An image of Mandulis from the Temple of Kalabsha in Nubia

The Temple of Kalabsha in Nubia was dedicated to Mandulis which was a local form of Horus.[1] Mandulis was also worshipped in Egypt, at Philae, where the last known hieroglyphic inscription was made in AD 394 and dedicated to the god.

Mandulis was often depicted wearing an elaborate headdress of ram's horns, cobras and plumes surmounted by sun discs.[2] He was sometimes shown in the form of a hawk, but wearing a human head.[3]


  1. ^ Lorna Oakes, Pyramids, Temples and Tombs of Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Atlas of the Land of the Pharaohs, Hermes House:Anness Publishing Ltd, 2003. p.209
  2. ^ Oakes, p.209
  3. ^ Oakes, p.209

Further reading

  • Nock, Arthur Darby (January 1934). "A Vision of Mandulis Aion". The Harvard Theological Review. 27 (1): 53–104. JSTOR 1508171.