List of mythological places


This is a list of mythological places which appear in mythological tales, folklore, and varying religious texts.

Name Description
Adlivun, Adliparmiut, and Qudlivun Afterlives in Central Inuit mythology. Adlivun and Adliparmiut are described as lands of misery, whereas Qudlivun is a land of happiness.[1]
Adiri Afterlife in Kiwai mythology.[2]
Agartha A legendary city at Earth's core.
Akilineq Legendary location in Inuit mythology, believed to either be entirely mythical, or possibly Labrador Peninsula, Baffin Island, or even Iceland.
Alfheim Land of elves in Norse mythology.
Alomkik A place accessible to the Abenaki peoples' mythological protector Pamola, where he holds those who trespass on Maine's Mount Katahdin.
Annwn The "otherworld" of Welsh mythology.
Antillia An island from an old Iberian legend set during the Muslim conquest of Hispania. The legend says that during this time seven Christian Visigothic bishops, who were fleeing Muslim Conquerors, embarked with their flocks on ships and set sail westwards into the Atlantic Ocean, leading them to an island (Antillia or Isle Of Seven Cities) where they founded seven settlements.
Amaravati A holy city within another location known as Indraloka where siddhas make their home.[3]
Arcadia A vision of pastoralism and harmony with nature, derived from the Greek province of the same name which dates to antiquity.
Asgard The high placed city of the gods, built by Odin, chief god of the Norse pantheon.
Asphodel Meadows In Greek mythology, the section of the underworld where ordinary souls were sent to live after death.
Atlantis The legendary (and almost archetypal) lost continent that was supposed to have sunk into the Atlantic Ocean.
Avalon Legendary Island of Apples, believed by some to be the final resting place of King Arthur.
Axis mundi The center of the world or the connection between Heaven and Earth in various religions and mythologies.
Ayotha Amirtha Gangai An important river in Ayyavazhi mythology.
Aztlán Legendary original homeland of the Mexica people in Mexica/Aztec mythology.
Baltia An island of amber somewhere in northern Europe.
Biarmaland A geographical area around the White Sea in the northern part of (European) Russia, referred to in Norse sagas.
Biringan city A mythical city that is said to invisibly lie between Gandara, Tarangnan, and Pagsanghan in Samar province of the Philippines. Biringan means "the black city" or the City of the Unknown in Waray.
Brahmapura The abode of Brahma, the Hindu god of creation.
Brasil or Hy-Brasil A mythical island to the west of Ireland.
Brittia A mythical island off the coast of Austrasia.
Buyan A mysterious island with the ability to appear and disappear using tides in Russian mythology.
Camelot The city in which King Arthur reigned.
Cantre'r Gwaelod A legendary ancient sunken kingdom said to have occupied a tract of fertile land lying between Ramsey Island and Bardsey Island.
City of the Caesars A city between a mountain of gold and another of diamonds supposed to be situated in Patagonia.
Cloud cuckoo land A perfect city between the clouds in the play The Birds by Aristophanes.
Cockaigne In medieval mythology, it is a land of plenty where want does not exist.
Dinas Affaraon/Ffaraon Legendary home to a branch of the Druids called the Pheryllt, who worked as metallurgists and alchemists. Also known as “The City of Higher Powers,” or the “Ambrosial City”, its rumored location is Snowdonia and is said to be the original placename of Dinas Emrys.
Diyu The realm of the dead or Hell in Chinese mythology.
Domdaniel Cavernous hall at the bottom of the ocean where evil magicians, spirits, and gnomes meet.
El Dorado Rumored city of gold in South America.[4]
Elysium (Elysian Fields) In Greek mythology, the final resting place of the souls of the heroic and the virtuous.
Feather Mountain One of many important mythological mountains in Chinese mythology, particularly associated with the Great Flood.
Garden of the Hesperides In Greek mythology, the sacred garden of Hera from where the gods got their immortality.
Fortunate Isles Semi-legendary islands in the Atlantic Ocean, variously treated as a simple geographical location and as a winterless earthly paradise inhabited by the heroes of Greek mythology.
Fositesland The kingdom of Forseti, the god of Justice.
Four Treasures of the Tuatha Dé Danann (Gorias, Finias, Murias, and Falias) In Irish Mythology the Tuatha Dé Danann get their four magical treasures from four legendary cities: Gorias in the east; Finias, in the south; Murias in the west; and Falias in the north.
Fusang A mysterious land to the east in Chinese legends.
Gjöll A river that separates the living from the dead in Norse mythology.
Hawaiki The ancestral island of the Polynesians, particularly the Māori.
Heaven A place conceived of by secular interpretations of Abrahamic religions, as the realm wherein good people who have died continue to exist in some form.
Hel (heimr) Underworld in Norse mythology.
