List of nearest galaxies

Summary

This is a list of known galaxies within 3.8 megaparsecs (12 million light-years) of the Solar System, in ascending order of heliocentric distance, or the distance to the Sun. This encompasses about 50 major Local Group galaxies, and some that are members of neighboring galaxy groups, the M81 Group and the Centaurus A/M83 Group, and some that are currently not in any defined galaxy group.

The list aims to reflect current knowledge: not all galaxies within the 3.8 Mpc radius have been discovered. Nearby dwarf galaxies are still being discovered, and galaxies located behind the central plane of the Milky Way are extremely difficult to discern. It is possible for any galaxy to mask another located beyond it. Intergalactic distance measurements are subject to large uncertainties. Figures listed are composites of many measurements, some of which may have had their individual error bars tightened to the point of no longer overlapping with each other.[1]

ListEdit

# Picture Galaxy Type Distance from Earth Magnitude Group
Membership
Notes Diameter (ly)
Millions of light-years Mpc M m
  -   Milky Way SBbc 0.0265
(to the galactic center)[2]
0.008[2] −20.8[1] n/a Local Group Home galaxy of Earth. Barred spiral galaxy. 100,000–180,000 ly
  1 Canis Major Dwarf Irr (status as galaxy disputed) 0.025[3] 0.008 −14.5 23.3 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (accretion by Milky Way)
  2 Draco II 0.0701 0.0215[4] −0.8[4] 15.87[4][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 120 ly[4]
  3 Tucana III 0.0747 0.0229[5] −1.3[5] 15.5[5][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way that is being tidally disrupted[5] 220 ly
  4 Segue 1 dSph or Glob Clus 0.075 0.023[6] −3.0[6] 13.8[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
  5   Sagittarius Dwarf Sphr SagDEG dSph/E7 0.078 0.024[7] −12.67[7] 4.5[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (partial accretion by Milky Way) 10,000 ly
  6 Hydrus I 0.0900 0.0276[9] −4.71[9] 12.49[9][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way, possibly associated with the Magellanic Clouds[9] 348 ly[9]
  7 Carina III 0.0907 0.0278[10] −2.4[10] 14.82[10][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 200 ly[10]
  8 Ursa Major II Dwarf dSph 0.098 0.030 −4.2 14.3 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (accretion by Milky Way) ~1,800 ly
  8 Triangulum II 0.098 0.030[11] −1.8[11] 15.6[11][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way (accretion by Milky Way)
 10 Reticulum II 0.102 0.0314[5] −3.1[5] 14.4[5][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 378 ly
 11 Segue 2 dSph 0.114 0.035[12] −2.5[12] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way, one of the smallest known galaxies 220 ly
 12 Carina II 0.122 0.0374[10] −4.5[10] 13.36[10][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 590 ly[10]
 13 Willman 1 dSph or Star Clus 0.124 0.038[13] −2.7[13] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 14 Boötes II dSph 0.137 0.042[13] −2.7[13] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 14 Coma Berenices Dwarf dSph 0.137 0.042[14] −3.6[14] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 16 Pictor II 0.147 0.045[15] −3.2[15] 15.1[15][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way possibly associated with the Large Magellanic Cloud[15] 300 ly[15]
 17 Boötes III dSph 0.150 0.046[16] −5.8[17] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 18 Tucana IV 0.157 0.048[11] −3.5[11] 14.9[11][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 19   Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) SB(s)m 0.163 0.050[7] −17.93[7] 0.9[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 14,000 ly
