Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules

Summary

The Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. The C-130J is a comprehensive update of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules, with new engines, flight deck, and other systems.

C-130J Super Hercules
C-130J 135th AS Maryland ANG in flight.jpg
A U.S. Air Force C-130J
Role Military transport, aerial refuelling
National origin United States
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
First flight 5 April 1996; 26 years ago (1996-04-05)
Introduction 1999
Status In service
Primary users United States Air Force
United States Marine Corps
Royal Air Force
See Operators section for others
Produced 1996–present
Number built 500 as of March 2022[1]
Developed from Lockheed C-130 Hercules

The C-130J is the newest version of the C-130 Hercules and the only model in production. As of March 2022, 500 C-130J aircraft were delivered to 26 operators in 22 countries.[1]

DevelopmentEdit

 
A Super Hercules cockpit

On 16 December 1994, Lockheed received the launch order for the J-model from the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force (RAF).[2] The C-130J launch order occurred after a UK government stalemate of several months that concerned whether to buy new transport aircraft from Europe or the United States. It was paired with a commitment to buy 40 to 50 of the proposed European Future Large Aircraft aircraft (FLA, which was later designated as the A400M). The FLA commitment, which reduced the size of the C-130J launch order, was intended to ensure a 20 percent British workshare in the FLA program, and to prevent German industry from threatening British Aerospace's position as the wing manufacturer on the FLA and future Airbus commercial projects.[3][4] The RAF ordered 25 aircraft for a total fixed price of US$1.6 billion, with first deliveries originally scheduled to begin in November 1996.[5] The promised deliveries of the C-130J allowed the British Ministry of Defence to meet the 1996 deadline for replacing half of the RAF's aging fleet of Hercules aircraft, while the FLA aircraft was not expected to be available at the time until 2003.[6]

To speed up the sale of military and commercial versions of the aircraft, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) civil certification was pursued before delivery would happen.[5] Civil certification was not a regulatory requirement and was unneeded for the RAF launch order. However, certification was stipulated in Lockheed Martin's contracts with some subsequent customers, including the United States Air Force (USAF) and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).[7]

The program suffered from problems such as software integration glitches that extended the schedule by three months, followed by a nine-month delay caused by undiscovered stall characteristics that required aircraft modification.[5] The stall problem was caused by the additional power of the engines and the increase in propeller blades from 4 to 6, which changed the aerodynamics so that the aircraft had a greater tendency to stall and roll at lower speeds.[8]

Lockheed Martin spent five months making 20 unsuccessful attempts at aerodynamic solutions,[9] but the stall problems were so varied that the fixes it tried to make applied only to specific conditions (such as only during power off, or only at full power).[10] Lockheed Martin changed the cockpit to include a stick pusher, which takes control and automatically pushes down the aircraft's nose if the pilot doesn't respond to stall warnings.[8] The stick pusher was meant to be a temporary addition until Lockheed Martin could find an aerodynamic fix for all of the new stall conditions.[10]

In late 1997, the company discovered that directional problems could be caused by ice build-ups.[8] Because the AE 2100 engines were more powerful and fuel-efficient than the Allison T56 engines that they replaced, the engines no longer produced enough bleed air to continuously warm the tail. This situation had been anticipated, but the cyclic system that replaced the old de-icing system was found to be insufficient when the C-130J flew in extreme conditions.[11] This problem forced the company to extend the de-icing system higher and lower on the vertical stabilizer to prevent ice formation, causing another delay of five months. These issues resulted in Lockheed Martin exceeding its initial C-130J development budget of US$300 million.[7] By May 1998, Lockheed had spent over US$900 million in development costs for the C-130J.[12] By the end of 1998, the company owed the RAF about US$50 million in penalties due to the delivery delays.[13]

FAA type certification occurred in September 1998 following 4,000 hours of flight testing.[14] Deliveries commenced in 1999 as the Hercules C4 (C-130J-30) and Hercules C5 (C-130J). The standard C-130J had a flyaway cost of US$62 million in 2008.[15]

