Long March 6

Summary

Long March 6
Maiden Flight of Long March 6 Rocket.jpg
Maiden flight of Long March 6 rocket
FunctionSmall launch vehicle
ManufacturerShanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology [1]
Country of originChina
Size
Height29 m (95 ft)
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Mass103,000 kg (227,000 lb)
Stages3 [2]
Capacity
Payload to 700 km (430 mi) SSO
Mass1,080 kg (2,380 lb)
Associated rockets
FamilyLong March
ComparableMinotaur-C,
PSLV-CA
Launch history
StatusActive
Launch sitesTaiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC), LA-16
Total launches4
Success(es)4
First flight19 September 2015 [3]
Last flight6 November 2020
First stage
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Propellant mass61,000 kg (134,000 lb) to 76,000 kg (168,000 lb)
Engines1 YF-100
Thrust1,188 kN (267,000 lbf) [4]
Specific impulse300 seconds (sea level)
335 seconds (vacuum) [5]
FuelRP-1/LOX
Second stage
Diameter2.25 m (7 ft 5 in)
Propellant mass15,000 kg (33,000 lb)
Engines1 YF-115
Thrust180 kN (40,000 lbf) [4]
Specific impulse341.5 seconds (vacuum) [6]
FuelRP-1/LOX
Third stage
Diameter2.25 m (7 ft 5 in)
Engines1
Thrust6.5 kN (1,500 lbf) [4]
Specific impulse306.9 seconds
FuelN2O4 / UDMH[4]

The Long March 6 (Chinese: 长征六号运载火箭) or Chang Zheng 6 as in pinyin, abbreviated LM-6 for export or CZ-6 within China, is a Chinese liquid-fuelled launch vehicle of the Long March family, which was developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) [7] and the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST). The rocket was developed in the 2000s, and made its maiden flight in 2015.[8] As one of the new generation rocket family, the Long March 6 was designed to be a light capacity, "high-speed response" rocket, complementing the heavy lift Long March 5 and the mid-heavy lift Long March 7 rocket families. It is capable of placing at least 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) of payload into a Sun-synchronous orbit.[9][8] The first stage of the Long March 6 was derived from the booster rockets being developed for the Long March 5 rocket. It is powered by a YF-100 engine, which generates 1,340 kN (300,000 lbf) of thrust from burning kerosene and LOX as rocket fuel and oxidiser.[8] This was the first flight of the new engine design.[3]

A boosted variant, with a payload of 4000 kg to Sun-synchronous orbit, is under development.

List of launches

Flight number Date (UTC) Launch site Payload Orbit Result
1 19 September 2015
23:01
Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC), LA-16 ZDPS-2A, ZDPS-2B
NS-2
ZJ-1, ZJ-2
Tiantuo 3
NUDT-Phone-Sat
Xingchen 1, Xingchen 2, Xingchen 3, Xingchen 4
LilacSat 2
XY-2
DCBB
Xiwang-2A, Xiwang-2B, Xiwang-2C, Xiwang-2D, Xiwang-2E, Xiwang-2F
SSO Success[8]
2 21 November 2017
04:50
Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC), LA-16 Jilin 1-04, Jilin 1-05, Jilin 1-06 SSO Success
3 13 November 2019
06:35
Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC), LA-16 Ningxia-1 01, Ningxia-1 02, Ningxia-1 03, Ningxia-1 04, Ningxia-1 05 LEO Success
4 6 November 2020
03:19
Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC), LA-16 ÑuSat 9-18 (10 satellites) SSO Success

See also

References

  1. ^ "China conducts debut launch of Long March 6". NASASpaceflight. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  2. ^ "突破运力"下限"的长征6号" [Advances in Light Capacity Long March 6] (in Chinese). Tencent Military Channel. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b The Long March 6 launched a 20-star in Taiyuan to create the best in Asia
  4. ^ a b c d ZHANG Wei-dong, WANG Dong-bao (2016). "New Generation Cryogenic Quick Launching Launch Vehicle and Development". AEROSPACE SHANGHAI.
  5. ^ "Chinese YF-100 (Russian RD-120) to Power CZ-5". SPACEPAC, The Space Public Affairs Committee. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  6. ^ "中国新一代液氧煤油发动机3:YF100/115主要特性 - 深空网". www.shenkong.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Development of China's new "Changzheng 6" carrier rocket commences". People's Daily Online. 4 September 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2009.
  8. ^ a b c d "China conducts debut launch of Long March 6". 19 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)