Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States ( MOLLUS), or simply the Loyal Legion is a United States patriotic order, organized April 15, 1865, by three veteran officers of the Army. The original membership was composed of members of the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States, who had served during the American Civil War as commissioned officers in Federal service, or who had served and thereafter been commissioned, and who thereby "had aided in maintaining the honor, integrity, and supremacy of the national movement" during the Civil War.
The Loyal Legion - U.S. Marine Band
The Loyal Legion was formed by in response to rumors from Washington of a conspiracy to destroy the Federal government by assassination of its leaders, in the immediate aftermath of the assassination of President
Abraham Lincoln. The founding members stated their purpose as the cherishing of the memories and associations of the war waged in defense of the unity and indivisibility of the Republic; the strengthening of the ties of fraternal fellowship and sympathy formed by companionship in arms; the relief of the widows and children of dead companions of the order; and the advancement of the general welfare of the soldiers and sailors of the United States. As the original officers died off, the veterans organization became an hereditary society. The modern organization is composed of men who are direct descendants, nephews or first cousins of these officers (hereditary members), and also other men who share the ideals of the Order (Associate members), who collectively are considered "Companions". A female auxiliary, Dames of the Loyal Legion of the United States (DOLLUS), was formed in 1899 and accepted as an affiliate in 1915.   Origins Edit
Following the assassination of President
Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865, rumors spread that the act had been part of a wider conspiracy to overthrow the legally constituted government of the United States by assassinating its chief men. Many people at first gave credence to these rumors, including three of the officers assigned to the honor guard for Lincoln's body as it was transported to Springfield, Illinois, for burial; these three men, Brevet Lt. Col. Samuel Brown Wylie Mitchell, Lt. Col. Thomas Ellwood Zell, and Captain Peter Dirck Keyser, are considered the founders of the Order. To demonstrate their loyalty, they decided to form a "Legion" modeled on the Revolutionary War Society of the Cincinnati. The Loyal Legion was organized largely during the same meetings that planned Lincoln's funeral (as well as during a mass meeting of Philadelphia war veterans on April 20), culminating in a meeting on May 31, 1865, in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, at which the name was chosen.
Originally, the Order was composed of three classes of members:
Officers who had fought in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States in the suppression of the Rebellion, or enlisted men who had so served and were subsequently commissioned in the regular forces of the United States, constituted the "Original Companions of the First Class." The eldest direct male lineal descendants of deceased Original Companions or deceased eligible officers could be admitted as "hereditary Companions of the First Class."
"Companions of the Second Class" were the eldest direct male lineal descendants of living Original Companions or of living individuals who were eligible for membership in the First Class. (The use of the Rule of
Primogeniture was abolished in 1905 for both the First and Second classes of membership, opening membership to all male lineal descendants, and later changes opened membership to male lineal descendants of siblings of eligible officers. As the former officers died off, and the Order became composed entirely of descendants, the Second Class of Companions was discontinued.) The Third Class comprised distinguished civilians who had rendered faithful and conspicuous service to the Union during the Civil War. By the law of the Order, no new elections to this class were made after 1890.  Later history Edit
The Loyal Legion grew rapidly in the late 19th century and had Companions in every Northern state, and also in many of the states that had once formed the
Confederacy. The Commandery in Chief was established on October 21, 1885 with authority over the 14 state commanderies then in existence. Previously, the Pennsylvania Commandery functioned as the "first among equals" of the commanderies as it was both the oldest and largest.
At its height about 1900, the Order had more than 8,000 Civil War veterans as active members, including nearly all notable general and flag officers and several presidents:
Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Philip H. Sheridan, George B. McClellan, Rutherford B. Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, and William McKinley. The Order's fame was great enough to inspire John Philip Sousa to compose the "Loyal Legion March" in its honor in 1890.
Today, the Order serves as a
hereditary society (male descendants of eligible officers) rather than as a functioning military order (though many Companions are either military veterans or even on active military duty). Among other activities, Companions organize and participate in commemorative events, provide awards to deserving ROTC cadets, and assist with preservation efforts. Of special note is that, each year, the Loyal Legion commemorates President Lincoln's birthday with a wreath-laying ceremony at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. In 2009, the MOLLUS helped coordinate an extended tribute with the help of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission to celebrate the two-hundredth anniversary of Lincoln's birthday.
There are now three basic categories of membership: Hereditary, Associate (non-hereditary), and Honorary. Just as many Original Companions of the Order were also members of the
Grand Army of the Republic (the "GAR"), many current Companions of the Order are also members of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, the legal heir to the GAR.
Organizationally, the Loyal Legion is composed of a National Commandery-in-Chief and individual state Commanderies. There are currently 20 state Commanderies. Current national officers include Commander-in-Chief Joseph T. Coleman of Pennsylvania, Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief Robert D. Pollock of Ohio, and Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief Michael Timothy Bates of New Jersey. Recent past Commanders-in-Chief include Joseph T. Coleman of Pennsylvania, Eric A. Rojo of the District of Columbia, James Alan Simmons of Texas, Waldron Kintzing "Kinny" Post of New York, and Jeffry C. Burden of Virginia.
The Loyal Legion is the third-oldest hereditary military society in the United States after the
Society of the Cincinnati, instituted in 1783, and the Aztec Club of 1847.
A membership medal as given to an "Original Companion" (here, Capt. Edward Taylor of the 95th Ohio Infantry). The basic design of the medal remains unchanged.
