish) (April 1994)   — UN-forces' use of tanks against Bosnian Serbian forces.
  • Amanda (1994)   — Danish UN-forces' second engagement against Bosnian Serbian forces.
  • Summer '95 (July 1995)   — Croatian offensive in western Bosnia.
  • Sword '95 (1995)   — Bosnian Serbian offensive against Bosnian-Moslem forces in western Bosnia.
  • Koridor '92 (1995)   — Bosnian Serbian operations against Moslem and Croatian military forces.
  • Deliberate Force (August - September 1995)  NATO air campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • Tiger (1994)   — Offensive of pro-government Bosnian Muslim forces against forces of Fikret Abdić.
  • Maestral (September 1995)   — Major Croatian offensive in western Bosnia.
  • Južni Potez (October 1995)   — Croatian offensive in area around Mrkonjić Grad.
  • Sana (1995)   — Bosnian offensive in northwestern Bosnia.
  • Pauk (1995)   — Bosnian Serbian and rebel Croatian Serb offensive in northwestern Bosnia.
  • Una (1995)   — Croatian operation against Bosnian Serbian Army.

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Post Bosnian War)Edit

Kosovo War 1999Edit

  • Allied Force (1999)   — NATO's air campaign in Yugoslavia
  • Megaphone (2000)   — Canada's return of equipment used in Kosovo
  • Quadrant (1999–2002)   — Canada's mission in Kosovo
  • Joint Guardian (1999 – )   — NATO operation which established KFOR

MacedoniaEdit

  • Able Sentry (1993–1994)  Berlin Brigade deployed as part of Multi-National United Nations Protection Forces (UNPROFOR) to the Republic of Macedonia to establish Camp Able Sentry and monitor sanctions imposed by NATO against Serbia/Kosovo. *This mission was later taken over by the (then) Germany-based, 3rd Infantry Div (Mech).
  • Echo (1998-2000)   — Canada sending air forces to Aviano, Italy to enforce a no-fly zone over Balkan region (UNSFOR and UNKFOR).
  • Essential Harvest (2001)   — month-long NATO mission of disarming ethnic Albanians in Macedonia.
    • Forage (2001-2002)   — Canadian contribution to NATO's Essential Harvest.
  • Kinetic (1999-2000)   — Canada's contribution to NATO's mission KFOR to secure Kosovo and Macedonia and to provide humanitarian needs to displaced persons.
  • Mountain Storm (2007)   — Macedonian special police operation against Albanian extremists.

HaitiEdit

  • Constable (1997)   — Canada's contribution to the United Nations Mission in Haiti
  • Uphold Democracy (1994–1995)       — U.S. led multinational intervention aimed at removing the military regime after the 1991 coup in Haiti. This operation was later replaced by UNMIH.
  • New Horizon (1995–1996)     — U.S. mission in support (and under the command) of United Nations Mission in Haiti
  • Secure Tomorrow (2004)         — US led multinational force, authorized by the UN as the Multinational Interim Force (MIF) which was replaced by the MINUSTAH.
    • Carbet (2004)   — French codename for peace-keeping intervention in Haiti.
  • MINUSTAH (2004–present)   — United Nations peace-keeping presence in Haiti.

Persian Gulf WarEdit

  • Desert Shield (1990–1991)   — American buildup prior to Gulf War
    • Busiris (1990-1991)   — Presence of French Army elements stationed in the UAE as deterrent against potential Iraqi Army action
    • Salamandre (1990-1991)   — Deployment of French Army in preparation of operations Busiris and Daguet.
  • Desert Storm (1991) — Gulf War
  • Ace Guard (1991)   — (NATO) Allied Command Europe Mobile Force for Turkey South Border Reinforcement (based at Diyarbakir AFB)