 20 Grus II 0.179 0.055[18] −3.9[18] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 607 ly[18]
 21 Tucana II 0.186 0.057[19] −3.8[19] 15.0[19][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 1080 ly[19]
 22   Boötes I dSph 0.197[8] 0.060 −5.8[20] 13.1 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 23   Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC, NGC 292) SB(s)m pec 0.205 0.063[7] −16.35[7] 2.7[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 7,000 ly
 23   Ursa Minor Dwarf dE4 0.205 0.063[7] −7.13[7] 11.9[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 25 Eridanus IV 0.250 0.0767[21] −4.7[21] 14.72[21][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way[21] 489 ly[21]
 26 Horologium II 0.254 0.078[11] −2.6[11] 1.69[11][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 287 ly[22]
 27   Draco Dwarf (DDO 208) dE0 pec 0.258 0.079[7] −8.74[7] 10.9[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way with a large amount of dark matter ~2,700 × 1,900 ly
 27 Horologium I 0.258 0.079[23] -3.4[23] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 196 ly
 29 Pisces I dIrr/dSph[24] 0.26 0.08[25] −10.35[24] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 30 Sextans Dwarf Sph dSph 0.280 0.086[7] −7.98[7] 12[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 8,400 ly
 31   Sculptor Dwarf (ESO 351-G30) dE3 0.287 0.088[7] −9.77[7] 10.1[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 32 Virgo I 0.297 0.091[11] −0.3[11] 19.5[11][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 33 Reticulum III 0.300 0.092[26] −3.3[26] 16.51[26][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 420 ly[26]
 34 Ursa Major I Dwarf (UMa I dSph) dSph 0.3157 0.0968[13] −6.75[27] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way ~2,000 ly
 35 Phoenix II 0.326 0.100[18] −2.7[18] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 290 ly[18]
 36   Carina Dwarf (ESO 206-G220) dE3 0.33 0.10[7] −8.97[27] 11.3[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 1,600 ly
 37 Aquarius II 0.3519 0.1079[28] −4.36[28] 15.8[28][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 1,040 ly[28]
 38 Pictor I 0.372 0.114[29] −3.1[29] 20.3[29][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 190 ly[29]
 39 Crater II 0.383 0.1175[11] −8.2[11] 12.2[11][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 40 Grus I 0.391 0.120[19] −3.4[19] 17.0[19][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 404 ly
 41 Antlia 2 0.430 0.1318[30] −9.86[30] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way, most diffuse galaxy ever found
 42   Hercules Dwarf dSph 0.434 0.133[31] −5.3[31] 14.7[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 43 Fornax Dwarf (ESO 356-G04) dSph/E2 0.46 0.14[1] −11.5[7] 9.28[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 44 Canes Venatici II Dwarf dSph 0.49 0.15[6] −4.8[6] 15.1[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 45 Hydra II dSph 0.492 0.151[32] −5.1[32] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 500 ly[32]
 46   Leo IV Dwarf dSph 0.502 0.154[33] −5.5[33] 15.9[6] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 47 Leo V Dwarf dSph 0.571 0.175[34] −5.2[34] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 48 Pisces II dG[35] 0.597 0.183[35] −4.1[35] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 48 Columba I 0.597 0.183[36] −4.2[36] 17.11[36][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 760 ly[36]
