List of near threatened invertebrates

Summary

As of July 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 1105 near threatened invertebrate species.[1] 6.1% of all evaluated invertebrate species are listed as near threatened. The IUCN also lists 15 invertebrate subspecies as near threatened.

16 extinct in the wild invertebrate species (0.09%)987 critically endangered invertebrate species (5.6%)1163 endangered invertebrate species (6.6%)2178 vulnerable invertebrate species (12%)1105 near threatened invertebrate species (6.3%)6919 least concern invertebrate species (39%)5278 data deficient invertebrate species (30%)Circle frame.svg
Invertebrate species (IUCN, 2020.1)
  • 17,646 extant species have been evaluated
  • 12,368 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 8024 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 4328 to 9606 are threatened[c]
  • 410 to 616 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 395 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 15 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 206 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 0 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Near Threatened (NT) species do not currently qualify for Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU), but are likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, or are already close to qualifying.

No subpopulations of invertebrates have been evaluated by the IUCN.

This is a complete list of near threatened invertebrate species and subspecies as evaluated by the IUCN.

MolluscsEdit

There are 535 mollusc species and nine mollusc subspecies assessed as near threatened.

GastropodsEdit

There are 477 gastropod species and four gastropod subspecies assessed as near threatened.

StylommatophoraEdit

Stylommatophora includes the majority of land snails and slugs. There are 250 species and four subspecies in the order Stylommatophora assessed as near threatened.

ZonitidsEdit
ClausiliidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

  • Alopia bielzii clathrata
  • Macrogastra lineolata euzieriana
HelminthoglyptidsEdit
CamaenidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

  • Glyptorhagada wilkawillina umbilicata
VertiginidsEdit
CochlicellidsEdit
  • Monilearia montigena
  • Monilearia multipunctata
  • Monilearia phalerata
  • Monilearia tubaeformis
  • Ripkeniella petrophila
TrissexodontidsEdit
HelicidsEdit
  • Allognathus pyrenaicus
  • Arianta hessei
  • Arianta schmidtii
  • Arianta stenzii
  • Cattania ardica
  • Cattania maranajensis
  • Cattania petrovici
  • Chilostoma achates
  • Chilostoma acrotricha
  • Chilostoma ambrosi
  • Chilostoma crinita
  • Chilostoma denudata
  • Chilostoma euboeae
  • Chilostoma fuchsi
  • Chilostoma pentheri
  • Chilostoma sztolcmani
  • Chilostoma zebiana
  • Chilostoma ziegleri
  • Faustina rossmaessleri
  • Hemicycla bethencourtiana
  • Hemicycla diegoi
  • Hemicycla glyceia
  • Hemicycla incisogranulata
  • Hemicycla laurijona
  • Hemicycla quadricincta
  • Hemicycla saponacea
  • Iberus alonensis
  • Iberus carthaginiensis
  • Marmorana saxetana
  • Marmorana signata
  • Superba grisea
  • Superba kulmakana
  • Superba reischuetzi
  • Theba clausoinflata
HygromiidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

  • Xerocrassa montserratensis betulonensis
VitrinidsEdit
  • Oligolimax apatelus
  • Phenacolimax major
  • Plutonia canariensis
  • Plutonia christinae
  • Plutonia cuticula
  • Plutonia emmersoni
  • Plutonia mascaensis
  • Plutonia parryi
  • Plutonia tuberculata
  • Vitrinobrachium baccettii
ChondrinidsEdit
EnidsEdit
  • Chondrula lugorensis
  • Euchondrus limbodentatus
  • Mastus emarginatus
  • Napaeus avaloensis
  • Napaeus beguirae
  • Napaeus consecoanus
  • Napaeus huttereri
  • Napaeus maculatus
  • Napaeus orientalis
  • Napaeus procerus
  • Napaeus tafadaensis
  • Napaeus voggenreiteri
  • Peristoma merduenianum
  • Peristoma rupestre
  • Rhabdoena mirifica
  • Rhabdoena stokesi
  • Rhabdoena zasiensis
  • Turanena carpathia
  • Turanena katerinae
ArgnidsEdit
  • Agardhiella banatica
  • Agardhiella crassilabris
  • Agardhiella dabovici
  • Agardhiella grossui
  • Agardhiella langaleta
  • Agardhiella pirotana
  • Agardhiella reinhardti
  • Agardhiella serbica
Other Stylommatophora speciesEdit

LittorinimorphaEdit

There are 115 species in the order Littorinimorpha assessed as near threatened.