Iraq (post-Gulf War)Edit

  • Provide Comfort (1991–1996)               — Security and humanitarian aid to Kurds in northern Iraq and No-Fly Zone North of 36°N over Iraq.
    • Airone (1991)   — Italian codename for Operation Provide Comfort.
    • Haven (1991)   — Security and humanitarian aid to Kurds in Northern Iraq.
    • Libage (1991)   — French codename for Operation Provide Comfort in the Turkey-Iraq border area.
    • Ramure (1991)   — French codename for Operation Provide Comfort in the Iran-Iraq border area.
  • Record (1991-2001)   — Canadian mission to secure Iraqi-Kuwaiti border.
  • Southern Watch (1991–2003)           — No-Fly Zone South of 33°N over Iraq.
    • Alysse (1992-2003)   — French codename for contribution to Operation Southern Watch.
    • Bolton (1997-2001)   — UK Royal Air Force Contribution to Southern Watch.
    • Resinate South (2001-2003)   — UK Contribution to Southern Watch including Response Options.
  • Southern Breeze (1991)       — Demining operations of Kuwaiti waters.
  • Desert Strike (1996)   — retaliation attacks on Iraq.
  • Determination (1998)   — Canadian deployment in the Persian Gulf to force Iraq to comply with United Nations inspection agreements.
  • Northern Watch (1997–2003)        No-Fly Zone North of 36°N over Iraq.
    • Resinate North (2001-2003)   — UK Contribution to Northern Watch including Response Options.
  • Desert Fox (1998)     — Bombing campaign on military Iraqi targets.
  • Desert Falcon (1991–2003)   United States PATRIOT missile defense of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Israel from the Iraqi Scud missile threat.[citation needed]

GeorgiaEdit

Armenia (First Nagorno-Karabakh War)Edit

Middle EastEdit

Global War on Terror and other associated activityEdit

Afghanistan WarEdit

  • Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan (2001-2014)     ISAF — US led invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11 attacks, aiming to attack al-Qaeda and deny it a safe haven in Afghanistan by removing the Taliban from power.
    • Arès (2003-2007)   — French Special Forces contribution to the operation Enduring Freedom.
    • Épidote (2002-2014)   — French Army training of Afghan Army Officers.
    • Héraclès (2001-2002)   — French Navy contribution to the initial phase of operation Enduring Freedom.
    • Pamir (2001-2014)   — French Land Army contribution to the operation Enduring Freedom.
  • Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)       RSM — Afghan and US led counterterrorism operations against the remnants of Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan
  • Resolute Support (2015–present)     RSM — NATO-led training, advising, and assistance mission in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
  • Operation Allied Welcome (2021-Present) - Evacuation of US citizens, green card holders, Special Immigrant VISA holders, and their families.

Iraq WarEdit

SahelEdit

  • Serval (2013)   — French intervention in Mali to counter AQIM progress.
  • Barkhane (2014)   — French counter-terrorism activities in Sahel region to eradicate AQIM presence.
  • Rijke (2015)   — Unconfirmed codename for rescue mission of Dutch hostage Sjaak Rijke detained in Mali since 2011.

Syrian WarEdit

Other military counter-terrorist operationsEdit

Terrorist operationsEdit

Counter-terrorism drillsEdit

  • Fast Forward (2005) Mock evacuation of downtown Washington.
  • Firework Fanfare (2005) Mock evacuation of towns in Oklahoma.
  • Highline (2005) Counter-terrorist exercise in Collingwood, Melbourne.
  • Operation Red Dragon (2009) Training of military and civil medical and other units in response to a mock chemical attack on a sporting event.
  • TriPOD (2004) Plan to mass inoculate New York City citizens in the event of a biological attack.

