Saint

Makarije
Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch
Patriarch Makarije, Budisavci, late 17th century.jpg
Makarije, ktitor of Budisavci (1568–71)
ChurchSerbian Orthodox Church
Installed1557
Term ended1571
PredecessorPavle (I)
SuccessorAntonije
Orders
RankPatriarch
Personal details
Birth nameMakarije Sokolović
BornVišegrad
Died1574
NationalitySerb
DenominationOrthodox Christian
Sainthood
Feast day30 August (Julian)
12 September (Gregorian)
Canonizedby Serbian Orthodox Church

Makarije Sokolović (Serbian Cyrillic: Макарије Соколовић ; died 1574) was the Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch from 1557 to 1571. He was the first head of the restored Serbian Patriarchate of Peć, after its lapse in 1463 that resulted from the Ottoman conquest of Serbia.[1] He is variously reported to have been the brother, nephew, or first cousin of the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed-paša Sokolović, who used his influence in the Ottoman Empire to reestablish the Serbian Patriarchate with its seat in Monastery of Peć.[2] Patriarch Makarije is celebrated as a saint in the Serbian Orthodox Church.

Biography

He was born in the 16th century, his family hailing from the Serb clan of Piva in Old Herzegovina. He was a close kinsman of Mehmed-paša Sokolović, the Ottoman Grand Vizier.

Prior to the reestablishment of the Patriarchate, the Serbs were under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Ohrid. Metropolitan of Smederevo Pavle was one of many that did not recognize the current status of Serb Orthodox in the Ottoman Empire, and sought to make the Serbian Church independent once again. Makarije became the first Patriarch of the renewed Serbian Patriarchate of Peć in 1557. The Ottoman Sultan gave Makarije the same rights as the Patriarch of Constantinople.

The jurisdiction of the Patriarchate was the land of the medieval Serbian state, with Bačka, Banat, Baranja, Srem, Slavonia, Bosanska Krajina, Bosna, Lika, Krbava and Dalmatia, and had more than 40 eparchies, with the newly founded Eparchy of Trebinje, Eparchy of Požega, etc.

Among renewed monasteries were Banja Monastery in Priboj, Gračanica, Studenica, the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć, and Budisavci in Kosovo and Metohia. This renewal started a renaissance of the Serb culture in arts and literature.

Because of illness, he was succeeded in 1571, by his fraternal nephew Antonije Sokolović. He died in 1574.

Legacy

He is included in The 100 most prominent Serbs.

References

  1. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 295-297.
  2. ^ Fotić 2008, p. 519-520.

Sources

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Fotić, Aleksandar (2008). "Serbian Orthodox Church". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 519–520.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kašić, Dušan, ed. (1965). Serbian Orthodox Church: Its past and present. 1. Belgrade: Serbian Orthodox Church.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Слијепчевић, Ђоко М. (1962). Историја Српске православне цркве (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). књ. 1. Минхен: Искра.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sotirović, Vladislav B. (2011). "The Serbian Patriarchate of Peć in the Ottoman Empire: The First Phase (1557–94)". Serbian Studies: Journal of the North American Society for Serbian Studies. 25 (2): 143–169.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Београд: Евро.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links

  • Official site of the Serbian Orthodox Church: Serbian Archbishops and Patriarchs
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Pavle I
Serbian Patriarch
1557–1571
Succeeded by
Antonije I