A membership medal worn by Brevet Col. Perrin V. Fox of the 1st Michigan Engineers. His son later wore this medal as a descendant member. Descendant members wore a ribbon with a blue stripe in the center until well into the twentieth century, when all members resumed using the red-center ribbon.
Enrollment certificate for Col Charles Anderson.
George Cadwalader – First MOLLUS Commander-in-Chief, 1865–79. (Died in office.) Major General
Winfield Scott Hancock – 1879–86. (Died in office.) General
Philip H. Sheridan – 1886–88. (Died in office.) Major General
Rutherford B. Hayes – 1888–93. (Died in office.) Rear Admiral
John J. Almy – 1893. Brigadier General
Lucius Fairchild – 1893–95. Major General
John Gibbon – 1895–96. (Died in office.) Rear Admiral
Bancroft Gherardi – 1896–99. Lieutenant General
John M. Schofield – 1899–1903. Major General
David McMurtrie Gregg – 1903–05. Major General
John R. Brooke – 1905–07. Major General
Grenville M. Dodge – 1907–09. Lieutenant General
John C. Bates – 1909–11. Rear Admiral
George W. Melville – 1911–12. (Died in office.) Lieutenant General
Arthur MacArthur – 1912. (Died in office.) Colonel Arnold A. Rand – 1912–13. (First non-flag officer to serve as MOLLUS commander-in-chief.)
Brevet Brigadier General
Thomas Hamlin Hubbard – 1913–15. (Died in office.) Rear Admiral
Louis Kempff – 1915. Lieutenant General
Samuel B.M. Young – 1915–19. Lieutenant General
Nelson A. Miles – 1919–25. (Died in office.) Rear Admiral Purnell F. Harrington – 1925–27.
Robert M. Thompson, USN – 1927–30. (Died in office.) Brigadier General Samuel W. Fountain – 1930. (Died in office.)
Brevet Major George Mason – 1930–31.
William P. Wright – 1931–33. (Died in office. Last Civil War veteran to serve as MOLLUS commander-in-chief. Also was Commander in Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic from 1932 to 1933.) Colonel Hugh Means – 1933–35.
Colonel William Ennis Forbes – 1935–40. (Resigned.)
Malvern Hill Barnum – 1940–41. Mr. James Vernor, Jr. – 1941–47 (First MOLLUS commander-in-chief who did not serve in the
United States Armed Forces.) Rear Admiral
Reginald R. Belknap, USN – 1947–51. Donald H. Whittemore – 1951–53
Commander William C. Duval, USNR – 1953–57
Ulysses S. Grant III – 1957–61. (Commander-in-chief of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1953–55.) Lieutenant Colonel Donald M. Liddell, Jr., USAR – 1961–62. (Resigned.)
Lieutenant Colonel H. Durston Saylor II, USAR – 1962–64.
Clayton B. Volgel, USMC – 1964. (Died in office. Last flag officer to serve as MOLLUS commander-in-chief.) Colonel Walter E. Hopper, USAR – 1964–67.
Lieutenant Colonel Lenahan O'Connell, USAR – 1967–71.
Colonel Brooke M. Lessig USAR – 1971–73.
Charles Allan Brady, Jr. – 1973–75.
Colonel Joseph B. Daugherty – 1975–77.
Thomas N. McCarter III – 1977–81.
Lieutenant Colonel Philip M. Watrous – 1981–83.
Alexander P. Hartnett – 1983–85.
William H. Upham – 1985–89. (Last commander-in-chief to serve more than two years in office.)
1st Lieutenant Lowell V. Hammer – 1989–91. (Commander-in-chief of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1991–92.)
Henry N. Sawyer – 1991–93.
Colonel Scott W. Stucky, USAFR – 1993–95. (Federal judge.)
The Rev. Canon Robert G. Carroon – 1995–97.
Honorable Michael P. Sullivan – 1997–99.
Major Robert J. Bateman – 1999–2001.
Gordon R. Bury II – 2001–03. (Commander-in-chief of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1986–87.)
Douglas R. Niermeyer, 2003–05.
Benjamin C. Frick, Esq. 2005–07.
Karl F. Schaeffer, 2007–09.
Keith Harrison – 2009–11. (Commander-in-chief of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1994–95.)
Jeffry C. Burden, Esq. – 2011–13.
Waldron K. Post II – 2013–15.
Captain James A. Simmons, USAF – 2015–17.
Colonel Eric A. Rojo, USA - 2017–2019.
Dr. Joseph T. Coleman - 2019–2021.
Colonel Robert D. Pollock, USAF - 2021- . Prominent Companions Edit
Note – the ranks indicated are the highest the individual held in the armed forces of the United States and not necessarily the highest rank held during the Civil War.
Presidents of the United States Edit
Note – Presidents
Andrew Johnson and James Garfield were both generals in the Union Army during the Civil War, and were thus eligible to be veteran companions of MOLLUS, but did not join the Order.
Vice Presidents Edit Vice President
Hannibal Hamlin, who had served under President Lincoln from 1861 to 1865, was elected as a MOLLUS Companion of the 3rd Class. While he was vice president, he served as a corporal with Company A of the Maine State Guard (a.k.a. Maine Coast Guards) at Fort McClary in Kittery, Maine from July to September 1864. Vice President
Henry Wilson, who served under President Grant from 1873 until his death in 1875, was colonel of the 22nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and was a MOLLUS Companion of the First Class. Vice President Charles G. Dawes, who served under President Coolidge from 1925 to 1929, became a First Class Companion in succession to his father, Brevet Brigadier General Rufus Dawes. Vice President Dawes served as a brigadier general with the U.S. Army during World War I and also received the Nobel Peace Prize.
