List of political parties in France

Summary

France has a multi-party political system: one in which the number of competing political parties is sufficiently large as to make it almost inevitable that in order to participate in the exercise of power any single party must be prepared to negotiate with one or more others with a view to forming electoral alliances and/or coalition agreements.

The dominant French political parties are also characterised by a noticeable degree of intra-party factionalism, making each of them effectively a coalition in itself.

Up until recently, the government of France had alternated between two rather stable coalitions:places

This was the case until the 2017 presidential election, when Emmanuel Macron of centrist La République En Marche! defeated Marine Le Pen of right-wing National Rally in the second round. This was the first time in which a third party had won the presidency, as well as the first time that neither of the major coalitions had appeared in the second round of a presidential election. This was followed shortly by a significant victory for LREM in the 2017 legislative election, winning a majority of 350 seats. Both the traditional coalitions suffered major defeats.

National Rally (previously known as the National Front before a name change in 2018) has also experienced significant successes in other elections. Since 2014, the party has established itself as the third sizable party, finishing in first place in the 2014 and 2019 European elections as well as in the 2015 local elections,[1] though the party failed to win government in any regions due to the last-ditch alliance between the centre-left and the centre-right coalitions in Hauts-de-France and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.[2]

Elected parties

Major nationwide represented parties

Name Abbr. National
coalition
Leader or chair Députés Senators MEPs Presidency of
regional councils
Presidency of
departmental councils
Political
position
Ideology
La République
En Marche!
LREM LREM group
MoDem
Stanislas Guerini
303 / 577
21 / 348
11 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre to
centre-right
Liberalism, pro-Europeanism
The Republicans
(See also UMP & RPR)
LR LR group Christian Jacob
97 / 577
142 / 348
7 / 74
7 / 17
44 / 101
Centre-right Liberal conservatism, Christian democracy, Gaullism
Socialist Party PS New Left Olivier Faure
25 / 577
86 / 348
2 / 74
5 / 17
27 / 101
Centre-left Social democracy, social liberalism, pro-Europeanism

Other nationwide represented parties

Party Abbr. National
coalition
Leader or chair Députés Senators MEPs Presidency of
regional councils
Presidency of
departmental councils
Political
position
Ideology
Democratic Movement MoDem MoDem François Bayrou
39 / 577
6 / 348
5 / 74
0 / 17
1 / 101
Centre to centre-right Liberalism, social liberalism, Christian democracy
La France Insoumise FI None Jean-Luc Mélenchon
17 / 577
0 / 348
5 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing to far-left Democratic socialism, eco-socialism, left-wing populism, environmentalism, alter-globalisation, soft Euroscepticism
French Communist Party PCF GDR Pierre Laurent
10 / 577
18 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
1 / 101
Left-wing Communism, soft Euroscepticism
National Rally RN RBM Marine Le Pen
6 / 577
2 / 348
20 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Right-wing to far-right French nationalism, national conservatism, souverainism, protectionism, right-wing populism, anti-immigration, Euroscepticism
Radical Movement MR LREM, LT Laurent Hénart,
Sylvia Pinel
10 / 577
19 / 348
1 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, social liberalism, pro-Europeanism
The Centrists LC LT Hervé Morin
5 / 577
9 / 348
1 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre to centre-right Centrism, conservative liberalism, Christian democracy
Democratic European Force FED UDI Jean-Christophe Lagarde
2 / 577
4 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre-right Centrism, social liberalism, pro-Europeanism, Christian democracy
Modern Left LGM UDI Jean-Marie Bockel
0 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre Social liberalism
Movement of Progressives MdP EDS Robert Hue
1 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing Democratic socialism
Debout la France DLF None Nicolas Dupont-Aignan
1 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Right-wing to far-right French nationalism, national conservatism, Gaullism, Republicanism, souverainism, social conservatism, Euroscepticism
Centrist Alliance AC MoDem, LREM Jean Arthuis
2 / 577
9 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, pro-Europeanism, centrism
Citizen and Republican Movement MRC NG Jean-Luc Laurent
1 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing Republicanism, souverainism, democratic socialism, Euroscepticism, protectionism
Cap21 LRC-Cap21 LREM Corinne Lepage
4 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre to centre-left Environmentalism, green liberalism, direct democracy, humanism, Eurorealism
Europe Ecology – The Greens EELV None David Cormand
1 / 577
10 / 348
9 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre-left Green politics
Left Party PG Left Front Eric Coquerel,
Danielle Simonnet
8 / 577
0 / 348
5 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing Democratic socialism, left-wing populism, environmentalism, alter-globalisation, soft Euroscepticism
Génération.s None Benoît Hamon
0 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
1 / 101
Centre-left Social democracy, democratic socialism
Ensemble! FI group None
2 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing Socialism, eco-socialism, anti-globalisation
Ecologist Party PE LREM François de Rugy
3 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Green politics, green liberalism, environmentalism, social-liberalism, European federalism
Résistons! None Jean Lassalle
1 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre Ruralism, humanism, localism, sovereignty
Agir Agir ensemble
9 / 577
6 / 348
1 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre to centre-right Liberalism, social liberalism, progressivism, Christian democracy
Comités Jeanne None Jean-Marie Le Pen
0 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Far-right Nationalism, Euroscepticism, souverainism
La Force du 13 LFD13 None Jean-Noël Guérini
0 / 577
2 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing Social democracy
Génération citoyens GC Jean-Marie Cavada
0 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre to right-wing Social liberalism
Démocratie et République
0 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Initiative démocratique de gauche
1 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Social democracy
Ligue du Sud LS RBM Jacques Bompard
1 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Far-right National conservatism, souverainism, identitarian, anti-globalization, regionalism, patriotism, localism, Poujadism, liberal conservatism
The Patriots LP Florian Philippot
1 / 577
2 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Right-wing to far-right Euroscepticism, souverainism, Gaullism, populism, statism, animal rights
Gauche républicaine et socialiste GRS Emmanuel Maurel,
Marie-Noëlle Lienemann
1 / 577
1 / 348
1 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Left-wing Socialism, Euroscepticism, economic interventionism, statism
Les Radicaux de gauche RDG Virginie Rozière, Stéphane Saint-André
0 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Centre-left to left-wing Pro-Europeanism, environmentalism, solidarism, secularism
Mouvement libéral et modéré MLM Philippe Adnot
0 / 577
1 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Picardie debout FI François Ruffin
1 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
0 / 17
0 / 101
Far-left Anti-capitalism, protectionism, left-wing souverainism, left-wing populism, participatory democracy, eco-socialism