On 23 December 2004, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz approved a program budget decision that ended the procurement of C-130J for the Air Force and completed the remaining KC-130J order for the Marine Corps in 2006, which would save US$5 billion in the Pentagon budget.[16] Deficiencies with the C-130J that were cited to support the decision included being unable to drop heavy equipment, the inability to perform combat search-and-rescue missions, cold-weather performance issues, the risk of paratroopers hitting the fuselage when jumping out of the aircraft, major cost increases, and inadequate radar to fly into hurricanes.[17] U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld reversed this decision on May 10, 2005, after members of Congress stated that the canceling the pre-existing orders of 62 total Air Force aircraft over the following 5 years would result in about US$2 billion in termination costs to the government, which would have exceeded the cost of buying the aircraft.[18]

In mid-June 2008, the United States Air Force awarded a $470 million contract to Lockheed Martin for six modified KC-130J aircraft for use by the Air Force and Special Operations Command. The contract led to C-130J variants that will replace aging HC-130s and MC-130s.[19] The HC-130J Combat King II personnel recovery aircraft completed developmental testing on 14 March 2011. The final test point was air-to-air refueling, and was the first ever boom refueling of a C-130 where the aircraft's refueling receiver was installed during aircraft production. This test procedure also applied to the MC-130J Combat Shadow II aircraft in production for Air Force Special Operations Command.[20]

Harvest HAWKEdit

 
A KC-130J showing the AN/AAQ-30 Targeting Sight and AGM-114 Hellfires on the left wing in Afghanistan, 2011

With the addition of the Marine Corps ISR / Weapon Mission Kit, the KC-130J tanker variant will be able to serve as an overwatch aircraft and can deliver ground support fire in the form of Hellfire or Griffin missiles, precision-guided bombs, and eventually 30mm Mk44 Bushmaster II cannon fire in a later upgrade.[21] This capability, designated as "Harvest HAWK" (Hercules Airborne Weapons Kit), can be used in scenarios where precision is not a requisite, such as area denial.[22] The aircraft retains its original capabilities in refueling and transportation. The kit can be removed within a day if necessary.[23]

TACAMOEdit

The United States Navy is considering replacing its fleet of E-6B Mercury aircraft with C-130J-30 Hercules aircraft in the Take Charge And Move Out (TACAMO) survivable nuclear communications role. The U.S. Navy's Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) posted a solicitation for fatigue test aircraft to a government procurement website on 18 December 2020. It is to award Lockheed Martin a contract for three "stretched" Hercules in fiscal years 2022 and 2023 for testing and analysis for the TACAMO mission.[24]

DesignEdit

Externally similar to the classic Hercules in general appearance, the J-model features considerably updated technology. These differences include new Rolls-Royce AE 2100 D3 turboprop engines, Dowty R391 six-bladed composite scimitar propellers that have blade tips swept by 35 degrees,[25] digital avionics (including head-up displays (HUDs) for each pilot), and reduced crew requirements. These changes have improved performance over its C-130E/H predecessors, such as 40% greater range, 21% higher maximum speed, and 41% shorter takeoff distance.[26] Because of the deicing problem discovered late in the certification program, the C-130J includes a black rubber deicing boot at the bottom of the vertical fin, which is another visual difference from previous versions of the Hercules.[27] The J-model is available in a standard-length or stretched -30 variant.

As a cargo and airlift aircraft, the C-130J's crew includes two pilots and one loadmaster (no navigator or flight engineer), while specialized USAF variants (e.g., AC-130J, EC-130J, MC-130J, HC-130J, WC-130J) may have larger crews, such as navigators/Combat Systems Officers or other specialized officer and enlisted air crew. The U.S. Marine Corps KC-130J uses a crew chief for expeditionary operations. The C-130J's cargo compartment is approximately 41 feet (12.5 m) long, 9 feet (2.74 m) high, and 10 feet (3.05 m) wide, and loading is from the rear of the fuselage.[28]

The aircraft can be configured with the "enhanced cargo handling system". The system consists of a computerized loadmaster's station from which the user can remotely control the under-floor winch and configure the flip-floor system to palletized roller or flat-floor cargo handling. Initially developed for the USAF, this system enables rapid role changes to be carried out and so extends the C-130J's time available to complete taskings.[29]

Operational historyEdit

 
A Hercules C5 (C-130J) of the Royal Air Force arrives at the 2016 Royal International Air Tattoo (RIAT) in England.

