Maryland Pressed Steel Company

Summary

Maryland Pressed Steel Company was an American aircraft manufacturer of the Bellanca CD, and CE aircraft.[1]

Maryland Pressed Steel Company
IndustryLight Aircraft Production
FoundedMarch 15, 1915
Headquarters,
United States of America
Key people
Giuseppe Mario Bellanca
ParentPoole Engineering and Machine Co - 1916
Footnotes / references
The New York & Hagerstown Metal Stamping Co was reorganized into the Maryland Pressed Steel Company in 1914.

The New York & Hagerstown Metal Stamping Co manufactured arms for the British and was reorganized into the Maryland Pressed Steel Company in 1914. In 1916, the Poole Engineering and Machine Co acquired the company as a division.[2] The company produced arms for the wartime effort. The company attempted to break into the lucrative aircraft production field with the foundation of their Aircraft Department.

In 1917 during World War I, designer Giuseppe Mario Bellanca was hired to build six aircraft for the company in its factory at Hagerstown, Maryland.[3] The two passenger 35 hp CD model biplanes were demonstrated at Towson, Maryland in August 1918[4] in an attempt to win a military contract. The 55 hp CE aircraft were advertised at a cost of $3500, but only one was produced after the war's end. Bellanca announced in May 1920 that it could not produce aircraft due to a shortage of engines from France.[5] In 1921 The airplane business was sold to Bellanca and partner Victor Roos from Omaha, Nebraska forming the Roos-Bellanca Company. Bellanca left for Wright Aeronautical updating the CF design into the famous Wright WB-2, which was sold to the Columbia Aircraft Corp. Bellanca continued to produce aircraft with his own companyAviaBellanca Aircraft.[6]

At the end of World War I, the company lost its contracts, switching production to wire wheels. It then went into receivership, where it was sold to R.J. Funkhouser & Co., who subsequently sold it to the M.P. Moller Motor Car Co. The 355,000 square feet (33,000 m2) Hagerstown plant had a series of previous owners including the Crawford Bicycle Co, American Bicycle Co., Pope Manufacturing Company, and Montrose Metal Casket Company.[7]

AircraftEdit

Model name First flight Number built Type
Bellanca CD 1919 6 Tractor Biplane
Bellanca CE 1919 1 Tractor Biplane

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sport Aviation. August 1990. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "M.P. Moller Motor Car Company, 1923-1938 - Hagerstown, Maryland".
  3. ^ Donald M. Pattillo. A History in the Making: 80 Turbulent Years in the American General Aviation Industry. p. 22.
  4. ^ Compressed Air. August 1918. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Aerial Age: 398. 31 May 1920. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Friends of Bellanca".
  7. ^ "M.P. Moller Motor Car Company, 1923-1938 - Hagerstown, Maryland".

BibliographyEdit