 50 Boötes IV 0.682 0.209[37] −4.53[37] 17.07[37][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way[37] 3,000 ly[37]
 52   Leo II Dwarf (Leo B, DDO 93) dE0 pec 0.701[38] 0.215 −9.23[7] 12.45[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 4,100 ly (tidal)
 52 Pegasus III 0.701 0.215[39] −3.4[39] 18.26[39][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 350 ly[39]
 54 Canes Venatici I Dwarf dSph 0.711 0.218[40] −7.9[41] 13.9[41] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 55 Cetus III 0.819 0.251[42] −2.45[42] 19.55[42][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 580 ly[42]
 56   Leo I Dwarf (DDO 74, UGC 5470) dE3 0.820[38] 0.251 −10.97[7] 11.18[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 57 Eridanus II 1.19[43] 0.366[43] −7.1[43] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way 1,810 ly[43]
 58 Leo T Dwarf dIrr/dSph 1.35 0.413[44] 16[8] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way? 2,300 ly
 59   Phoenix Dwarf Galaxy (P 6830) IAm 1.44 0.44 −10.22[7] 13.07[1] Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
 60 Pisces V (Andromeda XVI) dSph[45] 1.79 0.55[45][NB 2] −7.6[45] 16.1[45] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 985 ly[45]
 61   Barnard's Galaxy (NGC 6822) IB(s)m IV-V 1.859 0.570[44] −15.22[7] 9.32[1] Local Group It contains several large H II regions 7,000 ly
 62   NGC 185 dE3 pec 2.05[46] 0.63 −14.76[7] 9.99[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda; possibly closest Seyfert galaxy to Earth
 63   Andromeda II dE0 2.22 0.68[45][NB 2] −12.6[45] 11.7[45] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 6,820 ly[45]
64 Cassiopeia II (Andromeda XXX) dSph[47] 2.221 0.681[48] −8.0[49] 16.0[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 1,800 ly
65   IC 1613 (UGC 668) IAB(s)m V 2.24 0.686[44] −14.51[7] 9.92[1] Local Group
66   Leo A (Leo III, DDO 69) IBm V 2.34[44] 0.717[44] −11.68[50] 12.92 Local Group Satellite of Milky Way
67 Andromeda XVII dSph[47] 2.371 0.727[48] −7.8[49] 16.6[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 1,900 ly
68 Andromeda XXV dSph[47] 2.401 0.736[48] −9.0[49] 15.3[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 3,560 ly
69 Andromeda XI dSph[47] 2.41 0.74[51] −7.3[52] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
70 Andromeda XX dSph[47] 2.417 0.741[47] −6.4[49] 18.0[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 590 ly[49]
71 Andromeda XXIII dSph[47] 2.440 0.748[47] −9.8[49] 14.6[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 7,770 ly[49]
72   IC 10 (UGC 192) dIrr IV/BCD[8] 2.446 0.750 −15.57[7] 12.2[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
73   Andromeda III dE2 2.45 0.75[45][NB 2] −10.1[45] 14.4[45] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 2750 ly[45]
73   Cassiopeia Dwarf (Cas dSph, Andromeda VII) dSph 2.45 0.75[53][NB 2] −11.67[7] 13.65[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[7]
75 Andromeda XXVI dSph[47] 2.459 0.754[48] −5.8[49] 18.5[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 980 ly
76   Cetus Dwarf dSph/E4 2.460[46] 0.754 −10.18[7] 14.4[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[7]
 77 Pisces III (Andromeda XIII) dSph[47] 2.479 0.760[48] −6.5[49] 17.8[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 850 ly
 78 Andromeda XV dSph[45] 2.48 0.76[45][NB 2] −8.4[45] 16.0[45] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[7] 1840 ly[45]
 79   M32 (NGC 221) E2 2.489[38] 0.763 −15.96[7] 8.73[1] Local Group Close Satellite of Andromeda 6,500 ly