Preventive counter-terrorist operationsEdit

Reactive counter-terrorist operationsEdit

Other/UnknownEdit

  • Abacus   — Plan to use the Canadian Forces to maintain and restore vital public services in the event of disruption by the Year 2000 problem.
  • Artisan   — Canadian Forces contribution to the Rinas Airfield Rehabilitation Project in Tirana, Albania.
  • Breakwater [2] (2006)   — Australian air and sea operation targeting border incursions by foreign fishing boats off its northern coastline.
  • Bright Star (1981)   — American exercise to reinforce allies in the middle east.
  • Chaperon   — Canada's contribution to the United Nations of one military observer to the United Nation Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP).
  • Celesta   — Australian naval surveillance in Australia's southern waters against illegal fishing.
  • Cranberry   — Australian naval surveillance in Australia's northern waters against smuggling and illegal fishing.
  • Eclipse   — Deployment of Canadian soldiers to east Africa in support of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).
  • Flavius (1988)   — SAS action against the IRA in Gibraltar.
  • Fusion (2003)   — Canada's combined contribution to Allied Harmony and Concordia.
  • Garden Plot   — US Army plan for assistance to civil authorities.
  • Héphaïstos (1986–present)   — French Army support to forest firefighting activities during summers.
  • Highjump (1947)   — US Naval expedition to Antarctica.
  • Neptune Spear (2011)  US Navy SEALs operation that killed Osama bin Laden.
  • Nunalivut (2006)   — Canadian naval deployment in the Arctic.
  • Parabellum (2007)   — Italian Mafia-Iraq arms deal investigation.
  • Power Geyser (2005)   — Military security support to the 2005 Presidential inauguration.
  • Prudence (1999-1999)   — Canada's participation in the Mission des Nations Unies dans la République Centrafricaine (MINURCA).
  • Relex (2001)   — Australian defence force operations to secure Australia's northern maritime approaches against illegal immigration. Reactivated in 2004 as Operation Relex II.
  • Sure Victory (1997)   — Sri Lankan counter-insurgency operations against the Tamil Tigers.
  • Exercise Unified Spirit   — Large NATO exercise held every two years to train the armed forces of member nations in joint and combined operations.
  • Operation Vijay (1999)   — Indian operations against Pakistan during the Kargil war
  • "Operation Tor Tander (Operation Black Thunderstorm)" (2009)   — Pakistani military operation against Taliban terrorists and their affiliates.
  • "Operation Rah-e-Nijat (Operation Path to Salvation)" (2009)   — Pakistani military operation against Taliban terrorists and their affiliates.
  • "Operation Rah-e-Rast (Operation Right Path)" (2009–10)   — Pakistani military operation against Taliban terrorists and their affiliates
  • "Operation Zarb-e-Azb (Operation Prophet's Sword)" (2014)   — Pakistani military operation against Taliban terrorists and their affiliates.
  • "Operation Khyber 1,2,3,4 (Khyber 1,2,3,4)" (2014- 2017 continue)   — Pakistani military operation in Khyber agency and surrounding areas against Taliban terrorists and their affiliates.

Law EnforcementEdit

US Drug Enforcement Administration OperationsEdit

Other anti-narcotic operationsEdit

Anti-child pornography operationsEdit

Operations against intellectual property theftEdit

  • Buccaneer (2001) — International raid on unauthorized software distribution.
  • D-Elite (2005) — US raid on software infringement operations.
  • Fastlink (2004) — International operation against illegally copied computer software.
  • Site Down (2005) — International effort against illegally distributed films.

Other operationsEdit

Humanitarian OperationsEdit

OtherEdit

Non-military operationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Conboy, Morrison, entirety.
  2. ^ Operation Desert Sabre
  3. ^ "U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts" (PDF). Congressional Research Service.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit

  • Canadian Department of National Defence — Past Operations
  • The Art of Naming Operations
  • A Name Too Far
  • WW2DB: List of Axis Operations
  • WW2DB: List of Allied Operations
  • : عملية Operación Opération Operation 行动 Операция: A poem by Moez Surani comprising the names of military operations by member states of the United Nations from the founding of the UN to the present.

BibliographyEdit

Conboy, Kenneth and James Morrison (1995). Shadow War: The CIA's Secret War in Laos. Paladin Press. ISBN 0-87364-825-0.