Michigan's 9th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Andy Levin
DBloomfield Township
Population (2010)705,975
Median income$58,742[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+4[2]

Michigan's 9th congressional district is located in parts of Oakland and Macomb counties in the southeast areas of the U.S. state of Michigan. It includes the communities of Ferndale, Royal Oak, Hazel Park, St.Clair Shores, Warren, Bloomfield, and Sterling Heights.

Recent election results from statewide races

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 43%
2000 President Bush 51 - 47%
2004 President Bush 51 - 49%
2008 President Obama 56 - 43%
2012 President Obama 57 - 42%
2016 President Clinton 52 - 44%

History

Prior to 1992 the 9th congressional district did not overlap at all with the one that existed after 1992. It largely corresponded to the later Michigan's 2nd congressional district, covering most of the west coast counties starting with Muskegon and taking in a portion of Grand Traverse County. It also included about half of Ottawa County, Montcalm County, half of Ionia County, and two eastern townships of Kent County, Michigan.

The district from 1992 to 2002 was largely based in Pontiac and Flint–essentially, the successor of the old 7th District. The strong Democratic voting record in Flint and Pontiac compensated for the largely Republican leaning of most of the rest of the district's area.

In 2002, this district essentially became the 5th District, while the 9th was reconfigured to take in most of the Oakland County portion of the old 11th District. The only areas that survived in the 9th congressional district across the 2002 redistricting were Pontiac, Waterford, Auburn Hills, some of Orion Township, Oakland Township, Rochester and Rochester Hills. This district was for all intents and purposes the one eliminated by the 2012 redistricting. Portions of it were reassigned to four different districts, all of which largely preserved other former districts. The current 9th is mostly the successor of the old 12th District.

Andy Levin was elected on November 6th and is congressman.

Cities, townships, and villages

Cities

Townships

Villages

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1873
Jay Abel Hubbell - Brady-Handy.jpg Jay A. Hubbell Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1883 43rd
44th
45th
46th
47th
ByronMacCutcheon.jpg Byron M. Cutcheon Republican March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1891 48th
49th
50th
51st
Harrison H Wheeler.jpg Harrison H. Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1893 52nd
JohnWMoon.jpg John W. Moon Republican March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1895 53rd
Roswell P. Bishop (Michigan Congressman).jpg Roswell P. Bishop Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1907 54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
James C. McLaughlin (Michigan Congressman).jpg James C. McLaughlin[3] Republican March 4, 1907 - November 29, 1932 60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Died
Vacant November 29, 1932 –
March 4, 1933
No image.svg Harry W. Musselwhite Democratic March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
Albert J Engel 24461r.jpg Albert J. Engel Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
Ruth Thompson.jpg Ruth Thompson Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1957 82nd
83rd
84th
Robert Paul Griffin.jpg Robert P. Griffin[4] Republican January 3, 1957 - May 11, 1966 85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Resigned after being appointed to the US Senate
Vacant May 11, 1966 –
November 8, 1966
Guy Vander Jagt.png Guy Vander Jagt[4] Republican November 8, 1966 - January 3, 1993 89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Dale kildee.JPG Dale Kildee[5] Democratic January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2003 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Redistricted from the 7th district, Redistricted to the 5th district
Joe knollenberg.jpg Joe Knollenberg Republican January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2009 108th
109th
110th
Redistricted from the 11th district
U.S. Rep. Gary Peters 2013 Official Photo.jpg Gary Peters Democratic January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2013 111th
112th
Redistricted to the 14th district
Sander Levin, Official Portrait.JPG Sander Levin Democratic January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2019 113th
114th
115th
Redistricted from the 12th district
Andy Levin, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Andy Levin Democratic January 3, 2019 - Present 116th

Elections

House Election 2014: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 136,342 60.39% -1.51
Republican George Brikho 81,470 36.09% +2.09
Libertarian Gregory Creswell 4,792 2.12% +0.22
Green John V. McDermott 3,153 1.54% +0.14
Majority 136,342 60.39% -1.51
Turnout 337,316
House Election 2012: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 208,846 61.9% +1
Republican Don Volaric 114,760 34% -1%
Libertarian Jim Fulner 6,100 1.8% N/A
Green Julia Williams 4,708 1.4% N/A
Independent Les Townsend 2,902 0.9% N/A
Majority 208,846 61.9% +1
Turnout 337,316
House Election 2010: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 125,730 49.8% -2.2%
Republican Rocky Raczkowski 119,325 47.2% +4.2%
Libertarian Adam Goodman 2,601 1.0% -0.4%
Green Douglas Campbell 2,484 1.0% -0.4%
Independent Bob Gray 1,866 0.7% N/A
Independent Matthew Kuofie 644 0.3% N/A
Plurality 125,730 49.8%
Turnout 252,650
House Election 2008: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Gary Peters 184,098 52% +6%
Republican Joe Knollenberg (incumbent) 150,574 43% -9%
Independent Jack Kevorkian 9,047 2.6% +2.6%
Libertarian Adam Goodman 4,937 1.4% +0.4%
Green Douglas Campbell 4,800 1.4% +0.4%
Majority 184,098 52%
Turnout 353,456
House Election 2006: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Joe Knollenberg (incumbent) 142,279 52%
Democratic Nancy Skinner 127,651 46%
Libertarian Adam Goodman 3,698 1%
Green Abel 2,466 1%
Majority 14,628 6%
Turnout 276,094

Living former Members

As of July 2019, there are three living former members. The most recent representative to die was Joe Knollenberg (served 2003–2009) on February 6, 2018.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Dale Kildee 1993–2003 (1929-09-16) September 16, 1929 (age 90)
Gary Peters 2009–2013 (1958-12-01) December 1, 1958 (age 61)
Sander Levin 2013–2019 (1931-09-06) September 6, 1931 (age 88)

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=09
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ James C. McLaughlin died November 29, 1932; the vacancy was not filled.
  4. ^ a b Robert P. Griffin resigned on May 10, 1966, to be appointed the following day to the United States Senate to fill vacancy caused by the death of Patrick V. McNamara; Guy Vander Jagt was elected simultaneously in a special election November 8, 1966, to fill the unexpired term in the 89th and for a full term in the 90th Congress.
  5. ^ Dale Kildee now represents the 5th District.

District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

References

  • Gary Peters's webpage
  • Govtrack.us for the 9th District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
  • The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807-2003
  • U.S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 42°31′47″N 83°03′17″W / 42.52972°N 83.05472°W / 42.52972; -83.05472