 80 Andromeda IX dE 2.500[46] 0.767 −7.5[7] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[7]
 81   Pisces Dwarf (LGS 3) dIrr/dSph 2.510[46] 0.770 −7.96[7] 16.18[1] Local Group Satellite of Triangulum[citation needed]
 82 Cassiopeia III (Andromeda XXXII) 2.518 0.772[54] −12.3[54] 12.15[54][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 9,500 ly[54]
 83 Andromeda V dSph[47] 2.52[46] 0.773 −8.41[7] 16.67[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[7]
 84 Lacerta I (Andromeda XXXI) dSph 2.521 0.773[55] −11.4[55] 13.04[55][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[55] 4,750 ly[55]
 85   NGC 147 (DDO 3) dE5 pec 2.53[46] 0.776 −14.9[7] 10.36[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
 86   Andromeda Galaxy (M31) SA(s)b 2.538[46] 0.778 −21.58[7] 4.17[1] Local Group Largest Galaxy in the Local Group, with at least 19 satellite galaxies. Barred spiral galaxy. 220,000 ly
 87   Pegasus Dwarf Spheroidal (Andromeda VI) dSph[47] 2.55[46] 0.78 −10.80[7] 14.05[1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda[7]
 88 Perseus I (Andromeda XXXIII) 2.560 0.785[56] −10.3[56] 14.19[56][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 2,600 ly[56]
 89 Andromeda XIV (Pisces IV) 2.586 0.793[48] −8.5[49] 15.8[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda ~1,700 ly
 90   Andromeda I dE3 pec 2.61 0.80[45][NB 2] −12.0[45] 12.7[45] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 5,840 ly[45]
 91 Andromeda XXVIII dSph[47] 2.645 0.811[57] −8.7[57] 15.85[57][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 1,800 ly[57]
 92   M110 (NGC 205) E6p 2.67[46] 0.82 −16.15[7] 8.72[1] Local Group Close Satellite of Andromeda
 93 Andromeda VIII dSph[58] 2.700 0.828 −15.6 9.1 Local Group Tidally distorted dwarf close to Andromeda discovered 2003[58]
 94 Andromeda XXIX 2.704 0.829[57] −8.5[57] 16.09[57][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 2,050 ly[57]
 95   Triangulum Galaxy (M33) SA(s)cd 2.73[46] 0.84 −18.87[7] 6.19[1] Local Group Most distant (difficult) naked eye object. Closest unbarred spiral galaxy to us. 60,000 ly
 96 Andromeda XXI[59] dSph[47] 2.802 0.859 −9.9 Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
 97   Tucana Dwarf dE5 2.87 0.88[7] −9.16 15.7[1] Local Group[7] Isolated group member — a 'primordial' galaxy[60]
 98   Andromeda X dSph[8] 2.90 0.889 −8.1[61] 16.1[8] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda discovered 2006
 99 Andromeda XXIV dSph[47] 2.929 0.898[47] −8.4[49] 16.3[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 4,440 ly[49]
100   Pegasus Dwarf Irregular (DDO 216) dIrr/dSph[8] 2.929[44] 0.898[44] −11.47[7] 13.21[8] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
101 Andromeda XII dSph[47] 3.027 0.928[48] −7.0[49] 17.7[49] Local Group Satellite of Andromeda 2,740 ly
102   Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte (WLM, DDO 221) IB(s)m[8] 3.043 0.933[50] −14.06[50] 11.03[8] Local Group Isolated member at the edge of the local group 11,500 ly
102 Andromeda XIX[62] dSph[47] 3.043 0.933 −9.3 Local Group Satellite of Andromeda, spread over 1.7 kpc 2,200 ly
104   Aquarius Dwarf Galaxy (DDO 210) Im V 3.22[44] 0.988[44] −11.09[50] 14.0[8] Local Group Isolated group member
105 Andromeda XXII[59] dSph[47] 3.22 0.987 18.0 Local Group Satellite of Andromeda
105 Pisces VII (Triangulum III) 3.26 1.0[63] −6.8[63] Local Group Possible satellite of Triangulum[63]
106   Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular Galaxy (SagDIG) IB(s)m V[8] 3.907 1.198[44] −11.49 15.5 Local Group[1] Isolated group member 3,000 ly
