Milan Rešetar
Milan Rešetar 1904 Mayerhofer.png
BornFebruary 1, 1860
Dubrovnik, modern-day Croatia
DiedJanuary 14, 1942
Florence, Italy
Occupationlinguistics, Ragusologist, historian
Notable worksČakavština i njene nekadašnje i sadašnje granice, Štokavski dijalekat, Najstariji dubrovački govor

Milan Rešetar (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Решетар; February 1, 1860 – January 14, 1942) was a linguist, historian and literary critic from Dubrovnik.


Rešetar was born in Dubrovnik. After the gymnasium in Dubrovnik, he studied classical philology and Slavic languages in Vienna and Graz. He worked as a high-school professor in Koper, Zadar and Split, and later a professor of Slavic studies on the universities of Vienna and Zagreb). He also edited the Croatian edition of "List drevnih zakona" magazine. Rešetar was a student of Vatroslav Jagić.[1] He was a notable member of the Serb Catholic movement in Dubrovnik[citation needed]. After retirement, he moved to Florence where he died 1942. He was of Serb origin.[2][3][4][5][6]

The main areas of his works included dialectology and accentology of South Slavic languages, as well as philologically impeccable editions of 15th to 18th century writers for the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts.

He was one of founders of South Slavic dialectology, investigating features of Štokavian dialects (Der Štokawische Dialect, Vienna, 1907) and Čakavian dialects, and also wrote a monography about Molise Croatian dialect. Milan Rešetar was the most conscientious and diligent commentator on The Mountain Wreath. He was also engaged in the field of numismatics (Dubrovačka numizmatika, 1924-1925), inheriting the interest and coin collection from his father Pavle, the last commander in Kotor during Petar II Petrović-Njegoš's lifetime. The collection is kept at The National Museum in Prague.


He wrote in Serbian German and Italian.

His most important works include:

  • "Čakavština i njene nekadašnje i sadašnje granice" (Čakavian Dialect, its Past and Present Boundaries)
  • "Štokavski dijalekat" (Štokavian Dialect)
  • "Nikša Zvijezdić" of Serbian Chancellery in Dubrovnik fame (1431-1455)
  • "Najstariji dubrovački govor" (The Oldest Dialect of Dubrovnik)
  • "Najstarija dubrovačka proza" (The Oldest Literature of Dubrovnik).

His works in this area are, with a few exceptions, superseded by later areal linguistics and historical dialectology research. On the other hand, Rešetar's editions of the Renaissance and Baroque poets and playwrights are still the standard printed issues; only modern computerized textology analyses, done in the Institute for Croatian language and linguistics, have begun to question some aspects of his transliteration choices on the graphemics level. The big part of his work in this area remains highly regarded and confirmed by contemporary textology.

His scientific attitudes towards the Ijekavian Štokavian dialect of Dubrovnik were driven by his own ethnic affiliation[citation needed]—like many other prominent members of the intelligentsia in Dubrovnik of his time.

Convinced that the Serbs and the Croats are one nation in two names, Rešetar held that Serbian and Croatian are one and the same language, and in that conviction he published two versions of its grammar - one with examples in Latin script and examples in Cyrillic script: Elementar-Grammatik der serbischen (kroatischen) Sprache (1916).[7]

He also wrote in German a lengthy book entitled Die serbokroatischen Kolonien süditaliens which was published in Vienna in 1911.

This volume concerns itself with the highly-interesting South Slavic enclave in Molise of the province of Naples, the three communities of Montemitro, San Felice del Molise, and Aquaviva-Collecroce. Remote from the lines from which the greater events of history moved in the Middle Ages, the three communities have remained singularly conservative of ancestral type in habit and speech. Even at the present they lie remote from the travel routes and scarcely touched by the modern life of Italy save in so far as the Government reaches out to them hands collecting taxes and drawing their youth into military service. The moot point of the period at which this Molise colony was founded and the circumstances under which it came to fixity is carefully discussed with a full apparatus of historical record. Upon the same point the author, with great skill in the interpretation of speech record, masses the weight of his philological acumen in the linguistic section of the work. He succeeds in orienting the Molise dialect upon the great body of Slavic speech and shows where the migration was derived; and, by a critical examination of speech forms, is able to identify the period quite independently of the formal record of documents. It affords a most interesting example of the contribution of philology to the art of a historian.

— From a review in Bulletin of the American Geographic Society (Vol. 45, No. 4 (1913) pp. 303–304) by William Churchill.

See also


  1. ^ Vienna's Slavistics Faculty
  2. ^ "Promovisana knjiga „Gospar Mato Gracić – Nastanak i nestanak Srba rimokatolika u Dubrovniku"". Savez Srba iz regiona (in Serbian). 2019-05-14. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  3. ^ Đaković, Nenad (2018-12-05). "Srpski molitvenik Spomenica Milanu Rešetaru". Koreni. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  4. ^ "Nema njegošologije bez Rešetara". Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  5. ^ IN4S (2017-05-13). "Dubrovačka i sokolska štampa o dr Milanu Rešetaru". IN4S (in Serbian). Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  7. ^ "Rešetar, Milan,", Croatian Encyclopedia (in Croatian), Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža, 1999–2009, retrieved January 19, 2014
  • M. Rešetar, Nikša Zvijezdić, dubrovački srpski kancelar XV. vijeka [Nikša Zvijezdić, A Serbian Chancellor in Dubrovnik in the 15th Century]. In: Glas - Srpska kraljevska akademija, 169 (1936)
  • M. Rešetar, Die serbokroatischen Kolonien Süditaliens, Wien 1911 (Südslawische Dialektstudien; 5; Schriften der Balkankommission, Linguistische Abteilung; 9) (in Italian translatian with bibliography: Le colonie serbocroate nell’Italia meridionale, Campobasso 1997)
  • M. Rešetar, Elementargrammatik der serbokroatischen Sprache, Berlin 1957 (Originally appeared as: Elementargrammatik der kroatischen Sprache/Elementargrammatik der serbischen Sprache, Zagreb 1916)
  • M. Rešetar, Popis dubrovačkih vlasteoskijeh porodica, Godišnjak Dubrovačkog učenog društva "Sveti Vlaho", knj. 1, Dubrovnik, 1929
  • M. Rešetar, Dubrovačka numizmatika, Belgrade 1924/25
  • M. Rešetar, Der Štokavische Dialekt, Wien 1907 (Schriften der Balkankommission, Linguistische Abteilung; 4)
  • M. Rešetar, Antologija dubrovačke lirike [Anthology of Dubrovnik Lyrics], Belgrade 1894
  • M. Rešetar, Najstarija dubrovačka proza [The Oldest Dubrovnik Literature], Belgrade 1952 (Posebna izdanja : Odeljenje Literature i Jezika / Srpska Akademija Nauka; 192)
  • Luko Zore, Dubrovčani su Srbi, Dubrovnik, 1903
  • F. Miklosich, Monumenta serbica, Wien, 1858.

External links

  • Works by or about Milan Rešetar at Internet Archive
  • "Vjesnik" newspaper article[permanent dead link]
  • Josip Lisac. "Proučavanja hrvatskih štokavskih organskih idioma". Kolo. Archived from the original on 2007-08-23.
  • Tragom akribije Article in "Vijenac" about International scientific meeting about Milan Rešetar in Vienna and Dubrovnik
  • Josip Lisac: "Milan Rešetar i njegovo doba", Kolo, 9, 1999, 3, 37–42.
  • Slavonic Library Prague, Czech Republic - Book collection "Ragusiana" from library of Milan Rešetar [1]