Location of Mardin Province in Turkey
|• Electoral district||Mardin|
|• Governor||Mahmut Demirtaş|
|• Metropolitan Mayor||Ahmet Turk (HDP)|
|• Total||8,891 km2 (3,433 sq mi)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
Mardin Province (Turkish: Mardin ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mêrdînê, Classical Syriac: ܡܪܕܐ, Arabic: محافظة ماردين), is a province of Turkey with a population of 809,719 in 2017. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin (Classical Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ "Mardin" Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located in southeastern Turkey near the traditional geographical boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed of Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian people, with Kurds forming the majority of the province's population. A recent study from 2013 has shown that 40% of Mardin Province's population identify as Arabs, and this proportion increases to 49% in Mardin and 48% in Midyat, where Arabs form the majority.
The first known civilization were the Subarian-Hurrians who were then succeeded in 3000 BCE by the Hurrians. The Elamites gained control around 2230 BCE and were followed by the Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Romans and Byzantines.
The local Assyrians/Syriacs, while reduced due to the Assyrian Massacres and conflicts between the Kurds and Turks, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 200) in the provincial capital.
In 1927 the office of the Inspector General was created, which governed with martial law. The province was included in the First Inspectorate-General (Turkish: Birinci Umumi Müfettişlik) over which the Inspector General ruled. The Inspectorate-General span over the provinces of Hakkâri, Siirt, Van, Mardin, Bitlis, Sanlıurfa, Elaziğ and Diyarbakır. The Inspectorate General were dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party. The Mardin province was also included in a wider military zone in 1928, in which the entrance to the zone was forbidden for foreigners until 1965.
Mardin province is divided into 10 districts (capital district in bold):
Minaret of the Grand Mosque of Mardin (12th century) and the view of the Mesopotamian plains.
Kasimiye Madrasa (14th century)
Zinciriye Madrasa (14th century)
View of Savur and the grand mosque in the center
Abdullatif Mosque (14th century)
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