Military ranks and insignia of Norway

Summary

Military ranks and rank insignia of Norway were changed June 1, 2016, with the reintroduction of the Non-Commissioned Officer Corps, and the abolishment of the one-tier officer system in place since 1975.[1]

New system of 2016

The Storting adopted in 2015 the new scheme for military personnel, Militærordningen.[1] From 2016, the Norwegian Defence Forces have two career ladders for the military personnel; one officer scheme for personnel who with a degree from the military academy, or a university degree and qualification courses, and a non-commissioned officer scheme for personnel with non-commissioned officer school.[2][3]

Commissioned officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Norwegian Army[4]
Norway-army-OF-9.svg Norway-army-OF-8.svg Norway-army-OF-7.svg Norway-army-OF-6.svg Norway-army-OF-5.svg Norway-army-OF-4.svg Norway-army-OF-3.svg Norway-army-OF-2.svg Norway-army-OF-1b.svg Norway-army-OF-1a.svg Blank.svg
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


 Royal Norwegian Navy[4]
Of9 sjø.png Of8 sjø.png Of7 sjø.png Of6 sjø.png Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg Blank.svg
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Flaggkommandør Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Orlogskaptein Kapteinløytnant Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force[4]
Norway-air force-OF-9.svg Norway-air force-OF-8.svg Norway-air force-OF-7.svg Norway-air force-OF-6.svg Norway-air force-OF-5.svg Norway-air force-OF-4.svg Norway-air force-OF-3.svg Norway-air force-OF-2.svg Norway-air force-OF-1b.svg Norway-air force-OF-1a.svg Blank.svg
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Enlisted

The following are the rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Norwegian Army[4]
Norway-Army-OR-9b.svg Norway-Army-OR-9a.svg Norway-Army-OR-8.svg Norway-Army-OR-7.svg Norway-Army-OR-6.svg Norway-Army-OR-5b.svg Norway-Army-OR-5a.svg Norway-Army-OR-4b.svg Norway-Army-OR-4a.svg Norway-Army-OR-3.svg Norway-Army-OR-2.svg Norway-army-OR-1b.svg Norway-army-OR-1a.svg
Sjefssersjant Sersjantmajor Kommandersersjant Stabssersjant Oversersjant Sersjant 1. klasse Sersjant Korporal 1. klasse Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Ledende menig Menig


 Royal Norwegian Navy[4]
Or9 sjø.png OR9 sjo.png Or8 sjø.png Or7 sjø.png Or6 sjø.png Or5 2 sjø.png Or5 1 sjø.png OR4b NOR - Konstabel kl 1.png OR4b NOR - Konstabel.png OR3b NOR - Ledende visekonstabel.png OR2b NOR - Visekonstabel.png Norway-Navy-OR-1b.svg Norway-Navy-OR-1a.svg
Sjefsmester Flaggmester Orlogsmester Flotiljemester Skvadronmester Senior kvartermester Kvartermester Ledende konstabel Konstabel Senior visekonstabel Visekonstabel Ledende menig Menig
Translation Command Master Chief Petty Officer Flag Master War Master Flotilla Master Squadron Master Senior Quartermaster Quartermaster Leading Constable Constable Senior Vice Constable Vice Constable Leading Seaman Seaman
 Royal Norwegian Air Force[4]
Norway-AirForce-OR-9b.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-9a.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-8.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-7.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-6.svg Norway-airforce-OR-5b.svg Norway-airforce-OR-5a.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-4b.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-4a.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-3.svg Norway-AirForce-OR-2.svg Norway-airforce-OR-1b.svg Norway-airforce-OR-1a.svg
Sjefssersjant Sersjantmajor Kommandérsersjant Stabssersjant Oversersjant Vingsersjant Sersjant Seniorspesialist Ledende spesialist Spesialist Visespesialist Ledende flysoldat Flysoldat
Translation Command Sergeant Major Sergeant Major Command Sergeant Staff Sergeant Senior Sergeant Wing Sergeant Sergeant Senior Specialist Leading Specialist Specialist Junior Specialist Leading Airman Airman
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Historic ranks

System 1916–1930

Norwegian Army Ranks in 1928.
Norwegian Navy ranks 1916–1930.