HydrobiidsEdit
BithyniidsEdit
MoitessieriidsEdit
  • Moitessieria heideae
  • Moitessieria olleri
  • Paladilhia hungarica
  • Sardopaladilhia plagigeyerica
  • Spiralix vitrea
AssimineidsEdit
  • Omphalotropis circumlineata
  • Omphalotropis zelriolata
PomatiopsidsEdit
  • Halewisia conica
  • Hubendickia gochenouri
  • Hubendickia microsculpta
  • Hubendickia polita
  • Hubendickia rolfbrandti
  • Hubendickia schlickumi
  • Hubendickia schuetti
  • Hubendickia subulata
  • Hubendickia tuberculata
  • Hubendickia turneri
  • Karelainia hydrorissoidea
  • Lacunopsis coronata
  • Lacunopsis fischerpiettei
  • Lacunopsis massiei
  • Pachydrobia harmandi
  • Pachydrobia incerta
  • Robertsiella kaporensis
  • Tomichia rogersi
StenothyridsEdit
  • Stenothyra khongi
  • Stenothyra wykoffi

SorbeoconchaEdit

ArchitaenioglossaEdit

There are 41 species in the order Architaenioglossa assessed as near threatened.

PupinidsEdit
DiplommatinidsEdit
AciculidsEdit
ViviparidsEdit
AmpullariidsEdit
CraspedopomatidsEdit

Lower Heterobranchia speciesEdit

  • Valvata rhabdota
  • Valvata stenotrema

CycloneritimorphaEdit

Hygrophila speciesEdit

NeogastropodaEdit

There are 29 species in the order Neogastropoda assessed as near threatened.

BuccinidsEdit
MuricidsEdit
ConidsEdit

BivalviaEdit

There are 57 species and five subspecies in the class Bivalvia assessed as near threatened.

UnionidaEdit

There are 49 species and five subspecies in the order Unionoida assessed as near threatened.

UnionidsEdit

Species

Subspecies

  • Lampsilis reeviana brevicula
  • Lampsilis straminea claibornensis
  • Lampsilis straminea straminea
  • Lasmigona complanata alabamensis
  • Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica
HyriidsEdit
  • Southern river mussel (Hyridella narracanensis)
  • South Esk freshwater mussel (Velesunio moretonicus)

CardiidaEdit

VeneridaEdit

CephalopodsEdit

CnidariaEdit

There are 176 species in the phylum Cnidaria assessed as near threatened.

HydrozoaEdit

  • Millepora murrayi

AnthozoaEdit

There are 175 species in the class Anthozoa assessed as near threatened.

AlcyonaceaEdit

ScleractiniaEdit

There are 174 species in the order Scleractinia assessed as near threatened.