In addition to the above, President Andrew Johnson, who was vice president prior to the death of President Lincoln and the founding of MOLLUS, was eligible to become a First Class Companion of MOLLUS but did not join the Order. President Chester A. Arthur, who was vice president prior to the death of President Garfield, was elected in 1882 as a 3rd Class Companion, while he was serving as president.
Honorary Companions Edit
A limited number of individuals may be elected as Honorary Companions of MOLLUS. They are usually individuals who have had distinguished careers either in public service or the military.
Veteran Companions Edit
United States Army Edit
Note – The rank indicated is the highest held in the Regular Army, the Volunteers or in retirement.
Ulysses S. Grant – United States Army Commanding General. General
William Tecumseh Sherman – United States Army Commanding General. General
Philip H. Sheridan – United States Army Commanding General and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1886–88. Lieutenant General
John M. Schofield – United States Army Commanding General and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1899–1903. Lieutenant General
Nelson A. Miles – United States Army Commanding General and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1919–25. Lieutenant General
John C. Bates – Army Chief of Staff and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1909–11. Lieutenant General
Adna R. Chaffee – United States Army Chief of Staff. Lieutenant General
Henry C. Corbin – Adjutant General of the United States Army. Lieutenant General
Samuel B.M. Young – First United States Army Chief of Staff and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1915–19. Lieutenant General
Arthur MacArthur – Medal of Honor recipient and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1912 (father of General Douglas MacArthur). Brevet Lieutenant General
Winfield Scott – United States Army Commanding General (1841–1861) and hero of the War of 1812. Major General
Thomas M. Anderson – Nephew of Brevet Major General Robert Anderson. Major General
Christopher C. Augur – Veteran of the Mexican War and wounded in action at the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Major General
Frank Baldwin – Two time Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
Nathaniel P. Banks – Governor of Massachusetts and Congressman. Major General
Zenas Bliss – Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr. – Cousin of Vice President and Confederate general John C. Breckinridge. Major General
John R. Brooke – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1905–07. Major General
Ambrose Burnside – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1871–73; Governor of Rhode Island and United States Senator. Major General
Daniel Butterfield – Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
George Cadwalader – First MOLLUS Commander and Chief, 1865–79. Major General
Silas Casey – Career Army Officer. Major General
John Clem – Youngest Union soldier in the Civil War. Major General
George Armstrong Custer – Legendary Cavalryman and cultural icon. Major General
Napoleon J.T. Dana Major General
Grenville M. Dodge – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1907–09. Major General
William H. Emory Major General
Francis Fessenden – Lost a leg while commanding a brigade in the Red River Campaign. Mayor of Portland, Maine. Major General
James W. Forsyth – Commander of the 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Wounded Knee Massacre Major General
William B. Franklin Major General
John Gibbon – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1895–96 Major General
George L. Gillespie – Medal of Honor recipient, Chief Engineer and Assistant Chief of Staff of the United States Army Major General
Gordon Granger - Author of the Juneteenth proclaimation Major General
Adolphus Greely – Arctic explorer and Medal of Honor recipient Major General
George S. Greene – Hero of Culp's Hill in the Battle of Gettysburg Major General
Schuyler Hamilton – Grandson of Alexander Hamilton Major General
Winfield Scott Hancock – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1879–86 Major General
Guy V. Henry - Recipient of the Medal of Honor Major General
Oliver Otis Howard – Founder and namesake of Howard University Major General
Henry Jackson Hunt – Commanded Union artillery during Picket's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg Major General
Erasmus D. Keyes Major General
J. Warren Keifer – U.S. Representative and veteran of the Spanish–American War Major General
William August Kobbé Major General
Henry W. Lawton - Medal of Honor recipient Major General
John A. Logan – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1868–71; founder of Decoration Day; United States Senator and vice presidential candidate Major General
George B. McClellan – United States Army Commanding General. Major General
Henry C. Merriam - Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
Wesley Merritt – Superintendent of West Point. Major General
Robert Patterson – Veteran of the War of 1812, Mexican War and Civil War. Major General
John Pope Major General
John C. Robinson – Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1877–79; Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1873–74; and Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
William S. Rosecrans Major General
Thomas H. Ruger Major General
Theodore Runyon – Mayor of Newark, New Jersey and Ambassador to Germany. Major General
William R. Shafter – Commander of V Corps in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. Major General
Thomas W. Sherman Major General
Henry W. Slocum Major General
David S. Stanley – Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
George Stoneman - Governor of California. Major General
Samuel S. Sumner Major General
Alfred Terry Major General
George H. Thomas – Hero of the Battles of Chickamauga, Chattanooga and Nashville. Major General
Frank Wheaton Major General
Loyd Wheaton – Medal of Honor recipient. Major General
James Harrison Wilson – Veteran of the Civil War, Spanish–American War and the Boxer Rebellion. Major General
Thomas J. Wood Brevet Major General
Adelbert Ames – Governor of and Senator from Mississippi. Brevet Major General
Russell A. Alger – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1889–90; Secretary of War during the Spanish–American War. Brevet Major General
Nicholas Longworth Anderson – Nephew of Brevet Major General Robert Anderson and father of Ambassador Larz Anderson. Brevet Major General
Robert Anderson – Hero of Fort Sumter. Brevet Major General
Christopher Columbus Andrews – Diplomat and forester. Brevet Major General
Absalom Baird – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major General
John G. Barnard – Distinguished military engineer. Brevet Major General
George L. Beal – Treasurer of Maine. Brevet Major General
John Milton Brannan – Career Army officer. Served in Mexican and Civil Wars. Brevet Major General
James Henry Carleton Brevet Major General
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain – Hero of Little Round Top in the Battle of Gettysburg and Governor of Maine. Brevet Major General
Augustus Louis Chetlain - Organized first Black Regiment in the Western Theater. Brevet Major General
Philip St. George Cooke – Author of cavalry tactics. Brevet Major General
Charles Devens – Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1873–75. Brevet Major General
James Deering Fessenden Brevet Major General
James Barnet Fry Brevet Major General
George W. Getty Brevet Major General
David McM. Gregg – Cavalry commander. Brevet Major General
Cyrus Hamlin - Son of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin. Brevet Major General
John F. Hartranft – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1875–77; Governor of Pennsylvania and Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major General
Albion P. Howe – Veteran of both the Mexican War and the Civil War. Brevet Major General George H. Nye – Commander of the 29th Maine Regiment.
