Lygdamis I of Halicarnassus


Lygdamis (Greek: Λύγδαμις), who ruled c. 520–484 BCE, was the first tyrant of Caria under the Achaemenid Empire. He was of Carian-Greek ethnicity.[1] He was the father of Artemisia I of Caria.[2]

Coinage of Mylasa, Caria, at the time of Lygdamis, c. 520–490 BCE.

He is the founder of the eponymous Lygdamid dynasty (520–450 BCE) of Carian tyrants, who ruled from Halicarnassus.[3][4]


  1. ^ Penrose, Walter Duvall (2016). Postcolonial Amazons: Female Masculinity and Courage in Ancient Greek and Sanskrit Literature. Oxford University Press. p. 163. ISBN 978-0-19-953337-4.
  2. ^ Egypt and Scythia. Рипол Классик. 1886. p. 5. ISBN 9785874812997.
  3. ^ Hornblower, Simon; Spawforth, Antony; Eidinow, Esther (2012). The Oxford Classical Dictionary. OUP Oxford. p. 387. ISBN 9780199545568.
  4. ^ Newton, Charles Thomas; Pullan, Richard Popplewell (2011). A History of Discoveries at Halicarnassus, Cnidus and Branchidae. Cambridge University Press. p. 811. ISBN 9781108027274.