The Super Hercules has been used extensively by the USAF and USMC in Iraq and Afghanistan. Canada has also deployed its CC-130J aircraft to Afghanistan.

C-130Js from several countries have been deployed in support of the US Operation Odyssey Dawn and NATO's Operation Unified Protector during the 2011 Libyan civil war.

From the first flight on 5 April 1996 to 30 April 2013, 290 C-130J Super Hercules aircraft operated by 13 nations surpassed 1 million flight hours.[30][31]

In January 2013, it was reported that some of Canada's CC-130J transports had counterfeit Chinese microchips in their cockpit displays that were made by an American Lockheed contractor L3 Communications. These parts are more likely to fail and result in failures such as blank instrument screens during flight. A 14-month investigation by the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee concluded that counterfeit parts in the Hercules and other American-made military equipment are prone to failure with potentially "catastrophic consequences." The U.S. congressional investigation reported the fake Hercules microchips were originally made by the Korean electronics giant Samsung in the 1990s, and more than a decade later, had been recycled, refurbished and remarked to appear genuine by a different supplier from China.[32] Samsung later stated that "it is not possible to project the reliability" of the altered parts. The U.S. investigation reported that the problems on the Hercules first came to light in 2010 when the instrument panel failed on a U.S. Air Force aircraft during active duty.[33]

On 20 August 2013, the Indian Air Force performed the highest landing of a C-130J at the Daulat Beg Oldi airstrip in Ladakh at the height of 16,614 ft (5,064 m).[34][35]

Civilian useEdit

The Modular Airborne FireFighting System (MAFFS) is a self-contained unit used for aerial firefighting that can be loaded onto a C-130 Hercules, which then allows the aircraft to be used as an air tanker against wildfires.[36] This allows the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) to use military aircraft from the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve to serve as an emergency backup resource to the civilian air tanker fleet.[36][37] The latest generation MAFFS II system was used for the first time on a fire in July 2010,[38] using the C-130J Super Hercules.[39] The 146th Airlift Wing was the first to transition to the MAFFS II system in 2008, and it remains the only unit flying the new system on the C-130J aircraft.[39]

Orders and deliveriesEdit

The largest operator of the new model is the U.S. Air Force, which has ordered the aircraft in increasing numbers. Current operators of the C-130J are the USAF (including the Air Force Reserve Command and the Air National Guard), United States Marine Corps (being their fourth variant after KC-130F, KC-130R and KC-130T,[40]) United States Coast Guard, Royal Air Force, Indian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Danish Air Force, Royal Norwegian Air Force, Israeli Air Force, and the Italian Air Force. As of March 2022, a total of 500 units have been produced.[41]

International ordersEdit

The Royal Australian Air Force was the second international customer for the C-130J-30, with an initial order of twelve aircraft.[42] An order for two more aircraft was planned, but was replaced by the purchase of a fifth Boeing C-17 Globemaster III.[43] On 2 November 2022, the US State Department approved the possible sale of 24 C-130Js worth up to $6.35 billion to the Australian Air Force.[44]

The Royal Norwegian Air Force ordered four C-130J-30s in 2007 to replace six aging C-130Hs in need of repairs.[45][46] Aircraft were delivered from November 2008[47][48] to 2010.[49] One of these was lost in March 2012.

The Canadian Forces signed a US$1.4 billion contract with Lockheed Martin for seventeen new C-130J-30s in January 2008, as part of the procurement process to replace the existing C-130E and H models.[50] The C-130J is officially designated as the CC-130J Hercules in Canadian service.[51] The first C-130J was delivered to CFB Trenton in June 2010.[52] The final C-130J was delivered in May 2012.[53]

The Indian Air Force purchased six C-130J-30s in early 2008 at a cost of up to US$1.059 billion[54] for its special operations forces in a package deal with the US government under its Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. India has options to buy six more aircraft. The Indian government decided not to sign the Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA), which resulted in the exclusion of high precision GPS and other sensitive equipment. The IAF added similar equipment produced indigenously to the aircraft after delivery.[55] In October 2011, India announced its intent to exercise the option for the six additional aircraft, following the C-130J's favorable performance in the 2011 Sikkim earthquake relief operations. In July 2012, the U.S. accepted India's request for the six more C-130Js through the FMS program.[56] In December 2013, India's CCS approved the order for 6 more aircraft.[57]

