Mediterranean Revival is an architectural style introduced in the United States in the waning nineteenth century variously incorporating references from Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Colonial, Italian Renaissance, French Colonial, Beaux-Arts, Arabic Andalusian architecture, and Venetian Gothic architecture.
Peaking in popularity during the 1920s and 1930s, the movement drew heavily on the style of
palaces and seaside villas and applied them to the rapidly expanding coastal resorts of Florida and California.
Structures are typically based on a rectangular floor plan, and feature massive, symmetrical primary façades.
Stuccoed walls, red tiled roofs, windows in the shape of arches or circles, one or two stories, wood or wrought iron balconies with window grilles, and articulated door surrounds are characteristic.   Keystones were occasionally employed. Ornamentation may be simple or dramatic. Lush gardens often appear.
The style was most commonly applied to hotels, apartment buildings, commercial structures, and residences. Architects
August Geiger and Addison Mizner were foremost in Florida, while Bertram Goodhue, Sumner Spaulding, and Paul Williams were in California.
There are also examples of this architectural style in
Cuba, such as the Hotel Nacional de Cuba, in Havana.
, and built in 1927 to house the Washington Storage Company, the
building opened to the public as a museum and research center in 1995.
E. W. Marland Mansion in Ponca City, Oklahoma, completed in 1928
Hayes Mansion in San Jose, California, completed in 1905 Rose Crest Mansion (Currently a portion of
The Mary Louis Academy) in Jamaica Estates, New York, completed in 1909
Delaware and Hudson Passenger Station, Lake George, New York, 1909–1911
Villa Vizcaya in Miami, Florida, completed in 1914
Presidio building in San Francisco, California, completed in 1912 The
Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California, 1921 (demolished)
Allouez Pump House in Allouez, Wisconsin, 1925
Freedom Tower in Miami, Florida, completed in 1925
The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror in Walt Disney World, Orlando, Florida. 1994
Vinoy Park Hotel in St. Petersburg, Florida, completed in 1925
Snell Arcade in St. Petersburg, Florida. 1925
Boca Raton Resort & Club in Boca Raton, Florida, completed in 1926
Miami-Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables, Florida, completed in 1926
Fort Harrison Hotel in Clearwater, Florida, completed in 1926
Cà d'Zan, former John Ringling estate in Sarasota, Florida, completed in 1926
Francis Marion Stokes Fourplex in Portland, Oregon, completed in 1926
Florida Theatre in Jacksonville, Florida, completed in 1927
Pasadena City Hall in Pasadena, California, 1927 Gaia Apartment Building in
Berkeley, California, 2001
Nottingham Cooperative, 1927, Madison, Wisconsin Greenacres (Former
Harold Lloyd Estate) in Beverly Hills, California, completed in 1928
Don CeSar Hotel, St. Pete Beach, Florida, completed in 1928
Beverly Shores Railroad Station, 1928
Catalina Casino in Avalon, California, completed May 29, 1929
Port Washington Fire Engine House in Wisconsin, completed in 1929
Casa Casuarina (Versace Mansion, now known as The Villa By Barton G.) in Miami Beach, Florida, 1930
Santa Fe Railway depot in Fullerton, California, completed 1930
Town Club (Portland, Oregon), completed 1931
Beverly Hills City Hall, Beverly Hills, California, 1932
Cooley High School, Detroit, Michigan, built in 1928
Sunrise Theatre, Fort Pierce, Florida, built in 1922 The Church of Scientology's
Flag Building, Clearwater, Florida, completed in 2011
Plymouth County Hospital, a tuberculosis sanatorium in Hanson, Massachusetts. Completed in 1919 The
Wolfsonian-FIU, in Miami Beach, Florida, 1927 The L. Ron Hubbard House, Washington, D.C., built in 1904
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mediterranean Revival architecture. References
Harris, Cyril M. (1998). . New York, NY [u.a.]: Norton. p. 211. American Architecture: An Illustrated Encyclopedia ISBN 0393730298.
"Colorful, Exotic and Bold Lines Define the Mediterranean House Plan". The Plan Collection . Retrieved . August 1, 2015
Gustafson, Lee and Phil Serpico (1999). Santa Fe Coast Lines Depots: Los Angeles Division. Acanthus Press, Palmdale, CA. ISBN 0-88418-003-4.
Newcomb, Rexford (1992). Mediterranean Domestic Architecture for the United States. Hawthorne Printing Company, New York, NY. ISBN 0-926494-13-9.
Signor, John R. (1997). Southern Pacific Lines: Pacific Lines Stations, Volume 1. Southern Pacific Historical and Technical Society, Pasadena, CA. ISBN 0-9657208-4-5. Nolan, David.
The Houses of St. Augustine. Sarasota, Pineapple Press, 1995. Nylander, Justin A. (2010). Casas to Castles: Florida's Historic Mediterranean Revival Architecture. Schiffer publishing. ISBN 978-0-7643-3435-1.