107   UGC 4879 (VV124)[64] IAm 3.956 1.213[44] −11.5[50] 13.2 Local Group Isolated group member 3,000 ly
108   Andromeda XVIII[62] dSph[47] 3.960 1.214[47] −9.2[49] 16.2[49] Local Group 1,700[49] ≈ 1,200 ly
109   Antlia Dwarf dE3.5[8] 4.28 1.31[50] −9.63[50] 16.19[1] Local Group[NB 3] May have interacted with NGC 3109[65] 3,000 ly
110   Sextans A (92205, DDO 75) IBm[8] 4.31[66] 1.32 −13.95[7] 11.86[8] Local Group[NB 3] Contains cluster of young hot blue stars 5,000 ly
111   NGC 3109 SB(s)m 4.338 1.35[65] −15.68[1] 10.39[1] Local Group[NB 3] Possibly spiral galaxy 25,000 ly
112 Antlia B 4.40 1.35[67] −9.7[67] 15.95[67][NB 1] Local Group Satellite of NGC 3109[67] 1,780 ly[67]
113   Sextans B (UGC 5373) IM IV-V[8] 4.47 1.37[50] −14.08[50] 11.85[8] Local Group[NB 3] One of the smallest galaxies with planetary nebulae 6,000 ly
114   KKH 60 Irr 4.9 1.5[1] 18B[8]
116   Leo P Irr 5.28 1.62[1] 18B[8] Local Group[NB 3]
118   IC 5152 IA(s)m[8] 5.68 1.74[50] −15.56[50] 11.06[8] Local Group ? Possible outlying member of Local Group 4,000 ly
119   NGC 300 SA(s)d[8] 6.07 1.86[68] −17.92[1] 8.95[8] between LG and Sculptor Group Closest spiral galaxy to Local Group
forms pair with NGC 55
94,000 ly
120   KKR 25 Irr 6.20 1.90[1] −9.94[50] 17.0[8] between LG and M81
121   ESO 410-G005 E3[8] 6.213 1.905[50] −11.60[50] 14.85[8] NGC 55 & 300 ≈ 2,500 ly
122   ESO 294-010 dS0/Im[8] 6.36[68] 1.96[50] −10.95[50] 15.6[8] NGC 55 & 300
123   NGC 55 SB(s)m[8] 6.52 2.00[50] −18.47[50] 8.84[1] between LG and Sculptor Group Forms pair with NGC 300 70,000 ly
124 KKs 3 dSph[69] 6.91 2.12[69] −12.3[69] 14.47[69] 4,900 ly[69]
125   KKR 3 (KK 230) dIrr 6.98 2.14[50] −9.8 17.90[8] Inner edge of M94 Group 980 ly
126 UGCA 438 (ESO 407-018) IB(s)m pec:[8] 7.24 2.22[50] −12.92[50] 13.86[1] NGC 55 & 300
127 KK 258 (ESO 468-20) dTr[70] 7.27 2.23[70] −10.3[70] NGC 55 & 300
127   UGC 9128 (DDO 187) ImIV-V 7.31 2.24[50] −12.47[50] 14.38[8] Inner edge of M94 Group
128   IC 3104 IB(s)m 7.40 2.27[1] −14.85[50] 13.63[8] On the way to Circinus galaxy
129   GR 8 (DDO 155) ImV[8] 7.8 2.4[50] −12.14[50] 14.65[8] Inner edge of M94 Group "footprint galaxy"
130   IC 4662 (ESO 102-14) IBm 7.96 2.44[50] −15.56[50] 11.74[8] On the way to Circinus galaxy 7,000 ly
131   KKH 98 Irr 7.99 2.45[1] −10.78[1] 16.7[8] IC 342/Maffei Group
132   UGC 8508 (I Zw 060) IAm 8.35[71] 2.69[50] −13.09[50] 14.40[8] M94 Group
133   KKH 86 Irr 8.48 2.60[50] −10.30[50] 16.8[8] Isolated (M94/Cent A)
134   DDO 99 (UGC 6817) Im 8.61 2.64[1]–3.9[8] −13.52[50] 13.4[8] M94 Group
135 ESO 6-1 Ir 8.81 2.70[72] 15.13[73] Blue compact dwarf galaxy[73]
135   UGC 7577 (DDO 125) Im 8.94 2.74[50] −14.32[50] 12.84[8] M94 Group
136   Dwingeloo 1 SB(s)cd 9.1 2.8[1] −18.78 19.8[8] IC 342/Maffei Group 35,000 ly
137   UGC 9240 (DDO 190) IAm 9.13 2.80[50] −14.19[50] 13.25[8] M94 Group 15,000 ly
138   NGC 4190 Irr (BCD) 9.19[73] 2.82[73][NB 2] 13.50[73] Satellite of NGC 4214[73]
138 KKs 53 (Cen 7) dSph[74] 9.56 2.93[75] −10.86 17.30[1] Centaurus A/M83 Group
139   NGC 4214 (UGC 7278) IAB(s)m 9.59 2.94[1] 10.24[8] M94 Group Starburst galaxy
140   UGCA 276 (DDO 113) Im 9.62 2.95[76] 15.40[8] M94 Group
141   UGCA 133 (DDO 44) Im 9.65 2.96[77] −12.9[77] 15.54[8] M81 group Likely satellite of NGC 2403
141   NGC 4163 (NGC 4167) dIrr 9.65 2.96[78] 14.5[8] M94 Group 4,000 ly
143   UGCA 86 SAB(s)m[79] 9.72 2.98[80] 13.5[8] IC 342/Maffei Group[79] Satellite of IC 342[80] 20,000 ly
144   NGC 1560 SA(s)d HII 9.75 2.99[1] −16.87[7] 12.16[8] IC 342/Maffei Group Satellite of IC 342[80]