The Iraqi Air Force ordered six C-130J-30s in July 2008.[58][59]

Qatar ordered four C-130Js in October 2008, along with spare parts and training for the Qatar Emiri Air Force. The contract is worth a total of US$393.6 million and deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2011.[60]

The United Arab Emirates Air Force announced an order for twelve C-130J transports at the 2009 IDEX, with an announced value of US$1.3 billion.[61] The United Arab Emirates requested 12 C-130Js through a Direct Commercial Sale in December 2009, with logistics support, training and related systems to be provided through a Foreign Military Sales program.[62] A contract with Lockheed Martin has not been signed.[63]

The Israeli Air Force is seeking to purchase nine C-130J-30s.[64] In April 2010 Israel ordered one C-130J-30 with delivery in 2013, and was in contract talks for two more aircraft in June 2010.[N 1][65] An option for a second C-130J-30 was exercised in April 2011, along with planning and advance long lead procurement of aircraft components to support the third C-130J Israeli aircraft.[66][67] The first Israeli C-130J was delivered in June 2013 and was modified with Israeli-unique systems in the United States[31] prior to its arrival in Israel in April 2014.[68] Israel ordered a fourth C-130J-30 in July 2013.[69] The C-130J's local name is "Shimshon".

The Kuwait Air Force signed a contract for three KC-130J air refueling tankers in May 2010, with deliveries to begin in late 2013.[70] The KC-130Js will refuel its F-18s and augment its fleet of three militarized L-100s.

Oman increased its C-130J order in August 2010 by adding two C-130Js to the single C-130J-30 ordered in 2009. Deliveries are to be completed by early 2014.[71] The Royal Saudi Air Force has purchased[when?] two KC-130Js to be delivered in 2016.[72]

The Mexican Government has requested 2 C-130J-30s.[73]

The Mongolian Air Force is planning to buy 3 C-130Js.[74][75]

In July 2013, the C-130J became part of a competition in the Peruvian Air Force for a medium transport aircraft. The Super Hercules was a candidate along with the EADS CASA C-295, the Alenia C-27J Spartan, the Antonov An-70, and the upgraded Antonov An-32.[76] The Peruvian Air Force selected the C-27J in November 2013.[77]

In 2015, the French Air Force ordered 4 Super Hercules to supplement existing capabilities due to the ongoing problems and delays of the ordered Airbus A400M, through FMS the French got 2 C-130J in 2017/2018 and 2 KC-130J in 2018/2019 (helicopter refuelling capability), especially supporting French overseas operations in Africa.[78]

In January 2017, German defence minister announced the intention to purchase 3 C-130J and 3 KC-130J Hercules to acquire tactical airlift capabilities due to the delayed deliveries of the Airbus A400M.[79] Together with the C-130J of the French Air Force this will form a joint air transport squadron.

In September 2018, Indonesia's state-owned news agency Antara reported that minister of defence Ryamizard Ryacudu said Indonesia is looking to acquire 5 C-130J Super Hercules aircraft.[80]

In June 2019, New Zealand's Minister of Defence Ron Mark identified the C-130J-30 as the preferred replacement for the Royal New Zealand Air Force's five remaining C-130Hs that are planned to be in service until 2023.[81][82] In November 2019 the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of the potential sale of five C-130Js, 24 engines and related equipment for an estimated cost of US$1.4 billion.[83] The sale was confirmed in June 2020, with the planes expected to be delivered between 2024 and 2025.[84]

In September 2020, Philippine Air Force chief Allen T. Paredes planned to acquire 5 C-130J-30 aircraft.[85] The quantity was later reduced to 2 after government funds were prioritized for the COVID-19 pandemic response.[86]

In September 2021, it was reported that Indonesia ordered 5 C-130J-30 aircraft from Lockheed Martin for the Indonesian Air Force back in 2019, with the first aircraft already under construction.[87]

In January 2022, the United States Department of State announced its approval of Egypt's request to purchase 12 C-130J aircraft with related equipment and notified Congress.[88][89]

