Luther P. Eisenhart

Summary

Luther P. Eisenhart
Einstein with colleagues Eisenhart and Mayer (cropped to Eisenhart).jpg
c.1933
Born
Luther Pfahler Eisenhart

(1876-01-13)13 January 1876
Died28 October 1965(1965-10-28) (aged 89)
NationalityAmerican
Alma materJohns Hopkins University
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics
InstitutionsPrinceton University
Dean of
Princeton University Graduate School
In office
1933–1945
Preceded byAugustus Trowbridge
Succeeded byHugh Stott Taylor

Luther Pfahler Eisenhart (13 January 1876 – 28 October 1965) was an American mathematician, best known today for his contributions to semi-Riemannian geometry.

Life

Eisenhart was born in York, Pennsylvania, and graduated from Gettysburg College in 1896. He earned his doctorate in 1900 at Johns Hopkins University, where he was influenced (at long range) by the work of Gaston Darboux and at shorter range by that of Thomas Craig. During the next two decades, Eisenhart's research focused on moving frames after the French school, but around 1921 took a different turn when he became enamored of the mathematical challenges and entrancing beauty of a new theory of gravitation, Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity.

Eisenhart played a central role in American mathematics in the early twentieth century. He served as chairman of the mathematics department at Princeton University and later as Dean of the Graduate School there from 1933 to 1945.[1] He is widely credited with guiding the development in America of the mathematical background needed for the further development of general relativity, through his influential textbooks and his personal interaction with Albert Einstein, Oswald Veblen, and John von Neumann at the nearby Institute for Advanced Study, as well as with gifted students such as Abraham Haskel Taub.

In the early 40s he chaired the "Reference Committee", formed in June 1940 for editors of scientific journals to send the papers submitted to them, in order to check that the papers did not contain results (especially regarding nuclear physics) whose public knowledge could be detrimental to the US war efforts.[2]

Publications

  • Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler (1923). Transformations of Surfaces. Princeton: Princeton University Press. LCCN 62011699.[3]
  • Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler (1933). Continuous Groups of Transformations. Princeton: Princeton University Press. LCCN 61003361/L.[4]
  • Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler (1926). Riemannian Geometry (PDF). Princeton: Princeton University Press. OCLC 5836010.
  • Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler (1939). Coordinate Geometry.[5]
  • Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler (1927). Non-Riemannian geometry (PDF). New York: American Mathematical Society.[6]
  • Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler (1909). A treatise on the differential geometry of curves and surfaces. Boston: Ginn and Company.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ "History". Princeton University Graduate School. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  2. ^ Henry De Wolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes (The Smyth Report)
  3. ^ Graustein, W. C. (1924). "Review: Transformations of Surfaces, by L. P. Eisenhart". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 30 (8): 454–460. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1924-03949-4.
  4. ^ Wintner, Aurel (1934). "Eisenhart on Continuous Groups". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 40 (5): 366–368. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1934-05836-1.
  5. ^ Hedlund, Gustav A. (1942). "Review: An Introduction to Differential Geometry with Use of the Tensor Calculus, by L. P. Eisenhart". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 48 (1): 18–20. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1942-07607-5.
  6. ^ Thomas, J. M. (1929). "Review: Non-Riemannian Geometry, by L. P. Eisenhart". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 35 (2): 264–267. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1929-04723-2.
  7. ^ Bliss, Gilbert Ames (1911). "Review: A Treatise on the Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, by L. P. Eisenhart". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 17 (9): 470–478. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1911-02104-8.

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by Dod Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University
1929–1945
Succeeded by