Machaon (mythology)

Summary

Marble torso probably representing the son of Asclepius, Machaon. 2nd century B.C. Ancient Messene museum.

In Greek mythology, Machaon (/məˈk.ən/; Ancient Greek: Μαχάων, romanizedMacháōn) was a son of Asclepius; and the older brother of Podalirius. He and his brother led an army from Tricca in the Trojan War on the side of the Greeks.[1]

Family

Machaon fathered Nicomachus and Gorgasus by Anticleia, daughter of Diocles of Pharae.[2] His other sons were Alexanor,[3] Sphyrus[4] and Polemocrates.[5]

According to Diogenes Laertius's Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, Hermippus, in his book On Aristotle, places Machaon as the son of Asclepius, father of Nicomachus, and ancestor of Aristotle.[6]

Mythology

Both Machaon and Podalirius were highly valued surgeons and medics.[7] In the Iliad he was wounded and put out of action by Paris.[8] Machaon (or his brother) healed Philoctetes, Telephus and Menelaus, after he sustained an arrow at the hand of Pandarus, during the war. He was also supposed to possess herbs which were bestowed to his father Asclepius by Chiron, the centaur.[9]

He was killed by Eurypylus in the tenth year of the war.[10] He was buried in Gerenia in Messenia, where he was worshiped by the people.

Legacy

Mythology

  1. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.729–32.
  2. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 4.30.2
  3. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.11.5, 2.23.4 & 2.38.6
  4. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.23.4
  5. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.38.6
  6. ^ Diogenes Laertius (1925). "Lives of Eminent Philosophers 5.1. Aristotle". doi:10.4159/dlcl.diogenes_laertius-lives_eminent_philosophers_book_v_chapter_1_aristotle.1925. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.273
  8. ^ Homer, Iliad 11.506
  9. ^ Homer, Iliad 4.219
  10. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomerica 6.408
  11. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003) Dictionary of minor planet names, Springer - p.252

References

  • Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers edited by R.D. Hicks. Cambridge. Harvard University Press. 1972 (First published 1925). Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Homer, The Iliad with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. ISBN 978-0674995796. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Homer, Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 1920. ISBN 978-0198145318. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Fall of Troy translated by Way. A. S. Loeb Classical Library Volume 19. London: William Heinemann, 1913. Online version at theio.com
  • Quintus Smyrnaeus, The Fall of Troy. Arthur S. Way. London: William Heinemann; New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 1913. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.