Region only parties

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman Territorial councillors Ideology
LMR: Rurality Movement None Eddie Puyjalon Regional:
6 / 1,880
Traditional rural values; refusal of environmental legislation and regulations restricting the right to hunt and fish, conservative, Eurosceptic
MEI: Independent Ecological Movement None Antoine Waechter Regional:
3 / 1,880
Green politics, Centrism, anti-nuclear
NPA: New Anticapitalist Party None Christine Poupin Regional:
2 / 1,880
Anti-capitalism, democratic socialism, eco-socialism, alter-globalisation

Non-elected parties

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman Political Position
AF: French Action None Stéphane Blanchonnet Monarchism, nationalism, conservatism, Euroscepticism, far-right
UPR: Popular Republican Union None François Asselineau French nationalism, Hard Euroscepticism
AR: Royal Alliance None Pierre Bernard Monarchism (Orléanism), conservatism, Euroscepticism
NAR: New Royalist Action None Bertrand Renouvin Monarchism, conservatism, Euroscepticism, gaulism
RD: Democratic Rally None Philippe Cartellier Monarchism, conservatism, gaulism, Capetism
GE: Ecology Generation None Yves Piétrasanta Green politics, green conservatism, centre-right
GR: Revolutionary Left None Collective Marxism, socialism, Trotskyism
PCOF: Workers' Communist Party of France Left Front Collective Communism, Marxism–Leninism, hoxhaism, anti-revisionism
POI: Independent Workers' Party None Daniel Gluckstein, Claude Jenet, Jean Markun, Gérard Schivardi Communism, trotskyism, Marxism, proletarian internationalism
PRCF: Pole of Communist Rebirth in France None Léon Landini Communism, Marxism-Leninism, anti-capitalism, nationalism
OCML-VP: Marxist–Leninist Communist Organization – Proletarian Way None Collective Communism, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism
PP: Pirate Party None Maxime Rouquet, Guillaume Lecoquierre Intellectual property reform, protection of privacy and individual liberty
LO: Workers' Struggle None Nathalie Arthaud, spokeswoman Trotskyism, internationalism, feminism
PLD: Liberal Democratic Party None Aurélien Véron Classical liberalism
FA: Anarchist Federation None Collective Anarchist Synthesist, anarchism without adjectives
AL: Alternative Libertaire None Collective Anarchist Communism
PL: Libertarian Party None Guilhem d'Urbal Libertarianism
JC: New Jacobin Party None Gerald d'Ouvril, acting leader

Maximilien Robespierre, youth leader

Jacobinism, Republicanism

French Revolution

Historical parties

Political parties in French overseas possessions

Historical parties

See also

References

  1. ^ "Elections régionales : le FN vainqueur du premier tour". Le Monde.fr.
  2. ^ "Régionales : le PS se retire en PACA et dans le Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie". 6 December 2015.