Maenalus (mythology)

Summary

In Greek mythology, Maenalus (Ancient Greek: Μαίναλον or Μαίναλος Mainalos) was an Arcadian prince as one of the 50 sons of the impious King Lycaon[1] either by the naiad Cyllene,[2] Nonacris[3] or by unknown woman. He was the founder of Maenalus which was the most famous of the cities of Arcadia in ancient times.[4]

MythologyEdit

Mainalos and his siblings were the most nefarious and carefree of all people. To test them, Zeus visited them in the form of a peasant. These brothers mixed the entrails of a child into the god's meal, whereupon the enraged king of the gods threw the meal over the table. Maenalus was killed, along with his brothers and their father, by a lightning bolt of the god.[5]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.3.4; Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 481
  2. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae 1.13.1
  3. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.17.6
  4. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.3.4
  5. ^ Apollodorus, 3.8.1

ReferencesEdit

  • Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Dionysus of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities. English translation by Earnest Cary in the Loeb Classical Library, 7 volumes. Harvard University Press, 1937-1950. Online version at Bill Thayer's Web Site
  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitatum Romanarum quae supersunt, Vol I-IV. . Karl Jacoby. In Aedibus B.G. Teubneri. Leipzig. 1885. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.