Military ranks of Albania

Summary

Albanian military ranks form the system of hierarchal ranks in Albania's armed forces.

Current ranks (since 2011)

Commissioned officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Albanian Land Force[1][2]
ALB-Army-OF-8.svg ALB-Army-OF-7.svg ALB-Army-OF-6.svg ALB-Army-OF-5.svg ALB-Army-OF-4.svg ALB-Army-OF-3.svg ALB-Army-OF-2.svg ALB-Army-OF-1b.svg ALB-Army-OF-1a.svg
Gjeneral lejtant Gjeneral major Gjeneral brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger


 Albanian Naval Force[3][4]
Generic-Navy-O11.svg Generic-Navy-O10.svg Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg
Admiral Nënadmiral Kundëradmiral Kapiten rangut I Kapiten rangut II Kapiten rangut III Kapiten leitnant Leitnant Nënleitnant


 Albanian Air Force[5][6]
ALB-Airforce-OF-8.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-7.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-6.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-5.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-4.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-3.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-2.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-1b.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-1a.svg
Gjeneral lejtant Gjeneral major Gjeneral brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Albanian Land Force[1][7]
Army-ALB-OR-9.svg Army-ALB-OR-8.svg Army-ALB-OR-7.svg Army-ALB-OR-6.svg Army-ALB-OR-5.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg Army-ALB-OR-01.svg
Kryekapter Kapter Rreshter Tetar Nëntetar Ushtar IV Ushtar III Ushtar II Ushtar I


 Albanian Naval Force[3][8]
Navy-ALB-OR-9.svg Navy-ALB-OR-8.svg Navy-ALB-OR-7.svg Navy-ALB-OR-6.svg Navy-ALB-OR-5.svg Navy-ALB-OR-01.svg Navy-ALB-OR-01.svg Navy-ALB-OR-01.svg Navy-ALB-OR-01.svg
Kryekapter Kapter Rreshter Tetar Nëntetar Ushtar IV Ushtar III Ushtar II Ushtar I


 Albanian Air Force[5][9]
Airforce-ALB-OR-9.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-8.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-7.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-6.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-5.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg
Kryekapter Kapter Rreshter Tetar Nëntetar Ushtar IV Ushtar III Ushtar II Ushtar I
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

History

Albanian military insignia have undergone several periods during which their design changed radically.

The first ranks in the Albanian Armed Forces were formed in 1926 during the reign of King Zog I. His rule comprises two periods, the "Austrian" (1929-1936) and the "Prussian (generals) + Italian (other ranks)" style (1936-1939) of insignia.

During the time of Italian and German occupations of Albania their respective ranks were worn on Albanian militia uniforms.

After the Second World War, when the communist regime took power, military ranks were radically changed in looks and in naming. In the first years officers and generals wore sleeve insignia whose order was loosely based on that time's Yugoslav patterns. In 1947 a new model was introduced (both in Albania and Yugoslavia), where insignia and ranks came from the Soviet Union. This followed the traditions of Stalin's last years where insignia of all the Communist Bloc countries tended to uniformity. While most socialist countries abandoned this model soon after Stalin's death, Albania preserved it until May 1966, when military ranks were abolished altogether following Chinese example and based on doctrines of guerilla warfare.

With the fall of the communist regime the military ranks were re-established in 1991 following a Western model. However, there were several crucial changes in their design (1991, 2004 and 2011) and a few minor ones.

Royal Albanian Army (1929–1939)

Albanian People's Army (1946–1991)

Republic of Albania (1991–present)

1991-1999

Officer
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Albania Albanian Land Force and Air Force Gjeneral me 4 yje 1991b.png Gjeneral kolonel 1991b.png Gjeneral lejtnant 1991b.png Gjeneral major 1999b.png Kolonel 1991b.png Nenkolonel 1991b.png Major 1991b.png Kapiten i i-re 1991b.png Kapiten 1991b.png Toger 1991b.png Nentoger 1991b.png
Gjeneral Gjeneral kolonel Gjeneral lejtnant Gjeneral major Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten i parë Kapiten Toger Nëntoger
 Albanian Naval Force 1991-1999 (ALB) Admiral.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Nenadmiral.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Kunderadmiral.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Kapiten i rangut I.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Kapiten i rangut II.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Kapiten i rangut III.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Kapiten lejtnant I.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Kapiten lejtnant II.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Lejtnant.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Nenlejtnant.png
Admiral Nënadmiral Kundëradmiral Kapiten i Rangut I Kapiten i Rangut II Kapiten i Rangut III Kapiten Lejtnant I Kapiten Lejtnant II Lejtnant Nënlejtnant
Other
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Albania Albanian Land Force and Air Force Kapter i I-re 1991b.png Kapter 1991b.png Rreshter i i-re 1991b.png Rreshter 1991b.png Tetar 1991b.png No insignia
Kapter i parë Kapter Rreshter i parë Rreshter Tetar
 Albanian Naval Force 1991-1999 (ALB) Micman i i-re.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Micman.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Rreshter i i-re.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Rreshter.png 1991-1999 (ALB) Tetar.png No insignia
Miçman i parë Miçman Rreshter i parë Rreshter Tetar

1999-2004

Commissioned officers
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Albania Albanian Land Force 1999-2004 (ALB) Gjeneral me 4 yje.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Gjeneral kolonel.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Gjeneral lejtnant.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Gjeneral major.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Kolonel.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Nenkolonel.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Major.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Kapiten i i-re.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Kapiten.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Toger.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Nentoger.png
Gjeneral Gjeneral Kolonel Gjeneral Lejtnant Gjeneral Major Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten i parë Kapiten Toger Nëntoger
Enlisted
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Albania Albanian Land Force 1999-2004 (ALB) Kapter i i-re.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Kapter.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Rreshter i i-re.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Rreshter.png 1999-2004 (ALB) Tetar.png No insignia
Kapter i parë Kapter Rreshter i parë Rreshter Tetar
2004-2011
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Albania Albanian Army Army-ALB--OF-09.svg Army-ALB--OF-08.svg Army-ALB--OF-07.svg Army-ALB--OF-06.svg Army-ALB-OF-05.svg Army-ALB-OF-04.svg Army-ALB-OF-03.svg Army-ALB-OF-02.svg Army-ALB-OF-01a.svg Army-ALB-OF-01b.svg
Gjeneral Gjeneral Lejtant Gjeneral Major Gjeneral Brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger

References

  1. ^ a b "GRADAT, FORCA TOKËSORE" (PDF). aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  2. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-ft/380-rank-insignias/1983-land-forces-ranks
  3. ^ a b "GRADAT, FORCA DETARE" (PDF). aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  4. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-fd/382-rank-insignias/2034-navy-forces-ranks
  5. ^ a b "GRADAT, FORCA AJRORE" (PDF). aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  6. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-faj/381-rank-insignias/1984-air-forces-ranks
  7. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-ft/380-rank-insignias/1983-land-forces-ranks
  8. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-fd/382-rank-insignias/2034-navy-forces-ranks
  9. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-faj/381-rank-insignias/1984-air-forces-ranks