Hell A location in the afterlife in which evil souls are subjected to punitive suffering, most often through torture, as eternal punishment after death.
Hitpun a great dividing river separating the World of Darkness from the World of Light in Mandaean cosmology.[5]
Hubur a Sumerian term meaning "river", "watercourse" or "netherworld".
Hvergelmir a major spring in Norse mythology.
Hyperborea A land to the north in Greek mythology.
Iram of the Pillars The lost city mentioned in the Quran.
Irkalla The underworld from which there is no return in Babylonian mythology.
Islands of the Blessed In Greek mythology, a paradise reserved for the souls of the great heroes.
Jabulqa and Jabulsa Two cities mentioned in Shi'i hadith.
Jambudvīpa Name for the terrestrial universe in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain traditions.
Jotunheim Land of the giants in Norse mythology.[6]
Karshvar Legendary continents according to Avesta.
Ketumati A pure land belonging to Maitreya within Buddhism.[7]
Kingdom of Opona A mythical kingdom in Russian folklore.
Kingdom of Reynes A country mentioned in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Kingdom of Saguenay According to the French, an Iroquoian story of a kingdom of blonde men rich in gold and fur that existed in northern Canada prior to French colonization.
Kitezh A legendary city beneath the waters of Lake Svetloyar.
Kolob An astronomical body (star or planet) said to be near the throne of God in Mormon cosmology.
Kunlun Mountain A place where immortals lived according to Chinese mythology.
Kvenland A geographical area referred to in several medieval texts as well as in Norse sagas. The exact location of Kvenland is unknown, though, with several competing theories placing it in either the northern part of the Scandinavian peninsula or the southwestern part of what is now Finland.
Kyöpelinvuori (Finnish for ghosts' mountain), in Finnish mythology, is the place which dead women haunt.
La Canela Also known as the Valley of Cinnamon, is a legendary location in South America.
La Ciudad Blanca "The White city", a legendary city of Honduras.
Laestrygon Home to a tribe of giant cannibals that Odysseus encountered on his way back home from the Trojan War.
Lake Parime An enormous lake in northeastern South America, supposedly the site of El Dorado.
Land of Manu Western abode of the Sun god Ra.[8]
Lemuria A hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Lintukoto In Finnish mythology, a paradise-like place where birds migrate every winter; because it was located near the edge of the sky dome, the sky was very close to the ground and therefore its inhabitants were dwarfs.
Longmen A legendary waterfall in Chinese mythology.
Lost City of Z An indigenous city that Col. Percy Harrison Fawcett believed had existed in the jungle of the Mato Grosso state of Brazil.
Lukomorye An ancient region in Russian lands.
Lyonesse A country in Arthurian legend, which is said to border Cornwall in England.
Mag Mell A mythical underworld plain in Irish mythology, achievable only through death or glory. Meaning 'plains of joy', Mag Mell was a hedonistic and pleasurable paradise, usually associated with the sea.
Mahoroba A far-off land full of bliss and peace, similar to Arcadia.
Meropis A gigantic island created purely as a parody of Plato's Atlantis.
Mictlan The afterworld of the Mexica.
Middle Earth Land in the books of J.R.R. Tolkien.
Mímisbrunnr a well associated with the being Mímir, located beneath the world tree Yggdrasil.
Mount Meru The sacred five-peaked mountain of Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist cosmology. It is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes.
Mount Olympus "Olympus" was the name of the home of the Twelve Olympian gods of the ancient Greek world.[9]
Mount Penglai A legendary mountain in Chinese mythology, said to be situated on an island in the Bohai sea, home to Taoist immortals.
Mu A hypothetical continent that allegedly disappeared at the dawn of human history.
Muspelheim Land of fire in Norse mythology.
Naraka A realm resembling Hell in Dharmic religions where souls are temporarily punished before reincarnation.
Nibiru A mythological planet described by the Babylonians.
Niflheim World of cold in Norse mythology.
Niflhel Cold underworld in Norse mythology.
Nirvana The ultimate state of soteriological release (liberation from repeated rebirth) commonly associated with Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.
Norumbega A legendary settlement in northeastern North America, connected with attempts to demonstrate Viking incursions in New England.
Nysa A beautiful valley full of nymphs in Greek mythology.
Paititi A legendary Inca lost city or utopian rich land said to lie east of the Andes.
Panchaia /Pangaia A group of islands South of the Arabian peninsula inhabited by several tribes and rich with scented oils. Assumed by some to be the birthplace of the Olympian gods.
Pandæmonium The capital of Hell in John Milton's Paradise Lost.
Pleroma Abode of the holy aeons in Gnosticism.