145 MADCASH-2 (MADCASH J121007+352635-dw) dSph 9.78 3.00[81] −9.15[81] 18.24[NB 1] M94 Group Likely satellite of NGC 4214
146 Dwingeloo 2 Im? 9.8 3.0[1] −14.55[1] 20.5[8] IC 342/Maffei Group 20,000 ly
146 KKH 11 (ZOAG G135.74-04.53) dE/N 9.8 3.0[1] −13.35[7] 16.2[8] IC 342/Maffei Group
146 KKH 12 Irr 9.8 3.0[1] −13.03 17.8[8] IC 342/Maffei Group
146 MB 3 dSph 9.8 3.0[1] −13.65[7] 19.8[8] IC 342/Maffei Group 10,000 ly
146 MB 1 (KK 21) SAB(s)d? 9.8 3.0[1] −14.81[7] 20.5[8] IC 342/Maffei Group 5,000 ly
146   Maffei 1 S0- pec 9.8 3.0[1] −18.97[7] 11.4[8] IC 342/Maffei Group 55,000 ly
152   Maffei 2 SAB(rs)bc 9.801 3.005[1] −20.15[7] 14.77[8] IC 342/Maffei Group 60,000 ly
153   UGC 8651 (DDO 181) Im 9.82 3.01[1] 14.7[8] M94 Group
154   Donatiello I dSph 9.88 3.04[78] [8] Possible satellite of NGC 404
155   NGC 2403 SAB(s)cd HII 9.92 3.04[81] −19.29 8.93[8] Inner edge of M81 group 50,000 ly
156   NGC 404 SA(s)0-:[8] 10.05 3.08[50] −16.61[50] 11.21[8] 'Mirach's Ghost'
157   ESO 274-01[82] SAd: 10.1 3.09 11.7 Centaurus A/M83 Group
157 GALFA-Dw4[83] dIrr 10.1 3.10 −11.8 15.7 Isolated
159 KKH 22 dSph 10.17 3.12[80] –12.19[80] 15.28[80] IC 342/Maffei Group Satellite of IC 342[80]
160   NGC 3741 ImIII/BCD 10.21[71] 3.13 14.3[8] M94 Group
161 KK 35 Irr 10.31 3.16[1] −14.30 17.2[8] IC 342/Maffei Group Satellite of IC 342[80]
161 HIPASS J1247-77 Im 10.31 3.16[84] 17.B[8] Aligned with IC 3104
163   NGC 2366 IB(s)m 10.40[71] 3.19 11.43[8] M81 group
163   NGC 1569 (UGC 3056) IBm;Sbrst[8] 10.40 3.19[80] −18.17[1] 11.86[8] IC 342/Maffei Group[79] Satellite of IC 342[80] 6,000 ly
163   ESO 321-014[82] IBm[8] 10.40[82] 3.19 15.16[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group
166   UGC 8833 Im 10.41 3.19[1] 16.5[8] M94 Group
167   Sculptor dIG (ESO 349-31) dIrr 10.44 3.2[85] −11.87 15.5[8] Sculptor Group Satellite of NGC 7793
168   UGC 4483 dIrr 10.47[71] 3.21 15.2[8] M81 group
169   UGCA 92 Im?[8] 10.50 3.22[80] 13[8] IC 342/Maffei Group[79] Satellite of IC 342[80]
170   IC 342 SAB(rs)cd[8] 10.70 3.28[1] −20.69[1] 9.37[1] IC 342/Maffei Group "the hidden galaxy" 75,000 ly
171 Cassiopeia 1 (Cas 1, KK 19) dIrr 10.76 3.3[1] −16.70 16.38[8] IC 342/Maffei Group
172   UGCA 15 (DDO 6) IB(s)m 10.90 3.34[7] −12.50[7] 15.19[8] Sculptor group
173 KKs 58 dSph[86] 10.96 3.36[87] −11.93[87] Centaurus A/M83 Group
173   KKH 37 (Mai 16) S/Irr 11.06 3.39[84] 16.4[8] IC 342/Maffei Group
173   UGCA 105 Im? 11.06 3.39[80] −16.81 13.9[8] IC 342/Maffei Group Satellite of IC 342[80]
173   Holmberg II (DDO 50, UGC 4305) Im 11.06[71] 3.39 11.1[8] M81 group
176   NGC 5102 SA0- HII 11.09 3.40[1] −18.08.56 10.35[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group
176   NGC 5237 I0?[8] 11.09 3.40[82] 13.23[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group
176   ESO 325-11 11.09 3.40[82] 13.99[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group
176   ESO 540-030 (KDG 2) IABm 11.09 3.40[7] −11.39 16.45[8] Sculptor group
180   NGC 247 SAB(s)d 11.1 3.4[7] −20.00 9.9[8] Sculptor group
181 MADCASH-1 (MADCASH J074238+652501-dw) dSph 11.12 3.41[81] −7.81[81] 19.85[NB 1] M81 Group Likely satellite of NGC 2403
182 F6D1 (FM 1, PGC 3097828) dSph[88] 11.15[71] 3.42 17.5[8] M81 group
182   ESO 540-032 IAB(s)m pec: 11.15 3.42[7] −11.32[7] 16.55[8] Sculptor group
184   ESO 383-087 (ISG 39) SB(s)dm 11.25 3.45[82] −15.16[1] 11.03[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group
185   NGC 5206 SB0 11.32 3.47[82] Centaurus A/M83 Group
187   KK 179 (ESO 269-37) IABm: 11.4 3.48[82] Centaurus A/M83 Group
188   Sculptor Galaxy
(NGC 253)
