Monarchy of Brazil
Imperial
Coat of arms of the Empire of Brazil.svg
Pedro II of Brazil 1850.jpg
Details
StyleHis/Her Majesty
First monarchManuel I
(as King)
Last monarchPedro II
(as Emperor)
Formation22 April 1500
Abolition15 November 1889
Pretender(s)Disputed:
Prince Pedro Carlos
(Petrópolis Branch)
Prince Luís
(Vassouras Branch)

The Monarchs of Brazil were the rulers of Brazil from the time of the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500 until 1889. There are three main stages in the dynastical history of Brazil: Colonial Brazil as part of the Portuguese Empire (1500–1815), the Kingdom of Brazil, a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (1815–1822), and the independent Empire of Brazil (1822–1889).

The Portuguese officially arrived in Brazil on 22 April 1500 and based on the Treaty of Tordesilhas, it became a possession of Portugal. The Kings of Portugal then were the Monarchs over Brazil until the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil in 1807. On 16 December 1815 the Prince Regent John, the future king John VI raised Brazil to the status of a kingdom, thus making his mother, Maria I, the reigning Queen, the first Monarch of Brazil. Having proclaimed independence from Portugal in 1822, Pedro I, son of John VI, was crowned Emperor of Brazil on 1 December 1822.

Colonial Brazil (1500–1815)

House of Aviz (1500–1580)

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
ManuelI-P.jpg Manuel I 22 April 1500 13 December 1521  • N/A
15- Rei D. João III - O Piedoso.jpg John III 13 December 1521 11 June 1557  • Son of Manuel I
16- Rei D. Sebastião - O Desejado.jpg Sebastian I 11 June 1557 4 August 1578  • Great-grandson of Manuel I
 • Grandson of John III
17- Rei D. Henrique - O Casto.jpg Henry 4 August 1578 31 January 1580  • Son of Manuel I
 • Brother of John III
 • Grand-uncle of Sebastian I

House of Habsburg (1581–1640)

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Portrait of Philip II of Spain by Sofonisba Anguissola - 002b.jpg Philip I 1581 13 September 1598  • Grandson of Manuel I
Philip III of Spain.jpg Philip II 13 September 1598 31 March 1621  • Great-grandson of Manuel I
 • Son of Philip I
PhilipIV01.jpg Philip III 31 March 1621 1 December 1640  • Great-great-grandson of Manuel I
 • Grandson of Philip I
 • Son of Philip II

House of Braganza (1640–1815)

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
JoaoIVPortugal.jpg John IV 1 December 1640 6 November 1656  • Illegitimate descendant in the male-line from João I (founder of the House of Aviz)  • Great-great-grandson of Manuel I
Afonsoviportugal.jpg Afonso VI 6 November 1656 12 September 1683  • Son of John IV
Peter II of Portugal.jpg Peter II 6 November 1683 9 December 1706  • Son of John IV
 • Brother of Afonso VI
Joao V Portugal.jpg John V 9 December 1706 31 July 1750  • Grandson of John IV
 • Nephew of Afonso VI
 • Son of Peter II
D. José I de Portugal.jpg Joseph I 31 July 1750 24 February 1777  • Great-grandson of John IV
 • Great-nephew of Afonso VI
 • Grandson of Peter II
 • Son of John V
Jcarvalho-dmariaI-mhn.jpg Maria I 24 February 1777 16 December 1815  • Great-great-granddaughter of John IV
 • Great-great-niece of Afonso VI
 • Great-granddaughter of Peter II
 • Daughter of Joseph I

United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (1815–1822)

House of Braganza (1815–1822)

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
Jcarvalho-dmariaI-mhn.jpg Maria I 16 December 1815 20 March 1816  • Great-great-granddaughter of John IV
 • Great-great-niece of Afonso VI
 • Great-granddaughter of Peter II
 • Daughter of Joseph I
Domingos Sequeira - D. João VI.jpg John VI 20 March 1816 7 September 1822  • Great-great-great-grandson of John IV
 • Great-great-great-nephew of Afonso VI
 • Great-great-grandson of Peter II
 • Grandson of Joseph I
 • Son of Maria I

Empire of Brazil (1822–1889)

House of Braganza (1822–1889)

Portrait Name Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
DpedroI-brasil-full.jpg Pedro I 12 October 1822 7 April 1831  • Grandson of Maria I
 • Son of John VI
Pedro II of Brazil 1850.jpg Pedro II 7 April 1831 15 November 1889  • Great-grandson of Maria I
 • Grandson of John VI
 • Son of Pedro I

Claimants to the throne of Brazil (1889–present)

See also

External links

  • Monarchs of Brazil (1815–1889)