Long March 2D

Summary

Long March 2D
Long March 2D launching VRSS-1.jpg
Long March 2D launch of VRSS-1 in September 2012
FunctionCarrier rocket
ManufacturerSAST
Country of originChina
Cost per launchUS$30 million[1]
Size
Height41.056 metres (134.70 ft)[2]
Diameter3.35 metres (11.0 ft)
Mass232,250 kilograms (512,020 lb)
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to LEO3,500 kilograms (7,700 lb)
Payload to SSO1,300 kilograms (2,900 lb)[3]
Associated rockets
FamilyLong March
Launch history
StatusActive
Launch sitesLA-2/138 and LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC
LA-9, TSLC
LA-3, XSLC
Total launches50
Successes49
Partial failures1
First flight9 August 1992
Last flight6 August 2020
First stage
Length27.91 m
Diameter3.35 m
Propellant mass182,000 kilograms (401,000 lb)
Engines4 YF-21C
Thrust2,961.6 kilonewtons (665,800 lbf)
Specific impulse2,550 metres per second (8,400 ft/s)
FuelN2O4 / UDMH
Second stage
Length10.9 m
Diameter3.35 m
Propellant mass52,700 kilograms (116,200 lb)
Engines1 YF-24C
(1 x YF-22C (Main))
(4 x YF-23C (Vernier))
Thrust742.04 kilonewtons (166,820 lbf) (Main)
47.1 kilonewtons (10,600 lbf) (Vernier)
Specific impulse2,942 metres per second (300.0 s) (Main)
2,834 metres per second (289.0 s) (Vernier)
FuelN2O4 / UDMH
Third stage (optional) – YZ-3
FuelN2O4 / UDMH

The Long March 2D (Chinese: 长征二号丁火箭), also known as the Chang Zheng 2D, CZ-2D and LM-2D, is a Chinese orbital carrier rocket. Manufactured by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST), the Long March 2D is a 2-stage carrier rocket mainly used for launching LEO and SSO satellites.[4]

It is mainly launched from areas LA-2B and LA-4 at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. The Long March 2D made its maiden flight on 9 August 1992. It was initially used to launch FSW-2 and FSW-3 reconnaissance satellites.

Unlike all other members of the Long March 2 rocket family, the Long March 2D is a two-stage version of the Long March 4 launch vehicle.[4][5]

List of launches

The Long March 2D made its maiden flight on 9 August 1992.

Flight number Date (UTC) Launch site Upper stage Payload Orbit Result
1 9 August 1992
08:00
LA-2/138, JSLC None FSW-2 No.1 LEO Success
2 3 July 1994
08:00
LA-2/138, JSLC None FSW-2 No.2 LEO Success
3 20 October 1996
07:20
LA-2/138, JSLC None FSW-2 No.3 LEO Success
4 3 November 2003
07:20
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None FSW-3 No.1 LEO Success
5 27 September 2004
08:00
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None FSW-3 No.2 LEO Success
6 5 July 2005
22:40
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shijian 7 SSO Success
7 29 August 2005
08:45
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None FSW-3 No.3 LEO Success
8 25 May 2007
07:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 2
ZDPS-1
SSO Success
9 5 November 2008
00:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan-3
Chuangxin-1-02
SSO Success
10 1 December 2008
04:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 4 SSO Success
11 9 December 2009
08:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 7 SSO Success
12 15 June 2010
01:39
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shijian 12 SSO Success
13 24 August 2010
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1A SSO Success
14 22 September 2010
02:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 11
ZDPS-1A
ZDPS-1B
SSO Success
15 20 November 2011
00:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan-4
Chuangxin-1-03
SSO Success
16 6 May 2012
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1B SSO Success
17 29 September 2012
04:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None VRSS-1 SSO Success
18 18 December 2012
16:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Göktürk-2 SSO Success
19 26 April 2013
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 1
TurkSat-3USat
NEE-01 Pegaso
CubeBug-1
SSO Success
20 25 November 2013
02:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan-5 SSO Success
21 4 September 2014
00:15
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Chuangxin-1-04
Lingqiao
SSO Success
22 20 November 2014
07:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 24 SSO Success
23 14 September 2015
04:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9 SSO Success
24 7 October 2015
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Jilin-1A
Jilin-1B
Jilin-1C
Jilin-1D
SSO Success
25 26 October 2015
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Tianhui-1C SSO Success
26 17 December 2015
00:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None DAMPE SSO Success
27 5 April 2016
17:38
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shijian 10 LEO Success
28 15 May 2016
02:43
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yaogan 30 SSO Success
29 15 August 2016
17:40
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None QSS
LiXing-1
3Cat-2
SSO Success
30 11 November 2016
23:14
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yunhai-1-01 SSO Success
31 21 December 2016
19:22
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None TanSat SSO Success
32 28 December 2016
03:23
LA-9, TSLC None SuperView-1 01
SuperView-1 02
BY70-1
SSO Partial failure
33 9 October 2017
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None VRSS-2 SSO Success
34 3 December 2017
04:11
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-1 SSO Success
35 23 December 2017
04:14
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-2 SSO Success
36 9 January 2018
03:24
LA-9, TSLC None SuperView-1 03
SuperView-1 04
SSO Success
37 13 January 2018
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-3 SSO Success
38 2 February 2018
07:51
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None CSES (Zhangheng 1) SSO Success
39 17 March 2018
07:10
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None LKW-4 SSO Success
40 2 June 2018
04:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 6
Luojia 1
SSO Success
41 19 November 2018
23:40
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Shiyan 6-1
Jiading 1
Tianzhi-1
SSO Success
42 7 December 2018
04:12
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None SaudiSat 5A
SaudiSat 5B
SSO Success
43 29 December 2018
08:00
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC YZ-3 Yunhai-2 01-06
Hongyan-1
LEO Success
44 25 September 2019
00:54
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Yunhai-1-02 SSO Success
45 15 January 2020
02:53
LA-9, TSLC None Jilin-1 Wideband 01
ÑuSat-7
ÑuSat-8
SSO Success
46 19 February 2020
21:07
LA-3, XSLC None XJSS C/D/E/F LEO Success
47 31 May 2020
08:53
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9-02
HEAD-4
SSO Success
48 17 June 2020
07:19
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC None Gaofen 9-03
HEAD-5
ZDPS-3
SSO Success
49 4 July 2020
23:44
JSLC, LA-4/SLS-2 None Shiyan 6-2 SSO Success
50 6 August 2020
04:01
JSLC, LA-4/SLS-2 None Gaofen 9-04 SSO Success

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Surplus Missile Motors: Sale Price Drives Potential Effects on DOD and Commercial Launch Providers" (PDF). GAO. August 2017. p. 30. Retrieved 22 June 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ Mark Wade. "CZ-2D". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  3. ^ "LM-2D". China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  4. ^ a b "China's Orbital Launch Activity 2020" (PDF). Bryce Space and Technology. 27 May 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Long March 2D launch vehicle (LM-2D)" (in Chinese). China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  • "LM-2D". China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
  • Gunter Dirk Krebs. "CZ-2 (Chang Zheng-2)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 9 August 2015.