In November 2022, the US agreed to a Foreign Military Sales purchase by Australia of 24 C-130J-30 aircraft, that will effectively double the RAAF fleet after the existing aircraft have been retired.[90]

DeliveriesEdit

Year 1998[91] 1999[92] 2000[93] 2001[94] 2002[95] 2003[95] 2004[96] 2005[97] 2006[98] 2007[99] 2008[99] 2009[100] 2010[101] 2011[102]
Number 19 30 20 15 8 15 13 15 12 12 12 16 25 33
Year 2012[103] 2013[104] 2014[105] 2015[106] 2016[107] 2017[108] 2018[109] 2019[110] 2020[111] 2021[112] Total
Number 34 25 24 21 24 26 25 28 22 22 496

VariantsEdit

 
Two USMC KC-130Js of VMGR-352 during a training exercise
 
A USCG HC-130J Combat King II
C-130J Super Hercules
Tactical airlifter
C-130J-30
Lockheed Martin designation for its 15 ft (4.6 m) extended fuselage variant; designated CC-130J by USAF for a short time after 2002.[113][114]
C-130J-SOF
Variant outfitted with extended ISR equipment for use with special forces. Unveiled in June 2017.[115]
CC-130J Hercules
Royal Canadian Air Force designation for the C-130J-30.[116]
EC-130J Commando Solo III
Variant for the Air Force Special Operations Command, operated by the Pennsylvania Air National Guard.
HC-130J Combat King II
Long range patrol and air-sea rescue variant for the United States Coast Guard. USAF HC-130J version has changes for in-flight refueling.
KC-130J
Aerial refueling tanker and tactical airlifter version for United States Marine Corps.
MC-130J Commando II
Designed for Air Force Special Operations Command. Originally named Combat Shadow II.
MC-130J Commando II Amphibious Capability
A twin-float amphibious modification to allow the aircraft to support operations at sea and in near-shore areas.[117][118]
WC-130J
Weather reconnaissance ("Hurricane Hunter") version for the Air Force Reserve Command.
Hercules C4
Royal Air Force designation for the C-130J-30
Hercules C5
Royal Air Force designation for the C-130J
LM-100J
A civilian version of the C-130J-30[119]
SC-130J Sea Hercules
Proposed maritime patrol version of the C-130J, designed for coastal surveillance and anti-submarine warfare.[120][121]

OperatorsEdit

 
A map with C-130J Super Hercules operators in blue
 
A C-130J cleaned in the wash system at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi.
 
Bangladesh Air Force C-130J Mk-5 taking off
  Algeria
  Australia
  Bahrain
  Bangladesh
  Canada
  Denmark
  Egypt
  France
  Germany
  India
  • Indian Air Force – Twelve C-130J-30s in service as of December 2019.[137] A total of 12 C-130J-30s had been ordered by December 2013;[138][139] one crashed in 2014[138] which was replaced in 2019.[citation needed]
  Indonesia
  Iraq
  Israel
  • Israeli Air Force – six C-130J-30s on order with deliveries planned to begin in spring 2013.[67][143] It planned to acquire a total of nine C-130J-30s in 2008.[144] 7 received as of January 2019.[145]
  Italy
  • Italian Air Force – 20 aircraft (four C-130Js, ten C-130J-30s, and six KC-130J) in service as of January 2022.[citation needed]
  Kuwait
  • Kuwait Air Force – three KC-130Js delivered with an option to purchase three more.[citation needed]
  Libya
  New Zealand
  Norway
  Oman
  Saudi Arabia
  South Korea
  Tunisia
  Qatar
  United Kingdom
  • Royal Air Force – 14 aircraft (1 C-130J, and 13 C-130J-30s) in service as of January 2020.[citation needed] On 22 March 2021, it was announced that the C-130J would be retired from the Royal Air Force by 2023.[154]
  United States

AccidentsEdit

C-130Js have been involved in the following notable accidents:

Specifications (C-130J)Edit

 
 
RAF Hercules C4 (C-130J-30), 2004
 
C-130J co-pilot's head-up display (HUD)

