Middle Island, New York
U.S. Census map
|• Total||0.8 sq mi (2 km2)|
|• Land||8.3 sq mi (21.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||82 ft (25 m)|
|• Density||14,000/sq mi (5,200/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0957111|
Middle Island is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Suffolk County, New York, United States. The population was 10,483 at the 2010 census. It is situated between the hamlets of Coram and Ridge, to the west and east, respectively, and Rocky Point and Yaphank to the north and south. The name derives from the fact that it lies approximately halfway between the eastern and western ends of Long Island (Montauk Point and the East River) as well as halfway between the northern and southern boundaries (the Long Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean).
Middle Island is a community in the Town of Brookhaven served by the Longwood Central School District, which at 58 square miles (150 km2) is the largest school district on Long Island. The Longwood Public Library is located in Middle Island.
Parks within Middle Island include Cathedral Pines County Park (formerly a Boy Scout camp) and the adjacent Prosser Pines County Park. Middle Island is surrounded by three public golf courses. Middle Island Country Club and Spring Lake Golf Club are both within Middle Island; Mill Pond Golf Course is just to the south, in Yaphank.
Middle Island is located at (40.885095, −72.943452).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.3 square miles (21.5 km2), of which 8.2 square miles (21.3 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.71%, is water.
Middle Island has many lakes such as Spring Lake, Artist Lake, and Pine Lake (which has a new dock). Middle Island also contains the headwaters of the Carmans River, which originally began at Pfeiffer's Pond on the northeast corner of NY 25 and Old Middle Island Road, but now begins within Cathedral Pines County Park.
The European-American history of Middle Island goes back at least to 1766, when the first Presbyterian church was built. Rev. David Rose, who was also a doctor and a pastor of the South Haven church, covered his immense parish on horseback. He filled his saddle bags with Bibles and medicines to minister to his frontier congregation. In 1766 the parish opened a cemetery just across from the church.
Around the same time, a veteran of the French and Indian War named Jonathan Edwards who admired the white pine trees of Quebec swiped the seedlings for himself and began planting them along what is today Middle Island-Miller Place Road. Many of these pine trees were spread throughout the community. A local farmer named William Dayton swiped some of the pine cones from the site of the original plantings in 1812 and brought them to his farm south of what is today Middle Country Road, towards an area of Yaphank-Middle Island Road north of Longwood Road. The area near the William Davis farmstead is now part of Prosser Pines and Cathedral Pines County Parks.
The first schoolhouse was built in 1813 east of the church. In 1837, a new church was built just to the rear of the older one. It served the community for 200 years until the new Christian Education building was built at the Longwood Estate in 1966.
Middle Island gained an influx of Estonian refugees during the 1940s and 1950s mainly around the Pine Lake area.
For over 100 years (until it was burned down in 1971), Pfeiffer's Store was a center of activity for Middle Island and surrounding communities. A nearby lake, known as Corwin's Pond, was renamed "Artist Lake" after painter Alonzo Chappel settled there in 1869.
As of the 2000 census, there were 9,702 people, 3,720 households, and 2,548 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,175.9 per square mile (454.1/km²). There were 3,900 housing units at an average density of 472.7/sq mi (182.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.45% White, 7.58% African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.44% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.92% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.87% of the population.
Of the 3,720 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
Middle Island has a very lively nightlife with a very diverse choice of food. They have food such as Italian, Greek, Chinese, and Mexican dishes. Many of theses restaurants have joint bars where there's plenty of places to go to for the night life. 
The median income for a household in the CDP was $50,818, and the median income for a family was $58,171. Males had a median income of $41,618 versus $30,516 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,129. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Middle Island CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Pfeiffer's Pond; Source of the Carmans River (Longwood's Journey) Archived 2012-04-06 at the Wayback Machine
- W. Dayton House (Longwood's Journey)
- "The Estonians of Middle Island" by Julie Koello September, 2000 (Longwood's Journey)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Middle Island History (Longwood Public Library)
- Cathedral Pines County Park (Flickr)