Listed buildings in Burtonwood and Westbrook

Summary

Burtonwood and Westbrook is a civil parish in the Borough of Warrington in Cheshire, England, northwest of the town of Warrington. It contains eight buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England as designated listed buildings. The parish includes the village of Burtonwood, and Westbrook, a suburb of the town of Warrington; otherwise it is rural. The original Liverpool to Manchester railway line runs through the north of the parish, and provides it with its only Grade I listed structure, the Sankey Viaduct. The other listed buildings are a church, two country houses, a gatehouse, and four farmhouses.

KeyEdit

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Grade Criteria[1]
Grade I Buildings of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important.
Grade II* Particularly important buildings of more than special interest.
Grade II Buildings of national importance and special interest.

BuildingsEdit

Name and location Photograph Date Notes Grade
Collins Green Farmhouse
53°26′40″N 2°39′54″W / 53.4444°N 2.6649°W / 53.4444; -2.6649 (Collins Green Farmhouse)
Medieval The farmhouse originated as a timber-framed building, which was remodelled in the 17th century, with the addition of another wing. It was encased in brick in the 18th and 19th centuries, and further alterations were made in the 20th century. The older wing has 1+12 storeys, and the later wing has 2+12. Retained in the interior are features from each stage of the building's development, including some timber-framing, a medieval seven-light timber diamond mullioned window, moulded beams, and a dog-leg staircase.[2] II
Gatehouse to Bradley
(or Bradlegh) Old Hall
53°26′24″N 2°38′46″W / 53.44013°N 2.64622°W / 53.44013; -2.64622 (Bradley Old Hall Gatehouse)
  c. 1460 The gatehouse to the hall, now partly in ruins. It is constructed in sandstone, forming an archway above the entrance to the drive. The surviving features include the arch, which is four-centred with colonnettes (small columns), the springers of the fallen vault, and octagonal canted mock turrets supported by buttresses at the four corners.[3][4] II*
Bewsey Old Hall
53°24′05″N 2°37′01″W / 53.4013°N 2.6170°W / 53.4013; -2.6170 (Bewsey Old Hall)
 
Late 16th century The hall underwent alterations during the 17th to the 19th centuries, and was restored and partly rebuilt in the 20th century, but only a fragment of the original hall has survived. What does survive has an L-shaped plan, and is in three storeys. It is constructed in brick with stone dressings and slate roofs, and has mullioned or mullioned and transomed windows. The moated site on which the hall stands is a scheduled monument.[5][6][7] II*
Bradley (or Bradlegh)
Old Hall
53°26′23″N 2°38′47″W / 53.4398°N 2.6464°W / 53.4398; -2.6464 (Bradley Old Hall)
 
Late 16th century Originating as a farmhouse, it was cased in brick in the late 18th century. The house has sandstone fittings and quoins, and stands on a sandstoneplinth, Parts of the walls are pebbledashed and other parts are slate-hung. The roofs have stone slates. The house is in two storeys plus attics, and incorporates dormers. The windows are sashes. The interior includes two altered inglenooks, and an inscribed beam including the date 1597. The moated site on which the house stands is a scheduled monument.[3][8][9] II
Causeway Bridges Farmhouse
53°25′27″N 2°37′21″W / 53.4243°N 2.6224°W / 53.4243; -2.6224 (Causeway Bridges Farmhouse)
1646 The farmhouse has been altered and extended. It is constructed in brick with slate roofs, and consists of a main wing and a cross wing. The building is in two storeys, and contains sash windows. Inside the farmhouse is a dog-leg staircase.[10] II
St Michael's Church, Burtonwood
53°25′51″N 2°39′21″W / 53.4307°N 2.6559°W / 53.4307; -2.6559 (St Michael's Church)
 
1716 The south aisle was added in 1939 by Edwin J. Dod, and the church was rebuilt in 1984 following mining subsidence. It is constructed in brick with stone dressings. The nave has a slate roof and there is a copper roof on the aisle. The church has a west tower and a small apsidal chancel. Inside the church are remnants of a pew inscribed with the date 1610. The stained glass is a memorial to RAF Burtonwood dated 1988.[11][12] II
Bewsey Old Hall Farmhouse
53°24′05″N 2°37′02″W / 53.4014°N 2.6172°W / 53.4014; -2.6172 (Bewsey Old Hall Farmhouse)
Mid 18th century Attached to the west of Bewsey Old Hall, the farmhouse was altered during the 19th century. It is constructed in brick with a slate roof, and has two storeys. On its west side is a two-storey lean-to, also in brick with a slate roof, and with sash windows.[13][14] II
Sankey Viaduct
53°26′51″N 2°39′01″W / 53.44759°N 2.65018°W / 53.44759; -2.65018 (Sankey Viaduct)
 
1828–30 The first railway viaduct to be built in the world, it was designed by George Stephenson for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company to carry the railway across the Sankey Valley. It is constructed in brick faced with sandstone ashlar. The viaduct is carried on nine semicircular arches.[15][16] I

ReferencesEdit

Citations

  1. ^ Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 30 March 2015
  2. ^ Historic England, "Collins Green Farmhouse, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1393557)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 10 February 2013
  3. ^ a b Pollard & Pevsner (2006), p. 163
  4. ^ Historic England, "Gatehouse to Bradlegh Old Hall, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1278505)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  5. ^ Pollard & Pevsner (2006), pp. 632–633
  6. ^ Historic England, "Bewsey Old Hall, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1230619)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  7. ^ Historic England, "Bewsey Old Hall moated site, fishpond and connecting channel, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1012324)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  8. ^ Historic England, "Bradlegh Old Hall, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1230620)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  9. ^ Historic England, "Bradlegh Old Hall moated site and fishpond, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1011885)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  10. ^ Historic England, "Causeway Bridges Farmhouse, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1278503)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 10 February 2013
  11. ^ Pollard & Pevsner (2006), p. 162
  12. ^ Historic England, "Church of St Michael and All Angels, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1278472)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  13. ^ Pollard & Pevsner (2006), p. 632
  14. ^ Historic England, "Bewsey Old Hall Farmhouse, Burtonwood and Westbrook (1230666)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 February 2013
  15. ^ Pollard & Pevsner (2006), pp. 526–527
  16. ^ Historic England, "Sankey Viaduct over Sankey Brook (1075927)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 March 2019

Sources