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Norway Norway
Army
[5]
Norway-Army-OF-9 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-8 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-7 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-5 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-4 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-3 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-2 WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-1b WW2.svg Norway-Army-OF-1a WW2.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
Norway Navy Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Kaptein Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant

Enlisted

System ?–1975

Norwegian ranks 1962.

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Norway Army
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
Norway Navy Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Kaptein Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant Kadet

Enlisted

System 1975–2016

Norway did not have a non-commissioned officer system and thus Sergeant and Petty officer are grouped with the officers under the common designation befal. The officers are divided into three groups: The befal (company officers, ranks Ensign to Captain inclusive), the staff officers (stabsoffiser, ranks Major to brigadier inclusive), and the generals (Major General to General inclusive).

Fenrik (Ensign) used to be referred to as Second Lieutenant (Norwegian: Fenrik), while the rank of lieutenant went by First Lieutenant. The rank of Brigadier is not an old tradition in the Norwegian armed forces and was instated as a replacement for Oberst I (First Colonel); what is now Oberst used to be Oberst II (Second Colonel). As shown, the Cavalry have two ranks which differ from the regular Army: Dragon (Dragoon) instead of Menig (Private), and Rittmester (Rittmeister) instead of Kaptein (Captain).

The ranks of Grenader and Matros were bestowed upon soldiers who have finished the 12 months compulsory service and had signed one or more three-year contracts to continue serving. The ranks of Visekorporal/Visekonstabel/Vingsoldat (Corporal/Leading Rate) were usually ascribed to soldiers with long and/or outstanding service, though may be bestowed on soldiers with extra responsibilities (e.g. the shift-commander among a group of soldiers on guard-duty). A UB-Korporal/Kvartermesteraspirant (Rate Corporal/Petty Officer-in-training) was a soldier who has finished the UB course (Utskrevet Befalskurs), a course intended to prepare conscripted soldiers for non-commissioned officer duties, but still under training in "the field". After one-year course and service these soldiers were qualified for the rank of Sersjant or Kvartermester.

Officers

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Norway Army &
Air force
Sweden-Navy-OF-9.svg Sweden-Navy-OF-8.svg Sweden-Navy-OF-7.svg Sweden-Navy-OF-6.svg NOR OF5.png NOR OF4.png NOR OF3.png NOR OF2.png NOR OF1.png FenrikOF1.png
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik
Norway Navy Of9 sjø.png Of8 sjø.png Of7 sjø.png Of6 sjø.png Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Admiral Viseadmiral Kontreadmiral Flaggkommandør Kommandør Kommandørkaptein Orlogskaptein Kapteinløytnant Løytnant Fenrik

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Norwegian Army OR5.png GrenOR4.png OR3.png Gren OR2.png Visekorporal OR2.png Menig OR1.png
Sersjant Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Menig
Sergeant Corporal Master Lance Corporal Lance Corporal Private
 Royal Norwegian Navy NOR NavyOR5.png NOR NavyOR4.png NOR NavyOR2.png NOR NavyOR1.png
Kvartermester Konstabel Visekonstabel Menig
Sergeant Corporal Seaman Junior Seaman
 Royal Norwegian Air Force FlyOR5.png GrenKorp.png FlyOR4.png GrenVingsoldat1.png GrenVingsoldat.png FlyOR2.png FlyOR1.png
Sersjant Korporal Visekorporal 1. klasse Visekorporal Flysoldat
Sergeant Corporal Master Lance Corporal Lance Corporal Aircraftman

References

  1. ^ a b "Forsvaret innfører ny personellordning" (in Norwegian). Regjeringen. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  2. ^ "Her er de nye gradene" (in Norwegian). Forsvaret. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  3. ^ "TJ 12-3-2 Bestemmelse for Hærens distinksjoner og andre uniformstegn, s. 10" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Forsvaret. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Militære grader". forsvaret.no (in Norwegian). Norwegian Armed Forces. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  5. ^ Rühl, Moritz. "The Army of Norway 1939". Uniformology. Retrieved 30 April 2019.