Data from USAF C-130 Hercules fact sheet,[165] International Directory of Military Aircraft,[166] Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft[26]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (two pilots, and one loadmaster are minimum crew)
  • Capacity:
  • Cargo bay length: 41 ft (12.50 m)
  • Cargo bay width: 10 ft (3.05 m)
  • Cargo bay height: 9 ft (2.74 m)
  • Payload main: 42,000 lb (19,051 kg)
  • Length: 97 ft 9 in (29.79 m)
  • Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in (40.41 m)
  • Height: 38 ft 10 in (11.84 m)
  • Wing area: 1,745 sq ft (162.1 m2)
  • Airfoil: root: NACA 64A318; tip: NACA 64A412[167]
  • Empty weight: 75,562 lb (34,274 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 155,000 lb (70,307 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce AE 2100D3 turboprop engines, 4,637 shp (3,458 kW) each
  • Propellers: 6-bladed Dowty R391 composite constant-speed fully-feathering reversible-pitch propellers

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 362 kn (417 mph, 670 km/h) — Mach 0.59 at 22,000 ft (6,706 m) altitude
  • Cruise speed: 348 kn (400 mph, 644 km/h)
  • Range: 1,800 nmi (2,100 mi, 3,300 km) at max normal payload (34,000 lb (15,422 kg))
  • Service ceiling: 28,000 ft (8,500 m) with 42,000 lb (19,051 kg) payload
  • Absolute ceiling: 40,386 ft (12,310 m)[168]

See alsoEdit

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Quote: "Separately, Israel has held preliminary talks with Lockheed Martin about acquiring more C-130J tactical transports. The nation will receive its first example in mid-2013 ..."