EuphyllidsEdit
AcroporidsEdit
PoritidsEdit
Brain coralsEdit
  • Caulastrea tumida
  • Diploastrea heliopora
  • Echinopora forskaliana
  • Echinopora fruticulosa
  • Echinopora horrida
  • Echinopora mammiformis
  • Echinopora pacificus
  • Echinopora taylorae
  • Erythrastrea flabellata
  • Favia albidus
  • Favia helianthoides
  • Favia lacuna
  • Favia laxa
  • Favia lizardensis
  • Favia maritima
  • Favia marshae
  • Favia matthaii
  • Favia maxima
  • Favia rotundata
  • Favia stelligera
  • Favia veroni
  • Favia vietnamensis
  • Favites abdita
  • Favites acuticollis
  • Favites bestae
  • Favites chinensis
  • Favites complanata
  • Favites flexuosa
  • Favites halicora
  • Favites micropentagona
  • Favites paraflexuosa
  • Favites russelli
  • Favites stylifera
  • Favites vasta
  • Goniastrea columella
  • Goniastrea favulus
  • Goniastrea minuta
  • Goniastrea palauensis
  • Goniastrea peresi
  • Goniastrea thecata
  • Leptastrea bewickensis
  • Leptastrea bottae
  • Leptastrea inaequalis
  • Leptoria phrygia
  • Montastrea annuligera
  • Montastrea colemani
  • Montastrea magnistellata
  • Montastrea valenciennesi
  • Oulophyllia bennettae
  • Oulophyllia crispa
  • Platygyra acuta
  • Platygyra carnosus
  • Platygyra crosslandi
  • Platygyra lamellina
  • Platygyra ryukyuensis
  • Platygyra verweyi
  • Plesiastrea devantieri
PocilloporidsEdit
MussidsEdit
PectiniidsEdit
  • Echinomorpha nishihirai
  • Pectinia ayleni
  • Pectinia elongata
  • Pectinia paeonia
  • Pectinia pygmaeus
  • Pectinia teres
SiderastreidsEdit
  • Coscinaraea crassa
  • Psammocora contigua
  • Psammocora digitata
  • Psammocora obtusangula
  • Psammocora vaughani
  • Pseudosiderastrea tayami
AgariciidsEdit
  • Thin leaf lettuce coral (Agaricia tenuifolia)
  • Leptoseris amitoriensis
  • Leptoseris striata
  • Pachyseris gemmae
  • Pavona minuta
FungiidsEdit
  • Ctenactis albitentaculata
  • Common mushroom coral (Fungia fungites)
  • Lithophyllon undulatum
  • Podabacia motuporensis
  • Polyphyllia novaehiberniae
Other Scleractinia speciesEdit

ArthropodsEdit

There are 390 arthropod species and six arthropod subspecies assessed as near threatened.

ArachnidsEdit

BranchiopodaEdit

EntognathaEdit

  • Blasconura batai
  • Lepidonella lecongkieti

MaxillopodaEdit

Includes barnacles, copepods and a number of related animals.

MalacostracansEdit

Malacostraca includes crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and many others. There are 71 malacostracan species and six malacostracan subspecies assessed as near threatened.

DecapodsEdit

There are 71 decapod species and six decapod subspecies assessed as near threatened.

ParastacidsEdit
GecarcinucidsEdit
AtyidsEdit

Species

  • Atyoida bisulcata
  • Caridina fasciata
  • Caridina formosae
  • Caridina mauritii
  • Caridina meridonalis
  • Caridina richtersi
  • Caridina serrata
  • Caridina spathulirostris
  • Dugastella valentina
  • Gallocaris inermis
  • Lancaris singhalensis
  • Pycneus morsitans
  • Troglocaris hercegovinensis
  • Troglocaris planinensis
  • Troglocaris pretneri

Subspecies

  • Troglocaris anophthalmus anophthalmus
  • Troglocaris anophthalmus intermedia
  • Troglocaris anophthalmus legovici
  • Troglocaris anophthalmus ocellata
  • Troglocaris anophthalmus periadriatica
  • Troglocaris anophthalmus sontica
CambaridsEdit
PotamidsEdit
Other decapod speciesEdit

InsectsEdit

There are 301 insect species assessed as near threatened.