Brevet Major General
Richard W. Johnson Brevet Major General
Hugh Judson Kilpatrick - one of the youngest generals in the Civil War. Brevet Major General
Theodore S. Peck – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major General
Galusha Pennypacker – Youngest general during the Civil War. Brevet Major General
George H. Sharpe – Secret service agent. Brevet Major General
William Wells – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major General
Orlando B. Willcox - Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
George Lippitt Andrews Brigadier General
John B. Babcock – Career officer and Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Richard Napoleon Batchelder – Quartermaster General and Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Joshua Hall Bates - Ohio state senator. Brigadier General
William E. Birkhimer - Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Louis H. Carpenter – Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Thomas Lincoln Casey – Engineer who completed the Washington Monument. Brigadier General
Powell Clayton - Governor of Arkansas, U.S. Senator and Ambassador to Mexico. Brigadier General
Charles A. Coolidge Brigadier General
Thomas L. Crittenden Brigadier General Eugene D. Dimmick – Career officer.
Brigadier General Edgar S. Dudley
Richard C. Drum – U.S. Army adjutant general. Brigadier General
Charles P. Eagan – U.S. Army Commissary General court-martialed during the "embalmed beef" scandal during the Spanish–American War. Expelled from MOLLUS after making disparaging remarks about General Nelson Miles before a Congressional committee investigating the scandal. Brigadier General
Lucius Fairchild – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1893–95; GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1886–87; Governor of Wisconsin and Minister to Spain. Brigadier General Samuel W. Fountain – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1930.
Edward S. Godfrey - Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Edward H. Hobson Brigadier General
Lucius F. Hubbard – Governor of Minnesota. Veteran of both the Civil War and the Spanish–American War. Brigadier General
Eli L. Huggins - Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Bernard J. D. Irwin – Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Alexander Cummings McWhorter Pennington Jr. – Career Army officer. Brigadier General
Richard Henry Pratt – Founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School. Brigadier General
Americus V. Rice – United States Representative. Brigadier General
Edmund Rice – Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
George B. Rodney Brigadier General
William H. Seward Jr. – Son of Secretary of State William Seward. Brigadier General
Rufus Saxton – Third Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Jacob H. Smith Brigadier General
Julius Stahel – Hungarian-American Medal of Honor recipient and diplomat. Brigadier General
Edwin Vose Sumner, Jr. Brigadier General
David G. Swaim – Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Army. Brigadier General
George Miller Sternberg – U.S. Army Surgeon General. Brigadier General
Egbert L. Viele – United States Representative. Brigadier General
Daniel D. Wheeler - Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Samuel Whitside – Major of the 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Wounded Knee Massacre. Brigadier General
John Moulder Wilson - Chief Engineer of the Army and Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Carle A. Woodruff - Medal of Honor recipient. Brigadier General
Horatio Gouverneur Wright – Chief Engineer of the United States Army. Brigadier General
M.A.W. Shockley - medical corps career officer  Brevet Brigadier General
Charles Francis Adams Jr. – Railroad commissioner. Brevet Brigadier General
John Jacob Astor III – Philanthropist and socialite. Brevet Brigadier General
John C. Black – Medal of Honor recipient and Commander in Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1903–04. Brevet Brigadier General
Charles Brayton – Rhode Island postmaster and political boss. Brevet Brigadier General
Cecil Clay - Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Brigadier General
Henry B. Clitz – Veteran of Mexican War. Brevet Brigadier General
Amasa Cobb – United States Representative. Brevet Brigadier General
Rufus Dawes – Great-grandson of patriot William Dawes. Brevet Brigadier General
Samuel Fallows – Reformed Episcopal bishop. Brevet Brigadier General
John P. S. Gobin – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1897–98; and lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania. Brevet Brigadier General
Nathan Goff, Jr. Brevet Brigadier General
Edwin S. Greeley – President General of the Sons of the American Revolution. Brevet Brigadier General
Charles Hamlin – Son of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin. Brevet Brigadier General
Albert G. Lawrence – Ambassador to Costa Rica. Brevet Brigadier General
John Willock Noble - Secretary of the Interior. Brevet Brigadier General
Ario Pardee, Jr. – Defended Culp's Hill at the Battle of Gettysburg. Brevet Brigadier General
Ely S. Parker – Seneca Native American aide to General Grant. Brevet Brigadier General
Horace Porter – Medal of Honor recipient and United States Ambassador to France. Brevet Brigadier General
Samuel Miller Quincy – Mayor of New Orleans. Brevet Brigadier General
Isaac R. Sherwood – U.S. Representative Brevet Brigadier General
Augustus B. R. Sprague – Mayor of Worcester, Massachusetts. Brevet Brigadier General
