Mark Webley


Mark Webley (born November 1963[1]) is a video game developer, known for working with developers such as Peter Molyneux and Gary Carr for Bullfrog Productions and later Lionhead Studios (which he co-founded) on projects including Theme Hospital and Black & White. In 2012, he took over as head of Lionhead after Molyneux left, and in 2016, he founded a studio called Two Point Studios with Carr, which has signed a publishing deal with Sega.

Mark Webley
BornNovember 1963 (age 58)
OccupationVideo game developer
Known for
Notable work


Webley began working with Molyneux in 1992.[2] He was a programmer on Theme Park,[3] and headed a department at Bullfrog responsible for porting games to other platforms.[4][5] He later became a designer, programmer, and project leader of Theme Hospital.[5][6][7] Although he was new to making original games, he picked the project from a list provided by Molyneux.[5] For research, he and Carr visited hospitals such as the Royal Surrey County Hospital and Frimley Park Hospital.[5][6] During a visit to Frimley Park, they were watching an operation when they made a fuss and distracted the surgeon, who called the pair "bloody idiots" and ordered them out.[5][6] It was around this time when it was decided that the game should not be realistic,[5] but Webley did not initially like the idea of using made up ailments.[8] Webley improved an animation editor written by Molyneux and called it the Complex Engine.[5]

Webley held weekly meetings at a pub, in which he provided lists of tasks.[5][6] It was realised that the game was complete during one such meeting,[6] and it was released in 1997 to widespread critical acclaim:[5][6] it sold four million copies, remained in the charts (it reached number one) for over a decade.[5][6] According to Steve Jackson, Webley was "chuffed to bits" about Theme Hospital's success.[9] The game also attracted some controversy: there was an article in The Daily Telegraph that said "Sick computer game used by British Medical Association to train senior management", NHS bosses complained about the game, and there was a mention in the Houses of Parliament.[5][6] Webley appeared on some radio programmes to defend against these claims.[5][6]

After Theme Hospital, Webley co-founded Lionhead Studios with Molyneux, Jackson, and Tim Rance. Webley and Molyneux came up with the name, which the company shared with Webley's pet hamster. The hamster died shortly afterwards, and the studio was briefly renamed Red Eye Studios, but the name was shortly thereafter reverted to Lionhead.[10] Around this time, Molyneux described Webley as "one of the best people in the industry".[11] Webley worked on Black & White as a programmer and project manager,[12] and also provided voices for the Missionary Song on the game's first island along with Russell Shaw.[13] Before he became the project manager, he worked on the creature's artificial intelligence on a testbed version.[14][15]

On 3 May 2011, Webley was elected as a director to The Independent Game Developers' Association board.[16] By this time, he was Lionhead's chief operating officer.[16][17]

In 2012, following Molyneux's departure from the company, Webley became head of Lionhead,[18] He quit and was replaced by Scott Henson the following year.[19] In 2016, Webley founded Two Point Studios with Carr.[20][21] The following year, on 30 May, it was announced that the company had signed a publishing deal with Sega for a game revealed on 16 January 2018 to be Two Point Hospital, a spiritual successor to Theme Hospital.[22][23]

In 2011, Molyneux believed that Webley was worthy of Game Developers Choice Awards' Lifetime Achievement honour.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

As of July 1997, Webley is Peter Molyneux's brother-in-law.[11][24]


  1. ^ "Mark Lawrence WEBLEY". Companies House. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b Rob Crossley (10 March 2011). "Take a bow Russell Shaw, Paul McLaughlin, Gary Carr and Mark Webley". Develop. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  3. ^ Bullfrog (1994). "Credits". Theme Park Manual (PC ed.). Slough: Electronic Arts. p. 77.
  4. ^ "Lionhead Studios". Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The Making of Theme Hospital". Retro Gamer. No. 130. Bournemouth: Imagine Publishing. June 2014. pp. 46–51. ISSN 1742-3155.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Behind The Scenes Theme Hospital". GamesTM. No. 113. September 2011. pp. 128–131. ISSN 1478-5889.
  7. ^ "Hospital Update". Bullfrog Bulletin. No. 3. Guildford: Bullfrog Productions. 1996. p. 11.
  8. ^ Julian Benson (29 June 2017). "How the makers of Theme Hospital made hospital wards and diseases funny". PCGamesN. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  9. ^ Steve Jackson (February 1998). "The Lionhead Diaries". The Lionhead Diaries. PC Zone. No. 60. London: Dennis Publishing. p. 60. ISSN 0967-8220.
  10. ^ James Leach; Christian Bravery (2001). The Making of Black & White. Prima Games. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-7615-3625-3.
  11. ^ a b "An Audience With Peter Molyneux". audience. Edge. No. 47. Bath: Future plc. July 1997. pp. 22–27. ISSN 1350-1593.
  12. ^ James Leach; Christian Bravery (2001). The Making of Black & White. Prima Games. pp. 95, 96. ISBN 978-0-7615-3625-3.
  13. ^ James Leach; Christian Bravery (2001). The Making of Black & White. Prima Games. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-7615-3625-3.
  14. ^ Steve Jackson (January 1999). "Bug-Busting". The Lionhead Diaries. PC Zone. No. 72. London: Dennis Publishing. pp. 168, 169. ISSN 0967-8220.
  15. ^ Steve Jackson (November 1998). "Black & White, enfin!". Génération 4 (in French). No. 116. pp. 84, 85. ISSN 1624-1088.
  16. ^ a b "TIGA Welcomes New Board Members". TIGA. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  17. ^ Griffin McElroy (13 March 2012). "Former Sony exec Phil Harrison takes over Microsoft's European Game Studios". Polygon. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  18. ^ Ben Parfitt (7 March 2012). "Peter Molyneux quits Lionhead and Microsoft". MCV. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  19. ^ Matt Martin (10 January 2013). "Scott Henson takes head of operations role at Xbox, overseeing Lionhead". Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  20. ^ "SEGA ® Europe Ltd. announce publishing partnership with Two Point Studios". Gamasutra. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  21. ^ Stephanie Chan (30 May 2017). "Sega Europe's partnership with Two Point Studios is another sign of its PC growth". VentureBeat. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  22. ^ Joe Donnelly (30 May 2017). "Sega announces publishing partnership with Lionhead and Bullfrog veterans". PC Gamer. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Theme Hospital creators announce Two Point Hospital". Metro. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  24. ^ Geoff Keighley. "The Final Hours Of Black & White". GameSpot. GameSpot. p. 4. Archived from the original on 9 November 2001. Retrieved 26 September 2017.

External linksEdit