Military ranks of Portugal

Summary

The military ranks of Portugal form the system of hierarchical relationships in the Portuguese Armed Forces.

There are two basic systems of ranks. The first one is used in the Portuguese Army (Exército) and in the Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea), consisting of traditional land military ranks. This system is also used in the National Republican Guard (GNR, Guarda Nacional Republicana), a gendarmerie force that can be put under the command of the Armed Forces in case of war. The second system is used by the Portuguese Navy (Marinha), consisting of traditional naval ranks.

In the Armed Forces of Portugal, the hierarchy of ranks divides them in three large categories: Officers (oficiais), Sergeants (sargentos) and Enlisted (praças). The officers category is, in turn, subdivided into three subcategories: General officers (oficiais generais), Senior officers (oficiais superiores) and Junior officers (oficiais subalternos).

The insignia of rank used in all branches of the Armed Forces is generally similar, despite some particular details existing in each branch.[1][2]

Commissioned officer ranks

The rank insignia of commissioned officers.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portuguese Army[3]
Army-POR-OF-10.svg Army-POR-OF-09.svg Army-POR-OF-08.svg Army-POR-OF-07.svg Army-POR-OF-06.svg Army-POR-OF-05a.svg Army-POR-OF-05b.svg Army-POR-OF-04.svg Army-POR-OF-03.svg Army-POR-OF-02.svg Army-POR-OF-01a.svg Army-POR-OF-01b.svg Army-POR-OF-00a.svg Army-POR-OF-00b.svg
Marechal do exército General Tenente-general Major-general Brigadeiro-general Coronel-tirocinado
[a]
Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-oficial Cadete


 Portuguese Navy[4]
POR-Navy-Admiral-of-the-Fleet-shoulder.pngPOR-Navy-OF10.svg POR-Navy-Admiral-shoulderg.pngPOR-Navy-OF9.svg POR-Navy-Vice-Admiral-shoulder.pngPOR-Navy-OF8.svg POR-Navy-Rear-Admiral-shoulder.pngPOR-Navy-OF7.svg POR-Navy-Commodore-shoulder.pngPOR-Navy-OF6.svg POR-Navy-OF5.svg POR-Navy-OF4.svg POR-Navy-OF3.svg POR-Navy-OF2.svg POR-Navy-OF1b.svg POR-Navy-OF1a.svg POR-Navy-Aspirante-EN.png POR-Navy-OFD.svg
Almirante de Portugal Almirante Vice-almirante Contra-almirante Comodoro Capitão de mar e guerra Capitão de fragata Capitão-tenente Primeiro-tenente Segundo-tenente Guarda-marinha/
Subtenente
Aspirante
(Naval School)
Aspirante
(others)
Cadete


 Portuguese Air Force[5]
Portugal-AirForce-OF-10.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-9.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-8.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-7.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-6.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-5.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-3.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-(D).svg Various
Marechal da força aérea General Tenente general Major general Brigadeiro general Coronel Tenente coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-oficial Cadete aluno


National Republican Guard[6]
Portugal NRG OF8b.svg Portugal NRG OF8a.svg Portugal NRG OF7.svg Portugal NRG OF-5.svg Portugal NRG OF-4.svg Portugal NRG OF-3.svg Portugal NRG OF-2.svg Portugal NRG OF-1b.svg Portugal NRG OF-1a.svg Portugal NRG OF-D.svg
Tenente-general
Comandante-general
Tenente-general Major-general Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Other ranks

The rank insignia of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
 Portuguese Army[3]
Army-POR-OR-09.svg Army-POR-OR-08.svg Army-POR-OR-07.svg Army-POR-OR-06.svg Army-POR-OR-05a.svg Army-POR-OR-05b.svg Army-POR-OR-05c.svg Army-POR-OR-04a.svg Army-POR-OR-04b.svg Army-POR-OR-03.svg Army-POR-OR-02.svg Army-POR-OR-01.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Segundo-furriel Cabo de secção Cabo-adjunto Primeiro-cabo Segundo-cabo Soldado


 Portuguese Navy[4]
POR-Navy-OR9.svg POR-Navy-OR8.svg POR-Navy-OR7.svg Portugal-Navy-OR-6.svg Portugal-Navy-OR-5b.svg 6 - Primerio-subsargento.svg Portugal-Navy-OR-4b.svg Portugal-Navy-OR-4a.svg Portugal-Navy-OR-3.svg Portugal-Navy-OR-2.svg No insignia No insignia
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Subsargento Cabo-mor Cabo Primeiro-marinheiro Segundo-marinheiro Primeiro-grumete Segundo-grumete


 Portuguese Air Force[5]
Portugal-AirForce-OR-9.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-8.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-7.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-6b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-6a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5a.svg Blank.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-2.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Segundo-furriel Cabo de secção Cabo-adjunto Primeiro-cabo Segundo-cabo Soldado


Portugal National Republican Guard[6]
Portugal NRG OR-9.svg Portugal NRG OR-8.svg Portugal NRG OR-7.svg Portugal NRG OR-6.svg Portugal NRG OR-5b.svg Portugal NRG OR-5a.svg Portugal NRG OR-4b.svg Portugal NRG OR-4a.svg Portugal NRG OR-3b.svg Portugal NRG OR-3a.svg Portugal NRG OR-2b.svg Portugal NRG OR-2a.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Cabo-mor Cabo-chefe Cabo-de-curso Cabo Guarda Principal Guarda
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Lusophone comparative tables

Notes

  1. ^ Colonel who has completed the General Officer training course. Between 1929 and 1937, the Coronel-tirocinado was called Brigadeiro.

References

  1. ^ Statute of the Military Personnel of the Armed Forces of Portugal
  2. ^ Statute of the Military Personnel of the National Republican Guard
  3. ^ a b "POSTOS E DISTINTIVOS EXÉRCITO". antigo.mdn.gov.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Os Postos". marinha.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Postos e Distintivos". emfa.pt (in Portuguese). Portuguese Air Force. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Distintivos". gnr.pt (in Portuguese). Republican National Guard. Retrieved 11 May 2021.

External links

  • "Os Postos". marinha.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  • "Postos e Distintivos". emfa.pt (in Portuguese). Portuguese Air Force. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  • "Distintivos". gnr.pt (in Portuguese). Republican National Guard. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  • Uniforminsignia.org (Portuguese Army)
  • Uniforminsignia.org (Portuguese National Republican Guard)