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Michael Christopher Wendl

## Summary

Michael Christopher Wendl is a mathematician and biomedical engineer who has worked on DNA sequencing theory,[3] covering and matching problems in probability, theoretical fluid mechanics, and co-wrote Phred.[4] He was a scientist on the Human Genome Project and has done bioinformatics and biostatistics work in cancer. Wendl is of ethnic German heritage and is the son of the aerospace engineer Michael J. Wendl.[5]

Michael Wendl
NationalityAmerican
Known forPhred base calling
Couette flow[1]
DNA sequencing theory
Scientific career
FieldsComputational biology
Probability
Doctoral advisorRamesh K. Agarwal[2]
Websitewendl.weebly.com

## Research Work

### Theoretical Fluid Mechanics

The problem of low Reynolds number flow in the gap between 2 infinite cylinders, so-called Couette flow, was solved in 1845 by Stokes.[6] Wendl reported the generalization of this solution for finite-length cylinders,[1][7] which can actually be built for experimental work, in 1999, as a series of modified Bessel functions ${\displaystyle I_{1}}$  and ${\displaystyle K_{1}}$ . He also examined a variety of other low Reynolds number rotational devices and shear-driven devices, including a general form of the unsteady disk flow problem, for which the velocity profile is:[8]

${\displaystyle u(r,z,t)=\Re \left(e^{i\sigma t}\left[{\frac {r\cdot \sinh(1+i)\beta z}{\sinh(1+i)\beta \phi }}\right]+{\frac {2}{\phi }}\sum _{j=1}^{\infty }{\frac {(-1)^{j}\cdot \alpha _{j}^{2}\cdot \sin(\alpha _{j}z)\cdot I_{1}\left({\sqrt {iR\sigma +\alpha _{j}^{2}}}r\right)}{(iR\sigma +\alpha _{j}^{2})\cdot I_{1}\left({\sqrt {iR\sigma +\alpha _{j}^{2}}}\right)}}\right)}$

where ${\displaystyle \sigma }$ , ${\displaystyle R}$ , ${\displaystyle \beta }$ , and ${\displaystyle \phi }$  are physical parameters, ${\displaystyle \alpha _{j}}$  are eigen-values, and ${\displaystyle (r,z,t)}$  are coordinates. This result united prior-published special cases for steady flow, infinite disks, etc.[8]

### Covering and Matching Problems in Probability

Wendl examined a number of matching and covering problems in combinatorial probability, especially as these problems apply to molecular biology. He determined the distribution of match counts of pairs of integer multisets in terms of Bell polynomials,[9] a problem directly relevant to physical mapping of DNA. Prior to this, investigators had used a number of ad-hoc quantifiers, like the Sulston score, which idealized match trials as being independent. His result for the multiple-group birthday proposition[10] solves various related "collision problems", e.g. some types of P2P searching.[11] He has also examined a variety of 1-dimensional covering problems (see review by Cyril Domb[12]), generalizing the basic configuration to forms relevant to molecular biology.[13][14] His covering investigation of rare DNA variants with Richard K. Wilson[15] played a role in designing the 1000 Genomes Project.[16]

### Bioinformatics and Biostatistics

Wendl co-wrote Phred, a widely used DNA trace analyzer that converted raw output stream of early DNA sequence machines to sequence strings.[17][18] He has also contributed extensively to biostatistical analysis of cancer studies.[19][20]

## Personal life

Wendl's heritage is ethnic German, originating from the Banat region of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire and he is the son of the aerospace engineer Michael J. Wendl.[5] He is married to the former Pamela Bjerkness of Chicago[21]