Mikhailo Lomonosov (satellite)

Summary

Mikhailo topan(MVL-300)
Maquete satellite MVL-300 (Mikhailo Lomonosov) DSC 0071.JPG
A model of the Mikhailo Lomonosov
Mission typeAstronomy
OperatorMSU
COSPAR ID2016-026A
SATCAT no.41464
Websitelomonosov.sinp.msu.ru
Mission durationPlanned: 3 years[1]
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerVNIIEM
Launch mass620 kg (1,370 lb)[1]
Payload mass170 kg (370 lb)[1]
Power~300 W[1]
Start of mission
Launch date28 April 2016, 02:01 UTC
RocketSoyuz-2.1a/Volga
Launch siteVostochny Site 1S
ContractorRoscosmos
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeSun-synchronous
Semi-major axis6,856 kilometers (4,260 mi)[2]
Perigee altitude478.2 km (297.1 mi)[2]
Apogee altitude492.9 km (306.3 mi)[2]
Inclination97.3 degrees[2]
Period94.2 minutes[2]
 

Mikhailo Lomonosov (MVL-300, or Mikhailo, or more commonly Lomonosov) is an astronomical satellite operated by Moscow State University (MSU) named after Mikhail Lomonosov.[4]

Mission

The objective of the mission is the observation of gamma-ray bursts, high-energy cosmic rays and transient phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere.[4]

Launch

The mission launch was initially planned for 2011 when 300 years since the birthday of Mikhail Lomonosov was celebrated.[5] After several postponements the mission was finally launched on 28 April 2016 from Vostochny Cosmodrome by the Soyuz 2.1a launch vehicle.[6]

Scientific payload

The spacecraft is equipped with seven scientific instruments:[7][8]

  • Tracking Ultraviolet Set Up system (TUS) was designed to measure fluorescence light radiated by EAS (Extensive Air Showers) of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR) in the Earth atmosphere as well as for transients' studies within UV-range. This was the first space based instrument dedicated to these phenomena. The TUS-project started in 2001.[9]
  • Block for X-ray and gamma-radiation detection (BDRG) is intended for detecting and monitoring gamma-ray bursts and for producing a trigger signal for ShOK cameras (see below);
  • UFFO consists of X-ray and 10 cm UV telescopes intended for studying gamma-ray bursts;
  • Optic cameras of super-wide field of vision (ShOK) is a pair of wide-field optical cameras, which main purpose is a prompt detection of the optical radiation of gamma-ray bursts after receiving trigger signals from BDRG;
  • Dosimeter of Electrons, PROtons and Neutrons (DEPRON) measures absorbed doses and spectra of electrons, protons, neutrons and heavy nuclei;
  • Electron Loss and Fields Investigator for Lomonosov (ELFIN-L) comprises the Energetic Particle Detector for Electrons (EPDE), Energetic Proton Detector for Ions (EPDI) and Flux Gate Magnetometer (FGM). Its main purposes is to study energetic particles in the Earth magnetosphere;
  • IMISS-1 is a device intended to test microelectromechanical inertial modules.

End of mission

On June 30, 2018 it was published that the Lomonosov-satellite had suffered a malfunction in its data transmission system. Attempts to fix the problem were underway, but fixing the problem had so far been unsuccessful.[10]

As of 14 January 2019, the problems have not been solved and all the scientific equipment of the satellite are powered off. The recovery attempts continue (some systems of the satellite are responsive, the problem is with scientific payload systems). Before succumbing to current difficulties, the satellite had worked for one and a half year for its intended purpose. With the failure of the Lomonosov satellite and the Spektr-R end of mission on 30 May 2019, the Russian space program lost both of its scientific satellites until the launch of Spektr-RG in July 2019.

The TUS-telescope aboard Lomonosov stopped data collection in late 2017.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Космический аппарат "Ломоносов"" (in Russian). Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e "MVL 300 Satellite details 2016-026A NORAD 41464". N2YO. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  3. ^ ELFIN-L consists of three components: a flux gate magnetometer (FGM), an electron particle detector (EPDE), and an ion proton detector (EPDI)
  4. ^ a b "Soyuz prepared for first flight from Siberian cosmodrome". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Садовничий: спутник "Михайло Ломоносов" будет запущен в 2011 году". Ria Novosti (in Russian). 26 January 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Первый пуск с Восточного прошёл успешно!" (in Russian). Roscosmos. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  7. ^ "MVL-300 (Mikhailo Lomonosov)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Космический аппарат Ломомносов". VNIIEM. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b Khrenov, B.A.; Garipov, G.K.; Kaznacheeva, M.A.; Klimov, P.A.; Panasyuk, M.I.; Petrov, V.L.; Sharakin, S.A.; Shirokov, A.V.; Yashin, I.V.; Zotov, M.Yu.; Grinyuk, A.A.; Grebenyuk, V.M.; Lavrova, M.V.; Tkachev, L.G.; Tkachenko, A.V.; Saprykin, O.A.; Botvinko, A.A.; Senkovsky, A.N.; Puchkov, A.E.; Bertaina, M.; Golzio, A. (2020). "An extensive-air-shower-like event registered with the TUS orbital detector". Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. 2020 (3): 033. arXiv:1907.06028. Bibcode:2020JCAP...03..033K. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2020/03/033. S2CID 196621883.
  10. ^ "Mikhailo Lomonosov". russianspaceweb.com.

External links

  • Mikhailo Lomonosov at Russianspaceweb.com