Military Orbital Development System


The Military Orbital Development System was created by the US Air Force Space System Division (SSD) in June 1962. It was to begin working on plans to use Gemini hardware as the first step in a new US Air Force man-in-space program called MODS (Manned Orbital Development System), a type of military space station that used Gemini spacecraft as ferry vehicles. The term Blue Gemini first showed up in August 1962 as part of a more specific proposal to fly six Gemini missions with Air Force pilots in a preliminary orientation and training phase of MODS. MODS was effectively superseded when the Manned Orbital Laboratory was announced in December 1963.


Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  • NASA History Office on Blue Gemini