Manikrao Hodlya Gavit
Manikrao Hodlya Gavit ( Marathi: माणिकराव होडल्या गावित) (born 29 October 1934) is an Indian politician from Nandurbar district of Maharashtra, India. A member of the Indian National Congress (INC), he represented the Nandurbar from 1980 to 2014, winning the Indian general elections consecutive nine times, marking a record. 
Gavit served as a member of the
7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th Lok Sabha. In his 14th parliamentary term, he was Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs in the Manmohan Singh government until 6 April 2008, when he was asked to resign.  He alleges that  Indian National Congress President Sonia Gandhi told him that she was under pressure to remove him. He was elected for the consecutive ninth time from the Nandurbar constituency in the 2009 Indian general election.
Gavit had been appointed as a pro tem Speaker of 15th Lok Sabha by President
Pratibha Patil. As pro tem speaker, he performed the Speaker's duties until the election of a new Speaker. He served as Minister of State for the Social Justice department.
 Positions held Edit
Following are some of the Political Affiliations and Representations of Manikrao Gavit.
 1965-71 Member, Navapur Village Panchayat, District. Dhule, Maharashtra
1971-78 Chairman, Social Welfare Committee, Zila Parishad, Dhule, Maharashtra
1978-84 Vice-President, District Congress Committee (Indira) [D.C.C.(I)], District. Dhule, Maharashtra
1980-81 Member, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly; Chairman, Committee on Social Welfare
1981 Elected to the 7th Lok Sabha 1984 Re-elected to the 8th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
1989 Re-elected to the 9th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
1990-91 Member, Committee on Absence of Members from the Sittings of the House
1990-96 Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals
1991 Re-elected to the 10th Lok Sabha (4th term)
1991-93 Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Railways (two terms)
1996 Re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha (5th term)
1998 Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (6th term)
1998-99 Member, Committee on Labour and Welfare
Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
1999 Re-elected to the 13th Lok Sabha (7th term)
1999-2000 Member, Committee on Absence of Members from the Sittings of the House
Member, Committee on Railways
1999-2001 Member, Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
2000-2004 Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
2004 Re-elected to the 14th Lok Sabha (8th term)
23 May 2004 Union Minister of State, Home Affairs
2009 Re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha (9th term)
1 June 2009 Pro-tem Speaker
31 August 2009 Member, Committee on Rural Development
7 October 2009 Chairman, Committee on Ethics
22 July 2013 Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment. 
2014 general elections, Manikrao Gavit lost the Nandurbar seat to Heena Gavit by a margin of 106905 votes.  References Edit
"Lok Sabha veterans with a difference". . 23 April 2004 The Times of India . Retrieved . 12 December 2020
"Eight-term MP Gavit threatens to leave Congress". The New Indian Express . Retrieved . 30 March 2021
^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090601100839/http://www.hindu.com/2009/05/31/stories/2009053150270100.htm Gavit appointed as pro tem Speaker.
"Shri Manikrao H. Gavit Takes Charge as Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment". punarbhava.in. Archived from the original on 31 December 2016.
"Constituency-wise results for Lok Sabha Elections 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014 . Retrieved . 16 May 2014 External links Edit
Official biographical sketch in Parliament of India website