MPATGM

Summary

Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile
DRDO flight tests MPATGM in the ranges of Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh on September 11, 2019.jpg
MPATGM tested on 11 September 2019
TypeAnti-tank guided missile
Place of originIndia
Production history
DesignerDefence Research and Development Organisation
Designed2005
ManufacturerBharat Dynamics Limited
Specifications
Mass
  • Missile: 14.50 kg (32.0 lb)
  • CLU: 14.25 kg (31.4 lb)[1]
Length1,300 mm (4 ft 3 in)[1]
Diameter120 mm (4.7 in)[1]
Crew2

Effective firing range2,500 m (2.5 km)
SightsDigital sight with laser designator
WarheadTandem-charge HEAT
Blast yieldPenetration: >650 mm on RHA)[2]

EngineDual-thrust rocket with blast tube ejection motor[3]
PropellantSolid fuel
Guidance
system
Imaging infra-red
Launch
platform
Tripod mounted launch tube

The MPATGM,[4] or Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile, is an Indian third-generation fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile derived from Nag ATGM. It is currently under development by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in partnership with Indian defence contractor VEM Technologies Private Limited.[1][5][6]

Design

The MPATGM is a low weight, long cylindrical missile with a group of four fins around its mid-section.[6] It is fitted with high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead.[5] The missile has a length of about 1,300 mm and a diameter of about 120 mm with aluminum and carbon fiber launch tube and collapsible tripod to save on weight.[1][7] It has a weight of 14.5 kg, with its command launch unit (CLU) weighing 14.25 kg which combines a laser designator with digital all-weather sight.[1] It has a range of about 2.5 km.[8]

The MPATGM is equipped with an advanced imaging infrared (IIR) sensor and integrated avionics.[9] The missile has top attack capability.[8] It reportedly share many similarities with systems such as FGM-148 Javelin,[10] and Spike (ATGM).[11]

Development

DRDO started work on a man-portable version of the Nag missile in 2005.[12] Ministry of Defence (MoD) sanctioned the official development of MPATGM on 27 January 2015 with probable completion date around 26 July 2018 at the cost of ₹73.46 crore.[13]

On 20 December 2017, India cancelled a major deal for acquiring the Israeli Spike (ATGM) in favour of the DRDO MPATGM, after deciding that no transfer of technology was needed for the development of MPATGM.[10] However, India reauthorized the deal in January 2018 during a visit of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to India.[14] This deal was cancelled again in June 2019 after DRDO promised to deliver the MPATGM by 2021.[15] However, the Indian Army bought a limited number of Spike (ATGM) to cater for their immediate requirement until the MPATGM is ready for induction.[11] MPATGM user trials were planned for completion by 2020 but postponed due COVID-19 pandemic.[16] Upon induction, MPATGM will replace the second generation MILAN and 9M113 Konkurs from the infantry, parachute and special forces.

Indian defense startup company Tonbo Imaging with Bharat Dynamics is developing a light weight imaging infrared seeker without cryogenic compressor for MPATGM that uses real-time artificial intelligence based image processing unit to help missile reorient itself towards the most vulnerable section of the designated target to increase kill probability.[17]

Production facility

The MPATGM will be manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited at a facility located in Bhanoor, Telangana. This facility was inaugurated on September 29, 2018.[5][18]

Testing

MPATGM tested on September 16, 2018
  • 1st Test: On September 15, 2018, DRDO carried out the first trial of the MPATGM successfully. This trial was followed by another successful trial of the MPATGM on September 16, 2018.[4][8]
  • 2nd Test: On March 13, 2019 DRDO successfully completed Guided Flight Trials (GFT) of MPATGM at Rajasthan desert. It established the top attack mode capability covering a distance of 2,500 m. This was followed by another successful test next day on March 14, 2019.[19][20]
  • 3rd Test: The missile was tested again on 11 September 2019. A man portable tripod launcher was used in the test. The target of the test was a dummy tank, which was hit in top attack mode.[21]
  • 4th Test: After a gap of one year due to COVID-19 lock-down, on 21 July, 2021 DRDO successfully flight tested MPATGM on a target mimicking tank using thermal sight to validate the minimum range on direct attack mode at 200-300 meters. The test was to validate the missile in-flight stability and deployment of guidance mechanism within short distance. With this test, the MPATGM development project is now closer to completion. During this test, the missile used a newly developed light-weight state of the art miniaturized version of IIR seeker.[13][22]

See also

Related development

Missiles of comparable role and configuration

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Dhingra, Jayesh (22 February 2019). "Aero India 2019: DRDO details short-range MPATGM". Jane's Missiles & Rockets. Bangalore: IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  2. ^ Kumar (Retd.), Col. Arun. "Development of Anti-Tank Guided Missile". Q Tech Synergy. Defence ProAc Biz News. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Man-Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile". Ministry of Defence, Government of India. Defence Research & Development Organisation. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Second Flight Test of MPATGM Successful". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 16 September 2018. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  5. ^ a b c Siddiqui, Huma (1 October 2018). "MPATGM: Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile production facility opened at Bharat Dynamics Ltd". The Financial Express. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b Geetanath, V. (14 March 2019). "Anti-tank missile developed by DRDO successfully fired". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  7. ^ "The Indian DRDO Has A Top Attack Missile In The Works". 21st Century Asian Arms Race. 2019-09-12. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  8. ^ a b c Gady, Franz-Stefan (September 16, 2018). "India's DRDO Test Fires Indigenous Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  9. ^ M, Somasekar. "DRDO test fires successfully Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile". Business Line. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  10. ^ a b "India scraps mega Israeli deal for anti-tank missiles in favor of DRDO product" (PDF). Defence Research and Development Organisation. 6 March 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  11. ^ a b Pandit, Rajat (October 4, 2019). "Army inducts Israeli 'tank killers' till DRDO develops indigenous ones". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  12. ^ M. Somasekhar (24 March 2005). "Helicopter version of Nag under way". The Hindu Business Line. Hyderabad. Archived from the original on 2006-11-27. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  13. ^ a b Shukla, Ajai (2021-07-22). "DRDO successfully test-flies indigenously developed 'man-portable ATGM'". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2021-07-25.
  14. ^ Gady, Franz-Stefan. "Report: India Scraps Israel Anti-Tank Guided Missiles Deal (Again)". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  15. ^ Ranjan, Amitav (2019-06-24). "India scraps Israel anti-tank missile deal after DRDO says it will deliver". The Indian Express. New Delhi. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  16. ^ Krishnan M, Anantha (14 February 2020). "INTERVIEW | Youngsters can power India into a defence technology leader: Dr Satheesh Reddy". OnManorama. Retrieved 2021-07-24.
  17. ^ Velayanikal, Malavika (2021-02-15). "Guided missiles homing in with Indian deep tech". mint. Retrieved 2021-02-19.
  18. ^ "Production facility for man-portable anti-tank missiles opened". The Economic Times. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  19. ^ "Twin Success for Man Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  20. ^ "Anti-tank guided missile test-fired successfully". The Economic Times. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  21. ^ "DRDO successfully tests indigenous anti-tank missile". The Hindu. 2019-09-11. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  22. ^ Banerjea, Aparna (21 July 2021). "DRDO successfully flight tests home-grown man-portable anti-tank guided missile". Mint. Retrieved 21 July 2021.

External links

General:

  • Annual Report 2018-19 Ministry of Defence, Government of India