Hazard Stevens – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Brigadier General
William S. Tilton Brevet Brigadier General
Francis A. Walker – President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Brevet Brigadier General
Stephen Minot Weld Jr. – Businessman and horticulturalist. Brevet Brigadier General
Joseph N. G. Whistler – Cousin of the artist James Abbott McNeill Whistler Brevet Brigadier General
Edward W. Whitaker - Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
Charles Anderson - 93rd Ohio Infantry, 27th Governor of Ohio, wounded at Stones River. Colonel
James S. Casey – Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
George Earl Church – Civil engineer, geographer, and explorer. Colonel
John W. Foster – Ambassador and Secretary of State. Colonel
James Jackson - Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
William P. Kellogg – United States Senator and Governor of Louisiana. Colonel
John Mason Loomis Colonel
Douglas Putnam - Fought at the battles of Shiloh and Missionary Ridge. Colonel
Matthew Quay - United States Senator and Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
Henry R. Tilton - Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
John Tweedale - Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
Wheelock G. Veazey – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1890–91; and Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
John Wainwright – Medal of Honor recipient. Colonel
William C. Webb - Political figure. Colonel
Henry Wilson – Vice President of the United States. Brevet Colonel
Eugene B. Beaumont - Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Colonel
Stephen P. Corliss – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Colonel
Benjamin W. Crowninshield – Aide de camp to General Philip Sheridan. Brevet Colonel
Johnston de Peyster – Raised first Union flag over Richmond in 1865. Brevet Colonel
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. – Supreme Court associate justice. Brevet Colonel
Horatio Collins King – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Colonel
Augustus Pearl Martin – Mayor of Boston. Brevet Colonel Walter S. Payne – Commander-in-chief of the
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1885–87. Brevet Colonel
Elisha Hunt Rhodes – Diarist and author and also served as Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief of the GAR. Brevet Colonel
Washington A. Roebling – Engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge. Lieutenant Colonel
William Henry Harrison Benyaurd – Medal of Honor recipient. Lieutenant Colonel
James M. Burns - Medal of Honor recipient. Lieutenant Colonel
Frederick Fuger - Medal of Honor recipient. Lieutenant Colonel
Asa Bird Gardiner – Lawyer, author, and controversial political figure. Lieutenant Colonel
Eli Lilly – Pharmaceutical chemist, industrialist, and entrepreneur. Lieutenant Colonel
Theodore Lyman – Congressman from Massachusetts. Lieutenant Colonel Levi Parker Wright – First Commander of Fort Whipple which became
Fort Myer Lieutenant Colonel T. Elwood Zell – Founder of MOLLUS.
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel
Henry A. du Pont – Medal of Honor recipient, industrialist and United States Senator. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel
Robert Hale Ives Goddard – Businessman and reformist politician. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel
Samuel Brown Wylie Mitchell – Founder of MOLLUS. Major
Charles DeRudio - Adventurer. Major John Mead Gould – Author, diarist, and banker.
Moses Harris - Medal of Honor recipient. Major Miles Moylan - Medal of Honor recipient.
Charles M. Rockefeller – Medal of Honor recipient. Major
Joseph A. Sladen - Medal of Honor recipient. Major
William Warner – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1888–89. Major
Edmund Zalinski – Inventor of the pneumatic dynamite gun. Surgeon
John Maynard Woodworth – First Surgeon General of the United States. Brevet Major
Charles E. Belknap – U.S. Representative. Brevet Major
Augustus P. Davis – Founder of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Brevet Major
Ira H. Evans - Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major
Rufus King Jr. – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major
George H. Maynard – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major
John Patterson Rea – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1887–88. Brevet Major
John Wallace Scott – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Major Adelbert B. Twitchell – Educator.
John G. B. Adams – Medal of Honor recipient and GAR commander in chief, 1893–94. Captain
Robert Burns Beath – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1883–84. Captain
George W. Brush - Medal of Honor recipient. Captain
Edward Lyon Buchwalter – Business executive. Captain
Samuel Swinfin Burdett – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1885–86. Captain
Robert G. Carter - Medal of Honor recipient. Captain
Theodore R. Davis – Illustrator. Captain William W. Douglas – Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court.
Captain and Governor
Elisha Dyer – Governor of Rhode Island. Captain
Peter Dirck Keyser – Founder of MOLLUS. Captain
Oscar Lapham – U.S. Representative from Rhode Island. Captain
Robert Todd Lincoln – Son of President Abraham Lincoln. Captain
George Sargent Merrill – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1881–82. Captain
Elias Riggs Monfort – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1915–16. Captain Walter S. Payne - Commander-in-Chief of the Sons of Veterans, 1885–1887.
