List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America

Summary

Location North America.svg

Sovereign states and dependent territories in North America, in an inclusive definition, cover the landmass north of the Panama-Colombia border and include the islands of the West Indies.

Sovereign states

All of the states listed here are member states of the United Nations.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Population
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[n 1] Antigua and Barbuda English: Antigua and Barbuda St. John's East Caribbean dollar 97,118
Flag of the Bahamas Bahamas, The[n 1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas English: Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar 389,482
Flag of Barbados Barbados[n 1] Barbados English: Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar 287,025
Flag of Belize Belize[n 1][n 2] Belize English: Belize Belmopan Belize dollar 390,353
Flag of Canada Canada[n 3] Canada English: Canada

French: Canada
Ottawa Canadian dollar 35,151,728
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica[n 2] Republic of Costa Rica Spanish: Costa Rica San José Costa Rican colón 5,094,118
Flag of Cuba Cuba Republic of Cuba Spanish: Cuba Havana Cuban peso

Cuban convertible peso
11,320,970
Flag of Dominica Dominica[n 1] Commonwealth of Dominica English: Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar 72,133
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[n 2] Dominican Republic English: Dominican Republic

Spanish: República Dominicana
Santo Domingo Dominican peso 10,938,373
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador[n 2] Republic of El Salvador English: El Salvador

Spanish: El Salvador
San Salvador United States dollar 6,513,912
Flag of Grenada Grenada[n 1] Grenada English: Grenada St. George's East Caribbean dollar 112,953
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala[n 2] Republic of Guatemala Spanish: Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal 18,195,184
Flag of Haiti Haiti[n 1] Republic of Haiti French: Haïti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde 11,518,548
Flag of Honduras Honduras[n 2] Republic of Honduras Spanish: Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira 10,036,928
Jamaica Jamaica[n 1] Jamaica English: Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar 2,971,812
Flag of Mexico Mexico[n 3] United Mexican States Spanish: México Mexico City Mexican peso 130,060,167
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua[n 2] Republic of Nicaragua Spanish: Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan córdoba 6,390,306
Flag of Panama Panama[n 2] Republic of Panama English: Panama

Spanish: Panamá
Panama City Panamanian balboa

United States dollar
4,371,804
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[n 1] Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
or
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
English: Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar 53,510
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia[n 1] Saint Lucia English: Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar 184,318
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[n 1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar 111,230
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[n 1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago English: Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar 1,403,213
Flag of the United States United States[n 3] United States of America English: United States, America Washington United States dollar 332,605,398

Non-sovereign territories

This section contains areas that are not sovereign states but, also, are not integral parts of the sovereign states listed above. These include dependent territories and integral areas of primarily non-North American states.

Dependent territories

Dependencies that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Population Sovereign State Legal status
Flag of Anguilla
Anguilla Anguilla English: Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar 15,114  United Kingdom British Overseas Territory
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Islands English: Bermuda

Portuguese: Bermudas
Hamilton Bermudian dollar 62,091
Flag of the British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands English: Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar 30,397
Flag of the Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands English: Cayman Islands George Town Cayman Islands dollar 66,366
Flag of Montserrat Montserrat[n 1] Montserrat English: Montserrat Plymouth
(de jureabandoned)
Brades
(de factoseat of government)
East Caribbean dollar 4,994
Navassa Island[n 4] Navassa Island English: Navassa Island Lulu Town
(de jureabandoned)
United States dollar 0  United States Uninhabited, administrated by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory, claimed by Haiti.
Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Spanish: Puerto Rico

English: Puerto Rico
San Juan United States dollar 2,802,509 Unincorporated organized territory and Commonwealth of the United States
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands English: Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar 39,155  United Kingdom British Overseas Territory
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands English: United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar 104,299  United States Unincorporated organized territory of the United States

Integral parts of primarily non-North American states

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Capital Currency Population Sovereign State Legal status
Flag of Aruba Aruba Aruba Dutch: Aruba Oranjestad Aruban florin 107,139  Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of Bonaire Bonaire[n 5] Bonaire Dutch: Bonaire

Papiamento: Boneiru
Kralendijk United States dollar 20,104 Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of France Clipperton Island Clipperton Island French: Île de Clipperton N/A N/A 0  France Uninhabited overseas state private property of France
Flag of Curaçao Curaçao Country of Curaçao Dutch: Land Curaçao

Papiamento: Pais Kòrsou
Willemstad Netherlands Antillean guilder 157,538  Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Federal Dependencies Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Spanish: Dependencias Federales de Venezuela Gran Roque Bolívar soberano,
Petro
2,155  Venezuela Federal Dependencies of Venezuela
Flag of Nueva Esparta Nueva Esparta State of Nueva Esparta Spanish: Estado Nueva Esparta La Asunción Bolívar soberano,
Petro
387,175  Venezuela Federated state of Venezuela
Flag of Greenland Greenland Greenland Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat

Danish: Grønland
Nuuk Danish krone 56,225  Denmark Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Unofficial flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[n 6] Guadeloupe French: Guadeloupe Basse-Terre Euro 395,700  France Overseas department and region of France
Unofficial flag of Martinique Martinique[n 6] Martinique French: Martinique Fort-de-France Euro 376,480 Overseas department and region of France
Flag of Saba Saba[n 5] Saba Dutch: Saba

English: Saba
The Bottom United States dollar 1,933  Netherlands Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of France Saint Barthélemy Territorial Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy French: Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia Euro 9,131  France Overseas collectivity of France
Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin French: Saint-Martin Marigot Euro 38,002 Overseas collectivity of France
Flag of France Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon Saint Pierre Euro 5,888 Overseas collectivity of France
Flag of San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés and Providencia[n 7] Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés Colombian peso 61,280  Colombia Department of Colombia
Flag of Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius[n 5] Sint Eustatius Dutch: Sint Eustatius

English: Statia
Oranjestad United States dollar 3,138  Netherlands Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder 40,733 Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Disputed territories

Disputed territories that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics:

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name(s) Claimants Legal status
N/A Bajo Nuevo Bank[n 8] Bajo Nuevo Bank Spanish: Bajo Nuevo  Colombia,  Jamaica,  United States Uninhabited, administered by Colombia, claimed by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory.
N/A Serranilla Bank[n 8] Serranilla Bank Spanish: Bajo Serranilla  Colombia,  United States Uninhabited, administered by Colombia, claimed by the United States as an unincorporated unorganized territory.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Member of the Caribbean Community. The Caribbean Community also includes Guyana and Suriname.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Member of the Central American Integration System.
  3. ^ a b c Member of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  4. ^ Claimed by Haiti.
  5. ^ a b c Municipality of the Netherlands.
  6. ^ a b Department of France.
  7. ^ Part of Colombia.
  8. ^ a b Certain U.S. government documents list these as unorganized, unincorporated territories of the United States. For the most part, however, they are under Colombian administration as an integral part of Colombia, part of the San Andrés and Providencia Department. They are also claimed by Jamaica, and in part by Honduras.

References