CitationsEdit

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  2. ^ Clark, Bruce (17–18 December 1994). "A lukewarm reception from potential partners". News: UK. Financial Times. No. 32552. p. 7. ISSN 0307-1766.
  3. ^ Blitz, James; Baxter, Andrew (17–18 December 1994). "Deal over RAF cargo aircraft averts cabinet rift". Financial Times. No. 32552. p. 1, 26. ISSN 0307-1766.
  4. ^ Baxter, Andrew; Adburgham, Roland (17–18 December 1994). "Aerospace industry celebrates a silver lining". News: UK. Financial Times. No. 32552. p. 7. ISSN 0307-1766.
  5. ^ a b c Murray, Brendan (17 February 1997). "Lockheed delays shipments: New C-130J cargo planes held up by testing glitches". Atlanta Business Chronicle. ISSN 0164-8071.
  6. ^ "$1.3 billion contract goes to Lockheed". Baltimore Sun. New York Times News Service. 17 December 1994. ISSN 1930-8965.
  7. ^ a b Murray, Brendan (13 April 1998). "Lockheed delays debut of plane till late summer". Atlanta Business Chronicle. ISSN 0164-8071.
  8. ^ a b c Nicoli, Alexander (14 April 1998). "Lockheed battles to avoid more delays to aircraft". Britain. Financial Times. No. 33572. p. 6. ISSN 0307-1766.
  9. ^ "Lockheed Martin completes final tests on C-130J stick-pusher". Flight International. 7 October 1997. ISSN 0015-3710.
  10. ^ a b Henley, Peter (16 December 1997). "From strength to strength". Flight International. ISSN 0015-3710.
  11. ^ "U.K. will receive first C-130J soon". Defense Daily. Vol. 198, no. 94. 12 May 1998. ISSN 0889-0404. Gale A20591157.
  12. ^ Pincus, Walter (23 July 1998). "Congress insists Air Force buy unwanted C-130s". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Washington Post. ISSN 0744-8139.
  13. ^ "Weight off Hercules". Forbes. 28 December 1998. ISSN 0015-6914.
  14. ^ Goyer, Robert, ed. (May 1999). "First C-130Js delivered to USAF". Reporting points. Flying. Vol. 126, no. 5. ISSN 0015-4806.
  15. ^ "FY 2009 Budget Estimates." Archived 3 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine United States Air Force via saffm.hq.af.mi, February 2008, p. 81.
  16. ^ Sherman, Jason (2 January 2005). "Pentagon slashes $30 billion from major Navy, Air Force, missile defense programs". Inside Defense. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  17. ^ Wayne, Leslie (25 March 2005). "Budget fight looms over flawed cargo plane". International Herald Tribune. p. 18. ISSN 0294-8052. Gale A130854553.
  18. ^ Tirpak, John A., ed. (July 2005). "Rumsfeld retreats from C-130J termination plans". Washington watch. Air Force Magazine. Vol. 88, no. 7. p. 12. ISSN 0730-6784.
  19. ^ Trimble, Stephen. "Lockheed Martin C-130J selected for new special operations role." Archived 30 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine Flightglobal, 18 June 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
  20. ^ "HC-130J Completes Developmental Testing." Archived 1 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin Press Release, 22 March 2011.
  21. ^ "General James T. Conway on The Posture of the United States Marine Corps." Archived 21 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine zumwaltfacts.info, 14 May 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
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  23. ^ Flurry, SSgt Christopher. "KC-130J Harvest Hawk: Marine Corps teaches old plane new tricks in Afghanistan." Archived 2 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing (Fwd), United States Marine Corps, Camp Dwyer, Afghanistan, 1 April 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2011.
  24. ^ "US Navy to field C-130J-30 in nuclear communications role". Janes.com. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  25. ^ "C-130J Advanced propeller system (six-blade R391 propeller)." Archived 1 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine Dowty Propellers. Retrieved 31 July 2009.
  26. ^ a b Eden 2004.
  27. ^ Gerzanics, Michael (17 August 1999). "Ready for work: Development problems overcome, the C-130J is being prepared for entry into service". Flight International. ISSN 0015-3710.
  28. ^ "C-130J Spec Book." Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine cc-130j.ca. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
  29. ^ "C-130J Spec Book." Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine cc-130j.ca. Retrieved 1 August 2010.
  30. ^ C-130J Super Hercules Worldwide Fleet Soars Past 1 Million Flight Hours Archived 23 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine – Lockheed press release, 14 May 2013
  31. ^ a b Israel Receives First C-130J Super Hercules: ‘Shimshon’ Archived 1 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine – Lockheed press release, 26 June 2013
  32. ^ "Did IAF's 'US-made' C-130J Super Hercules that crashed have fake Chinese parts? – Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  33. ^ Weston, Greg. "Fake parts in Hercules aircraft called a genuine risk." Archived 10 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine CBC News, 9 January 2013.
  34. ^ "IAF's C-130J transporter lands near India-China border". Business Standard. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  35. ^ "10 reasons why IAF's C-130J Super Hercules landing in Daulat Beg Oldie, Ladakh is important". India Today. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  36. ^ a b "Modular Airborne FireFighting System (MAFFS)." Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Forest Service, 19 March 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  37. ^ "Modular Airborne FireFighting Systems (MAFFS)". Archived 7 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Forest Service, 24 June 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  38. ^ Gabbert, Bill. "New MAFFS II used for first time on a fire." Archived 1 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Wildfire Tody, 16 July 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  39. ^ a b Krenke, Lt. Col. Ellen. "MAFFS responds to brush fires in California." Archived 20 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine national Guard, 16 July 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  40. ^ Pike, John,"KC-130J." Archived 11 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
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BibliographyEdit

  • Borman, Martin W. Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Marlborough, UK: Crowood Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-86126-205-9.
  • Eden, Paul. "Lockheed C-130 Hercules". Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. London: Amber Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904687-84-9.
  • Frawley, Gerard (2002). The International Directory of Military Aircraft, 2002/03. Fyshwick, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-875671-55-2.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 4–10 December 2018, Volume 194, no. 5665. pp. 332–60. ISSN 0015-3710.
  • Reed, Chris. Lockheed C-130 Hercules and Its Variants. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1999. ISBN 978-0-7643-0722-5.

External linksEdit

  • Official website  
  • C-130J brochure on Lockheed Martin web site
  • USAF C-130 Hercules fact sheet
  • "The C-130J: New Hercules & Old Bottlenecks" on defenseindustrydaily.com
  • C-130J Super Hercules Military transport aircraft on airrecognition.com
  • IAF's C-130J Super Hercules Sets New World Record For Longest Non-Stop Flight which lasted 13-hour 31-minute