Prince Philippe, Count of Paris (a.k.a. Philippe d'Orleans) – Claimant to the French throne. Captain
Charlemagne Tower - lawyer and businessman. Brevet Captain
Joseph B. Foraker – Governor of Ohio and United States Senator. 1st Lieutenant
Francis E. Brownell – Medal of Honor recipient. 1st Lieutenant
John Galloway – Medal of Honor recipient. 1st Lieutenant Charles P. Goodyear Jr. – Son of vulcanized rubber inventor
Charles Goodyear. 1st Lieutenant Charles A. Longfellow – Son of
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 1st Lieutenant
John L. Mitchell – United States Senator and father of aviation prophet Billy Mitchell. 1st Lieutenant
John Palmer – GAR Commander-in-Chief, 1891–92; and New York Secretary of State. 1st Lieutenant
Amos Madden Thayer – Federal judge. 1st Lieutenant
William G. Thompson - Mayor of Detroit, Michigan. 2nd Lieutenant
Marcus A. Hanna – United States Senator and political boss. 2nd Lieutenant
Abraham G. Mills - President of the National League. Chaplain
Charles Comfort Tiffany – Episcopal clergyman. Chaplain Henry Clay Trumbull – Leader in the Sunday School Movement.
Edit Admiral of the Navy
George Dewey – Hero of the Battle of Manila Bay. Senior Navy Admiral, 1898–1917. Admiral
David G. Farragut – Hero of the Battle of Mobile Bay. Senior Navy Admiral, 1862–1870. Admiral
David Dixon Porter - Senior Navy Admiral, 1870-1891. Vice Admiral
Stephen Clegg Rowan – Mexican War and Civil War veteran. Served as vice admiral from 1870 to 1889. Rear Admiral
John J. Almy – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1893. Rear Admiral
Cipriano Andrade – First U.S. Navy admiral born in Mexico.  Rear Admiral
Theodorus Bailey Rear Admiral
John R. Bartlett – Oceanographer. Rear Admiral
George E. Belknap Rear Admiral
Gottfried Blocklinger Rear Admiral
Daniel L. Braine Rear Admiral William G. Buehler
Rear Admiral and Brevet Major General
Samuel P. Carter – Only person to have been an admiral in the U.S. Navy and also a general in the U.S. Army. Rear Admiral Silas Casey III
 Rear Admiral
French Ensor Chadwick – President of the Naval War College. Rear Admiral
Charles Edgar Clark – Captain of USS during the Spanish–American War. Oregon Rear Admiral
Joseph Coghlan - Commander of the cruiser USS at the Battle of Manila Bay. Raleigh Rear Admiral
George Partridge Colvocoresses Rear Admiral
Francis A. Cook – Commander of USS at the Brooklyn Battle of Santiago de Cuba. Rear Admiral
William S. Cowles Rear Admiral
Arent S. Crowninshield Rear Admiral
Charles Henry Davis Rear Admiral
Nehemiah Dyer – Participated in both the Battle of Mobile Bay and Battle of Manila Bay where he commanded the cruiser USS . Baltimore Rear Admiral
Robley D. Evans – Commander of the Great White Fleet. Rear Admiral
Norman von Heldreich Farquhar Rear Admiral
William M. Folger Rear Admiral
John D. Ford - Participated in both the Battle of Mobile Bay and Battle of Manila Bay. Rear Admiral
Bancroft Gherardi – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1896–1899. Rear Admiral
James Henry Gillis Rear Admiral
Henry Glass - Led capture of Guam during the Spanish–American War. Rear Admiral
Caspar F. Goodrich – President of the Naval War College. Rear Admiral Purnell F. Harrington – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1925–1927.
 Rear Admiral
Richard Inch Rear Admiral
Louis Kempff – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1915. Rear Admiral
Lewis A. Kimberly Rear Admiral
Stephen B. Luce – Founder of the United States Naval War College. Rear Admiral
Bowman H. McCalla – Captured Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in 1898. Rear Admiral
Richard Worsam Meade III – Nephew of Major General George G. Meade. Rear Admiral
George W. Melville – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1911–1912, survivor of the ill-fated expedition and recipient of the Jeannette Congressional Gold Medal. Rear Admiral
John Porter Merrell – President of the Naval War College. Rear Admiral
Jefferson Franklin Moser Rear Admiral
George H. Preble – Nephew of Commodore Edward Preble. Rear Admiral
William Radford Rear Admiral
Alexander Rhind – Veteran of the Mexican War. Rear Admiral
Frederick Rodgers Rear Admiral
John Henry Russell Rear Admiral
William T. Sampson – Commander of Naval Forces at the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. Rear Admiral
Thomas O. Selfridge Rear Admiral
Thomas O. Selfridge, Jr. Rear Admiral
Winfield Scott Schley – Commanded cruiser USS Brooklyn at the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. Rear Admiral
Montgomery Sicard - Chief of the US Navy Bureau of Ordnance. Rear Admiral
Charles D. Sigsbee – Commanding officer of USS . Maine Rear Admiral
Charles Stewart – Hero of the War of 1812. Rear Admiral
Yates Stirling Rear Admiral
Charles H. Stockton – President of the Naval War College. Rear Admiral
William T. Swinburne Rear Admiral
Edward D. Taussig – Claimed Wake Island and Governor of Guam. Rear Admiral
Henry Clay Taylor – President of the Naval War College. Rear Admiral
George H. Wadleigh Rear Admiral
Henry A. Walke Rear Admiral
John G. Walker – Chief of the Bureau of Navigation. Rear Admiral
John C. Watson Rear Admiral Frank Wildes – Captain of the cruiser
USS at the Battle of Manila Bay. Boston  Rear Admiral
John L. Worden – Commanding officer of USS . Monitor Commodore
Oscar C. Badger Commodore
Henry Eagle Commodore
Edward André Gabriel Barrett Commodore
John Guest Commodore
William H. Macomb Commodore William F. Spicer
 Commodore William T. Truxton
Richard Worsam Meade II – Brother of Major General George G. Meade. Captain
James S. Thornton Commander
Zera Luther Tanner - Commanding officer of the research ship USFC . Albatross Master Robert M. Thompson – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1927–1930.
