Maksim I
Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch
ChurchSerbian Patriarchate of Peć
SeePatriarchal Monastery of Peć
Installed1655
Term ended1674
PredecessorGavrilo I
SuccessorArsenije III
Personal details
Died1680
Patriarchal Monastery of Peć
NationalityRum Millet (Ottoman)
DenominationEastern Orthodox Christianity
OccupationSpiritual leader of the Serbian Orthodox Church

Maksim I Skopljanac (Serbian Cyrillic: Максим I Скопљанац) (died 29 October 1680) was a Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch between 1655 and 1674. He lived in the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć In 1674, he resigned due to advanced age, and died in 1680.[1]

Metropolitan of Raška

Maksim was born in Skopje, thus his nickname. He was serving as the Metropolitan of Raška when his forerunner, Gavrilo I, escaped to Russia fearing Ottoman reprisals for the contacts he held with Sultan's Catholic enemies. Soon Gavrilo I announced that he does not intend to return and that a new patriarch should be chosen. It is, however, not sure if this was his or the initiative of the High Porte. No matter how strange it was to elect a new patriarch while the current was still alive and well, the Serbian Church needed a leader and it set on electing a new patriarch in great haste.

Gavrilo's departure meant the downfall of the party within the Serbian Church which was set on establishing closer ties to the West. The other camp, bound on retaining good relations with the Ottoman authorities came to power. As Metropolitan Maksim was one of the most active proponents of this policy he was chosen to the patriarchal throne in Peć.

Patriarch

As a patriarch, Maksim abandoned negotiations with Rome and kept away from establishing closer ties to Russia. Two bishops that continued their ties with foreign powers were soon eliminated.

In order to fortify the faith of his flock but also to gather money needed to pay off heavy Ottoman taxes, Maksim traveled a lot from his seat in Peć, visiting almost the regions of his Patriarchate. In 1662 we find him in Samokov, in 1666 he was in Srem, in 1671 in Ovčar-Kablar gorge. He also ventured out of the domain of his Patriarchate and went collecting donation in Wallachia in 1662. Maksim also went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

Despite Sultan's charter, Serbian bishops tried to get under their control the Franciscan Roman Catholic monasteries in Bosnia-Herzegovina. This was done mostly in order to gain more money. Maksim I was a proponent of this policy and in 1661 upon his visit to Livno he was attacked by furious local Catholics and barely managed to save his life.

At his seat in the Monastery of Peć, Maksim ordered the Church of St Nicholas to be fresco painted (1672) after which he built the new dwellings for the monks (1674).

As a learned man and a lover of books, on his frequent journeys Maksim collected old books and manuscripts. Most of the books he donated to Serbian churches and monasteries.

Illness and death

He got sick at the beginning of March 1669 and a few months later Arsenije Crnojević was chosen to be metropolitan of Hvosno (sometimes referred to as the metropolitan of Peć) and became Maksim's coadjutor. He died in October 1680 in Monastery of Peć where he was buried. His sarcophagus, together with his body, still stands in an open porch in front of the church of Saint Nicholas,[2] which he ordered to be repainted. This rather unusual place for a grave is explained by a local legend that says that he chose it himself burdened by guilt of his forerunner's faith.[3]

References

  1. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 303-304.
  2. ^ https://www.mail-archive.com/sim@antic.org/msg32330.html
  3. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oe6tToXHT4c, 23:35 min

Bibliography

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Fotić, Aleksandar (2008). "Serbian Orthodox Church". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 519–520.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kašić, Dušan, ed. (1965). Serbian Orthodox Church: Its past and present. 1. Belgrade: Serbian Orthodox Church.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Слијепчевић, Ђоко М. (1962). Историја Српске православне цркве (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). књ. 1. Минхен: Искра.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Београд: Евро.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Olga Zirojević, Srbija pod turskom vlašću 1459-1804, Belgrade 2007

External links

  • Official site of the Serbian Orthodox Church: Serbian Archbishops and Patriarchs
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Gavrilo I
Serbian Patriarch
1655–1674
Succeeded by
Arsenije III