Matsuda, Kanagawa

Summary

Matsuda (松田町, Matsuda-machi) is a town located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 10,514 and a population density of 280 persons per km².[1] The total area of the town is 37.75 square kilometres (14.58 sq mi).

Matsuda
松田町
Overview of Matsuda Town
Overview of Matsuda Town
Flag of Matsuda
Official seal of Matsuda
Location of Matsuda in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Matsuda in Kanagawa Prefecture
Matsuda is located in Japan
Matsuda
Matsuda
 
Coordinates: 35°21′N 139°8′E / 35.350°N 139.133°E / 35.350; 139.133Coordinates: 35°21′N 139°8′E / 35.350°N 139.133°E / 35.350; 139.133
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa
DistrictAshigarakami
Area
 • Total37.75 km2 (14.58 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2021)
 • Total10,514
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeNandina
• FlowerCosmos
• BirdJapanese wagtail
Phone number0465-83-1221
Address2037 Shoryo, Matsuda-machi, Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa-ken 258-8585
WebsiteOfficial website
Matsuda Town Hall

GeographyEdit

Matsuda is located in hilly western Kanagawa Prefecture. The Sakawa River, Kawaoto River, Nakatsu River and their tributaries form the outline of the town. In the north, the 1,200m-class high peaks of the Nishi-Tanzawa Mountains, with parts of the town within the borders of the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Kanagawa Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Matsuda has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Matsuda is 12.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2144 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.6 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Matsuda peaked in around 1990 and has been declining since.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 5,483—    
1930 7,200+31.3%
1940 7,809+8.5%
1950 10,041+28.6%
1960 10,389+3.5%
1970 11,875+14.3%
1980 12,601+6.1%
1990 13,097+3.9%
2000 12,987−0.8%
2010 11,679−10.1%

HistoryEdit

During the Edo period area around present-day Matsuda was part of Odawara Domain in Sagami Province. After the Meiji Restoration, it became part of Ashigarakami District in Kanagawa Prefecture. On April 1, 1889 Ashikagakami District was administratively divided into several villages, including the villages of Yadoriki and Matsuda, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. The growth of Matsuda was favored by the opening of Matsuda Station the same year, and it attained town status on April 1, 1909. Shin-Matsuda Station opened in 1927. On April 1, 1955, Yadoriki merged into Matsuda. A new town charter was promulgated in 1989, leading to the "Matsuda Plan 21" in the year 2001.

GovernmentEdit

Matsuda has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 12 members. Matsuda, together with the other municipalities in Ashigarakami District and Minamiashigara city, collectively contributes one member to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Kanagawa 17th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EducationEdit

Matsuda has two public elementary schools and two public middle schools operated by the town government. The town does not have any public high school, but there is one private high school.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

  JR TokaiGotemba Line

  Odakyū Odawara Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Some local attractions include Sakawa River fishing, Tanzawa Mountain Range hiking, paragliding and camping, and blueberry, tangerine and sweet potato harvesting. Other attractions include the local matsuri, the Matsudayama Herb Garden, Children's Museum, Nature Hall, the ridable miniature railway, the Yadoriki Petting Zoo & Dog Park, Yadoriki Fishing Area, two golf courses, and the Matsuda Health & Welfare Center onsen.

EventsEdit

  • Matsuda Sakura Festival (late February)
  • Wakaba Festival (May 5)
  • Herb Festival (June and October)
  • Yadoriki Hotaru (Firefly) Festival (June)
  • Matsuda Tourism Festival (August)
  • Emmei Temple Festival (December 28)

Sister city relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Matsuda town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Matsuda climate data
  3. ^ Matsuda population statistics

External linksEdit

  • Official Website (in Japanese)