SAB(s)c 11.40[71] 3.49 8.0[8] Sculptor group 90,000 ly
189   DDO 71 (UGC 5428) Im 11.42[71] 3.50 18[8] M81 group
190 Camelopardalis B Irr 11.46 3.50[80] −11.85 16.1[8] IC 342/Maffei Group Satellite of IC 342[80]
191   Messier 82 I0;Sbrst HII 11.42 3.53[7] −19.63[7] 9.30 [8] M81 group 37,000 ly, possibly up to 100,000 ly
192   NGC 5253 Im pec 11.51 3.53[7] 10.9 [8] Centaurus A/M83 Group Nearest Wolf-Rayet galaxy to us.
193 M81 Dwarf A (KDG 52) I? 11.58[71] 3.55 −11.49[7] 16.5[8] M81 group
193   KK 77 (F12D1) dSph 11.58 3.55[89] 16.2[8] M81 group
194   NGC 2976 SAc pec HII 11.61[71] 3.56 −17.1[7] 10.82[8] M81 group
194 Camelopardalis A 11.61 3.56[80] IC 342/Maffei Group Satellite of IC 342[80]
195 KK 211 (AM 1339-445) dSph[90] 11.68 3.58[80] −11.93[80] 16.32[80] Centaurus A/M83 Group Satellite of NGC 5128[90]
195 PGC 51659 (UKS 1424-460) IBm[91] 11.68 3.58[80] −11.83[80] 16.50[80] Centaurus A/M83 Group
196 KDG 61 dE/dSph[92] 11.68 3.58[92] −12.84[92] 14.93[92] M81 Group
196   NGC 4945 SB(s)cd:sp[8] 11.70[93] 3.59 −20.51[1] 9.3[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group
197   NGC 6789 Im[8] 11.74 3.6[1] −14.32[1] 13.76[1] In the Local Void[94]
197   Holmberg IX (UGC 5336, DDO 66) Irr[73] 11.77 3.61[73] 14.53[73] M81 Group Contains ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) Holmberg IX X-1
198   UGCA 292 (CVn I dwA) ImIV-V 11.77 3.61[89] 16.0[8] M94 Group
198   Messier 81 SA(s)ab, LINER 11.74[71] 3.62 6.94[8] M81 group Brightest galaxy in M81 Group 90,000 ly
198 BK 5N dSph[73] 11.84 3.63[51] 17.49[51] M81 Group
198 DDO 78 (KK 89) dSph[73] 11.94 3.66[89] 16.50[73] M81 Group
199 F8D1 dSph[73] 11.94 3.66[89] −12.20[95] 15.70[73] M81 Group
199   UGC 4459 (DDO 53) Im 12.00 3.68[96] −13.37[7] 14.48 [8] M81 group
200   Centaurus A (NGC 5128) S0 pec 12.01[71] 3.68 6.84[8] Centaurus A/M83 Group Brightest galaxy in Centaurus A Group and brightest and nearest radio galaxy 60,000 ly
201 KDG 64 (UGC 5442) dE/dSph 12.07 3.70[92] −12.55[92] 15.29[92] M81 Group
201 IKN dE 12.23 3.75[97] −14.29[97] M81 Group
201 KKs 54 dSph[86] 12.23 3.75[87] −10.41[87] Centaurus A/M83 Group
202   NGC 5011C (ESO 269-68) dE/Im[98] 12.29 3.77[99][NB 2] −14.74[99] 13.47[99] Centaurus A/M83 Group
202 Centaurus N 12.3 3.77[100] −11.15[100] Centaurus A/M83 Group
202 KK 213 dSph[73] 12.3 3.77[51] 18.00[73] Centaurus A/M83 Group
203 KK 203 dSph[86] 12.30 3.77[86] −11.7[86] Centaurus A/M83 Group In Centaurus A Group; contains a ring of Hα emission[86]
#   Galaxy Type Dist from Earth Magnitude Group
Membership
Notes
Mly Mpc M m

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Calculated from the distance modulus ( ) and the absolute magnitude ( )
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Calculated from the distance modulus ( ) using the formula  
  3. ^ a b c d e Galaxies of small Antlia-Sextans Group, which is considered as part of Local Group, but membership of it is uncertain.

ReferencesEdit

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