United States Marine Corps Edit
3rd Class Companions Edit
From 1865 to 1890 a limited number of civilians who contributed outstanding service to the Union during the Civil War were elected into the Order as 3rd Class Companions.
Hereditary Companions Edit
Originally, the MOLLUS had Companions of the Second Class, who were the eldest sons of Companions of the First Class (i.e., veterans of the Civil War who also held a commission at some point). A Second Class Companion became a First Class Companion upon the death of his father, and brothers of fallen officers were allowed to join as hereditary companions if there was no surviving issue. These practices was discontinued in 1905, when the MOLLUS Constitution was changed to allow any direct male descendant of a Union officer to become a MOLLUS Companion. The nomenclature of First Class and Second Class Companions was discarded, leaving only the qualifiers of "Original" and "Hereditary" Companions. Later, the eligibility rules were changed to allow nephews of Union officers to become hereditary Companions of the MOLLUS; and as of October 2021, a first-cousin relationship to an officer (i.e., the officer was the child of the aunt or uncle of the applicant) qualifies the applicant for hereditary membership.
Edit General of the Army
Douglas MacArthur – Legendary general. Son of Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur, Jr. General
Jonathan Wainwright – Medal of Honor recipient. Admiral
William V. Pratt – President of the Naval War College and Chief of Naval Operations. Lieutenant General
Albert Jesse Bowley, Sr. – Veteran of the Spanish–American War and World War I. Lieutenant General
Adna R. Chaffee, Jr. – Father of the U.S. Army Armor branch. Lieutenant General
John MacNair Wright, Jr. - Veteran of World War II and the Vietnam War. Vice Admiral
Walter N. Vernou, USN – Veteran of the Spanish–American War, World War I and World War II. Major General
Malvern Hill Barnum – Commanded the 183rd Brigade during World War I. MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1940–41. Major General
Frederick Dent Grant – Son of General Ulysses S. Grant. Major General
Ulysses S. Grant III – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1957–61; Commander in Chief of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1953–55 and President of the Aztec Club of 1847. Major General
Sherman Miles – Son of Lieutenant General Nelson A. Miles. Major General
John H. Russell, Jr. - Commandant of the Marine Corps. Major General
Henry G. Sharpe – Quartermaster General of the Army. Major General
Samuel D. Sturgis, Jr. - General in World War I. Major General
Clayton Barney Vogel, USMC – Founder of the Navajo Code Talkers. Rear Admiral
Charles J. Badger – Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet, 1913–14. Rear Admiral
Reginald R. Belknap – MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1947–51. Rear Admiral William H. Emory, Jr., USN
John B. Hamilton, USPHS - Second Surgeon General of the United States. Rear Admiral
Richard Worsam Meade III, USN Rear Admiral
Yates Stirling, Jr., USN Rear Admiral
Herbert Winslow – Son of Rear Admiral John Ancrum Winslow. Brigadier General
Charles Wheaton Abbot, Jr. – Adjutant General of Rhode Island. Brigadier General
George Andrews – Adjutant General of the United States Army. Brigadier General William M. Cruikshank
Elisha Dyer, Jr., RIM – Governor of Rhode Island. Brigadier General
Webb Hayes – Medal of Honor recipient and son of President Rutherford B. Hayes. Brigadier General
Charles King, USV - Son of Brigadier General Rufus King. Brigadier General
Charles L. McCawley, USMC Brigadier General
Billy Mitchell, USAAS – Military air power prophet. Brigadier General
George C. Reid, II, USMC – Medal of Honor recipient. Brevet Brigadier General George Leamy Meade, USMC – Nephew of Major General George G. Meade.
Frederick W. Galbraith, Jr., NA – Second National Commander of the American Legion. Colonel
George H. Morgan, USA - Recipient of the Medal of Honor. Colonel
Melville Shaw, USMC – Recipient of the Marine Corps Brevet Medal. Colonel
Herbert Jermain Slocum - Commander at the Battle of Columbus, New Mexico. Captain
Alfred Brooks Fry, USNR – Marine engineer. Captain
Arthur MacArthur III, USN – Brother of General Douglas MacArthur. Captain
Worth G. Ross, USRCS – Commandant of the Revenue Cutter Service. Lieutenant Colonel
Russell Benjamin Harrison, USV – Son of President Benjamin Harrison. Lieutenant Colonel
Henry L. Roosevelt, USMC – Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Major
John Alexander Logan, Jr., USV – Medal of Honor recipient. Major
Theodore Lyman, NA – Noted physicist and professor at Harvard University. Major Robert Powell Page Wainwright, USV – Father of General
Jonathan Wainwright. Captain Larz Anderson, USV – Minister to Belgium and Ambassador to Japan.