Pohjola The realm of Louhi in Finnish Mythology, literally translated its name means "North".
Kingdom of Prester John Legendary powerful Christian nation just beyond the Muslim world in medieval romantic literature, first located in South Asia then Central Asia then East Africa.
Quivira and Cíbola Two of the legendary Seven Cities of Gold supposed by Spanish conquistadors to have existed in the Americas.
Adam's Bridge (Ram Setu) Believed to be built by apes for the Hindu god Rama, this is a series of limestone shoals between India and Sri Lanka. Also referred to as Adam's Bridge.
Rocabarraigh A phantom island is Scottish Gaelic mythology.
Ryūgū-jō The undersea palace of Ryūjin, the dragon kami of the sea.
Samavasarana Meeting place of the tirthankaras in Jainism.
Sanzu River a mythological river in Japanese Buddhist.
Scholomance A legendary school of black magic run by the Devil himself, located in Hermannstadt (now: Sibiu, Romania). Located in the mountains, south of the city Sibiu, near an unnamed lake.
Section 37 Paul Bunyan's legendary camp. So large that it took half a day to walk around, with the kitchen itself being two-mile (3.2 km) long with nine cooks and seventy-five flunkies in its early days.[10]
Sierra de la Plata (Spanish: Silver Mountains), was a legendary treasury of silver that was believed to be located in South America.
Shakdvipa A land mass west of the Ural Mountains in Hindu mythology.
Shambhala In Tibetan Buddhist tradition, a kingdom hidden somewhere in the Himalayas; Theosophists regard it as the home on the etheric plane of the governing deity of our planet Sanat Kumara.
Shangri-La A mystical, harmonious valley enclosed in the western end of the Kunlun Mountains.
Suddene A country found in the Middle English romance King Horn.
The Summerland The name given by Theosophists, Wiccans and some earth-based contemporary pagan religions to their conceptualization of an (mostly pastoral) afterlife.
Svarga A celestial realm of bliss in Hinduism.
Svartálfaheimr The land of the Dark Elves in Norse mythology.
Takama-ga-hara The dwelling place of the Shinto kami.
Tartarus In Greek mythology, a pit in the underworld for condemned souls.
Tech Duinn A mythological island to the west of Ireland where souls go after death.
Themiscyra The capital city of the Amazons in Greek mythology.
Thule An island somewhere in the belt of Scandinavia, northern Great Britain, Iceland, and Greenland.
Thuvaraiyam Pathi In Ayyavazhi mythology, it was a sunken island some 240 km (150 miles) off the south coast of India.
Tír na nÓg The Celtic Otherworld in Irish mythology.
Urðarbrunnr a well in Norse mythology.
Uttarakuru A dvipa based on Kurus.
Vaikuntha Heavenly abode (dwelling) of Vishnu.[11]
Vaitarna River A river mentioned in the Garuda Purana and various other Hindu religious texts
Valhalla (from Old Norse Valhöll "hall of the slain") is a majestic, enormous hall located in Asgard, ruled over by the god Odin.
Vanaheimr The Land of the Vanir, another tribe of gods, according to Norse legends.
Vyraj a mythical place in Slavic mythology, where "birds fly for the winter and souls go after death".
Westernesse A country found in the Middle English romance King Horn.
Xanadu / Shangdu The summer capital of Kublai Khan's Yuan empire became a mythological place and a metaphor for splendor and opulence, caused by the popular 1816 poem Kubla Khan an Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Xibalba The underworld in Mayan mythology.
Yomi The land of the dead according to Shinto mythology, as related in the Kojiki.
Ys A city located in Brittany, France that was supposedly built below sea level, and demolished when the Devil destroyed the dam protecting it.
Zarahemla A civilization which was constructed in the ancient Americas, according to Mormon belief.
Zerzura Saharan city known as the "oasis of little birds" rumored to be full of treasure.


  1. ^ Leech 1984, p. 25.
  2. ^ Leech 1984, p. 10.
  3. ^ Dalal, Roshen (2014). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6. Entry: "Indraloka".
  4. ^ "El Dorado".
  5. ^ Ginza Rabba: The Great Treasure. An equivalent translation of the Mandaean Holy Book. Translated by Al-Saadi, Qais Mughashghash; Al-Saadi, Hamed Mughashghash. Drabsha. 2012.
  6. ^ "Jotunheim".
  7. ^ Kim, Inchang (1996). The Future Buddha Maitreya: An Iconological Study. D.K. Printworld. p. 21.
  8. ^ Massey, Gerald (2014) [First published 1907]. Ancient Egypt - Light Of The World. 1. Jazzybee Verlag. p. 465. ISBN 978-3-8496-4444-4.
  9. ^ Wilson, Nigel (31 October 2005). Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Abingdon, England: Routledge. p. 516.
  11. ^ Maehle, Gregor (2012). Ashtanga Yoga The Intermediate Series: Mythology, Anatomy, and Practice. New World Library. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-57731-987-0.

Works cited

  • Leech, Maria (1984). Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, and Legend. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-308-40090-9.