HemipteraEdit

OrthopteraEdit

  • Southern Sardinian cricket (Acroneuroptila puddui)
  • Northern Sardinian cricket (Acroneuroptila sardoa)
  • Gomera stick grasshopper (Acrostira bellamyi)
  • Gran Canaria stick grasshopper (Acrostira tamarani)
  • Tenerife short-winged bush-cricket (Ariagona margaritae)
  • Splendid rock grasshopper (Arminda canariensis)
  • Tenerife laurel bush-cricket (Canariola willemsei)
  • Plump-headed grasshopper (Chorthippus crassiceps)
  • Parnon grasshopper (Chorthippus parnon)
  • Nymph-like grasshopper (Chorthippus pulloides)
  • Giglio cave cricket (Dolichopoda aegilion)
  • Larissa cave-cricket (Dolichopoda annae)
  • Koutouki cave-cricket (Dolichopoda insignis)
  • Kiriaki cave-cricket (Dolichopoda kiriakii)
  • Cretan cave-cricket (Dolichopoda paraskevi)
  • Corfu cave-cricket (Dolichopoda steriotisi)
  • Ionian marbled bush-cricket (Eupholidoptera cephalonica)
  • Uvarov's marbled bush-cricket (Eupholidoptera uvarovi)
  • Cyprian tonged bush-cricket (Exodrymadusa inornata)
  • Heldreich's stone grasshopper (Glyphotmethis heldreichi)
  • Canarian crevice-cricket (Gryllomorpha canariensis)
  • White-horned Italian grasshopper (Italohippus albicornis)
  • Calabrian speckled bush-cricket (Leptophyes calabra)
  • Greek speckled bush-cricket (Leptophyes lisae)
  • California ground cricket (Neonemobius eurynotus)
  • Parnassos glandular cricket (Ovaliptila krueperi)
  • Sporades glandular cricket (Ovaliptila wettsteini)
  • Jablanica bright bush-cricket (Poecilimon jablanicensis)
  • Andros bright bush-cricket (Poecilimon klausgerhardi)
  • Maquis bush-cricket (Rhacocleis silvestrii)
  • Werner's bush-cricket (Rhacocleis werneri)
  • Spanistic desert grasshopper (Spaniacris deserticola)
  • Black-headed Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus nigrocapitatus)
  • Zoia's cave-cricket (Troglophilus zoiai)
  • Aegean desert grasshopper (Xerohippus solerii)

HymenopteraEdit

LepidopteraEdit

Lepidoptera comprises moths and butterflies. There are 62 species in the order Lepidoptera assessed as near threatened.

Swallowtail butterfliesEdit
LycaenidsEdit
NymphalidsEdit
Other Lepidoptera speciesEdit

BeetlesEdit

There are 56 beetle species assessed as near threatened.

GeotrupidsEdit
  • Ceratophyus hoffmannseggi
  • Lethrus fallax
  • Thorectes albarracinus
  • Thorectes lusitanicus
  • Thorectes marginatus
Click beetlesEdit
  • Cardinal click beetle (Ampedus cardinalis)
  • Ampedus carinthiacus
  • Ampedus coenobita
  • Ampedus corsicus
  • Brachygonus meraculus
  • Crepidophorus mutilatus
  • Reitterelater bouyoni
ScarabaeidsEdit
  • Alocoderus carinifrons
  • Ammoecius lusitanicus
  • Anomius crovettii
  • Anomius peyerimhoffi
  • Anonychonitis freyi
  • Ateuchetus cicatricosus
  • Cryptocanthon foveatus
  • Cryptocanthon genieri
  • Euorodalus boiteli
  • Genieridium medinae
  • Gymnopleurus sturmi
  • Gyronotus dispar
  • Gyronotus mulanjensis
  • Heptaulacus brancoi
  • Holocephalus sculptus
  • Macroderes endroedyi
  • Macroderes undulatus
  • Mimonthophagus limbibasis
  • Ontherus grandis
  • Ontherus irinus
  • Onthophagus merdarius
  • Oxysternon pteroderum
  • Pedaria cambeforti
  • Phanaeus achilles
  • Scarabaeus bornemizzai
  • Scybalocanthon darlingtoni
Other beetle speciesEdit

OdonataEdit

Odonata includes dragonflies and damselflies. There are 119 species in the order Odonata assessed as near threatened.

ChlorocyphidsEdit
  • Chlorocypha bamptoni
  • Angola jewel (Chlorocypha crocea)
  • Indocypha vittata
  • Libellago stictica
  • Tanganyika jewel (Platycypha pinheyi)
  • Rhinocypha xanthe
  • Yellow-sided jewel (Stenocypha jacksoni)
  • Bow-faced jewel (Stenocypha molindica)
PlatycnemididsEdit
GomphidsEdit
CordulegastridsEdit
CorduliidsEdit
CalopterygidsEdit
CoenagrionidsEdit
AeshnidsEdit
LibellulidsEdit
Other Odonata speciesEdit

Other invertebrate speciesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016.1". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 4 July 2016.