Public officials Edit
Associate Companions Edit
MOLLUS allows state commanderies, at their own discretion, to elect up to one third of their membership as Associate Companions.
Posthumous Companions Edit Non-members who were or are eligible for membership Edit
Eligible veteran officers who did not join MOLLUS Edit
A number of noteworthy Union officers, although eligible, did not become MOLLUS companions. They included the following:
Brigadier General and President
Andrew Johnson, Major General and President James Garfield, Major General and United States Senator Francis Preston Blair, Jr., Brevet Brigadier General Kit Carson, Major General John A. Dix, Acting Ensign Pierre d'Orleans, Duke of Penthièvre, Rear Admiral Samuel Dupont, Major General John G. Foster, Major General John C. Fremont, Captain Charles Vernon Gridley USN, Brevet Major General William S. Harney, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan, Major General George Meade, Major General and Governor Edwin D. Morgan, Major General Edward Ord, Major General Daniel Sickles, Brevet Major General Emory Upton, Brevet Brigadier General Thomas J. Rodman, Brevet Brigadier General Sylvanus Thayer, Captain Augustin Thompson, Acting Assistant Third Engineer George Westinghouse, Rear Admiral John Ancrum Winslow, Major General John E. Wool.
Major General George Meade was posthumously inducted as a MOLLUS companion in 2015.
Noteworthy persons eligible for hereditary companionship in MOLLUS Edit William Waldorf Astor, 1st Viscount Astor was, and his male descendants are, eligible for hereditary membership in MOLLUS by right of his father's service in the Union Army. All other male descendants of Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley
and William Backhouse Astor Sr. are eligible for membership in MOLLUS by collateral descent.
descendants of 19th-century railroad tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt are eligible to join MOLLUS as collateral descendants of Vanderbilt's youngest son, Captain George Washington Vanderbilt, who graduated West Point in 1860 and died on January 1, 1864 in Nice, France without issue. These descendants include the current Duke of Marlborough and CNN reporter Anderson Cooper. Anderson Cooper is also eligible for hereditary membership in MOLLUS by right of his descent from Major General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick.
David D. Porter, USMC, a recipient of the Medal of Honor, was eligible to for membership in MOLLUS by right of his descent from his grandfather, Admiral David Dixon Porter.
Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles and his brother, CIA Director Allen Dulles were eligible for membership in MOLLUS by right of their descent from their maternal grandfather Colonel John W. Foster, who served as Secretary of State in the administration of President Benjamin Harrison.
Vice-President of the United States
Richard (Dick) Cheney, by right of descent from Captain Samuel Fletcher Cheney of the 21st Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
John Bouvier Kennedy Schlossberg, grandson of President John F. Kennedy, by right of descent from Captain John V. Bouvier of the 80th New York Volunteer Infantry (20th New York State Militia). Captain Bouvier was the great-grandfather of First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy.
Eligible royalty Edit
Several Europeans of royal descent at eligible for membership in MOLLUS by right of their descent from Captain
Philippe d'Orleans, the grandson of King Louis Philippe I of France.
Felipe VI of Spain and his father, former King of Spain Juan Carlos, are eligible for hereditary companionship in MOLLUS, as are their male descendants. The same is true for the family of the Orleanist pretenders to the throne of France.
Manuel II of Portugal (1889–1932) was eligible to become a hereditary companion of MOLLUS as his mother was a daughter of Philippe d'Orleans. He had no offspring.
Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza (b. 1945), is a claimant to the Brazilian throne and a descendant of Philippe d'Orleans. His grandson is
Peter, Hereditary Prince of Yugoslavia (b. 1980).
Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta (b. 1943), head of the House of Savoy and claimant to the throne of Italy, is eligible for Hereditary MOLLUS membership but was elected as an honorary member instead.
A number of other individuals of royal descent can join MOLLUS by right of their descent from
Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres – the brother of Prince Philippe, who also served with the Union Army. These descendants included Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark (b. 1938) and previously included Henri, Count of Paris (1908–1999) (longtime pretender to the French throne), Count Aage of Rosenborg (1887–1940) (who served as an officer in the French Foreign Legion), and Prince Axel of Denmark (1888–1964).
Prince Pierre, Duke of Penthièvre was a cousin of the Count of Paris and served in the Union Navy as an ensign on the frigate USS .
John Adams See also Edit References Edit
"Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector". Social Networks and Archival Context.
"National Home Page of the Dames of the Loyal Legion of the United States" . Retrieved . 3 November 2016
New International Encyclopedia
Aubin, Joshua Harris (1906). Register of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Pub. under the auspices of the commandery of the state of Massachusetts. p. 207.
"Cipriano Andrade, Rear Admiral, Untied States Navy".
"Silas Casey III, Rear Admiral, United States Navy".
"MOLLUS--Commander-in-Chief Rear Admiral Purnell Frederick Harrington".
"REAR ADMIRAL WILDES DEAD.; Was on His Way Home from China on Sick Leave when Death Overtook Him". The New York Times. 8 February 1903.
Further reading Edit
Carroon, Robert G. & Dana B. Shoaf (2001). Union Blue: The History of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Books. ISBN 1-57249-190-6. LCCN 00049955. External links Edit
Official website MOLLUS-organized marker for Union POWs buried in Richmond, Virginia
MOLLUS-Massachusetts Photograph Collection US Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania