The Northern Territory is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. It is the third largest Australian federal division with an area of 1,348,094.3 square kilometres (520,502 sq mi) but the least populous with 247,327 inhabitants as at June 2018. The Northern Territory is divided administratively into 17 Local government areas (LGAs) generally known as Councils who are responsible for providing local government services.
As of 1 July 2008, there were two classifications of local government in the Northern Territory:
The Northern Territory was unusual as a comparatively large share of the territory's population lived in unincorporated areas. In 2006, prior to the reorganisation of local government areas in the territory, 92 percent of the land area (1,237,999 km2 (477,994 sq mi) out of 1,349,130 km2 (520,900 sq mi)) with 16 percent of the population (30,523 out of 192,898), was unincorporated.
Most of the unincorporated areas disappeared as a result of local government reform in 2008. The area remaining unincorporated is 19,790 km2 (7,640 sq mi), 1.47 percent of the total, and contains 3.0 percent of the population in June 2018.
By comparison, in the only other states or territories in Australia with unincorporated areas, only 0.02% of the population of New South Wales, 0.002% of Victoria's population and 0.6% of the population of South Australia, live in unincorporated areas.
|Local government area||Council seat||Region||Type||Year est.||Land area||Population||Notes|
|Alice Springs Town Council||Central Australia||Municipality||1 July 1971||328||127||28,124||26,534|
|Alyangula||Alyangula||Arnhem Land||Unincorporated area||1960s||2||1||986||873|
|Barkly Regional Council||Barkly Tableland||Region||1 July 2008||322,713||124,600||7,810||7,392|
|Belyuen Community Government Council||Belyuen||Greater Darwin||Shire||1 July 2008||41||16||199||174|
|Central Desert Regional Council||Alice Springs||Central Australia||Region||1 July 2008||281,312||108,615||4,363||4,208|
|Coomalie Community Government Council||Greater Darwin||Shire||7 December 1990||2,056||794||1,369||1,391|
|Darwin, City of||Greater Darwin||City||1959(as a city)||111||43||82,996||84,613|
|Northern Territory Rates Act Area (East Arm)||Greater Darwin||Unincorporated area||52||20|
|East Arnhem Regional Council||Nhulunbuy||Arnhem Land||Region||1 July 2008||33,310||12,861||10,677||10,345|
|Katherine Town Council||Katherine||Municipality||3 March 1978||7,417||2,864||10,761||10,621|
|Litchfield Council||Freds Pass||Greater Darwin||Municipality||6 September 1985||2,903||1,121||22,195||25,598|
|MacDonnell Regional Council||Alice Springs||Central Australia||Region||1 July 2008||268,329||103,602||6,911||6,863|
|Nhulunbuy Corporation||Nhulunbuy||Arnhem Land||Unincorporated area||7||3||4,072||3,240|
|Palmerston, City of||Greater Darwin||City||2000(as a city)||53||20||32,462||37,862|
|Roper Gulf Regional Council||Katherine||Katherine||Region||1 July 2008||185,210||71,510||7,207||7,397|
|Tiwi Islands Regional Council||Darwin||Greater Darwin||Region||1 July 2008||7,483||2,889||3,001||2,753|
|Unincorporated Top End Region (Finnis-Mary)||Greater Darwin||Unincorporated area||19,263||7,437|
|Victoria Daly Regional Council||Katherine||Katherine||Region||1 July 2008||153,287||59,184||3,312||3,138||De-amalgamated in 2014 into Victoria Daly and West Daly Regional Councils|
|Wagait Shire Council||Greater Darwin||Shire||1 July 2008||6||2||459||508||Formerly the Cox Peninsula Community Government Council, established on 28 April 1995.|
|West Arnhem Regional Council||Arnhem Land||Region||1 July 2008||49,675||19,180||7,290||6,902|
|West Daly Regional Council||Wadeye||Katherine||Region||1 July 2014||14,070||5,432||3,649||Part of Victoria Daly Regional Council from 2008 until 2014 de-amalgamation|
|Yulara||Yulara||Central Australia||Unincorporated area||103||40||986||1099|
Prior to 1 July 2008, local government areas in the Northern Territory were classified as either :